Joanie Laurer at the 2007 Scream Awards
|Born||Joan Marie Laurer
December 27, 1970
Rochester, New York, U.S.
|Other names||Joanie Laurer
|Height||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Weight||180 lb (82 kg; 13 st)|
|No. of adult films||~ 6 (per IAFD)|
Laurer first rose to prominence in the professional wrestling promotion the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) in 1997, where she performed under the ring name Chyna and was billed as the "Ninth Wonder of the World" (André the Giant was already billed as the eighth). A founding member of the stable D-Generation X, she held the WWF Intercontinental Championship (the only female performer to do so) twice and the WWF Women's Championship once. She is also the first woman to participate in the Royal Rumble and King of the Ring events, as well as become number one contender to the WWF Championship. With pinfall victories over several prominent male wrestlers – including multiple-time world champions Triple H, Chris Jericho and Jeff Jarrett – Chyna has left "a lasting legacy as the most dominant female competitor of all time". Since leaving the WWF in 2001, Chyna has wrestled sporadically, most notably with New Japan Pro Wrestling in 2002 and Total Nonstop Action Wrestling in 2011.
Outside of wrestling, Laurer has appeared in Playboy magazine twice, as well as numerous television shows and films. In 2005, Laurer was a cast member on VH1's The Surreal Life, which led to several other celebrity reality appearances on the network, including The Surreal Life: Fame Games in 2007 and Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew in 2008. She is also known for her tumultuous relationship with fellow wrestler Sean Waltman, with whom she made a sex tape released commercially in 2004 as 1 Night in China. She has since starred in a further five pornographic titles, and is a two-time AVN Award winner.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Professional wrestling career
- 3 Pornography career
- 4 Other media
- 5 Personal life
- 6 In wrestling
- 7 Championships and accomplishments
- 8 List of other media appearances
- 9 Footnotes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Joan Marie Laurer was born in Rochester, New York, to parents Janet and Joe Laurer. She had two older siblings: Janet and Sonny. After her parents divorced when she was approximately four years old, Laurer had three different stepfathers and one stepmother. According to Laurer, her first stepfather threatened suicide at one point, and her biological father, who once accidentally stabbed her mother in the thigh with a bread knife, had a problem with alcoholism. From 1973 to 1983, Joanie Laurer, her siblings, and her mom moved several times.
As a child, Laurer learned to play both the violin and cello. Laurer would later claim that in seventh grade she was sexually kissed by a much older teacher who worked at her school. At age thirteen, while attending Penfield High School, Laurer began purging after she ate. She left home at age sixteen after her mother tried to force her into a drug rehabilitation facility, going instead to live with her biological father. That same year, she began working out, and because her abdominal muscles were so strong, she did not feel any pain when she developed an ovarian tumor. She finished her last year of high school in Spain.
She attended the University of Tampa, graduating in 1992 with a major in Spanish Literature. During college, she also studied French and German (she can converse in either language) and later claimed during this time she was raped by two men after getting drunk at a party. She also was a member of the ROTC. She originally wanted to use her knowledge of foreign languages to work for the Federal Bureau of Investigation or Drug Enforcement Administration. Subsequently, she joined the Peace Corps and was assigned to Guatemala.
After returning from abroad, she held several different jobs: a cocktail waitress in a strip club, singer in a band, and a 900-number chat line worker. In her mid-to-late 20s, while living in the Florida Keys, Laurer took a six-week class to train to be a flight attendant. On the way to her first flight, however, she was in a car accident and spent four days in the hospital. After recovering from the accident, Laurer's sister Kathy helped her get a job selling beepers, and both women also worked as belly dancers.
After college, Laurer began to regularly enter fitness competitions. In 1996, Laurer competed in the New York City regional level of the Fitness America competition. Because of her large size compared to the other women, Laurer usually finished in last place.
Professional wrestling career
|Birth name||Joan Marie Laurer|
December 27, 1970 |
Rochester, New York, United States
|Professional wrestling career|
|Billed height||5 ft 10 in (1.78 m)|
|Billed weight||180 lb (82 kg)|
|Billed from||Londonderry, New Hampshire.|
|Trained by||Killer Kowalski|
Training and independent circuit (1995-1997)
Joanie Laurer trained at Wladek "Killer" Kowalski's professional wrestling school in Malden, Massachusetts. Her first match was in 1995 against a male wrestler dressed as a woman. While attending the school, she also worked for various independent promotions as Joanie Lee. Some of her earliest matches were set up by The Fabulous Moolah.
Laurer met World Wrestling Federation (WWF) performers Paul "Triple H" Levesque and Shawn Michaels after a professional wrestling show in 1996. After watching tapes of her matches, they decided to bring her into the WWF as a bodyguard. Vince McMahon, the owner of the WWF, initially did not want her to join the company because he did not believe the audience would find a woman beating up men believable. While waiting for the WWF's decision, Laurer was approached by World Championship Wrestling (WCW), who wanted her to be the sole-female member of the New World Order. She initially accepted the offer, but later turned it down when Shane McMahon, Vince McMahon's son, informed her that she was about to be hired by the WWF. Kowalski, her former trainer, however, maintains that he got her hired by the WWF after introducing her to Shane McMahon and telling him of WCW's interest in her.
World Wrestling Federation
D-Generation X (1997–1999)
Vince McMahon later changed his mind by hiring Laurer, and she made her WWF debut on February 16, 1997 at In Your House 13: Final Four; her character emerged as a plant from a ringside seat, choking Marlena while Goldust was in the ring with Triple H. Her original role in the promotion was as the laconic enforcer/bodyguard for Triple H and later, his D-Generation X group (which included Sean "X-Pac" Waltman). She often helped Triple H (then, a rising villain) cheat to win by physically interfering in matches by executing her trademark low blow to the groin. She was later introduced as "Chyna", a play on words; fine china is delicate and fragile, which was a sharp contrast to her character. Off-screen, however, the male wrestlers were hesitant at first to let a female over-power them on-screen.
In January 1999, Chyna was the thirtieth entrant in the Royal Rumble, becoming the first woman ever to enter the contest. The day after the Royal Rumble, Chyna became a villain by betraying Triple H and aligning herself with his enemy Vince McMahon and Kane. Laurer teamed with Kane at the St. Valentine's Day Massacre pay-per-view against former allies X-Pac and Triple H. At WrestleMania XV, Chyna turned on Kane in his match by attacking him with a chair, appearing to rejoin DX. Chyna and Triple H, however, turned against DX later that evening when they helped Shane McMahon defeat DX member X-Pac. The duo became part of The Corporation and later Shane McMahon's Corporate Ministry. Following the dissolution of the Corporate Ministry, Chyna remained at Triple H's side.
Intercontinental Champion (1999–2000)
In June 1999, Chyna became the first woman to qualify for the King of the Ring tournament. She was also the first female to be the number one contender for the WWF Championship, but lost the spot to Mankind before SummerSlam in August. Later that year, Laurer became a fan favorite again during her long feud with Jeff Jarrett. At Unforgiven, she had a match for the WWF Intercontinental Championship against Jarrett, which she lost. She defeated Jarrett for the title at No Mercy in his last WWF match, a Good Housekeeping match, on October 17 at No Mercy, in the process becoming the first and only woman to win the Intercontinental Championship. She also gained the services of his valet, Miss Kitty. Laurer claims that Jarrett demanded (and received) $300,000 from Vince McMahon in order to lose the title cleanly to a woman. His contract had expired on October 16, and he was therefore not contractually obligated to appear on the pay-per-view. If he had not appeared, the WWF would have been criticized for false advertising, and the lineage of the title would have been broken.
Chyna then feuded with Chris Jericho over the belt, defeating him at the Survivor Series, but losing the title to him at Armageddon. The two faced off again in a match on the December 28 edition of SmackDown!, which ended controversially with both wrestlers pinning each other. As a result, then "head of authority" Stephanie McMahon-Helmsley declared them co-champions. At the Royal Rumble, Jericho and Chyna defended the title against Hardcore Holly in a Triple Threat match to determine the Intercontinental Champion, which Jericho won; Chyna's "co-champions" reign is no longer recognized by WWE and is now considered a continuation of Jericho's second Intercontinental reign. Afterwards, Laurer briefly teamed with Jericho.
Aligning with Eddie Guerrero and departure (2000–2001)
Not long after losing the Intercontinental title, Laurer became the on-screen girlfriend of Eddie Guerrero. Guerrero and Laurer, originally villains, later became fan favorites during the summer of 2000, with Guerrero dubbing her his "Mamacita". The couple faced Val Venis and then-rookie Trish Stratus in an intergender tag team match at SummerSlam with the Intercontinental Championship on the line. Chyna won the match, but lost the belt two weeks later to Guerrero in a Triple Threat match with Kurt Angle. They officially split in November 2000 after Chyna, in storyline, found Eddie cavorting in the shower with two other women.
At the same time, Laurer posed nude for Playboy magazine's November 2000 issue. Her Playboy modeling was also worked into a WWE storyline, in which it drew the ire of the Right to Censor (a group of morally conservative and self-righteous wrestlers). Shortly after, Laurer began a feud with Ivory, a member of the Right to Censor, over the Women's Championship. This culminated in a storyline at the Royal Rumble where Laurer appeared to reinjure her neck while performing a handspring back elbow. In order to better convince the audience that she was injured, color commentator Jerry Lawler left the commentators' booth and entered the ring to check on Laurer's condition, something he had not done since the in-ring accident that killed Owen Hart in 1999. When Laurer returned from the "injury", she won the Women's Championship from Ivory at WrestleMania X-Seven in a squash match, a short match where one performer defeats the other with ease. Laurer also defended her title against Lita at Judgment Day in 2001. Although she won the match, she soon vacated the Women's Championship, as this was Laurer's final WWF match. The relationship between Triple H, her former real-life boyfriend, and Stephanie McMahon (with whom Laurer claims he had an affair and then left her for), was a major factor in her dismissal. She left the WWF on November 30, 2001, several months after she had been taken off of television. In 2007, then-WWE employee Jim Ross claimed that she was not fired, but rather chose to leave for personal reasons. Laurer, in a 2015 interview with Vince Russo, stated that after a meeting with Vince McMahon about the Stephanie McMahon situation, she was sent home and was later sent a fax telling her that she was not needed anymore.
New Japan Pro Wrestling (2002)
In 2002, Laurer joined New Japan Pro Wrestling and made her first appearance at the New Japan Thirtieth Anniversary Show, refereeing a bout between the Steiner Brothers and Hiroshi Tanahashi and Kensuke Sasaki. In September and October 2002, she wrestled several matches for the promotion. After losing to Masahiro Chono on October 14, 2002, Laurer performed her final match on October 26, teaming with a fake Great Muta played by Troy Enders in a loss to Hiroshi Tanahashi and Kenzo Suzuki.
Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (2011)
During the May 3, 2011, tapings of the May 12 edition of Impact!, Chyna made her TNA debut, introduced by the returning Spike TV network consultant Mick Foley. He introduced her as Kurt Angle's business associate (she had been previously referred to as his "Mistress") and tag team partner at Sacrifice, where they would face Jeff Jarrett and Karen Jarrett. During the taping she also took part in a battle royal, from which she eliminated Jeff. At Sacrifice, Chyna submitted Karen for the win in the mixed tag team match. She left TNA shortly after.
Laurer made her porn debut with the 2004 video 1 Night in China. Laurer and Sean Waltman approached Red Light District Video to distribute the homemade video, which was released in 2004. Laurer appeared in her second pornographic video, entitled Another Night in China in 2009. In 2011, Laurer starred in her first professional pornographic film for Vivid Video entitled Backdoor to Chyna. She also starred for Vivid as She-Hulk in their parody of The Avengers, released in May 2012. A spinoff feature centered around the She-Hulk character and titled She-Hulk XXX was released to video in April 2013.
|2004||1 Night in China||Herself|
|2009||Another Night in China||Herself|
|2011||Backdoor to Chyna||Herself|
|2012||Chyna is Queen of the Ring||Herself|
|2012||Avengers XXX: A Porn Parody||She-Hulk|
|2013||She Hulk XXX: A Porn Parody||She-Hulk|
|2006||AVN Awards||Best Selling Title of the Year||1 Night in China|
|2012||AVN Awards||Best Celebrity Sex Tape||Backdoor to Chyna|
Chyna has been depicted in at least 5 video games which include:
- WWF Attitude released on Nintendo 64, PlayStation, Game Boy Color and Dreamcast in 1999
- WWF Wrestlemania 2000 released on Nintendo 64 in October 1999
- WWF SmackDown! released on PlayStation in March 2000
- WWF No Mercy released on Nintendo 64 November 17, 2000
- WWF SmackDown! 2: Know Your Role released on PlayStation on November 21, 2000
Laurer modeled nude for Playboy; her first issue, which featured a pictorial of her, was released in November 2000. In 2002, following her departure from the WWF, Laurer appeared in a second nude pictorial. She also filmed a Playboy adult documentary entitled Joanie Laurer Nude: Wrestling Superstar to Warrior Princess, which followed Laurer on the set.
In 2001, Laurer released her autobiography entitled If They Only Knew. It spent time on The New York Times' bestseller list. She appeared as a character named Lulu in Sevendust's music video for the song "Enemy" in 2003.
Television and film
Laurer appeared on The Howard Stern Show in 2000, where she claims that she "made [an ass] out of [her]self." She also appeared in 3rd Rock from the Sun as Janice, a police officer who briefly dated Harry Solomon, as well as several Stacker 2 commercials and was a presenter at the MTV Video Music Awards.
In 2001, Laurer was a guest on a special celebrity edition of Fear Factor. She lost in the final round of the competition to Coolio. The following year, Laurer was reportedly up for a part in Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, but lost out on the role to Kristanna Loken. Laurer was also the host of Robot Wars: Grand Champions in 2002. She also appeared on the celebrity game show, Hollywood Squares in 2003.
In early 2005, Laurer debuted on The Surreal Life, with housemates Da Brat, Jane Wiedlin, Adrianne Curry, Christopher Knight, Marcus Schenkenberg, and Verne Troyer. On the show, she drank heavily, appeared nude, and got into an argument with her ex, Sean Waltman. She remained friends with Adrianne Curry after the show and made a brief cameo on her reality show My Fair Brady. Laurer also appeared on The Surreal Life: Fame Games, which began to air on VH1 in January 2007. The filming took place in April 2006 in Las Vegas. Her elimination from the show, which occurred in the seventh episode, was controversial. Andrea Lowell had accumulated the lowest score in the "Celebrity Call-Back-A-Thon" challenge, but she manipulated Kennedy, the judge, to increase her score and got Laurer eliminated in the process.
Also in 2006, Laurer appeared in Just Another Romantic Wrestling Comedy and Illegal Aliens, the latter of which was the last movie featuring Anna Nicole Smith before her death. On Cristina's Court, a syndicated court-themed reality show, Laurer appeared in an episode originally airing July 14, 2007 in a civil dispute against a breeder of teacup chihuahuas. Judge Perez ruled in favor of the plaintiff—Laurer—awarding her $4,000.
Laurer's breast implants were custom-made for her after her first implants were ruptured during a wrestling match. She had also complained to her plastic surgeon that their largest implants did not suit her frame in the way she desired. Laurer's custom implants became the model for the Chyna 2000s, a model of breast implant now marketed to large-framed women and female bodybuilders. Laurer claims to have paid $6,000 for them.
From 1996 until 2000, Laurer dated fellow wrestler Paul "Triple H" Levesque. They initially hid their relationship from their co-workers because Laurer felt that people might think she "[slept] her way to the top". The duo also lived together for some time. Beginning in 2003, however, she had a tumultuous relationship with wrestler Sean Waltman. They were engaged for a period in 2003, then broke up, and then became engaged again, a pattern that continued for the next two years. In 2004, Laurer and Waltman made a sex tape. Eager for a repeat success, the company that released Paris Hilton's celebrity sex tape obtained the footage, edited it, and released it under the name 1 Night in China. The video sold over 100,000 copies, with both Laurer and Waltman earning a share of the profits. Laurer, however, maintains that she did not earn any money from the release. In January 2005, Laurer was arrested for domestic assault after allegedly beating Waltman.
On February 8, 2007 (the date of Anna Nicole Smith's death), a visibly upset Laurer appeared on Larry King Live to speak about her late friend. On the program, Laurer claimed that she "knew it was coming" because of the way the media had ridiculed Smith, and she drew parallels between the plight of Anna and herself. The wife of the CEO of Trim Spa, Monique Goen, however, claimed that Smith did not consider Laurer a friend.
After leaving the WWF, Laurer was unable to use the name "Chyna" because of its trademark. Therefore, she began to use the name "Chynna Doll" for public appearances. In November 2007, however, Laurer filed papers to change her name legally to Chyna.
Laurer has also had problems with substance abuse. She claimed that her "life was spinning out of control" around the time she made the sex tape. In January 2005, Sean Waltman claimed that she was battling drug and alcohol addiction, as well as mental illness. Days after the domestic dispute between Waltman and Laurer, it was reported in the New York Post that she had stripped naked and jumped into a fish tank in a New York nightclub. That same month, she made another appearance on The Howard Stern Show, where she was slurring her words and going off on random tangents. On the program, she claimed to not want to do drugs anymore, but said that if a line of cocaine was in front of her, she would do it. After her appearance, she entered a facility specializing in helping people with depression, and she decided to stop drinking. In early 2008, Laurer appeared on the VH1 reality TV show, Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew, but she claimed on the show that she did not consider herself an addict. On December 27, 2008, she was rushed to the hospital after her birthday party, where she was found passed out with cuts on her arms.
Laurer has a strained relationship with her family. She last saw her mother at the age of sixteen, and she claims that her father never got over her decision not to join the FBI. She also alleges that her father took out several student loans in her name and without her knowledge, leaving her with $40,000 in debt. On an episode of Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew in 2008, Laurer claimed to have a bad relationship with all of her family members, including her siblings. In September 2010, Laurer was hospitalized after overdosing on sleeping medication. As of February 2015, Laurer has reestablished a good relationship with her mother; her father passed away in May 2014.
On 9 February 2015 during a WWE Network podcast with Steve Austin, Triple H mentioned that Chyna deserved to be in the WWE Hall of Fame but that problems with children Googling her prohibited it. After being in contact with Vince Russo she claimed in an interview that Triple H had hit her, which he later called a false statement.
- Finishing moves
- Wrestlers managed
- "The Ninth Wonder of the World"
- Entrance themes
Championships and accomplishments
- International Wrestling Federation
- IWF Women's Championship (1 time)
- Ladies International Wrestling Association
- Rookie of the Year (1998)
- Pro Wrestling Illustrated
- World Wrestling Federation
List of other media appearances
- "Personal Bio: Chyna". IAFD.com. Retrieved 2012-09-01.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 5–6.
- Laroche, Stephen (2000-10-27). "The real Chyna revealed". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 225–228.
- "Copy of Name Change Document" (PDF). 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- "Cagematch profile".
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 145–148.
- "Top 25 Most Impactful Women: Chyna". WWE. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- "Chyna: Profile & Match Listing". The Internet Wrestling Database. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 34–36.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 31–32, 79.
- "The parent's guide to WWF". Sunday Mirror. 2001-04-29. Archived from the original on January 11, 2010. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 98–99.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 63.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 74–75, 77.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 115.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 122, 127.
- Chamberlin, Thomas (December 2000). "Chyna's Dynasty". Wrestler's Digest. Archived from the original on 2007-12-06. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 129.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 130.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 18–19.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 15–16.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 22–23.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 138–139.
- Shields, Brian (2009). World Wrestling Entertainment Encyclopedia. Indianapolis: Dorling Kindersley. p. 64. ISBN 978-1-4053-4760-0.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 184.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 178.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 203.
- Ellison, Lillian (2003). The Fabulous Moolah: First Goddess of the Squared Circle. ReaganBooks. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-06-001258-8.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 207–213.
- Triple H and Chyna (1999). It's Our Time (VHS). World Wrestling Federation.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 215.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 338–341.
- Powell, John (2001-02-06). "Killer Kowalski slams Chyna's book". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 259, 269.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 289.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 274.
- Powell, John (1999-02-15). "McMahon makes a Giant mistake". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Powell, John (1999-03-29). "Austin wins title at WM15". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 311.
- Lilsboy (May 2005). "The truth about Chyna". The Sun. Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 299.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 314.
- Powell, John (2001-01-30). "Chyna's book for fans only". Retrieved 2007-05-14.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 316.
- Powell, John (1999-11-15). "Booking blows Survivor Series". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Powell, John (1999-12-13). "Steph betrays Vince at Armageddon". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- "Chris Jericho (Jan. 23, 2000– February 27, 2000)". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Powell, John (2000-01-24). "Rocky wins the Rumble". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- "Chris Jericho's second reign". WWE. Retrieved 2007-04-16.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 7–8.
- Powell, John (2000-08-28). "Stunts highlight SummerSlam". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- "Eddie Guerrero (Sept. 4, 2000– November 23, 2000)". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Milner, John (2004-10-13). "Eddie Guerrero". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Powell, John (2001-01-22). "Surprises dominate Rumble 2001". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Powell, John (2001-04-02). "Austin turns heel at WM X-Seven". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Powell, John (2001-05-01). "Triple H loses, Austin wins at J-Day". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- "Chyna's profile". Online World of Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-09.
- Ross, Jim (2007-07-08). "Jim Ross' Blog". Retrieved 2007-07-08.
- Vince Russo (2015-02-10). "Full Joanie “Chyna” Laurer Shoot Interview (Approx. 100 Mins) - VIP only". Retrieved 2015-02-10.
- Caldwell, James (2011-05-03). "TNA News: Impact spoilers from Tuesday's Impact taping - big re-branding, debut, two returns, Sacrifice matches". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Tedesco, Mike (2011-05-04). "Spoilers: TNA Impact taping for May 12". WrestleView. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- Caldwell, James (2011-05-12). "Caldwell's TNA Impact report 5/12: Ongoing "virtual-time" coverage of big reveals, final PPV hype, battle royal main event". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- Caldwell, James (2011-05-15). "Caldwell's TNA Sacrifice PPV results 5/15: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV - Sting vs. RVD, four title matches, Chyna PPV return". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2011-05-15.
- "Backdoor to Chyna". Vivid Video. Retrieved 2011-07-30.
- Wilson, William S. (2012-05-20). "The XXX Factor: The Avengers XXX (2012)". Video Junkie. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- "Vivid Announces Former Pro Wrestler Chyna to Star in 'She Hulk XXX'". The Flick Cast. 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2012-05-21.
- Wilson, William S. (2013-06-08). "The XXX Factor: She-Hulk XXX (2013)". Video Junkie. Retrieved 2013-06-08.
- GiantBomb: A former female wrestler of the WWE famous for being DX's body guard
- Tilley, Steve (2008-08-07). "Joanie Laurer sheds Chyna image". Edmonton Sun. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- "Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew: Personalities". VH1. Retrieved 2008-08-11.
- Moreno, Andrew (January 2007). "Why Joanie Laurer Continues to Serve As A Role Model" (PDF). Lifted Magazine. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- Wiederhorn, Jon (2003-09-08). "Rock And Roll Beef: Sevendust Rip Into Ex-Coal Chamber Frontman On 'Enemy'". MTV. Retrieved 2008-08-11.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 364–365.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 368–369.
- Strobel, Mike (2001-12-05). "Fine dining and Chyna at Prego". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- Pearlman, Cindy (2003-07-08). "Terminatrix won't totally dematerialize". Chicago Sun Times. Archived from the original on 2007-12-27. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- Eck, Kevin (January 16, 2002). "Ready To Pin Down A Career In Tinseltown". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
- "January 13, 2003". Hollywood Squares. 2003-01-13. Syndicated.
- Kapur, Bob (2007-10-12). "Chyna's rough road in Hollywood". SLAM! Wrestling. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- "Love On the Rocks (Therapy Part 1)". My Fair Brady. Season 1. Episode 14. 2006-06-18. VH1.
- "Welcome To Celebrity Island". The Surreal Life: Fame Games. Season 1. Episode 1. 2007-01-08. VH1.
- Gerweck, Steve (2006-04-16). "Joanie 'Chyna' Laurer Interview: Talks about leaving WWE, HHH & more". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- "Dial M for Mommy". The Surreal Life: Fame Games. Season 1. Episode 7. 2007-03-04. VH1.
- "Chyna’s Chihuahua". Cristina's Court. Episode 2CC051. 2007-07-14.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 94–97.
- "Wrestler snapshot: Triple H". Wrestling Digest. August 2002. Archived from the original on 2007-11-21. Retrieved 2007-09-20.
- Laurer, Joanie. If They Only Knew, 277.
- Wiser, Paige (2005-08-28). "Caught in the act". Chicago Sun Times. Archived from the original on 2007-12-18. Retrieved 2007-07-04.
- Ogunnaike, Lola (2006-03-19). "Sex, Lawsuits and Celebrities Caught on Tape". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-02-11.
- Madigan, T.J. (2005-01-29). "Chyna over the edge". The Calgary Sun. Retrieved 2007-03-16.
- "The Death of Anna Nicole Smith - Larry King Live transcript". CNN. February 8, 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
- "Intake". Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew. Season 1. Episode 1. 2008-01-10. VH1.
- Chyna Hospitalized; Too Wasted for Shrinks TMZ.com, December 28, 2008
- "Friends and Family". Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew. Season 1. Episode 6. 2008-02-14. VH1.
- "Report: Chyna hospitalized for medication overdose". Slam! Sports. Canadian Online Explorer. 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2010-09-21.
- "Joanie Laurer (aka Chyna) Responds to Triple H's Hall of Fame Comments". YouTube. 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2015-02-06.
- "Full Joanie “Chyna” Laurer Shoot Interview (Approx. 100 Mins) - 1 hour 38 min mark". pyroandballyhoo.com. 2015-02-10. Retrieved 2015-02-10.
- My Midnight Conversation With Chyna published 5 February 2015
- Chyna accuses Triple H of hitting her during their relationship breakdown by Keith Harris of Cageside Seats on 10 February 2015
we obtained the following statement from Paul Levesque himself:
"The false statements and reckless allegations made by Joan Laurer (aka Chyna) on a recent podcast about a physical dispute are a complete fabrication. While Joan has had significant struggles in life, this does not justify making such claims."
- "Chyna's first Women's Championship reign". World Wrestling Entertainment. Retrieved 2008-08-10.
- Keith, Scott (2002-07-19). "The SmarK Retro Repost - WrestleMania 2000". 411mania.com. Retrieved 2008-03-16.
- Jim Johnston (2002). WWE Anthology (CD). World Wrestling Entertainment and Koch Records.
- World Wrestling Entertainment (1999). WWF The Music, Vol. 4 (CD). Koch Records.
- Ellison, Lillian (2003). The Fabulous Moolah: First Goddess of the Squared Circle. ReaganBooks. p. 204. ISBN 978-0-06-001258-8.
- "Pro Wrestling Illustrated Top 500 - 2000". Wrestling Information Archive. Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-05.
- "Chyna's first Intercontinental Championship reign".
- "Chyna's second Intercontinental Championship reign / Co-reign with Chris Jericho".
- "Chyna's third Intercontinental Championship reign".
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- Chyna at the Internet Movie Database
- Chyna at the Internet Adult Film Database
- Chyna at the Adult Film Database