Location in the state of Texas
|• Junior Chamber Of Commerce||The Bordersville|
|• Total||9.4 sq mi (24 km2)|
|• Land||7.6 sq mi (20 km2)|
|• Water||2.2 sq mi (6 km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Bordersville is a predominantly African American community on Farm to Market Road 1960 in northeast Harris County, Texas, United States. The community, located less than one half-mile from George Bush Intercontinental Airport, has about 80% of its territory in the City of Houston and the rest in an unincorporated area.
Bordersville was established in an unincorporated section of Harris County, Texas in 1927 after the closing of a sawmill in the nearby city of Humble. African-Americans formerly employed at the mill were forced to leave. A man named Edgar Borders opened a mill close in proximity to the closed sawmill and employed some of the former Humble sawmill workers. Borders created wooden shacks to house workers.
In 1940, Bordersville contained 100 residents. Bordersville, served by the Aldine Independent School District, was five miles from the closest public schools. Bordersville was around thirty-five miles from Ben Taub Hospital, grocery stores, and libraries. Borders closed the mill in 1941. During the same year, he rented and sold the land within Bordersville to its residents.
Borders died in 1963. Most Bordersville citizens did not own their land. No individuals forced the Bordersville residents out of their homes. Throughout the 1960s, A. W. Jones and other residents founded a civic club which became the Bordersville Neighborhood Council. Many citizens became members of the Houston Junior Chambers of Commerce. Some citizens created a water well, and others painted area houses.
The City of Houston annexed about 80% of Bordersville in 1965. During that year, the basic housing and the lack of paved streets, running water, and sewers convinced some Houstonians that Bordersville had the most severe poverty in the city limits. Residents paid city taxes and did not receive city utilities. Jerry Wood, executive assistant in the Planning and Development Department of the City of Houston, said in a 1998 Houston Chronicle article that the city followed easily tracked survey lines when it adopted the annexation plan of 1965 and that it did not intentionally exclude any part of Bordersville. The city of Houston stated that Bordersville was "the worst pocket of poverty in the city."
The Three H Service Center, referring to Houston, Humble, and Harris County, opened in 1974. The center, serving people living within a twenty-mile radius, opened partly due to a $196,000 United States dollar grant from the United States Department of Commerce's Economic Development Administration. Architect John Zemanek designed the facility, consisting of nine low-rise buildings. The Three H Service Center received funding from Houston and federal agencies and local churches. With a volunteer staff, the center established various services, including day care, tutoring, a health clinic, public bathing facilities for homeless, a senior citizen center, literacy classes, youth and elderly employment, and summer recreational activities.
In 1975, Bordersville had 550 residents. Residents earned annual incomes averaging to between $2,500 and $3,500 United States dollars. Fire trucks of the Houston Fire Department delivered water for bathing, cooking, and drinking on a twice-weekly basis during 1975.
Water service lines opened in 1981. In the 1980s, the Three H Service Center collaborated in an organization of funding to install sink, bathtub, and toilet facilities in Bordersville residences. In 1985, 700 citizens lived in 120 residences in Bordersville. By 1985 cooking and heating fires had ruined many of the original Bordersville homes. Maps in the 1980s revealed four churches in the Bordersville area. During the same year, most residents cooked food on wood stoves and with outdoor appliances. The community lacked public transportation access; this increased unemployment. Social Security was the main source of income for the community, which had a disproportionate population of very young and very elderly residents. In 1985 some residents still used outhouses and some residents did not have bathtubs, sinks, and toilets in their residences.
In 1996 Thomas Phillips, a retired longshoreman and Bordersville resident, joined with representatives of Kingwood and sued the City of Houston in a federal court, arguing that the city could not legally annex areas if it did not provide certain services to some of its existing areas, including Bordersville. In 1998 Phillips advocated for the annexation of Humble Heights, an area around Carver Avenue, Dunbar Avenue, and Granger Street, into Houston; if the residents are annexed they would use the city sewer system instead of septic tanks. As of 2008 the area remains unincorporated.
Infrastructure and government
Bordersville is served by the Houston Police Department's Northeast Patrol Division, with headquarters at 8301 Ley Road. The Houston Fire Department serves the Houston portion and the unincorporated portion. City Council District B covers the Houston section of Bordersville. As of 2008 Jarvis Johnson represents the district.
County, federal, and state representation
Bordersville is within Harris County Precinct 4. As of 2008 Jerry Eversole heads the precinct. The unincorporated part of Bordersville is served by Harris County Sheriff's Office District II Patrol, headquartered from the Humble Substation at 7900 Will Clayton Parkway in Humble. The county operated a health clinic in Bordersville. In 1991 the E. A. Squatty Lyons Health Center opened in Humble, replacing the Bordersville clinic.
Bordersville is located in District 141 of the Texas House of Representatives. As of 2008, Senfronia Thompson represents the district. Bordersville is within District 15 of the Texas Senate; as of 2008 John Whitmire represents the district.
Primary and secondary schools
Residents are zoned to schools outside of Bordersville in unincorporated areas, including Jones EC/PK School for early childhood education and Pre-Kindergarten, A. W. Jones Elementary School for Pre-Kindergarten through 4th Grade, Parker Intermediate School for grades 5 and 6, Teague Middle School for grades 7 and 8, and Nimitz High School and Nimitz Ninth Grade School for grades 9 through 12. Jones Elementary was dedicated on Sunday November 2, 2008.
Lone Star College System (formerly the North Harris Montgomery Community College District) serves the area. In 1972 residents of Aldine ISD and two other K-12 school districts voted to create the North Harris County College. The community college district began operations in the northern hemisphere fall of 1973. Lone Star College-Kingwood's Service Learning program created the Bordersville Literacy Project.
- Zuniga, Jo Ann. "Divided Bordersville unified over annexation." Houston Chronicle. Monday September 21, 1998. A13 MetFront.
- Bordersville, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Sallee, Rad. "Future arrives at Bordersville/31 years after annexation, poor area gets city's attention." Houston Chronicle. Sunday December 29, 1996. A37.
- "Bordersville. Lone Star College–Kingwood. Retrieved on November 5, 2008.
- "Boyer, Teri. Service center offers miracles in Bordersville." Houston Chronicle. Wednesday September 25, 1985. Section 9, Page 1.
- Fisher, Robert. "Urban Policy in Houston, Texas." Urban Studies, 1989. 150. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
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- "Welcome to Precinct 4." Harris County Precinct 4. Retrieved on November 22, 2008.
- District II Map. Harris County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved on November 23, 2008.
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- "Dedicated to Squatty." Houston Chronicle. Monday June 3, 1991. A13.
- "Map of Texas House District 141." Texas Legislature. Retrieved on October 27, 2008.
- "Senate District 15" Map. Senate of Texas. Retrieved on October 27, 2008.
- "Congressional District 18." National Atlas of the United States. Retrieved October 27, 2008.
- Texas Education Code, Section 130.191, "North Harris Montgomery Community College System District Service Area".
- "JONES EC/PK SCHOOL." Aldine Independent School District. Retrieved on January 20, 2011.
- "JONES ELEMENTARY." Aldine Independent School District. Retrieved on February 6, 2011.
- "PARKER INTERMEDIATE." Aldine Independent School District. February 6, 2011.
- "TEAGUE MIDDLE." Aldine Independent School District. Retrieved on February 6, 2011.
- "Nimitz Ninth Grade" Boundary. Aldine Independent School District. Retrieved on February 5, 2011.
- "Nimitz Sr High" Boundary. Aldine Independent School District. Retrieved on February 5, 2011.
- "Dedication ceremony held in honor of A.W Jones." Aldine Independent School District. November 3, 2008.
- "Elementary Schools." Aldine Independent School District. June 2007. Retrieved on January 20, 2011.
- "deSANTIAGO EC/PK."[dead link] Aldine Independent School District. Accessed October 27, 2008.
- "History." North Harris Montgomery Community College District. December 22, 2002. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
- "Bordersville Literacy Project. Lone Star College–Kingwood. Retrieved on November 5, 2008.