Chinese emperors family tree (late)

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This is a family tree of Chinese emperors from 1279 to 1912, the third of three periods of 700 years, from the conquest of China by the Mongols to the end of the Qing dynasty in 1912.

Chinese emperors family tree (ancient)Chinese emperors family tree (early)Chinese emperors family tree (middle)Chinese emperors family tree (late)

Yuan Dynasty and Northern Yuan Dynasty[edit]

The following is the Yuan dynasty family tree. Genghis Khan founded the Mongol Empire in 1206. The empire became split beginning with the succession war of his grandsons Kublai Khan and Ariq Boke. Kublai Khan, after defeating his younger brother Ariq Boke, founded the Yuan Dynasty in China in 1271. The dynasty was overthrown by the Ming Dynasty during the reign of Toghun Temür in 1368, but it survived in Mongolia, known as the Northern Yuan Dynasty; years of reign over the Northern Yuan Dynasty (up to 1388) are given in brackets.


 
 
 
 
YUANEMPS
 
YUANEMPS
 
YUANEMPS
 
YUANEMPS
 
YUANEMPS
 
YUANEMPS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yesükhei Baghatur
Есүхэй баатар.jpg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
2
 
3 (1)
 
4 (2)
 
5 (3)
 
6 (4)
Belgutei
 
Bekhter
 
Temujin
Genghis Khan
~1162–1227

YuanEmperorAlbumGenghisPortrait.jpg
Taizu 太祖
Khagan 1206–27
 
Hasar
 
Hachiun
 
Temüge
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
4
Jochi
Juchi Khan.JPG
d. 1227
 
Chagatai
Chagatai Khan.JPG
d. 1241
 
Ögedei Khan
~1186–1241

YuanEmperorAlbumOgedeiPortrait.jpg
Taizong 太宗
Khagan 1229–41
 
 
 
 
 
Tolui
~1190–1232

Tolui Khan.jpg
Ruizong 睿宗
(Khagan 1227–29)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Güyük Khan
~1206–1248

Dingzong 定宗
Khagan 1246–48
 
Möngke Khan
~1208–1259

90
Xianzong 憲宗
Khagan 1251–59
 
Kublai Khan
1215–1294
YuanEmperorAlbumKhubilaiPortrait.jpg
Khagan 1260–71

Shizu 世祖
1271–1294
 
Hulagu
~1217–1265
Hulagu Khan.jpg
Ilkhan 1256–65
 
Ariq Böke
d. 1266
Ariq Böke.jpg
Khagan 1260?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhenjin 真金
1243–1286

Yuzong 裕宗
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
Kamala
d. 1302

Xianzong 顯宗
 
 
 
 
 
Darmabala
d. 1292

Shunzong 順宗
 
 
 
 
 
Temür
Öljeytü Khan
1265–1307

YuanEmperorAlbumTemurOljeituPortrait.jpg
Chengzong 成宗
1294–1307
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
Yesün Temür Khan
1293–1328

Taiding 泰定
1323–1328
 
 
Kayishan
Külüg Khan
1281–1311

YuanEmperorAlbumQaishanKulugPortrait.jpg
Wuzong 武宗
1307–1311
 
 
 
 
Ayurbarwada
Buyantu Khan
1286–1320

YuanEmperorAlbumAyurbarvadaBuyantuPortrait.jpg
Renzong 仁宗
1311–1320
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
1
 
2
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
Ragibagh Khan
~1320–1328?

Tianshun 天順
1328
 
Kuśala
Khutughtu Khan
1300–1329

Mingzong 明宗
1329
 
Tugh Temür
Jayaatu Khan
1304–1332

YuanEmperorAlbumTughTemurPortrait.jpg
Wenzong 文宗
1328–29, 1329–32
 
Shidibala
Gegeen Khan
1303–1323

Yingzong 英宗
1321–1323
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Toghun Temür Ukhaantu Khan
1320–1370

Yuan 惠宗.jpg
Huizong 惠宗
1333–68 ( –1370)
 
Rinchinbal Khan
1326–1332

YuanEmperorAlbumIrinchinbalPortrait.jpg
Ningzong 寧宗
1332
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ayushiridara
Biligtü Khan

Zhaozong 昭宗
(1370–1378)
 
Tögüs Temür
Uskhal Khan

Yizong 益宗
(1378–1388)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Ming Dynasty[edit]

The following is a simplified family tree for the Ming Dynasty, which ruled China between 1368 and 1644.

Those who became emperor are listed in bold, with their years of reign. In China, Ming emperors are best known by their temple names, which are given second below, after the personal name. (Jianwen was not awarded a temple name: his posthumous name, Huidi (惠帝), is used instead.) The names given in bold are era names, the form by which Ming emperors are most commonly known in English, but which technically refer to the timespan of an emperor's reign rather than to the emperor himself. (Xingzong and Ruizong are temple names: they never actually ruled, but Xingzong was posthumously granted an emperor's title and Ruizong was raised posthumously to the status of emperor by his son Jiajing in the Great Rites Controversy.) The imperial family's original family name was Zhu (朱), but the Emperor Hongwu opted for the dynastic name Ming (明), meaning "brilliant". After the fall of the dynasty in 1644 and Chongzhen's suicide, a series of Ming princes based in the south of China claimed the imperial title, their court being known as the Southern Ming Dynasty. These claimants are given with their era names, and the timespans of their purported reigns in brackets. Their purported periods of rule are given in brackets. In 1662, Koxinga regained control of Taiwan from the Dutch colonial regime, and established a state for those who wished restore the Ming Dynasty to power. This state lasted until 1683, when it submitted to the Qing Dynasty.


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 1328–1398
明太祖.jpg
Taizu 太祖
Hongwu 洪武 1368–1398
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
23
Zhu Biao 朱標 1355–1392
Xingzong 興宗
 
Zhu Di 朱棣 1360–1424
Anonymous-Ming Chengzu.jpg
Chengzu成祖
Yongle 永樂 1402–1424
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Jing 朱桱 1388–1415
Prince Ding of Tang 唐定王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Yunwen 朱允炆 1377–1402?
Jianwen Emperor.jpg
Huidi 惠帝
Jianwen 建文 1398–1402
 
Zhu Gaochi 朱高熾 1378–1425
明仁宗.jpg
Renzong 仁宗
Hongxi 洪熙 1424–1425
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Qiongda 朱瓊炟 d. 1475
Prince Xian of Tang 唐憲王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Zhanji 朱瞻基 1399–1435
明宣宗.jpg
Xuanzong 宣宗
Xuande 宣德 1425–1435
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Zhizhi 朱芝址 d. 1485
Prince Zhuang of Tang 唐莊王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Qizhen 朱祁鎮 1427–1464
明英宗.jpg
Yingzong 英宗
Zhengtong 正統 1435–1449
Tianshun 天順 1457–1464
 
Zhu Qiyu 朱祁鈺 1428–1457
Jingtai.jpg
Daizong 代宗
Jingtai 景泰 1449–1457
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Miqian 朱彌鉗
Prince Gong of Tang 唐恭王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Jianshen 朱見深 1447–1487
明憲宗.jpg
Xianzong 憲宗
Chenghua 成化 1464–1487
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Yuwen 朱宇溫 d. 1560
Prince Jing of Tang 唐敬王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Youtang 朱祐樘 1470–1505
Hongzhi.jpg
Xiaozong 孝宗
Hongzhi 弘治 1487–1505
 
Zhu Youyuan 朱祐杬 1476–1519
Ming Yejong.jpg
Ruizong 睿宗
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Zhouyong 朱宙栐 d. 1564
Prince Shun of Tang 唐順王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Houzhao 朱厚燳 1491–1521
Zhengde.jpg
Wuzong 武宗
Zhengde 正德 1505–1521
 
Zhu Houcong 朱厚熜 1507–1567
明世宗.jpg
Shizong 世宗
Jiajing 嘉靖 1521–1567
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Shuohuang 朱碩熿 d. 1632
Prince Duan of Tang 唐端王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Zaihou 朱載垕 1537–1572
明穆宗.jpg
Muzong 穆宗
Longqing 隆慶 1567–1572
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Qisheng 朱器墭
Prince Yu of Tang 唐裕王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Yijun 朱翊鈞 1563–1620
明神宗.jpg
Shenzong 神宗
Wanli 萬曆 1572–1620
 
 
 
Zhu Yujian 朱聿鍵 1602–1646
Long-wu.jpg
Prince of Tang 唐王

Longwu 隆武 (1645–1646)
 
Zhu Yuyue 朱聿粵 1605–1646
Prince of Tang 唐王

Shaowu 紹武 (1646)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
3
 
7
 
 
Zhu Changluo 朱常洛 1582–1620
明光宗.jpg
Guangzong 光宗
Taichang 泰昌 1620
 
 
 
Zhu Changxun 朱常洵 1586–1641
Prince Zhong of Fu 福忠王
 
Zhu Changying 朱常瀛 1601–1645
Prince Duan of Gui 桂端王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zhu Youxiao 朱由校 1605–1627
明熹宗像.jpg
Xizong 熹宗
Tianqi 天啟 1620–1627
 
Zhu Youjian 朱由檢 1611–1644
Ming Chongzhen.jpg
Sizong 思宗
Chongzhen 崇禎 1627–1644
 
Zhu Yousong 朱由崧 1607–1646
Prince of Fu 福王

Hongguang 弘光 (1644–1645)
 
Zhu Youlang 朱由榔 1623–1662
Prince of Gui 桂王

Yongli 永曆 (1646–1662)

Qing Dynasty[edit]

The following is a simplified family tree for the Qing Dynasty, which ruled China between 1644 and the declaration of the Republic of China on January 1, 1912.

Those who became emperor of China are listed in bold, with their years of reign. Nurhaci and Hong Taiji were emperors of the dynasty, which at the time dominated the Manchuria region, but were not emperors of China as a whole; their years of reign over the dynasty are therefore given in brackets. The names given for emperors are era names, the form by which Qing emperors were most commonly known (with the exception of Puyi, who ruled as the Emperor Xuantong, but was generally known by his given name after his deposition). Puyi abdicated as head of state on February 12, 1912, but was permitted to retain his imperial titles until 1924. The imperial family's original Manchu clan name was Aisin Gioro ("the golden clan"). The dynasty was originally titled the Later Jin Dynasty (後金), in reference to its Jurchen origins, by Nurhaci in 1616, but in 1636 Hong Taiji opted to replace this title with the Chinese dynastic title Qing (清), meaning "pure".


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1st generation of
Iron Cap Princes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
adoption
 
 
 
 
AISINGIOROCLAN AISINGIOROCLAN AISINGIOROCLAN
 
 
AISINGIOROCLAN
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taksi 塔剋世
d. 1583

Xianzu 顯祖
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nurhaci 努爾哈赤
1559–1626

清 佚名 《清太祖天命皇帝朝服像》.jpg
Taizu 太祖
(1616–1626)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Surhaci 舒爾哈齊
1564–1611
Prince Zhuang 莊親王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
8
 
14
 
15
 
 
 
 
 
 
Daišan 代善
1583–1648
Daisan.jpg
Prince Lie of Li 禮烈親王
 
 
 
 
 
Hong Taiji 皇太極
1592–1643

清 佚名 《清太宗崇德皇帝朝服像》.jpg
Taizong 太宗
(1626–1643)
 
Dorgon 多爾袞
1612–1650
Dorgon, the Prince Rui (17th century).jpg
Prince Zhong of Rui 睿忠親王
 
Dodo 多鐸
1614–1649
Dodo, Prince Yu.JPG
Prince Tong of Yu 豫通親王
 
Jirgalang 濟爾哈朗
1599–1655
Prince Xian of Zheng 鄭獻親王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
5
 
9
 
Yuetuo 岳托
1599–1639
Prince of Keqin Comm. 克勤郡王
 
Sahalin 薩哈璘
1604–1636
Prince Yi of Ying
穎毅親王
 
Hooge 豪格
1609–1647
Prince Wu of Su 肅武親王
 
Shuosai 碩塞
1627–1654
Prince Yu of Chengze 承澤裕親王
 
Fulin 福臨
1638–1661

Shunzhi.jpg
Shunzhi 順治
Shizu 世祖
(1643– ) 1644–1661
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
Lokodhui 勒剋德渾
1619–1652
Prince Gonghui
of Shuncheng Comm.
順承恭惠郡王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Xuanye 玄燁
1654–1722

Young Kangxi.jpg
Kangxi 康熙
Shengzu 聖祖
1661–1722
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
3
 
4
 
8
 
13
 
14
 
17
 
 
 
Yinreng 胤礽
1674–1725
Crown Prince Yinreng.jpg
Prince Mi of Li 理密親王
 
Yinzhi 胤祉
1677–1732
Yinzhi.jpg
Prince Yin of Cheng 誠隱親王
 
Yinzhen 胤禛
1678–1735

Portrait of the Yongzheng Emperor in Court Dress.jpg
Yongzheng 雍正
Shizong 世宗
1723–1735
 
Yinsi 胤禩
Yinsi.jpg
1681–1726
 
Yinxiang 胤祥
1686–1730
Yinxiang.jpg
Prince Xian of Yi 怡賢親王
 
Yinti 胤禵
1688–1756
Yinti, Prince Xun, son of the Kangxi-Emperor.jpg
Prince Qin of Xun Comm. 恂勤郡王
 
Yinli 胤禮
1697–1738
Yinli.jpg
Prince Yi of Guo 果毅親王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hongshi 弘時
1704–1727
 
Hongli 弘曆
1711–1799

Portrait of the Qianlong Emperor in Court Dress.jpg
Qianlong 乾隆
Gaozong 高宗
1735–1796
 
Hongzhou 弘晝
1712–1765
Prince Gong of He 和恭親王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
 
15
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yongqi 永琪
1741–1766
Prince Chun of Rong 榮純親王
 
Yongyan 顒琰
1760–1820

清 佚名 《清仁宗嘉庆皇帝朝服像》.jpg
Jiaqing 嘉慶
Renzong 仁宗
1796–1820
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yonglin 永璘
1766–1820
Prince Xi of Qing 慶僖親王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Minning 旻寧
1782–1850

清 佚名 《清宣宗道光皇帝朝服像》.jpg
Daoguang 道光
Xuanzong 宣宗
1820–1850
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mianxing 綿性
State Duke 輔國公
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
7
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Yizhu 奕詝
1831–1861

《咸丰皇帝朝服像》.jpg
Xianfeng 鹹豐
Wenzong 文宗
1850–1861
 
Yicong 奕誴
1831–1889
Yicong.png
Prince Ke of Dun 惇恪親王
 
Yixin 奕訢
1833–1898
PrinceGong1.jpg
Prince Zhong of Gong 恭忠親王
 
Yixuan 奕譞
1840–1891
1stPrinceChun2.jpg
Prince Xian of Chun 醇賢親王
 
Yikuang 奕劻
1838–1917
Pmyikuang.jpg
Prince Mi of Qing 慶密親王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Zaichun 載淳
1856–1875

清 佚名 《清穆宗同治皇帝朝服像》.jpg
Tongzhi 衕治
Muzong 穆宗
1861–1875
 
 
 
 
 
Zaitian 載湉
1871–1908

Emperor Guangxu.jpg
Guangxu 光緒
Dezong 德宗
1875–1908
 
Zaifeng 載灃
1883–1951
2ndPrinceChun1.jpg
Prince Chun 醇親王
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 2 4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Puyi 溥儀
1906–1967

Xuantong.jpg
Xuantong 宣統
1908–1912, 1917
 
Pujie 溥傑
1907–1994
 
Puren 溥任
Puren.jpg
1918–

References[edit]

External links[edit]