Bulgan (city)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city in Bulgan Province, Mongolia. For other uses, see Bulgan.
Bulgan
Булган
ᠪᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ
District
Bulgan District
Булган сум
ᠪᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨᠰᠤᠮᠤ
High street
High street
Bulgan is located in Mongolia
Bulgan
Bulgan
Location in Mongolia
Coordinates: 48°48′43″N 103°32′01″E / 48.81194°N 103.53361°E / 48.81194; 103.53361
Country Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia
Province Bulgan Province
Area
 • District 99.95 km2 (38.59 sq mi)
Elevation 1,208 m (3,963 ft)
Population (2008)
 • District 18,494
 • Density 190/km2 (480/sq mi)
 • Urban 11,198

Bulgan (Mongol: Булган) is a town, administrative centre of Bulgan province of Mongolia. Bulgan sum has a population of 11,984 (2005, town proper 10,878[1]), 12,323 (2008),[2] town proper has a population of 11,198 (2008).[2] It is located at the site of the former Daichin Wangiin Khüree monastery at an elevation of 1,208 metres (3,963 ft) and 468 kilometres (291 mi) from Ulan Bator.

Residential area.
View to Uran Uul.

History[edit]

Bulgan was founded in 1938.[3]

Sights[edit]

A former military point in the south of Bulgan, which was founded in 1921, was transformed into a museum. One of its buildings, which was used as a shop before 1921, dates from 1668.[4]

There is another sightworthy museum in the center of town. Its most interessting part is a display on Mongolia's first man in space, J. Gurragchaa, who was born in Bulgan Aimag in 1947.[3]

The mausoleum of Khatanbaatar Magsarjav, a national hero who liberated the Mongolian town of Khovd from the Chinese in 1912, can be seen on a hill in the southwest of Bulgan.[5]

Dashchoinkhorlon Khiid is a monastery rebuilt in 1992. The former monastery, Bangiin Khuree which had been inhabited by about 1000 monks, was destroyed by order of Khorloogiin Choibalsan in 1937.[4]

Nature Reserve[edit]

Uran Togoo Tulga Nature Reserve (1600 hectare), about 60 km west of Bulgan, is famous for its extinct volcanoes, e.g. Uran Uul.

Transportation[edit]

The Bulgan Airport (UGA/ZMBN) has one unpaved runway and is served by regular flights to Ulan Bator, Khovd, and Mörön.

Bulgan is linked to Erdenet and to Ulan Bator by a paved road.

Climate[edit]

Bulgan experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc) with long, dry, very cold winters and short, warm summers.

Climate data for Bulgan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.9
(44.4)
11.5
(52.7)
17.9
(64.2)
27.2
(81)
35.7
(96.3)
34.0
(93.2)
33.5
(92.3)
31.4
(88.5)
29.0
(84.2)
24.4
(75.9)
14.0
(57.2)
10.9
(51.6)
35.7
(96.3)
Average high °C (°F) −12.4
(9.7)
−9.2
(15.4)
0.7
(33.3)
9.7
(49.5)
18.0
(64.4)
22.1
(71.8)
22.7
(72.9)
21.1
(70)
16.1
(61)
8.3
(46.9)
−2.7
(27.1)
−10.4
(13.3)
7
(44.61)
Daily mean °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−8.5
(16.7)
1.0
(33.8)
9.1
(48.4)
14.2
(57.6)
15.9
(60.6)
13.9
(57)
7.2
(45)
−0.8
(30.6)
−10.8
(12.6)
−17.8
(0)
−1.27
(29.73)
Average low °C (°F) −26.5
(−15.7)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−16.2
(2.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
0.1
(32.2)
6.0
(42.8)
9.5
(49.1)
7.2
(45)
0.3
(32.5)
−7.6
(18.3)
−17.4
(0.7)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−8.32
(17.02)
Record low °C (°F) −41
(−42)
−39.3
(−38.7)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−22.2
(−8)
−12.8
(9)
−8.0
(17.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
−4.5
(23.9)
−11.8
(10.8)
−28.2
(−18.8)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−38.9
(−38)
−41
(−42)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.4
(0.055)
2.0
(0.079)
3.1
(0.122)
10.9
(0.429)
22.7
(0.894)
52.6
(2.071)
71.3
(2.807)
63.8
(2.512)
32.5
(1.28)
12.4
(0.488)
3.8
(0.15)
1.9
(0.075)
278.4
(10.962)
Avg. precipitation days 0.4 0.5 1.3 3.0 4.0 8.4 12.9 10.4 4.9 2.9 1.3 0.7 50.7
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bulgan City Review
  2. ^ a b Bulgan Aimag Statistical Office: Annual Report 2008
  3. ^ a b Marion Wisotzki: Mongolei. Berlin 2010, S. 220
  4. ^ a b Michael Kohn: Mongolia. London 2008, S. 146.
  5. ^ Marion Wisotzki: Mongolei. Berlin 2010, S. 221
  6. ^ "Bulgan Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2013. 

Coordinates: 48°48′43″N 103°32′01″E / 48.81194°N 103.53361°E / 48.81194; 103.53361