Carnegie Medal (literary award)

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The Carnegie Medal is a British literary award that annually recognises one outstanding new book for children or young adults. (It is the equivalent to America's Newbery Medal.) It is conferred upon the author by the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals.[1] CILIP calls it "the UK's oldest and most prestigious book award for children's writing" and says that writers call it "the one they want to win" (quotation marks original).[2]

The Medal is named after the Scottish-born American philanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919), who founded more than 2800 libraries in the English-speaking world, including at least one in more than half of British library authorities.[1] It was established in 1935 by the British Library Association (LA or LAUK) partly to celebrate the centennial of Carnegie's birth[3] and inaugurated in 1937 by the award to Arthur Ransome for Pigeon Post (Jonathan Cape, 1936) and the identification of two Commended books. (There are, or have been, highly recommended, commended and honour books at least so recently as 2002.)[3] That first Medal was dated 1936; only since 2007 it is dated by its presentation, which is now one or two years after publication.[4]

Since 1956, the Carnegie is a companion to the Kate Greenaway Medal by which CILIP recognises "distinguished illustration in a book for children".[5] Both awards were established by the Library Association (1877–2002) and administered by the LA until it was succeeded by CILIP.[3]

Nominated books must be written in English and first published in the U.K. during the preceding school year (September to August).[6] Until 1969 the award was limited to books by British authors first published in England.[7] The first non-British medalist was Ivan Southall of Australia in 1972, for Josh. The original rules also prohibited winning authors from future consideration.[7][page needed] The first author to win a second Carnegie Medal was Peter Dickinson in 1981, who won consecutively for Tulku and City of Gold. There were six repeat winners to 1992 and Patrick Ness became the seventh by winning in 2011 and 2012.[8]

The award by CILIP is a gold Medal and £500 worth of books donated to the winner's chosen library.[1]

Latest rendition[edit]

Sally Gardner won the 2013 Carnegie Medal for Maggot Moon, published by Hot Key Books.[9]

There were eight books on the 2014 shortlist announced 18 March, each published September 2012 to August 2013. The official website provides bibliographic data, front cover images, capsules, annotations for the public by the judging panel, and reader ages (given here) that range from 9+ to 14+.[10] The winner will be announced 23 June 2014.[11]

Recommended ages have ranged from 8+ to 14+ for books on the shortlist since 2001.

Rebecca Stead, an American, won the 2013 Guardian Children's Fiction Prize for Liar & Spy. Rundell, Rooftoppers; Sutcliffe, The Wall; and the 2013 Carnegie Medalist were among the seven runners-up.[12]

Process[edit]

CILIP members nominate books in September and October, after the close of the publication year.[13] Valid nominations are announced in the fall (4 November 2011) and students from many schools read nominated books and send comments to the panel.[citation needed] The judges are 12 children's librarians in CILIP's youth interest group (YLG). Currently the shortlist is announced in March and the winner in June, 10 to 21 months after first U.K. publication.[13]

Candidates must be single-author English-language works published in the U.K. during the preceding year (September to August). They must be published for young people, and published in the U.K. originally or within three months in case of co-publication. At least 75% of the content must be originally published during the specified year.[6]

"All categories of books for children and young people are eligible."[6]

CILIP specifies numerous points of plot, characterisation, and style that should be considered "where applicable". Furthermore, "the book that wins the Carnegie Medal should be a book of outstanding literary quality. The whole work should provide pleasure, not merely from the surface enjoyment of a good read, but also the deeper subconscious satisfaction of having gone through a vicarious, but at the time of reading, a real experience that is retained afterwards."[6]

Winners[edit]

Through 2013 there have been 74 Medals awarded in 77 years, covering 1936 to 2012 publications approximately. No eligible book published in 1943, 1945, or 1966 was considered suitable.[4]

From 2007 the medals are dated by the year of presentation; previously by the calendar year of British publication, which then defined the eligible works.[4]

Thirty-nine winning books were illustrated in their first editions, including every one during the first three decades. Six from 1936 to 1953 were illustrated or co-illustrated by their authors; none since then. (These notes do not count a single map or diagram.)

Carnegie Medal winners[4][14]
Year Author Title Publisher
2013 Sally Gardner Maggot Moon Hot Key Books
2012 Patrick Ness
illustrated by Jim Kay
A Monster Calls Walker Books
2011 Patrick Ness Monsters of Men Walker Books
2010 Neil Gaiman
two illustrators[a]
The Graveyard Book Bloomsbury
2009 Siobhan Dowd Bog Child David Fickling
2008 Philip Reeve Here Lies Arthur Scholastic
2007 Meg Rosoff Just in Case Penguin
2006  The award date is the year of publication before 2006, the year of presentation after 2006.
2005 Mal Peet Tamar Walker Books
2004 Frank Cottrell Boyce Millions Macmillan
2003 * Jennifer Donnelly A Gathering Light Bloomsbury
2002 Sharon Creech Ruby Holler Bloomsbury
2001 Terry Pratchett The Amazing Maurice and his Educated Rodents Doubleday
2000 Beverley Naidoo The Other Side of Truth Puffin
1999 Aidan Chambers Postcards from No Man's Land Bodley Head
1998 * David Almond
illus. Adam Fisher
Skellig Hodder & Stoughton
1997 Tim Bowler River Boy Oxford
1996 * Melvin Burgess Junk Andersen Press
1995 * Philip Pullman Northern Lights Scholastic
1994 Theresa Breslin Whispers in the Graveyard Methuen
1993 Robert Swindells Stone Cold H Hamilton
1992 Anne Fine Flour Babies H Hamilton
1991 Berlie Doherty Dear Nobody H Hamilton
1990 Gillian Cross Wolf Oxford
1989 Anne Fine Goggle-Eyes H Hamilton
1988 Geraldine McCaughrean A Pack of Lies Oxford
1987 Susan Price The Ghost Drum Faber
1986 Berlie Doherty Granny Was a Buffer Girl Methuen
1985 * Kevin Crossley-Holland
illus. Alan Marks
Storm Heinemann
1984 Margaret Mahy The Changeover J.M. Dent
1983 Jan Mark
illus.
Handles Kestrel
1982 Margaret Mahy The Haunting J.M. Dent
1981 Robert Westall The Scarecrows Chatto & Windus
1980 Peter Dickinson
illus. Michael Foreman
City of Gold and other stories from the Old Testament  Gollancz
1979 Peter Dickinson Tulku Gollancz
1978 David Rees The Exeter Blitz H Hamilton
1977 Gene Kemp
illus.
The Turbulent Term of Tyke Tiler Faber
1976 Jan Mark
illus.
Thunder and Lightnings Kestrel
1975 * Robert Westall The Machine Gunners Macmillan
1974 Mollie Hunter The Stronghold H Hamilton
1973 Penelope Lively
illus.
The Ghost of Thomas Kempe Heinemann
1972 Richard Adams Watership Down Rex Collings
1971 Ivan Southall Josh Angus & Robertson
1970 Leon Garfield and Edward Blishen 
illustrated by Charles Keeping
The God Beneath the Sea Longman
1969 K. M. Peyton
illus.
The Edge of the Cloud Oxford
1968 Rosemary Harris The Moon in the Cloud Faber
1967 * Alan Garner The Owl Service Collins
1966  — Prize withheld as no book considered suitable[b]
1965 Philip Turner
illus.
The Grange at High Force Oxford
1964 Sheena Porter
illus.
Nordy Bank Oxford
1963 Hester Burton
illus.
Time of Trial Oxford
1962 Pauline Clarke
illus.
The Twelve and the Genii Faber
1961 Lucy M. Boston
illus.
A Stranger at Green Knowe Faber
1960 Ian Wolfram Cornwall
illus. Marjorie Maitland Howard
The Making of Man Phoenix House
1959 Rosemary Sutcliff
illus.
The Lantern Bearers Oxford
1958 * Philippa Pearce
illus.
Tom's Midnight Garden Oxford
1957 William Mayne
illus.
A Grass Rope Oxford
1956 C. S. Lewis
illus.
The Last Battle Bodley Head
1955 Eleanor Farjeon
illus.
The Little Bookroom Oxford
1954 Ronald Welch (Felton Ronald Oliver)
illus.
Knight Crusader Oxford
1953 Edward Osmond
illus. by the author[c]
A Valley Grows Up Oxford
1952 * Mary Norton
illus.
The Borrowers J.M. Dent
1951 Cynthia Harnett
illus. by the author[c]
The Wool-Pack Methuen
1950 Elfrida Vipont
illus.
The Lark on the Wing Oxford
1949 Agnes Allen
illus. Agnes and Jack Allen[c]
The Story of Your Home Faber
1948 Richard Armstrong
illus.
Sea Change J.M. Dent
1947 Walter de la Mare
illus.
Collected Stories for Children Faber
1946 Elizabeth Goudge
illus.
The Little White Horse University of London
1945  — Prize withheld as no book considered suitable
1944 Eric Linklater
illus.
The Wind on the Moon Macmillan
1943  — Prize withheld as no book considered suitable
1942 BB (D. J. Watkins-Pitchford)
illus. by the author[c]
The Little Grey Men Eyre & Spottiswoode 
1941 Mary Treadgold
illus.
We Couldn't Leave Dinah Jonathan Cape
1940 Kitty Barne
illus.
Visitors from London J.M. Dent
1939 Eleanor Doorly
illus.
The Radium Woman Heinemann
1938 Noel Streatfeild
illus.
The Circus Is Coming J.M. Dent
1937 * Eve Garnett
illus. by the author[c]
The Family from One End Street Frederick Muller
1936 Arthur Ransome
illus. by the author[c]
Pigeon Post Jonathan Cape
* named to the 70th Anniversary Top Ten in 2007.[15]

Winners of multiple awards[edit]

Seven authors have won two Carnegie Medals, which was prohibited for many years.

  • Peter Dickinson 1979, 1980
  • Berlie Doherty 1986, 1991
  • Anne Fine 1989, 1992
  • Margaret Mahy 1982, 1984
  • Jan Mark 1976, 1983
  • Patrick Ness 2011, 2012
  • Robert Westall 1975, 1981

For many years, some runners-up books were designated Highly Commended, at least 29 in 24 years from 1979 to 2002 and three previously. Among the authors who won two Medals, Anne Fine was highly commended runner-up three times (1989, 1996, 2002) and Robert Westall twice (1990, 1992). The others were highly commended once each, except for Ness who postdates the distinction,[3]

Six books have won both the Carnegie Medal and the annual Guardian Children's Fiction Prize, which was inaugurated 1967. (Dates are years of U.K. publication, and Carnegie award dates before 2006.)

  • Alan Garner, The Owl Service (1967)
  • Richard Adams, Watership Down (1972)
  • Geraldine McCaughrean, A Pack of Lies (1988)
  • Anne Fine, Goggle-Eyes (1989)
  • Philip Pullman, His Dark Materials 1: Northern Lights (1995)
  • Melvin Burgess, Junk (1996)

Only A Monster Calls, written by Patrick Ness and illustrated by Jim Kay, has won both the Carnegie and Greenaway Medals (2012).

Only The Graveyard Book by Neil Gaiman (2009) has won both the Carnegie Medal and the equivalent American award, the Newbery Medal.[16]

Author Sharon Creech, who won the Carnegie for Ruby Holler (2002), previously won the Newbery and two U.K. awards for Walk Two Moons (1994).[17]

Carnegie of Carnegies[edit]

For the 70th anniversary in 2007, CILIP posted online information about all of the winning books and conducted a poll to identify the nation's favourite Carnegie Medalist, to be named the "Carnegie of Carnegies". The winner, announced on 21 June 2007 at the British Library,[18] was Northern Lights by Philip Pullman (His Dark Materials, volume one, 1995). It was the expected winner and garnered 40% of the votes in the UK, 36% worldwide.[19]

The nation considered a ballot or all-time shortlist comprising ten of the 67 Medal-winning works, selected by six "children's book experts".[20] The panel provided annotations including reader ages that range from 6+ to 14+ (age 10+ for the winner, Northern Lights).[21]

70th Anniversary Top Ten

Northern Lights, with 40% plurality, was followed by 16% for Tom's Midnight Garden by Philippa Pearce and 8% for Skellig by David Almond. As those three books had won the 70-year-old Medal in its year 60, year 23, and year 63, some commentary observed that Tom's Midnight Garden had passed a test of time that the others had not yet faced.[22][page needed]

Shortlists[edit]

Date is year of publication before 2006.[4] Selections were announced and medals presented early in the next year.

1936 to 1993[edit]

From 1936 to 1993, there were 55 Medals awarded in 58 years. CCSU library listings for that period include one Special Commendation, 23 Highly Commended books (from 1966, mainly from 1979), and about 130 Commended books. Except for the inaugural year 1936, only the 24 Special and Highly Commended books are listed here.[3]

1936, the inaugural publication year

Medalist:

Arthur Ransome, Pigeon Post (Jonathan Cape) — the sixth of 12 Swallows and Amazons novels

Commended:[3]

Howard Spring, Sampson's Circus (Faber and Faber)
Noel Streatfeild, Ballet Shoes (J. M. Dent & Sons) — the first of 11 Shoes novels

CCSU listings for 1954 include six commendations, the first since 1936. Beginning 1966 there were some "high commendations" and those were approximately annual by 1979.[3] Only the high commendations are listed here (through 1993).

1954, Special Commendation
Harold Jones, illustrator Lavender's Blue: A Book of Nursery Rhymes, compiled by Kathleen Lines — collection named for "Lavender's Blue"

The special commendation to Harold Jones in 1955 for his 1954 illustration of Lavender's Blue was "a major reason" for the Library Association to establish the Kate Greenaway Medal that year.[3] No 1955 work was judged worthy in 1956, so that Medal was actually inaugurated one year later.

-

1966 (no Medal awarded)
+ Norman Denny and Josephine Filmer-Sankey, The Bayeux Tapestry: The Story of the Norman Conquest, 1066 — about the Bayeux Tapestry
1967
+ Henry Treece, The Dream Time

-

1974
+ Ian Ribbons, The Battle of Gettysburg, 1–3 July 1963 (Oxford)

-

1979
+ Sheila Sancha, The Castle Story — about Hearthstone Castle
1980
+ Jan Mark, Nothing To Be Afraid Of
1981
+ Jane Gardam, The Hollow Land
1982
+ Gillian Cross, The Dark Behind the Curtain
1983
+ James Watson, Talking in Whispers — depicting repression in Chile
1984
+ Robert Swindells, Brother in the Land (Oxford)
1985
+ Janni Howker, Nature of the Beast
1986
+ Janni Howker, Isaac Campion
1987
+ Margaret Mahy, Memory
1988
+ Gillian Cross, A Map of Nowhere
+ Peter Dickinson, Eva (Gollancz)
+ Elizabeth Laird, Red Sky in the Morning
1989
+ Carole Lloyd, The Charlie Barber Treatment
+ Anne Fine, Bill's New Frock, illus. Philippe Dupasquier (Egmont)
1990
+ Melvin Burgess, The Cry of the Wolf (Andersen)
+ Robert Westall, The Kingdom by the Sea
1991
+ Jacqueline Wilson, The Story of Tracy Beaker, illus. Nick Sharratt (Doubleday) — first of four Tracy Beaker novels
1992
+ Robert Westall, Gulf
1993

1994 to 2002[edit]

Through 2002 some runners-up were Commended, including some Highly Commended.[3][d] Where the entire shortlist is given here (back to 1994), boldface marks the winner, plus (+) marks the highly commended books, and dash (–) marks the commended books.[3]

1994 (8)[citation needed]

1995 (8)[23]

1996 (8)[24]

1997 (7)[25]

1998 (5)[26]

1999 (8)[citation needed]

2000 (8)[citation needed]

2001 (8)[27]

2002 (7)[27]

2003 to date[edit]

Runners-up within the shortlist are not distinguished since 2002.

2003 (6)[27]

2004 (6)[27]

2005 (5)[27]

Date is year of presentation after 2006.[4] The publication year is approximately the preceding school year; for 2012 example, September 2010 to August 2011.

2007 (6)[27][28]

2008 (7)[27][29]

2009 (7)[27][30]

2010 (10)[27][31]

2011 (6)[27][32]

2012 (8)[2][27]

2013 (8)[27][33]

  • Sarah Crossan, The Weight of Water (Bloomsbury), 9+
  • Roddy Doyle, A Greyhound of a Girl (Marion Lloyd Books), 9+
  • Sally Gardner, Maggot Moon (Hot Key Books), 11+
  • Nick Lake, In Darkness (Bloomsbury), 13+
  • R.J. Palacio, Wonder (Bodley Head), 10+
  • Marcus Sedgwick, Midwinterblood (Indigo), 11+
  • Dave Shelton, A Boy and a Bear in a Boat (David Fickling Books), 8+
  • Elizabeth Wein, Code Name Verity (Electric Monkey), 13+

2014 (8)[27][34]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dave McKean illustrated UK "Adult" and US editions of The Graveyard Book by Neil Gaiman and Chris Riddell illustrated the UK "Children's Edition", all published October 2008. Riddell made the shortlist for the companion Kate Greenaway Medal recognising year's best illustration.
  2. ^ For 1966, the last time no medal was awarded, CCSU lists a "Highly Commended" book for the first time: Norman Denny and Josephine Filmer-Sankey, The Bayeux Tapestry: The Story of the Norman Conquest, 1066.
  3. ^ a b c d e f The first two Medal-winning books were illustrated by their authors, as were four others to 1953 (six of the first sixteen winners), but none since then.
  4. ^ CCSU lists Medal winners, "Highly Commended" books, and "Commended" books: about 135 Commended (for 1936 only and from 1954), commonly at least five prior to the first High Commendation (1966).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The CILIP ... Book Awards. Carnegie Medal [1].
  2. ^ a b 2012 Awards: Carnegie shortlisted books. CILIP. 2012-07-31.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Carnegie Medal Award". Curriculum Lab. Elihu Burritt Library. Central Connecticut State University (CCSU). Retrieved 2012-06-19.
  4. ^ a b c d e f The CILIP ... Book Awards. Carnegie Medal: Full List of Winners [2].
  5. ^ The CILIP ... Book Awards. Kate Greenaway Medal [3].
  6. ^ a b c d The CILIP ... Book Awards. Carnegie Medal: Award Criteria [4].
  7. ^ a b Cullinan, Bernice E. and Diane Goetz Person (2005). The Continuum Encyclopedia of Children's Literature. Continuum International Publishing Group. Page 149.
  8. ^ "How we made A Monster Calls: As their book wins the Carnegie and Kate Greenaway medals, writer Patrick Ness and illustrator Jim Kay explain how they worked together, without ever meeting, to unleash a monster hit". Patrick Ness and Jim Kay. guardian.co.uk, 14 June 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  9. ^ The CILIP ... Book Awards. 2013 Awards. [5]
  10. ^ The CILIP ... Book Awards. Carnegie Medal: Current Shortlist [6].
  11. ^ The CILIP ... Book Awards. Shadowing Site: Timetable [7]
  12. ^ "Guardian children's fiction prize 2013 longlist – in pictures" (annotated gallery). Julia Eccleshare. guardian.co.uk 25 May 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-18.
  13. ^ a b The CILIP ... Book Awards. Awards Process [8].
  14. ^ The CILIP ... Book Awards. Carnegie Medal: Recent Winners [9].
  15. ^ 70th Anniversary. Anniversary Top Tens.
  16. ^ Flood, Alison (24 June 2010). "Neil Gaiman wins Carnegie Medal". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  17. ^ "Walk Two Moons". Sharon Creech: Novels. Sharon Creech. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  18. ^ 70th Anniversary.
  19. ^ Eccleshare, Julia (21 June 2007). "Rosoff, Grey Win Carnegie, Greenaway Medals in U.K.". Publishers Weekly. Archived 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  20. ^ 70th Anniversary. Press Desk, Releases for Anniversary (20 April 2007).
  21. ^ 70th Anniversary. Press Desk, Releases for Anniversary (20 April 2007).
  22. ^ The Guardian news coverage
  23. ^ Brennan, Geraldine (3 May 1996). "Eyes on the prizes". Times Educational Supplement (TES). Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  24. ^ Brennan, Geraldine (2 May 1997). "Library favourites". TES. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  25. ^ Brennan, Geraldine (1 May 1998). "It's the way they tell 'em". TES. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  26. ^ Brennan, Geraldine (7 May 1999). "Staying power; Children's book awards". TES. Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Press Desk (directory). CILIP. Retrieved 2012-07-31. Quote: "media releases relating to the CILIP Carnegie and Kate Greenaway Children's Book Awards in date order." (2002 to 2006 releases concern 2001 to 2005 awards.)
  28. ^ 2007 Awards: Carnegie shortlisted books. CILIP. 2012-07-31.
  29. ^ 2008 Awards: Carnegie shortlisted books. CILIP. 2012-07-31.
  30. ^ 2009 Awards: Carnegie shortlisted books. CILIP. 2012-07-31.
  31. ^ 2010 Awards: Carnegie shortlisted books. CILIP. 2012-07-31.
  32. ^ 2011 Awards: Carnegie shortlisted books. CILIP. 2012-07-31.
  33. ^ 2013 Awards: Carnegie shortlisted books. CILIP. 2014-02-16.
  34. ^ 2014 Awards: Carnegie shortlisted books. CILIP. 2014-03-18.
Citations
  • The CILIP Carnegie & Kate Greenaway Children's Book Awards (homepage). Sponsored by CILIP and others. Retrieved 2012-05-06.
  • Marcus Crouch and Alec Ellis, Chosen for children: an account of the books which have been awarded the Library Association Carnegie Medal, 1936-1975, Third edition, London: Library Association, 1977. ISBN 9780853653493. — The second, 1967 edition by Crouch covers the first three decades. The third edition by Crouch and Alec Ellis comprises the second, except a new introduction by Ellis, plus coverage of the fourth decade by Ellis.

External links[edit]