List of 1940s jazz standards

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Duke Ellington was one of the most influential jazz composers. His numerous standards include "Sophisticated Lady" (1933), "In a Sentimental Mood" (1935), "Cotton Tail" (1940), and "Satin Doll" (1953).

Jazz standards are musical compositions that are widely known, performed, and recorded by jazz artists as part of the genre's musical repertoire. This list includes tunes written in the 1940s that are considered standards by at least one major fake book publication or reference work.

The swing era lasted until the mid-1940s, and produced popular tunes such as Duke Ellington's "Cotton Tail" (1940) and Billy Strayhorn's "Take the 'A' Train" (1941). When the big bands struggled to keep going during World War II, a shift was happening in jazz in favor of smaller groups. Some swing era musicians, like Louis Jordan, later found popularity in a new kind of music, called "rhythm and blues", that would evolve into rock and roll in the 1950s.[1]

Bebop emerged in the early 1940s, led by Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, and others. It appealed to a more specialized audiences than earlier forms of jazz, with sophisticated harmonies, fast tempos, and often virtuoso musicianship. Bebop musicians often used 1930s standards, especially those from Broadway musicals, as part of their repertoire.[2] Among standards written by bebop musicians are Gillespie's "Salt Peanuts" (1941) and "A Night in Tunisia" (1942), Parker's "Anthropology" (1946), "Yardbird Suite" (1946) and "Scrapple from the Apple" (1947), and Monk's "'Round Midnight" (1944), which is currently the most recorded jazz standard composed by a jazz musician.[3]

1940[edit]

Trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie was one of the leading figures of bebop. Standards composed by him include "A Night in Tunisia" (1942), "Woody N' You" (1944), and "Groovin' High" (1944).

1941[edit]

1942[edit]

1943[edit]

1944[edit]

Thelonious Monk composed the most popular standard written by a jazz musician, "'Round Midnight" (1944). His other standards include "Well, You Needn't" (1944), "Straight, No Chaser" (1951) and "Blue Monk" (1954).

1945[edit]

1946[edit]

1947[edit]

1948[edit]

1949[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Jazz History (1940s)". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved May 18, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Jazz History: The Standards (1940s)". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved May 18, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b "'Round Midnight". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ "All Too Soon". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  5. ^ Crouch 2007, p. 122
  6. ^ Büchmann-Møller 2006, p. 123
  7. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 90
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Listed in The Real Jazz Book
  9. ^ a b "Cottontail". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Do Nothin' till You Hear from Me". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  11. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 107
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Listed in New Real Book, Volume I
  13. ^ "Don't Get Around Much Anymore". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  14. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 122
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag Listed in The Real Vocal Book
  16. ^ "How High the Moon". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  17. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 180
  18. ^ "In a Mellotone". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  19. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 206
  20. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 170
  21. ^ "Polka Dots and Moonbeams". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  22. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 318
  23. ^ "You Stepped Out of a Dream". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  24. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 423
  25. ^ "Brazil". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  26. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 60
  27. ^ "Chelsea Bridge". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  28. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 76
  29. ^ "Flamingo". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  30. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 105
  31. ^ "I Got It Bad (and That Ain't Good)". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  32. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 187
  33. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 153
  34. ^ "I'll Remember April". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  35. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 197
  36. ^ "Just A-Sittin' and A-Rockin'". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Just Squeeze Me (But Don't Tease Me)". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  38. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 225
  39. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 194
  40. ^ "Salt Peanuts". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  41. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 340
  42. ^ "Take the "A" Train". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  43. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 398
  44. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 447
  45. ^ Herzhaft et al. 1997, p. 281
  46. ^ "You Don't Know What Love Is". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  47. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 459
  48. ^ "C Jam Blues". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  49. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 74
  50. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 132
  51. ^ "Lover Man (Oh, Where Can You Be?)". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  52. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 255
  53. ^ "Night in Tunisia". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  54. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 302
  55. ^ "Perdido". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  56. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 311
  57. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 287
  58. ^ "Skylark". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  59. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 356
  60. ^ "There Will Never Be Another You". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  61. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 407
  62. ^ "Things Ain't What They Used to Be". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  63. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 401
  64. ^ "Harlem Nocturne". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  65. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 140
  66. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 127
  67. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 351
  68. ^ Wilson, Jeremy; Tyle, Chris; McElrath, K.J. "Star Eyes". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved 16 October 2013. 
  69. ^ "The Surrey with the Fringe on Top". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  70. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 393
  71. ^ "Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  72. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 113
  73. ^ "Groovin' High". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  74. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 166
  75. ^ Burlingame, Sandra. "I Fall in Love Too Easily". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  76. ^ "I Should Care". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  77. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 194
  78. ^ "It Could Happen to You". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  79. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 204
  80. ^ "Long Ago (And Far Away)". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  81. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 251
  82. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 345
  83. ^ "Well You Needn't". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  84. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 435
  85. ^ "Woody'n You". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved June 1, 2009. 
  86. ^ The Real Book, p. ?
  87. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 436
  88. ^ "Billie's Bounce". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  89. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 44
  90. ^ "Everything But You". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  91. ^ "Hot House". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  92. ^ "I'm Just a Lucky So and So". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  93. ^ "It Might as Well Be Spring". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  94. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 205
  95. ^ "Laura". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  96. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 212
  97. ^ "Now's the Time". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  98. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 293
  99. ^ "Since I Fell for You". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  100. ^ "After Hours". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  101. ^ "Angel Eyes". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  102. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 28
  103. ^ "Anthropology". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  104. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 29
  105. ^ "Come Rain or Come Shine". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  106. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 88
  107. ^ "Confirmation". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  108. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 87
  109. ^ "Day Dream". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  110. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 91
  111. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 101
  112. ^ "Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  113. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 108
  114. ^ "If You Could See Me Now". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved December 7, 2011. 
  115. ^ "Nobody Else But Me". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 11, 2012. 
  116. ^ "Ornithology". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  117. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 317
  118. ^ "Stella by Starlight". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  119. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 382
  120. ^ "Tenderly". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  121. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 389
  122. ^ "The Things We Did Last Summer". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  123. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 394
  124. ^ "Yardbird Suite". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  125. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 433
  126. ^ "Autumn Leaves (Les Feuilles Mortes)". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  127. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 39
  128. ^ "But Beautiful". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  129. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 62
  130. ^ "Donna Lee". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  131. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 123
  132. ^ "In Walked Bud". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  133. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 200
  134. ^ "Lady Bird". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  135. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 235
  136. ^ "Nature Boy". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  137. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 284
  138. ^ "On Green Dolphin Street". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  139. ^ The New Real Book, Volume III, p. 273
  140. ^ Randel, Don Michael (1996). The Harvard biographical dictionary of music. Harvard University Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-0-674-37299-3. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  141. ^ Gioia, Ted (May 9, 2011). The History of Jazz. Oxford University Press. p. 214. ISBN 978-0-19-539970-7. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  142. ^ Yanow, Scott (2005). Jazz: a regional exploration. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-313-32871-8. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  143. ^ "Scrapple from the Apple". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  144. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 351
  145. ^ Leppanen, Rick. "Jazz Standards Songs and Instrumentals (Honeysuckle Rose)". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved January 8, 2010. 
  146. ^ "Four Brothers". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  147. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 138
  148. ^ "The Night Has a Thousand Eyes". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  149. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 301
  150. ^ "Lush Life". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  151. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 258
  152. ^ "My Foolish Heart". JazzStandards.com. Retrieved April 29, 2009. 
  153. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 286

Bibliography[edit]

Reference works[edit]

  • Büchmann-Møller, Frank (2006). Someone to Watch over Me: The Life and Music of Ben Webster. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-11470-0. 
  • Crouch, Stanley (2007). Considering Genius: Writings on Jazz. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-01512-3. 
  • Herzhaft, Gérard; Harris, Paul; Debord, Brigitte; Haussler, Jerry; Mikofsky, Anton J. (1997). Encyclopedia of the Blues. University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 978-1-55728-452-5. 

Fake books[edit]