Police of the Czech Republic

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Policie České republiky
Abbreviation PČR
PČR seal.png
Patch of the Policie České republiky.
Motto Pomáhat a chránit
To Help and to Protect
Agency overview
Formed 1991
Preceding agency Veřejná bezpečnost
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
CZ Cechy Morava kraje.gif
Map of Policie České republiky's jurisdiction.
Governing body Ministry of Interior
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Police Headquarters
Agency executive Martin Červíček[1], Policejní prezident / President of The Police
Website
Official website

The Police of the Czech Republic (Policie České Republiky) is a law enforcement agency of the Czech Republic, officially established as a police force on 15 July 1991 in the former Czech and Slovak Federal Republic. PČR's headquarters is located in Prague. Czech state police cooperates with municipal police departments, which are present in every larger town.

History[edit]

The Police of the Czech Republic took over land management after the communist SNB in the Czech Republic with the exception of military police (provosts) who are part of the army. Members were recruited from the former communist SNB (National Security Corps), after passing a vetting "democratic" commission established after the Velvet Revolution in 1989 to eliminate from the police force communist ideologues and agents of the secret police (the Czech Republic's KGB equivalent). A similar procedure was also undertaken in the then-Slovak Republic. Some police officers were employed by a small federal police force, whose mandate expired on 31 December 1992. The police are in public-service work; their status in the Czech Republic armed security forces is that of a gendarmerie.

Jurisdiction[edit]

The Police of the Czech Republic has general jurisdiction in the investigation of misdemeanors and crimes. Its proceedings are overseen by an independent prosecutor, who can bring charges in criminal matters. It does not have jurisdiction in fields falling within the competence of other specialized bodies, such as the Customs service, military police, judicial guard or the Secret service. PČR is the main investigative body of the Ministry of the Interior. It should not be confused with the municipal police, which may be established by a municipality and which supervises public order and road safety; municipal police also have jurisdiction only over misdemeanours, and in criminal investigations may serve only in a supportive role for the state police.

Some crimes (such as terrorism) are being solved in co-operation with intelligence agencies such as BIS or ÚZSI.

Nationwide jurisdiction[edit]

  • Prague Institute of Criminology
  • Air Service
  • National Anti-Drug Central
  • Pyrotechnical Service
  • Alien and Border Police
  • Traffic Police
  • Agency for Documentation and Investigation of Communist Crimes
  • Agency for Corruption and Financial Criminality
  • Agency for Organized Crime
  • Agency for Protection of the President of the Czech Republic
  • Agency for Protection of State Officials
  • Agency for Special Activities of Criminal Police
  • Agency for Particular Activities of Criminal Police
  • Rapid Response Unit
Older-model police car, white with green horizontal stripe
Police Škoda Octavia (old markings)
Newer-model police car, gray with blue-and-yellow markings
Police Škoda Octavia (new markings)

Regional jurisdiction[edit]

There are 14 regional headquarters, with jurisdictions covering the regions of the Czech Republic.

Equipment[edit]

As of 2011, the Police of the Czech Republic employs about 41,000 officers, with a ratio of about 45 officers per 10,000 population.[2] Of these, about 3,500 are traffic-police officers.[3]

Transport[edit]

Cars and motorcycles[edit]

Helicopters[4][edit]

Aircraft Origin Role Versions Registration Number
Bell 412  United States VIP transport, transport of material, rescue operations, policing Bell 412 HP OK-BYN
OK-BYQ
2
Bell 412  United States Policing Bell 412 EP OK-BYP
OK-BYR
OK-BYS
3
Eurocopter EC135  European Union Policing, air rescue service EC 135 T2 OK-BYA
OK-BYB
OK-BYC
OK-BYD[5]
OK-BYE
OK-BYF
OK-BYG
OK-BYH
22

Firearms[edit]

The following firearms are used by the Police of the Czech Republic:

Handguns[edit]

Submachine guns[edit]

Carbines[edit]

Sniper rifles[edit]

  • CZ 700 (to be replaced by the CZ-750)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Klaus zkritizoval Lessyho vyhazov, ČSSD viní vládu z puče, odbory vřou". iDnes (in Czech). Mladá fronta DNES. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "John: Počet policistů by měl nadále klesat". České noviny. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  3. ^ "Ekonomická efektivnost - dopravní přestupky". policie.cz. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  4. ^ "Letecká služba Policie ČR". vrtulnik.cz. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  5. ^ Helicopter crashed on March 5, 2011, see planes.cz spotters