Medininagar

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Daltonganj
डालटनगंज
Medininagar
City
Daltonganj
Daltonganj
Daltonganj
Location of Daltonganj in Jharkhand
Coordinates: 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E / 24.03; 84.07Coordinates: 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E / 24.03; 84.07
Country  India
State Jharkhand
Division Palamu
District Palamu
Established 1890th century
Founded by Edward Tuite Dalton
Named for Edward Tuite Dalton
Government
 • Type Muncipal Council (नगर परिषद)
 • MLA Alok Chaurasia
Area
 • Total 150 km2 (60 sq mi)
Elevation 215 m (705 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 6,19,307
 • Rank 5th in Jharkhand
 • Density 4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English, Nagpuri,Magahi
Time zone IST (UTC5:30)
PIN 822101
Telephone code 06562
Vehicle registration JH 03
Literacy 84.71%
Languages Magahi, Santali, English and Hindi
Website www.daltonganjcity.com

Medininagar (Daltonganj) is a city in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the headquarters of Palamu division and Palamu district, as well as the subdivision and block of the same name. The city is situated on the banks of the North Koel River.[1]

Origin of name[edit]

Medininagar (Daltonganj) city is named after Colonel Edward Tuite Dalton (1815–1880),an anthropologist and the District commissioner of Chota Nagpur in 1861, during the British Raj who established this city after clearing Bijra Bagan.[2][clarification needed] The name of the city was changed to Medininagar, after the king Medini Rai. Some famous places of daltonganj are, redma over bridge, chhahmuhan chow, panchmuhan chowk, mahendra arcade (shopping mall), chandra residncy, mohan picture palace and Kanni Ram chowk etc.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Chero dynasty ruled this region for a long period[when?]. The most famous among Chero rulers was Medani Rai. Palamau Fort and Shahpur Fort are major historical landmarks in this area.

Geography[edit]

Medininagar (Daltonganj) is located at 24°02′N 84°04′E / 24.03°N 84.07°E / 24.03; 84.07.[3] It has an average elevation of 215 m (705 ft).

The famous Betla National Park is located about 26 km from the city. This park is well known for tigers, and comes under the Palamau Tiger Project. Another scenic picnic spot nearby is Kechki, located about 18 km from Daltonganj, at the cofluence of the Koel River and the Auranga River. Netarhat, a scenic plateau covered with thick forests, is also situated near Daltonganj. It is a popular summer resort known for its picturesque sunrise and sunset.

Transport[edit]

The major transport of Daltonganj is Autorishaw, Train, Three wheel Rikshaw and Buses etc. Daltonganj is located 1,036 kilometres (644 mi) south east of New Delhi and is accessible by train from Lucknow, Patna, Ranchi, Kota, Bhopal Junction, Delhi, Jabalpur, Kolkata, Varanasi and Gaya. The nearest airport is 165 kilometres (103 mi) away in Ranchi. It also has an airport in Chianki, which is only used occasionally by visiting dignitaries. In the case of VIP movement (which occurs roughly once a year) a portable transmitter is installed here. Medininagar (Daltonganj) is well connected with Patna, Ranchi, Kolkata, Durgapur, Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Dhanbad, Delhi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Kanpur and Gaya Etc by road.

Railways[edit]

Daltonganj Railway station(DTO) is a major station on the CIC[expand acronym] line. All major trains always halt there. The city is connected to Delhi with four trains: Jharkhand Swarnajayanti express, Raurkela Hatiya JammuTavi express and more. It is also connected to Kolkata with five trais: Shaktipunj express Howrah Jabalpul, Howrah bhopal express, Kolkata Ajmer and much more. This city is connected to Patna with only one Train:Palamau Express from (Barkana) to (Patna Junction)

Demographics[edit]

As of 2014 India census,[4] Medininagar (Daltonganj) had a population of 619,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Medininagar (Daltonganj) has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81% and, female literacy is 80%. In Medininagar (Daltonganj), 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.[citation needed]

Health[edit]

The government run hospital in the area is the Sadar hospital, and sadar hospital is now become a better and modern hospital with best facilities. which has very basic amenities and people are usually very less referred to nearby cities like Ranchi or Patna for better care but Daltonganj Sadar hospital now better care of patients. There are a few private hospitals in the area for primary health care. Like PRAKASH CHAND JAIN SEVA SADAN (NEER MAHENDRA ARCADE), ASHI LIFE CARE HOSPITAL(RANCHI ROAD,REDMA) ETC. Some famous doctors are live in Daltonganj and his famous clinic. Vishwanath Ojha's clinic for General sergen specialist (SATTAR SETH CHOWK) this doctor is very famous doctor, ARUN SHUKLA for bone and Nerve(JAIL HATA ROAD), Dr ANAND KUMAR for chest specialist and civil sergen(KANNI RAM CHOWK),Miss RAHAT NEZAM (RIVER SIDE) ,RAHUL AGRAWAL for bone and nerve specialist(KANNI RAM CHOWK) and more famous and best doctors are available in this city.

Climate[edit]

Medininagar (Daltonganj) has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa).

Climate data for Daltonganj
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.6
(92.5)
36.1
(97)
40.6
(105.1)
43.5
(110.3)
47.6
(117.7)
45.9
(114.6)
42.1
(107.8)
40.0
(104)
39.5
(103.1)
39.8
(103.6)
36.3
(97.3)
31.3
(88.3)
47.6
(117.7)
Average high °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
27.2
(81)
33.5
(92.3)
38.8
(101.8)
40.9
(105.6)
38.5
(101.3)
33.2
(91.8)
32.5
(90.5)
32.7
(90.9)
32.1
(89.8)
29.2
(84.6)
25.5
(77.9)
32.4
(90.33)
Daily mean °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
19.4
(66.9)
24.6
(76.3)
30.2
(86.4)
33.1
(91.6)
32.7
(90.9)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
28.4
(83.1)
26.1
(79)
21.8
(71.2)
17.4
(63.3)
25.7
(78.27)
Average low °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.0
(75.2)
20.1
(68.2)
14.3
(57.7)
9.4
(48.9)
18.96
(66.13)
Record low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
1.3
(34.3)
7.7
(45.9)
14.4
(57.9)
18.2
(64.8)
19.9
(67.8)
21.1
(70)
21.7
(71.1)
18.2
(64.8)
13.0
(55.4)
6.8
(44.2)
1.8
(35.2)
1.3
(34.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
29
(1.14)
14
(0.55)
20
(0.79)
34
(1.34)
158
(6.22)
356
(14.02)
290
(11.42)
206
(8.11)
66
(2.6)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
1,205
(47.44)
Avg. precipitation days 1.9 2.9 1.8 1.7 3.6 8.3 18.7 17.1 12.8 4.4 0.8 1.2 75.2
Average relative humidity (%) 65 56 44 37 39 58 78 80 77 69 67 67 61.4
Source: NOAA (1971-1990)[5]

Culture[edit]

Major Hindu and Muslim festivals are celebrated in Daltonganj. Hindus and Muslims celebrate muharram and chhath together. The town is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Daltonganj. The town has several societies, clubs, and NGOs including Palamau Club, Rotary Club and Rida Foundation.[6]

Temples[edit]

Vishnu Mandir is a temple situated in the heart of Medininagar (Daltonganj). It was built by Vishnu Sahu in 1936.[citation needed]

Hanuman Mandir' is a temple situated in the center of Medininagar (Daltonganj) main market. Many people come here to worship Hanuman on Tuesday and Saturday. There is a sweet shop inside this temple where people can buy prasad. The whole street is called Mahabir Mandir Road.

Kali Mandir is a very oldest and famous temple situated in the center of Daltonganj Redma Chauk By pass road Beside RIIT Computer Centre ( Rastriya Institute of Information Technology ).Many people come here to Poojan specially on Tuesday and Saturday. There is a Prasad shop (Nariyal)of Balendu Shekhar inside this temple where people can buy prasad. The whole street is called Kali Mandir By pass Road Daltonganj.

Other temples include Bhikham Das Mandir, Hira Mandir, Devi Mandir, New Kali Mandir, Surya Mandir, Old Shiv Mandir, Shani Mandir, Shitla Mandir, Gayatri Mandir-Sudna, Hanuman Mandir-Sudna, Sriramjanki Mandir-Janakpuri, Chitragupta Mandir-Navatoli.

Mosques[edit]

  • Jama Masjid (Bari Masjid)
  • Chhoti Masjid
  • Millat Masjid
  • Noori Masjid
  • Madina Masjid
  • Hira Masjid

Education[edit]

The only university in Medininagar (Daltonganj) is Nilamber-Pitamber University, created on the 17th of January, 2009.[7][8] The Chief Minister of Jharkhand declared that the Nilamber-Pitamber University would be set up in Medininagar (Daltonganj) in 2001.[9] There are 66 primary schools, 30 middle schools, 17 Navsirijit schools, 10 high schools and 1 Engineering College in the Daltonganj block.[10] The main colleges in Daltonganj include:

  • DAV Engineering College
  • GLA College
  • Women's College(Old Garhwa Road,kund mohalla)
  • BN College
  • Janta Shivratri College
  • RIIT Engineering College "Rastriya Institute of Information Technology & Engineering" Redma near Kali Mandir Daltonganj
  • ITI Belwatica
  • Nilambar Pitambar University

The major libraries in the town include:

  • Madarsa AHSON ULUM (Old Garhwa Road,kund mohalla)
  • Marwari Library (Kanni Ram Chowk)
  • Central Library (Sahitya Samaj Chowk)
  • Urdu Library (Badi Masjid Road, Chhah Muhan Chowk).

Popular schools in Medininagar (Daltonganj) are

  • Bright Land School (CBSE)
  • Sacred Heart School (ICSE)
  • Red Rose Public School Shahpur(CBSE)
  • RIIT Kids School of IT Expert & Programmer with Mid-brain Activation
  • GREATER S.L.A.SCHOOL BIRSANAGAR,SHAHPUR
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidhyalaya (CBSE)
  • Brahmin High School
  • Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir
  • Mission girls school
  • Heritage International School
  • Girivar High School
  • Zila School
  • MKDAV Public School (CBSE)
  • Rotary School (CBSE)
  • ST Mary's School
  • Rabia Academy
  • VPM Gyan Niketan (CBSE)
  • ANAND MARG SCHOOL (NEW MUHALLA)

Popular Computer Education Centre in Medininagar (Daltonganj) are

  • RIIT Computer Centre" Redma near Kali temple Daltonganj
  • RIIT Kids School of IT Expert Redma near Kali temple Daltonganj

References[edit]