1944 in literature
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1941 1942 1943 -1944- 1945 1946 1947
... 1948 . 1949 . 1950 . 1951 . 1952 . 1953 . 1954 ...
In poetry: 1941 1942 1943 -1944- 1945 1946 1947
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The year 1944 in literature involved some significant new books.
- February 6 – Première of Jean Anouilh's tragedy Antigone, at the Théâtre de l'Atelier in Nazi-occupied Paris.
- May – Première of Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialist drama Huis Clos, at the Théâtre du Vieux-Colombier in Nazi-occupied Paris.
- June 1 & June 5 – The first and second lines respectively of Paul Verlaine's 1866 poem Chanson d'automne (Les sanglots longs des violons de l'automne / Blessent mon cœur d'une langueur monotone.) are broadcast by the Allies over BBC Radio Londres as a coded message to the French Resistance to prepare for the D-Day landings (second broadcast at 22:15 local time).
- D-Day landings and Invasion of Normandy: English soldier-poet Keith Douglas is killed; Vernon Scannell (as John Bain) experiences the incident that gives rise to the poem "Walking Wounded" (1965) and is wounded; and, during lulls in the fighting, Dennis B. Wilson is writing the poem that will be published as Elegy of a Common Soldier in 2012.
- The final edition of the Breton nationalist newspaper L'Heure Bretonne is published.
- August – With the Liberation of Paris, Jean Genet's novel Notre Dame des Fleurs (1943) can begin to circulate openly.
- September 14 – Laurence Olivier opens in the title rôle of Richard III at The Old Vic in London.
- October – Contents of the Załuski Library are deliberately destroyed during the planned destruction of Warsaw by Nazi occupiers.
- November 22 – Release in England of Laurence Olivier's Henry V, the first work of Shakespeare filmed in colour.
- December 26 – Tennessee Williams' semi-autobiographical "memory play" The Glass Menagerie, adapted from a short story, premières at the Civic Theatre in Chicago.
- c. December – Günter Grass is conscripted into the Waffen-SS.
- English actor-manager Geoffrey Kendal arrives in India where his touring repertory theatre company "Shakespeareana" will perform Shakespeare in towns and villages across the country for several decades.
New prose fiction
- Samuel Hopkins Adams – Canal Town
- Jorge Amado – Terras do Sem Fim (The Violent Land)
- Vaikom Muhammad Basheer – Balyakalasakhi
- H. E. Bates – Fair Stood the Wind for France
- Saul Bellow – Dangling Man
- Jorge Luis Borges – Ficciones
- Christianna Brand – Green for Danger
- Joyce Carey – The Horse's Mouth
- John Dickson Carr
- Joyce Cary – The Horse's Mouth
- Louis-Ferdinand Céline - Guignol's Band
- Agatha Christie
- Colette – Gigi
- Edmund Crispin – The Case of the Gilded Fly
- A. J. Cronin – The Green Years
- Esther Forbes – Johnny Tremain
- L. P. Hartley – The Shrimp and the Anemone
- John Hersey – A Bell for Adano
- Georgette Heyer – Friday's Child
- Charles R. Jackson – The Lost Weekend
- Kalki Krishnamurthy – Sivagamiyin Sapatham (சிவகாமியின் சபதம், "The vow of Sivagami")
- Pär Lagerkvist – Dvärgen
- Astrid Lindgren – Pippi Longstocking
- Eric Linklater – The Wind on the Moon
- H. P. Lovecraft – Marginalia
- W. Somerset Maugham – The Razor's Edge
- Oscar Micheaux – The Case of Mrs. Wingate
- Alberto Moravia – Agostino (Two Adolescents)
- Gunnar Myrdal – An American Dilemma
- Feodor Rojankovsky – The Tall Book of Nursery Tales
- Anna Seghers
- "Der Ausflug der toten Mädchen" ("The Excursion of the Dead Girls", short story)
- Anya Seton – Dragonwyck
- Clark Ashton Smith – Lost Worlds
- Philip Van Doren Stern – The Greatest Gift (first trade publication)
- Rex Stout – Not Quite Dead Enough
- Phoebe Atwood Taylor – Dead Ernest (as by Alice Tilton)
- Donald Wandrei – The Eye and the Finger
- Martin Wickremasinghe – Gamperaliya
- Henry S. Whitehead – Jumbee and Other Uncanny Tales
- Jean Anouilh – Antigone
- Bertolt Brecht – The Caucasian Chalk Circle (Der Kaukasische Kreidekreis; written)
- Max Otto Koischwitz – Vision Of Invasion (broadcast propaganda)
- Lawrence Riley – Time to Kill
- Jean-Paul Sartre – Huis Clos
- John Van Druten – I Remember Mama
- Franz Werfel – Jacobowsky and the Colonel (Jacobowsky und der Oberst)
- Tennessee Williams – The Glass Menagerie
- James K. Baxter – Beyond the Palisade
- Paul Éluard – Au rendez-vous allemand (To the German Rendezvous)
- Five Young American Poets, volume 3, including work by Eve Merriam, John Frederick Nims, Jean Garrigue, Tennessee Williams and Alejandro Carrión
- Nicholas Moore – The Glass Tower
- Charles William Beebe – Book of Naturalists
- Friedrich Hayek – The Road to Serfdom
- Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno – Dialectic of Enlightenment (Dialektik der Aufklärung)
- Margaret Landon – Anna and the King of Siam
- Gunnar Myrdal – An American Dilemma
- L. T. C. Rolt – Narrow Boat
- Charles Stevenson – Ethics and Language
- G. M. Trevelyan – English Social History: a survey of six centuries from Chaucer to Queen Victoria
- January 8 – Terry Brooks, American writer of fantasy fiction
- January 17 – Jan Guillou, Swedish author
- January 21 – Jack Abbott, American writer (suicide, died 2002)
- February 7 – Witi Ihimaera, New Zealand Māori writer
- February 9 – Alice Walker, American novelist and poet
- February 14
- February 16 – Richard Ford, American novelist
- February 27 – Ken Grimwood, American writer (died 2003)
- May 13 – Armistead Maupin, American novelist
- May 17 – Uldis Bērziņš, Latvian poet and translator
- May 18 – W. G. Sebald, German novelist (died 2001)
- June 5
- August 18 – Paula Danziger, American young adult novelist
- August 19 – Bodil Malmsten, Swedish writer
- August 30 – Molly Ivins, American journalist (died 2007)
- September 19 – Ismet Özel, Turkish poet
- October 2 – Vernor Vinge, American science fiction novelist
- October 5 – Tomás de Jesús Mangual, Puerto Rican journalist (died 2011)
- November 7 – Peter Wilby, English journalist
- November 24 – Eintou Pearl Springer, Trinidadian poet
- November 28 – Rita Mae Brown, American writer and political activist
- December 9 – Ki Longfellow, American novelist
- December 15 – Elizabeth Arnold, English children's writer
- December 17 – Jack L. Chalker, American science fiction novelist (died 2005)
- December 21 – James Sallis, American crime novelist
- Unknown dates
- January 6 – Ida Tarbell, American journalist (born 1857)
- January 8 – Joseph Jastrow, Polish American psychologist (born 1863)
- January 31 – Jean Giraudoux, French dramatist (born 1882)
- February 10 – Israel Joshua Singer, Yiddish novelist (born 1893)
- February 12 – Olive Custance, English poet (born 1874)
- March 5
- March 11 – Irvin S. Cobb, American writer (born 1876)
- March 28 – Stephen Leacock, English-born Canadian humorous writer and economist (born 1869)
- May 3 – Anica Černej, Slovenian poet (died in concentration camp, born 1900)
- May 12 – Sir Arthur Quiller-Couch ("Q"), English author and critic (born 1863)
- May 16 – George Ade, American journalist and dramatist (born 1866)
- May 24 – Harold Bell Wright, American writer (born 1872)
- June – Joseph Campbell, Northern Irish poet (born 1879)
- June 9 – Keith Douglas, English war poet (killed in action, born 1920)
- June 13 – Elizabeth Wharton Drexel, American socialite and author (born 1868)
- June 16 – Marc Bloch, French historian (executed, born 1886)
- July 31 – Antoine de Saint-Exupery, French pilot and writer (lost in aircraft, born 1900)
- August 13 – Ethel Lina White, British crime novelist (born 1876)
- September 13 – W. Heath Robinson, English cartoonist and illustrator (born 1872)
- October 19 – Karel Poláček, Czech writer, humorist and journalist (born 1892)
- November 15 – Edith Durham, English travel writer (born 1863)
- December 17 – Robert Nichols, English poet and dramatist (born 1893)
- December 30 – Romain Rolland, French author and Nobel laureate (born 1866)
- Unknown date – David Vogel, Hebrew poet (died in concentration camp, born 1891)
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Eric Linklater, The Wind on the Moon
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Forrest Reid, Young Tom
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: C. V. Wedgwood, William the Silent
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Esther Forbes, Johnny Tremain
- Nobel Prize for literature: Johannes V. Jensen
- Premio Nadal (first award): Carmen Laforet, Nada
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: no award given
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Stephen Vincent Benét, Western Star
- Pulitzer Prize for the Novel: Martin Flavin, Journey in the Dark
- Shelley Memorial Award for Poetry: E. E. Cummings
- Foot, M. R. D. (1999). SOE: An Outline History of the Special Operations Executive 1940–46. London: Pimlico. p. 143. ISBN 0-7126-6585-4.
- Cook, William (2012-11-08). "War poet, 91, gets book deal 68 years after scribbling verse in his pocket book during D-Day landings". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 2013-11-19.
- Singh, Kuldip (1998-06-15). "Obituary: Geoffrey Kendal". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2013-12-11.