|District of Maharashtra|
Location of Wardha district in Maharashtra
|Administrative division||Nagpur Division|
|Tehsils||1. Wardha, 2. Deoli, 3. Seloo, 4. Arvi, 5. Ashti, 6. Karanja, 7. Hinganghat, 8. Samudrapur|
|• Total||6,310 km2 (2,440 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Average annual precipitation||1062.8 mm|
Wardha district (Marathi: वर्धा जिल्हा) is one of the 35 districts in Maharashtra state in western India. This district is a part of Nagpur Division. The city of Wardha is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district had a population of 1,236,736 of which 26.28% were urban as of 2001.
The History of Wardha dates back to prehistoric period. It has a unique place in the Indian Natural History, since the Ostrich egg-shell has been found at Sindi (Railway) in Wardha district. It was included in the empire of Mauryas, Sungas, Satavahanas and Vakatakas Pravarpur, modern Pavnar was once the capital of the Vakataka dynasty. Vakatakas were contemporary of Imperial Guptas. The daughter of Chandragupta II (Vikramaditya) was married with Vakataka ruler Rudrasena. The period of Vakatakas was the 2nd to 5th centuries AD and their empire stretches from Arabian sea in west to Bay of Bengal in east, Narmada river in north to Krishna-Godavari delta in south.
Later on, Wardha was ruled by Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas, Delhi Sultanate, Bahamani Sultanate, Muslim ruler of Berar, Gonds and Maratha. Raja Buland Shaha of Gonds, Raghuji of Bhonsale were the prominent rulers in Medieval period. Nearby 1850s Wardha, (then a part of Nagpur) fell into the hands of British. They included Wardha in the Central Provenance. Wardha is a sister city for Sevagram, and both were used as major centers for the Indian Independence Movement, especially as headquarters for an annual meet of the Indian National Congress in 1934, and Mahatma Gandhi's Ashram.
The existing Wardha district was part of Nagpur district till 1862. Further it was separated for convenient administrative purpose and Kawatha near Pulgaon was the district headquarters. In the year 1866, the district headquarters moved at Palakwadi village which is the existing place and then Wardha city was developed there. In Wardha there is one village called Pavanar where Acharya Vinoba Bhave lived.
Recently this district has been in news because of a number of suicides that have been committed by the farmers owing to the agricultural loans they can not repay, with the major reasons being bad crops, droughts and lack of irrigation facilities in the region. The Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh visited this district, review the situation and announced the economic help package for farmers.
According to the 2011 census Wardha district has a population of 1,296,157, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius or the US state of New Hampshire. This gives it a ranking of 377th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 205 inhabitants per square kilometre (530 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4.8%. Wardha has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 87.22%.
- Baba Amte India's Social and moral leader (born December 24, 1914 ) at Hinganghat
- Jamnalal Bajaj, Freedom Fighter
- Abhay Bang Rani Bang, Social Workers, rendering medical services to the poor adiwasi people of Gadchiroli district.
||Amravati district||Nagpur district|
|Yavatmal district||Chandrapur district|