Confederation of British Industry
|Confederation of British Industry|
|Motto||The Voice of Business|
|Legal status||Political Non-profit organization|
|Location||Centre Point, 103 New Oxford Street, London, UK|
|Main organ||CBI Council|
The Confederation of British Industry is the UK's leading business organisation, speaking for direct members and businesses through its trade association members, from the perspective of their leadership. Together member organisations employ around a third of the private sector workforce in the UK. Incorporated by Royal Charter its mission is to promote the conditions in which businesses of all sizes and sectors in the UK can compete and prosper for the benefit of all. Its membership includes the majority of the FTSE 100, mid-caps, SMEs, privately owned businesses and trade associations. The CBI speaks for all sectors: agriculture, automotive, aerospace, construction, creative, education, financial services, IT, manufacturing, professional services, retail, transport, tourism and utilities.
The CBI works to promote business interests by lobbying and advising governments, networking with other businesses and creating intelligence through analysis of government policies and compilation of statistics, both in the United Kingdom and internationally through their offices in Beijing, Brussels, New Delhi and Washington DC.
It is the foremost lobbying organisation for UK business on national and international issues. It works with the UK government, international legislators and policymakers to help UK businesses compete effectively.
The present Director-General is John Cridland, former Deputy Director General, who assumed the role in January 2011. He replaced Richard Lambert, who was formerly the editor of the Financial Times and member of the Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee.
The CBI is governed under its charter by the CBI Council, which is able to delegate many of its roles to the Chairmen’s Committee and Board. The Chairmen’s Committee is responsible for setting the direction of CBI policy and proposing candidates for Chairman and Deputy Chairman. The CBI Board is responsible for operational and financial matters. The president chairs both the Chairmen's Committee and the CBI Board. A President's Committee, made up of members, advises the president. The president, with the approval of the Chairmen's Committee (under its delegated powers), appoints the director-general, who is responsible for the management of the CBI.
It has offices based in every region of the UK, including teams in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales. Its headquarters are next to Tottenham Court Road tube station, not far from the headquarters of the TUC. In late 2013 the CBI announced that in early 2014 it would be moving its headquarters to new offices in Cannon Place, above Cannon Street station in the City of London.
In 2014 several Scottish organisations withdrew from the CBI in protest against its support for a 'No' vote in the Scottish independence referendum. These included STV, Scottish Enterprise and VisitScotland.
The CBI conducts numerous surveys that are of particular use to its members and stakeholders. Research is available to the relevant sections of its membership. The CBI’s surveys are currently:
- Industrial Trends
- Distributive Trends
- Service Sector
- Financial Sector
- SME Trends
- Investment Intentions
Occasional surveys include:
- London Business
- Education and Skills
CBI policy is decided through consultation with its members – companies from all sectors and sizes of business across the UK are directly involved in the policy-making process. The CBI publishes numerous reports each year on a wide range of issues that of interest and relevance to its members. Recent campaigns include “Future Champions”, promoting the contribution and role of mid-sized businesses and “Industrial Futures”, looking at how government should intervene in the economy to promote growth. The CBI publishes ‘Business Voice’, a monthly magazine for its membership and ‘Intelligence FIRST’, an occasional publication providing strategic guidance for members on regulatory and economic change.
Scottish independence referendum controversy
In April 2014, the CBI registered with the Electoral Commission as a backer of the campaign against Scottish independence.
As a result, several Scottish businesses (including The Law Society, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Strathclyde and Glasgow Caledonian universities, Highlands and Islands Enterprise, Skills Development Scotland, STV, Scottish Enterprise and Visit Scotland) resigned from the CBI, stating that remaining in the organisation would compromise their independence on this issue.
(Correct as at October 2012)
Directors-general since 1965
- John Davies (30 July 1965 – 15 October 1969)
- Sir Campbell Adamson (15 October 1969 – 2 July 1976)
- Sir John Methven (2 July 1976 – 23 April 1980) (died in office)
- Sir Terence Beckett (1 October 1980 – 26 March 1987)
- Sir John Banham (26 March 1987 – 26 June 1992)
- Sir Howard Davies, (29 June 1992 – 31 December 1995)
- Adair Turner (1 January 1995 – 31 December 2000)
- Sir Digby Jones (1 January 2001 – 30 June 2006)
- Sir Richard Lambert (1 July 2006 – 30 January 2011)
- John Cridland (31 January 2011 – present)
- PETER JENKINS, Industry chooses its leader: Shell executive head of CBI, The Guardian, 4 February 1965
- "CBI - CBI governance". Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "CBI - About the CBI". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
- "CBI - CBI around the world". Retrieved 2007-06-30.
- "CBI - CBI governance". Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "CBI - CBI around the UK". Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "CBI: CBI to move HQ to new offices at Cannon Street". Retrieved 21 April 2014.
- "CBI in crisis as three more members quit over Better Together support". The Herald (Scotland). 20 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- "CBI - Business surveys". Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "CBI - Future Champions". Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "CBI - Industrial Policy". Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "CBI - Business Voice". Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "CBI - Intelligence FIRST". Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "CBI - Meet the senior team". Retrieved 2012-10-15.