Confederation of British Industry

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Confederation of British Industry
Abbreviation CBI
Motto The Voice of Business
Formation 1965
Legal status
Political Non-profit organization
Purpose British industry
Location Centre Point, 103 New Oxford Street, London, UK
Region served
UK
President
Michael Rake
Director-General
John Cridland
Main organ
CBI Council
Website cbi.org.uk

The Confederation of British Industry is a UK business organisation, speaking for some 1500 direct members[citation needed] and businesses through its trade association members, from the perspective of their leadership.[1] Described by the Financial Times as "Britain's biggest business lobby group",[2] its member organisations together employ around a third of the private sector workforce in the UK. Incorporated by Royal Charter[3] its mission is to promote the conditions in which businesses of all sizes and sectors in the UK can compete and prosper for the benefit of all. Its membership includes the majority of the FTSE 100, mid-caps, SMEs, privately owned businesses and trade associations. The CBI speaks for all sectors: agriculture, automotive, aerospace, construction, creative, education, financial services, IT, manufacturing, professional services, retail, transport, tourism and utilities.[4]

Role[edit]

The CBI works to promote business interests by lobbying and advising governments, networking with other businesses and creating intelligence through analysis of government policies and compilation of statistics, both in the United Kingdom and internationally through their offices in Beijing, Brussels, New Delhi and Washington DC.[5]

It is the foremost lobbying organisation for UK business on national and international issues[citation needed]. It works with the UK government, international legislators and policymakers to help UK businesses compete effectively[citation needed].

Structure[edit]

The present Director-General is John Cridland, former Deputy Director General, who assumed the role in January 2011. He replaced Richard Lambert, who was formerly the editor of the Financial Times and member of the Bank of England Monetary Policy Committee.

The CBI is governed under its charter by the CBI Council, which is able to delegate many of its roles to the Chairmen’s Committee and Board. The Chairmen’s Committee is responsible for setting the direction of CBI policy and proposing candidates for Chairman and Deputy Chairman. The CBI Board is responsible for operational and financial matters. The president chairs both the Chairmen's Committee and the CBI Board. A President's Committee, made up of members, advises the president. The president, with the approval of the Chairmen's Committee (under its delegated powers), appoints the director-general, who is responsible for the management of the CBI.[6]

It has offices based in every region of the UK, including teams in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales. In March 2014 it moved its headquarters from Centre Point, London, to offices in Cannon Place, above Cannon Street station in the City of London.[7]

History[edit]

The organisation was formed in 1965 out of a merger of the Federation of British Industries (known as FBI), the British Employers' Confederation and the National Association of British Manufacturers.

The CBI opened an office in Brussels in 1971, to open up opportunities in Europe. International Offices have opened in Washington (2002), Beijing (2005) and New Dehli (2011).

Research[edit]

The CBI conducts numerous surveys that are of particular use to its members and stakeholders. Research is available to the relevant sections of its membership. The CBI’s surveys are currently:[8]

  • Industrial Trends
  • Distributive Trends
  • Service Sector
  • Financial Sector
  • SME Trends
  • Investment Intentions

Occasional surveys include:

  • Procurement
  • London Business
  • Education and Skills
  • Absence

CBI policy is decided through consultation with its members – companies from all sectors and sizes of business across the UK are directly involved in the policy-making process. The CBI publishes numerous reports each year on a wide range of issues that of interest and relevance to its members. Recent campaigns include “Future Champions”,[9] promoting the contribution and role of mid-sized businesses and “Industrial Futures”,[10] looking at how government should intervene in the economy to promote growth. The CBI publishes ‘Business Voice’,[11] a monthly magazine for its membership and ‘Intelligence FIRST’,[12] an occasional publication providing strategic guidance for members on regulatory and economic change.

Scottish independence referendum controversy[edit]

In April 2014, the CBI registered with the Electoral Commission as a backer of the campaign against Scottish independence.

As a result, 15 Scottish members (Scottish Enterprise, Visit Scotland, Highlands and Islands Enterprise, Skills Development Scotland, the Scottish Qualifications Authority, STV, the Law Society of Scotland, Aquamarine Power, Balhousie Care Group, and the universities of Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Strathclyde, Heriot Watt and Glasgow Caledonian) resigned from the organisation, while two others, Robert Gordon University and Dundee University, suspended their membership.

The BBC announced on April 24 that it would also suspend its membership from May 30 until after the referendum on September 18.[13] [14]

On 25 April, the CBI announced it would try to nullify its registration. An Electoral Commission spokesman said: "We have received representations from the CBI to deregister. We are currently considering whether this is possible under the relevant legislation and will make our reasoning public when we have reached a conclusion and informed the CBI of our decision." However, the chairman of Business for Scotland disputed this would be possible: "Our understanding is that the CBI cannot nullify its Electoral Commission registration and must, having been identified as a campaigning organisation, be policed by the Commission during the referendum campaign period, just as we are ourselves will be."[15]

Organisation[edit]

Senior personnel[edit]

(Correct as at October 2012)[16]

Directors-general since 1965[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ PETER JENKINS, Industry chooses its leader: Shell executive head of CBI, The Guardian, 4 February 1965
  2. ^ Groom, Brian; Parker, George (16 July 2014). "CBI warns politicians not to rock the boat". ft.com. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "CBI - CBI governance". Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  4. ^ "CBI - About the CBI". Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  5. ^ "CBI - CBI around the world". Retrieved 2007-06-30. 
  6. ^ "CBI - CBI governance". Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  7. ^ "CBI: CBI to move HQ to new offices at Cannon Street". Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "CBI - Business surveys". Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  9. ^ "CBI - Future Champions". Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  10. ^ "CBI - Industrial Policy". Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  11. ^ "CBI - Business Voice". Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  12. ^ "CBI - Intelligence FIRST". Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  13. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-27114123
  14. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-27143426
  15. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-27159618
  16. ^ "CBI - Meet the senior team". Retrieved 2012-10-15.