CTI Records

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CTI Records
CTI Records logo.gif
Genre Jazz
Country of origin United States

CTI Records (Creed Taylor Incorporated) was a jazz record label founded in 1967 by producer/A&R manager Creed Taylor. Initially, CTI was a subsidiary of A&M Records, then the label went independent in 1970. Its roster of artists included George Benson, Bob James, Freddie Hubbard, Hubert Laws, Stanley Turrentine, and Deodato.

Kudu Records, CTI's sister label, was launched in 1971 and was oriented towards soul jazz featuring releases by Grover Washington, Jr.; Esther Phillips; Hank Crawford; Johnny Hammond; Grant Green; and Idris Muhammad.

Salvation Records was a subsidiary label which released 10 albums during its existence including material by Roland Hanna, Johnny Hammond, Gábor Szabó, Airto, and the New York Jazz Quartet.[1]

Greenestreet and Three Brothers were also short-lived labels affiliated with CTI.

History[edit]

Don Sebesky initially created many of the arrangements for CTI and its various sister and subsidiary labels. He was later joined by Bob James, and then by David Matthews in the mid 1970s. Sessions featured some of jazz's finest musicians including bassist Ron Carter, guitarist Eric Gale, keyboardist Herbie Hancock, pianist Bob James, and organist Richard Tee. Taylor mostly used Van Gelder Studios located in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, with Rudy Van Gelder engineering nearly all sessions until the later years of the label.

CTI's output was generally both commercially and artistically successful with the label becoming a leading force in jazz during its existence. CTI's best-selling release was Deodato's album, Prelude, which reached #3 on the US Billboard Top 40 albums chart in 1973, an unusual achievement for a record on a jazz-based label. A single from the album, "Also Sprach Zarathustra (2001)", peaked at #2 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and #7 in the United Kingdom.

Other successful album releases included Grover Washington, Jr.'s Mister Magic and Feels So Good (both reaching #10 in 1975), Esther Phillips' What A Diff'rence A Day Makes (reaching #32 in 1975), and Bob James' BJ4 (reaching #38 in 1977).

Taylor had previously founded Impulse Records and worked for Verve Records where he earned the reputation as an industry-respected producer of jazz albums. His productions for CTI shared a characteristically warm ambiance and helped to establish smooth jazz as a commercially viable musical genre. CTI also became well known for its striking album sleeve designs, some of them featuring vivid photographic images by artist, Pete Turner.[2][3]

In 1978, CTI Records declared bankruptcy; however, much of its catalog has remained in print.[4] CTI's post-A&M Records output is now owned by Sony Music Entertainment and distributed by Masterworks Jazz, while Grover Washington, Jr.'s Kudu albums have been re-issued on Motown and its MoJazz imprint. In addition, Bob James' four CTI albums are now controlled by James himself, while Seawind also own their back catalog of CTI releases.

CTI's early A&M-subsidiary releases are now distributed by Verve Records, a division of Universal Music Group where Creed Taylor ironically helped to make his name.

Discography[edit]

3000 Series[edit]

The albums comprising the CTI 3000 Series were produced by Creed Taylor between 1967 and 1970 and issued under the A&M label, with a small "CTI" logo on the front cover. These albums we issued with the regular A&M record label with the addition of the "CTI" logo and "produced by Creed Taylor"

Catalog number Artist Title
SP 3000 Various Artists Audio Master Plus Series Sampler Volume 1
SP 3001 Wes Montgomery A Day in the Life
SP 3002 Antonio Carlos Jobim Wave
SP 3003 Herbie Mann Glory of Love
SP 3004 Tamba 4 We and the Sea
SP 3005 Nat Adderley You, Baby
SP 3006 Wes Montgomery Down Here on the Ground
SP 3007 Artie Butler Have You Met Miss Jones?
SP 3008 Kai Winding and J. J. Johnson Israel
SP 3009 Soul Flutes Trust in Me
SP 3010 Richard Barbary Soul Machine
SP 3011 Tamiko Jones I’ll Be Anything for You
SP 3012 Wes Montgomery Road Song
SP 3013 Tamba 4 Samba Blim
SP 3014 George Benson Shape of Things to Come
SP 3015 Paul Desmond Summertime
SP 3016 Kai Winding and J. J. Johnson Betwixt & Between
SP 3017 Nat Adderley Calling Out Loud
SP 3018 Walter Wanderley When It Was Done
SP 3019 Milton Nascimento Courage
SP 3020 George Benson Tell It Like It Is
SP 6-3021 Various Artists Audio Master Plus Series Audio Sampler, Vol. 2
SP 3022 Walter Wanderley Moondreams
SP 3023 Quincy Jones Walking in Space
SP 3024 Paul Desmond From the Hot Afternoon
SP 3025 George Benson I Got a Woman and Some Blues
SP 3026 Hubert Laws Unissued
SP 3027 Kai Winding and J. J. Johnson Stonebone (Only issued in Japan)
SP 3028 George Benson The Other Side of Abbey Road
SP 3030 Quincy Jones Gula Matari
SP 3031 Antonio Carlos Jobim Tide
SP 3032 Paul Desmond Bridge Over Troubled Water

1000 Series[edit]

In 1970 Creed Taylor established the CTI label independently of A&M and issued the first five releases as the 1000 Series which had a green record label. The 1000 Series featured artists working outside of the jazz genre.

Catalog number Artist Title
CTI 1001 Kathy McCord Kathy McCord
CTI 1002 Hubert Laws Crying Song
CTI 1003 Flow Flow
CTI 1004 Dave Frishberg Oklahoma Toad
CTI 1005 Fats Theus Black Out

6000 series[edit]

The albums in the CTI 6000 series were released between 1970 and 1976 and featured an orange CTI label with black print.[5] Later albums in the 6000 series were distributed by Motown and are designated by the addition of an S1 to the catalog number.

Catalog number Artist Title
CTI 6000 Hubert Laws Crying Song (Reissue of CTI 1002)
CTI 6001 Freddie Hubbard Red Clay
CTI 6002 Antonio Carlos Jobim Stone Flower
CTI 6003 Joe Farrell Joe Farrell Quartet
CTI 6004 Bill Evans Montreux II
CTI 6005 Stanley Turrentine Sugar
CTI 6006 Hubert Laws Afro-Classic
CTI 6007 Freddie Hubbard Straight Life
CTI 6008 Astrud Gilberto Gilberto with Turrentine
CTI 6009 George Benson Beyond the Blue Horizon
CTI 6010 Stanley Turrentine Salt Song
CTI 6011 Kenny Burrell God Bless the Child
CTI 6012 Hubert Laws The Rite of Spring
CTI 6013 Freddie Hubbard First Light
CTI 6014 Joe Farrell Outback
CTI 6015 George Benson White Rabbit
CTI 6016 Randy Weston Blue Moses
CTI 6017 Stanley Turrentine with Milt Jackson Cherry
CTI 6018 Freddie Hubbard Sky Dive
CTI 6019 Jackie and Roy Time & Love
CTI 6020 Airto Free
CTI 6021 Deodato Prelude
CTI 6022 Hubert Laws Morning Star
CTI 6023 Joe Farrell Moon Germs
CTI 6024 Milt Jackson Sunflower
CTI 6025 Hubert Laws Carnegie Hall
CTI 6026 Gábor Szabó Mizrab
CTI 6027 Ron Carter Blues Farm
CTI 6028 Airto Fingers
CTI 6029 Deodato Deodato 2
CTI 6030 Stanley Turrentine Don't Mess with Mister T.
CTI 6031/32 Don Sebesky Giant Box
CTI 6033 George Benson Body Talk
CTI 6034 Joe Farrell Penny Arcade
CTI 6035 Gábor Szabó Rambler
CTI 6036 Freddie Hubbard Keep Your Soul Together
CTI 6037 Ron Carter All Blues
CTI 6038 Milt Jackson with Hubert Laws Goodbye
CTI 6039 Paul Desmond featuring Gábor Szabó Skylark
CTI 6040 Jackie Cain & Roy Kral A Wilder Alias
CTI 6041 Deodato/Airto In Concert
CTI 3+3 Hubert Laws In the Beginning
CTI 6042S1 Joe Farrell Upon This Rock
CTI 6043S1 Bob James One
CTI 6044S1 Freddie Hubbard/Stanley Turrentine Freddie Hubbard/Stanley Turrentine in Concert Volume One
CTI 6045S1 George Benson Bad Benson
CTI 6046S1 Milt Jackson Olinga
CTI 6047S1 Freddie Hubbard The Baddest Hubbard
CTI 6048S1 Stanley Turrentine The Baddest Turrentine
CTI 6049S1 Herbie Hancock/Freddie Hubbard/Stanley Turrentine In Concert Volume Two
CTI 6050S1 Chet Baker She Was Too Good to Me
CTI 6051S1 Ron Carter Spanish Blue
CTI 6052S1 Stanley Turrentine The Sugar Man
CTI 6053S1 Joe Farrell Canned Funk
CTI 6054S1 Gerry Mulligan / Chet Baker Carnegie Hall Concert
CTI 6055S1 Gerry Mulligan / Chet Baker Carnegie Hall Concert Volume 2
CTI 6056S1 Freddie Hubbard Polar AC
CTI 6057S1 Bob James Two
CTI 6058S1 Hubert Laws The Chicago Theme
CTI 6059S1 Paul Desmond Pure Desmond
CTI 6060S1 Jim Hall Concierto
CTI 6061S1 Don Sebesky The Rape of El Morro
CTI 6062 George Benson Good King Bad
CTI 6063 Bob James Three
CTI 6064 Ron Carter Yellow & Green
CTI 6065 Hubert Laws Then There Was Light: In the Beginning Vol. 1
CTI 6066 Hubert Laws Then There Was Light: In the Beginning Vol. 2
CTI 6067 Joe Farrell Song of the Wind (Reissue of CTI 6003)
CTI 6068 Allan Holdsworth Velvet Darkness
CTI 6069 George Benson and Joe Farrell Benson & Farrell
CTI 6072S1 George Benson In Concert-Carnegie Hall

5000 Series[edit]

The 5000 Series was introduced in 1975 as a series of popular music recordings and consist of eight issued albums.[6]

Catalog number Artist Title
CTI 5000 Lalo Schifrin Black Widow
CTI 5001 Patti Austin End of a Rainbow
CTI 5002 Seawind Seawind
CTI 5003 Lalo Schifrin Towering Toccata
CTI 5004 John Blair We Belong Together
CTI 5005 David Matthews Dune
CTI 5006 Patti Austin Havana Candy
CTI 5007 Seawind Window of a Child

7000 Series[edit]

The 7000 Series continued the numbering sequence from the 6000 Series

Catalog number Artist Title
CTI 7070 Urbie Green The Fox
CTI 7071 Hubert Laws The San Francisco Concert
CTI 7073 Art Farmer Crawl Space
CTI 7074 Bob James BJ4
CTI 7075 Jeremy Steig Firefly
CTI 7076 Various Artists CTI Summer Jazz at the Hollywood Bowl - Live One
CTI 7077 Various Artists CTI Summer Jazz at the Hollywood Bowl - Live Two
CTI 7078 Various Artists CTI Summer Jazz at the Hollywood Bowl - Live Three
CTI 7079 Urbie Green with Grover Washington, Jr. and David Matthews' Big Band Señor Blues
CTI 7080 Art Farmer with Yusef Lateef and David Matthews' Big Band Something You Got
CTI 7081 Deodato 2001 (Reissue of CTI 6021)
CTI 7082 Yusef Lateef Autophysiopsychic
CTI 7083 Art Farmer / Jim Hall Big Blues
CTI 7084 Nina Simone Baltimore
CTI 7085 George Benson Space
CTI 7086 Patti Austin Live at the Bottom Line
CTI 7087 Art Farmer with Joe Henderson Yama (Japanese issue)
CTI 7088 Yusef Lateef In a Temple Garden
CTI 7089 Art Farmer Live in Tokyo

9000 Series[edit]

The 9000 Series was launched in 1980 and was distributed by CBS Records but maintain its independence (save for Patti Austin's Body Language album which carried a CBS-style look and catalog number)

Catalog number Artist Title
CTI 9000 Art Farmer with Joe Henderson Yama (US issue of CTI 7087)
JZ 36503 Patti Austin Body Language (Originally slated for CTI 9001)
CTI 9002 Ray Barretto La Cuna
CTI 9003 Fuse One Fuse One
CTI 9004 Nina Simone Baltimore (Planned reissue of CTI 7084, never released)
CTI 9006 Fuse One Silk
CTI 9007 Chet Baker, Jim Hall, Hubert Laws Studio Trieste
CTI 9008 Roland Hanna Gershwin Carmichael Cats
CTI 9009 Patti Austin In My Life
CTI 9010 George Benson Pacific Fire

Kudu label[edit]

The Kudu label was launched by Creed Taylor in July 1971 and specialized in soul jazz artists releasing 39 albums from 1971 to 1979.[7] Kudu is considered CTI's sister label.

Catalog number Artist Title
KU-01 Johnny Hammond Breakout
KU-02 Lonnie Smith Mama Wailer
KU-03 Grover Washington, Jr. Inner City Blues
KU-04 Johnny Hammond Wild Horses Rock Steady
KU-05 Esther Phillips From a Whisper to a Scream
KU-06 Hank Crawford Help Me Make it Through the Night
KU-07 Grover Washington, Jr. All the King's Horses
KU-08 Hank Crawford We Got a Good Thing Going
KU-09 Esther Phillips Alone Again, Naturally
KU-10 Johnny Hammond The Prophet
KU-11 Eric Gale Forecast
KU-12 Grover Washington, Jr. Soul Box Vol. 1
KU-13 Grover Washington, Jr. Soul Box Vol. 2
KU-14 Esther Phillips Black-Eyed Blues
KU-15 Hank Crawford Wildflower
KU-16 Johnny Hammond Higher Ground
KU-17 Idris Muhammad Power of Soul
KU-18 Esther Phillips Performance
KU-19 Hank Crawford Don't You Worry 'Bout a Thing
KU-20 Grover Washington, Jr. Mister Magic
KU-21 Joe Beck Beck
KU-22 Phil Upchurch and Tennyson Stephens Upchurch/Tennyson
KU-23 Esther Philips with Joe Beck What a Diff'rence a Day Makes
KU-24 Grover Washington, Jr. Feels So Good
KU-25 Ron Carter Anything Goes
KU-26 Hank Crawford I Hear a Symphony
KU-27 Idris Muhammad House of the Rising Sun
KU-28 Esther Philips with Joe Beck For All We Know
KU-29 Grant Green The Main Attraction
KU-30 David Matthews with Whirlwind Shoogie Wanna Boogie
KU-31 Esther Philips Capricorn Princess
KU-32S1 Grover Washington, Jr. A Secret Place
KU-33S1 Hank Crawford Hank Crawford's Back
KU-34S1 Idris Muhammad Turn This Mutha Out
KU-35S1 Hank Crawford Tico Rico
KU-3637M2 Grover Washington, Jr. Live at The Bijou
KU-38 Idris Muhammad Boogie to the Top
KU-39 Hank Crawford Cajun Sunrise

Salvation label[edit]

Salvation Records was a CTI subsidiary originally intended for gospel albums but after releasing one album by the B. C. & M. Choir and laying fallow for two years the label was revived for a handful of jazz and R&B releases.[8]

Catalog number Artist Title
SAL 700 B. C. & M. Choir Hello Sunshine
SAL 701 Airto Virgin Land
SAL 702 Johnny Hammond Gambler's Life
SAL 703 The New York Jazz Quartet In Concert in Japan
SAL 704S1 Gábor Szabó Macho

References[edit]

  1. ^ Salvation Records discography
  2. ^ Feature on CTI Records at dougpayne.com
  3. ^ Pete Turner: Album Covers (Part 2), Jazzwax, April 9, 2008.
  4. ^ jazzitude.com
  5. ^ Edwards, D. & Callahan, M. CTI Albums discography accessed February 3, 2012
  6. ^ Payne D. CTI 5000 Series accessed February 28, 2012
  7. ^ Payne D. Kudu Records Discography accessed February 6, 2012
  8. ^ Payne, D. CTI Records - Salvation Label av=ccesse February 21, 2012

External links[edit]