|Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar|
27 December 1955 |
Mumka, Ratnagiri district, Maharashtra, India
Dawood Ibrahim (born Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar) is the leader of Indian organized crime syndicate D-Company founded in Mumbai and is widely reported to be living in Pakistan. He is currently on the wanted list of Interpol for organised crime and counterfeiting. He was No. 3 on the Forbes' World's Top 10 most dreaded criminals list of 2011, rising from the 4th position in 2008. Indian court has recently issued a warrant on Dawood Ibrahim for spot fixing crime in the Indian Premier League.
Dawood Ibrahim is accused of heading a vast and sprawling illegal empire in and against India and Indians. After the 1993 Mumbai bombings, which Ibrahim allegedly organized and financed, he became India's most wanted man. According to the United States, Ibrahim maintained close links with al-Qaeda's Osama Bin Laden. As a consequence, the United States declared Dawood Ibrahim a "global terrorist" in 2003 and pursued the matter before the United Nations in an attempt to freeze his assets around the world and crack down on his operations. The Bush administration imposed several sanctions on Ibrahim and his associates. Indian and Russian intelligence agencies have pointed out Ibrahim's possible involvement in several other terror attacks, including the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, as per Interpol. He is now believed to be living in the United Arab Emirates. In 1986, cricketer Dilip Vengsarkar stated that Dawood had entered the Indian team dressing room in Sharjah and offered each Indian player a car if they beat Pakistan in the Sharjah Cup final.
Dawood Ibrahim was believed to control much of the hawala system, which is the very commonly used unofficial system for transferring money and remittances outside the view of official agencies. Much of the organisation's operations are in India.
Ibrahim is widely believed to have masterminded the Ramana link in the March 1993 Mumbai Bombings. In 2003, the Indian and United States governments declared Ibrahim a "Global Terrorist". The then Deputy Prime Minister, L.K.Advani described it as a major development and that India stands "vindicated". Ibrahim is currently on India's "Most wanted List".
The United States Department of Treasury has also designated Ibrahim as a terrorist as part of its international sanctions program — effectively forbidding U.S. financial entities from working with him and seizing assets believed to be under his control. The Department of Treasury keeps a fact sheet on Ibrahim which contains reports of his syndicate having smuggling routes from South Asia, the Middle-East and Africa shared with and used by terrorist organisation al-Qaeda. The fact sheet also said that Ibrahim's syndicate is involved in large-scale shipment of narcotics in the United Kingdom and Western Europe. He is also believed to have had contacts with al-Qaeda leader Osama bin-Laden, now dead. In the late 1990s, Ibrahim traveled in Afghanistan under the Taliban's protection. The syndicate has consistently aimed to destabilize the Indian government through riots, terrorism and civil disobedience.
Washington added that they will request the United Nations to list Ibrahim "in pursuance of relevant Security Council resolutions". The UN listing will require that all UN member states freeze Ibrahim's assets and impose a travel ban. Juan Zarate, the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing and Financial Crimes, said that they are committed to identifying and attacking financial ties between terrorism and the underworld. Ibrahim is also suspected to have connections with terrorist organisations, and in 2002 was linked to the financing of increasing attacks in Gujarat by Lashkar-e-Toiba. New Delhi handed over to Islamabad a list of 38 most wanted criminals, including Ibrahim.
In a major blow to Ibrahim, ten members of his gang were arrested by Mumbai Crime Branch on November 21, 2006. They were extradited from the United Arab Emirates, from where they had been deported.
Pakistani deportation resistance
In January 2002, a month after the Parliament attack, Indian officials visited the US, where they had meetings with Colin Powell and Condoleezza Rice. A list of the Top 20 most-wanted terrorists in Pakistan was handed to the US. Ibrahim was wanted in connection with the 1993 Mumbai serial blasts. Following the meetings, "He (Powell) told his Indian interlocutors that Pakistan would hand over Dawood Ibrahim to India 'with some strings attached' and also that Musharraf needed 15 to 20 days more for doing so," However, Advani says he "started facing hurdles" soon and recollecting it now "is not a very happy experience."
No Pakistani action was made the following months.
|“||...there was only fibbing and foot-dragging. In my interactions with visiting Americans, I began to see, strangely, a certain lack of enthusiasm. 'We do not have the clout to compel Pakistan to act on this issue,' they started saying...I suspected, not without basis, that somebody in the bureaucratic system was trying, in Indian's dialogue with Americans, to de-emphasise or derail the issue of getting Ibrahim and other Indian terrorists back from Pakistan...
[India] was ‘denied a major success in its war against Pakistan-supported terrorism by way of bureaucratic non-cooperation ‘that I have not been able to fully fathom’.
In reaction to India's list Pakistan also prepared a list of most wanted terrorist demanding India to handover to them and that list included the name of L.K Advani for a killing attempt on Nation's Leader Mohammed Ali Jinnah.
Ajmal Amir Kasab, a terrorist captured in the November 2008 Mumbai attacks that killed 173, had confessed to authorities that Ibrahim's organization provided arms and explosives to the Lashkar-e-Taiba group that were used to carry out the attacks.
But some believes otherwise which came with this news:
The Times of India reported on Sunday. A former Indian home ministry officer submitted his declaration in the Supreme Court of India which said that he was told by a former member of the CBI-SIT team that both the terror attacks (Parliament and Mumbai) were staged "with the objective of strengthening the counter-terror legislation(sic)."
The affidavit also included reference to the attack on the Indian parliament in December 2001 which was followed by the controversial Prevention of Terrorism Act (Pota), and the 2008 Mumbai attacks which led to amendments in the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).
The modus operandi which has been steadily noticed in all the criminal scenarios in which Dawood's name has figured,is duping insurance companies.That has always been the result of his criminal enterprise, destruction and then rebuilding,giving a big blow, especially to nationalized insurance companies.The latest to this terror trail has been the 2011 Mumbai bombings,which took place on 13 July 2011.The blasts occurred at the Opera House, at Zaveri Bazaar and at Dadar West localities, leaving 26 killed and 130 injured. Ask who it was that provided the Mumbai connection — the local logistical support, the reconnaissance, the financing — and the finger will be pointed at Dawood Ibrahim, the city’s most feared financial terrorist and underworld don.
First came the death of Umar Bashir, Dawood's financier and long term confidant. News media outlets reported the murder as a sign of a dramatic shift of power between the crime lords. The loss of Shetty was followed by the United States Treasury Department declaring Ibrahim a global terrorist because of his links with Osama bin Laden. Ibrahim then lost one of his closest aides, Shoaib Khan, in 2005.
At times, Dawood Ibrahim has been linked to the Bollywood film industry, as well as real estate and betting businesses, from which his D-Company is said to derive considerable revenue. He was also rumoured to have had a relationship with Bollywood actress Mandakini, which she denied.
In the 2007 film Jannat Dawood Ibrahim's character was loosely shown as Abu Ibrahim who was mainly involved in match fixing of cricket matches. Dawood's love for cricket matches and his gambling dens were loosely shown as a part of the film's main antagonist.
Other Indian crime films loosely based on Ibrahim and his D-Company include Black Friday (2004), Shootout at Lokhandwala (2007),Once Upon a Time in Mumbaai (2010), D-Day (2013) and Once Upon Ay Time In Mumbai Dobaara! (2013).Shootout at Wadala (2013)
In the 2013 spy thriller The Karachi Deception, one of the main characters is modeled after Dawood Ibrahim. The novel, written by Shatrujeet Nath, is about an undercover operation launched by the Indian Army to kill the fugitive gangster Irshad Dilawar, who is hiding in Pakistan and assisting the ISI against India.
Nepal Freezes Assets Of Entities With Dawood, Al Qaeda Links
The Nepal government has directed freezing of assets of 224 individuals and 64 groups with links to Al Qaeda and Indian underworld don Dawood Ibrahim if they are present in Nepal.Those on the list are individuals and groups identified by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) as entities associated with Al Qaeda.Under resolutions adopted by the council, UN member states are required to freeze assets, and impose travel ban and embargo on individuals and entities with links to Al Qaeda.The decision was taken based on Nepal’s commitment to UN principles and its adoption of the Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Act.
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- IPL fixing cases against Dawood
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- Dnyanesh Jathar and Quaied Najmi (February 2, 2003). "Paying the piper: D-Company suffers yet another jolt as Sharad Shetty is killed in Dubai". The Week. Retrieved April 10, 2007.[dead link]
- I'm not Dawood's moll: Mandakini. Timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2005-2-24). Retrieved on 2012-04-16.
- Walia, Nona (2005-02-25). "Mandakini: ‘I know Dawood but I’m not his woman’". Indiatimes Movies (Times of India). Retrieved 2008-09-15.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (March 2012)|
- At Home In Exile
- - Pakistan's reaction
- Portrait of a Don
- BBC Profile on Ibrahim
- Dawood's ISI Link
- – Mumbai's Mafia War
- CNN-IBN's Program Dawood Decoded – About his flourishing Drug Trade and fresh Passport issued by Mali