1975 in literature
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In poetry: 1972 1973 1974 -1975- 1976 1977 1978
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The year 1975 in literature involved some significant events and new books.
- January 1 – English-born comic writer P. G. Wodehouse is awarded a knighthood, six weeks before his death in the United States.
- April 23 – Harold Pinter's play No Man's Land is premièred by the National Theatre company at The Old Vic theatre in London directed by Peter Hall and starring Sir John Gielgud and Sir Ralph Richardson.
- April 28 – Harold Pinter leaves his first wife, the actress Vivien Merchant, having begun an affair with the married biographer Lady Antonia Fraser on January 8.
- August 12 – With the 20-year time limit stipulated by Thomas Mann at his death having expired, sealed packets containing 32 of the author's notebooks are opened in Zürich, Switzerland.
- Writing under the pseudonym of "Émile Ajar", author Romain Gary becomes the only person to ever win the Prix Goncourt twice.
- Hearing Secret Harmonies, the twelfth and final novel of the A Dance to the Music of Time duodecalogy (begun in 1951) by Anthony Powell is published.
- French literary critic Hélène Cixous coins the term Écriture féminine in her article "Le rire de la méduse".
- Milan Kundera emigrates to France.
- The Petrarca-Preis is founded by Hubert Burda.
- Edward Abbey – The Monkey Wrench Gang
- Dritëro Agolli – Njeriu me top ("The man with the cannon")
- Martin Amis – Dead Babies
- Natalie Babbitt – Tuck Everlasting
- Donald Barthelme – The Dead Father
- Saul Bellow – Humboldt's Gift
- Thomas Berger – Sneaky People
- Jorge Luis Borges – The Book of Sand
- Malcolm Bradbury – The History Man
- Morley Callaghan – A Fine and Private Place
- Agatha Christie – Curtain: Poirot's last case (written in 1940s)
- James Clavell – Shōgun
- Susan Cooper – The Grey King
- Michael Crichton – The Great Train Robbery
- A. J. Cronin – The Minstrel Boy
- Roald Dahl – Danny, the Champion of the World
- Robertson Davies – World of Wonders
- L. Sprague de Camp and Fletcher Pratt – The Compleat Enchanter
- Samuel R. Delany – Dhalgren
- August Derleth – Harrigan's File
- E. L. Doctorow – Ragtime
- Carlos Fuentes – Terra Nostra
- William Gaddis – J R
- Gabriel García Márquez – El Otoño del Patriarca (The Autumn of the Patriarch)
- Romain Gary as Emile Ajar – La vie devant soi
- Arthur Hailey – The Moneychangers
- Thomas Harris – Black Sunday
- Xavier Herbert – Poor Fellow My Country
- Georgette Heyer – My Lord John
- Jack Higgins – The Eagle Has Landed
- Ruth Prawer Jhabvala – Heat and Dust
- Stephen King – 'Salem's Lot
- J. Sheridan LeFanu – The Purcell Papers
- David Lodge – Changing Places
- Robert Ludlum – The Road to Gandolfo
- John D. MacDonald – The Dreadful Lemon Sky
- Bharati Mukherjee – Wife
- Gary Myers – The House of the Worm
- V. S. Naipaul – Guerrillas
- Tim O'Brien – Northern Lights
- Gerald W. Page, editor – Nameless Places
- Robert B. Parker – Mortal Stakes
- Elizabeth Peters – Crocodile on the Sandbank (the first in the Amelia Peabody series)
- Baltasar Porcel – Horses into the Night
- Anthony Powell – Hearing Secret Harmonies
- James Purdy – In a Shallow Grave
- Judith Rossner – Looking for Mr. Goodbar
- Nawal El Saadawi – Woman at Point Zero
- Paul Scott – A Division of the Spoils
- Anya Seton – Smouldering Fires
- Gerald Seymour – Harry's Game
- Tom Sharpe – Blott on the Landscape
- Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson – The Illuminatus! Trilogy (individual editions)
- M. P. Shiel – Xélucha and Others
- Rex Stout – A Family Affair
- Glendon Swarthout – The Shootist
- Joseph Wambaugh – The Choirboys
- Jack Vance – Showboat World
- Roger Zelazny – Sign of the Unicorn
Main article: 1975 in poetry
- Philip Agee – Inside the Company: CIA Diary
- Kingsley Amis – Rudyard Kipling and His World
- Jacob Bronowski – The Ascent of Man
- L. Sprague de Camp
- Michel Foucault – Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (Surveiller et punir: Naissance de la prison)
- Paul Fussell – The Great War and Modern Memory
- Paul Horgan – Lamy of Santa Fe
- Frank Belknap Long – Howard Phillips Lovecraft: Dreamer on the Nightside
- Philip Roth – Reading Myself and Others
- Paul Theroux – The Great Railway Bazaar
- Alan Ayckbourn – Bedroom Farce
- Colin Higgins and Denis Cannan with Peter Brook – The Ik
- Harold Pinter – No Man's Land
- Wole Soyinka – Death and the King's Horseman
- Ben Travers – The Bed Before Yesterday
- January 13 – Daniel Kehlmann, German novelist
- July 19 – Martina Montelius, Swedish playwright
- October 27 – Zadie Smith, born Sadie Smith, English novelist
- January 15 – Sydney Goodsir Smith, Scottish poet, dramatist and novelist, 59 (heart attack)
- February 14
- February 20 – Ivan Sokolov-Mikitov, Russian author, 92
- March 3 – T. H. Parry-Williams, Welsh poet, 87
- March 13 – Ivo Andrić (born 1892), Serbo-Croatian novelist and Nobel laureate (1961), 82
- May 21 – A. H. Dodd, Welsh historian, 83
- June 8 – Murray Leinster (William Fitzgerald Jenkins), American science fiction writer, 78
- September 20 – Saint-John Perse, French poet and Nobel laureate (1960), 88
- October 5 – Lady Constance Malleson, British actress and writer, 79
- October 22 – Arnold J. Toynbee, English historian, 86
- November 13 – R. C. Sherriff, English dramatist, 79
- November 19 – Elizabeth Taylor, novelist, 63 (cancer)
- November 27 – Ross McWhirter, English sports journalist and joint author of the Guinness Book of Records, 50 (assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA))
- December 4 – Hannah Arendt, German American philosopher, 69
- December 7 – Thornton Wilder, American novelist and dramatist, 78
- See 1975 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
- Prix Goncourt: Romain Gary as Emile Ajar – La vie devant soi
- Prix Médicis French: Jacques Almira, Le Voyage à Naucratis
- Prix Médicis International: Steven Millhauser, La Vie trop brève d'Edwin Mulhouse – United States
- Booker Prize: Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, Heat and Dust
- Carnegie Medal for children's literature: Robert Westall, The Machine Gunners
- Cholmondeley Award: Jenny Joseph, Norman MacCaig, John Ormond
- Duff Cooper Prize: – Seamus Heaney, North
- Eric Gregory Award: John Birtwhistle, Duncan Bush, Val Warner, Philip Holmes, Peter Cash, Alasdair Paterson
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Brian Moore, The Great Victorian Collection
- James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: Karl Miller, Cockburn's Millennium
- American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for Belles Lettres: Kenneth Burke
- Nebula Award: Joe Haldeman, The Forever War
- Newbery Medal for children's literature: Virginia Hamilton, M. C. Higgins, the Great
- Newdigate Prize: Andrew Motion
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama: Edward Albee, Seascape
- Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Michael Shaara – The Killer Angels
- Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Gary Snyder – Turtle Island
- Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire. The London Gazette: . 1974-12-31. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
- "The Laugh of the Medusa". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 1 (4): 875–93. 1976.
- Bernstein, Adam (21 April 2004). "Norris McWhirter Dies; 'Guinness Book' Co-Founder". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-12-16.