Demographics of Saint Lucia

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Saint Lucia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Census population and average annual growth rate
Year Pop. ±%
1843 20,694 —    
1851 24,185 +16.9%
1861 26,674 +10.3%
1871 31,610 +18.5%
1881 38,551 +22.0%
1891 42,220 +9.5%
1901 49,883 +18.2%
1911 48,637 −2.5%
1921 51,505 +5.9%
1946 70,113 +36.1%
1960 86,108 +22.8%
1970 100,893 +17.2%
1980 113,409 +12.4%
1991 133,308 +17.5%
2001 157,775 +18.4%
2010 165,595 +5.0%
Source:[1]

Population[edit]

Demographics of Saint Lucia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands

According to the 2010 population census Saint Lucia has a population of 165,595.[2] The estimated mid-year population of 2014 is 183,600 (medium fertility scenario of The 2012 Revison of the World Population Prospects).[3] The population is evenly divided between urban and rural areas, although the capital, Castries, contains more than one-third of the population.

Vital statistics[4][5][6][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate[7] Infant mortality rate
1950 83 2 820 1 184 1 636 34.1 14.3 19.8
1951 84 2 892 1 389 1 503 34.5 16.6 17.9
1952 85 2 906 1 246 1 660 34.3 14.7 19.6
1953 85 3 069 1 156 1 913 35.9 13.5 22.4
1954 86 3 090 1 028 2 062 35.9 11.9 23.9
1955 87 3 549 1 034 2 515 41.0 11.9 29.0
1956 87 3 571 1 127 2 444 41.0 12.9 28.0
1957 88 3 924 1 270 2 654 44.7 14.5 30.3
1958 88 3 952 1 269 2 683 44.7 14.4 30.4
1959 89 4 108 1 297 2 811 46.1 14.6 31.6
1960 90 4 240 1 281 2 959 47.2 14.2 32.9
1961 91 4 011 1 228 2 783 44.1 13.5 30.6
1962 92 3 935 1 186 2 749 42.7 12.9 29.9
1963 93 3 981 1 069 2 912 42.6 11.4 31.2
1964 95 4 098 864 3 234 43.2 9.1 34.1
1965 96 4 379 842 3 537 45.5 8.7 36.7
1966 98 4 307 746 3 561 44.0 7.6 36.4
1967 100 4 340 887 3 453 43.6 8.9 34.7
1968 101 4 152 821 3 331 41.0 8.1 32.9
1969 103 4 057 791 3 266 39.5 7.7 31.8
1970 104 3 958 825 3 133 38.0 7.9 30.1
1971 105 4 083 802 3 281 38.7 7.6 31.1
1972 106 4 151 950 3 201 39.0 8.9 30.1
1973 107 4 054 835 3 219 37.7 7.8 30.0
1974 109 3 909 827 3 082 36.0 7.6 28.4
1975 110 4 051 855 3 196 36.9 7.8 29.1
1976 111 3 920 893 3 027 35.2 8.0 27.2
1977 113 4 127 815 3 312 36.6 7.2 29.4
1978 115 4 029 781 3 248 35.2 6.8 28.4
1979 116 3 808 850 2 958 32.7 7.3 25.4
1980 118 3 944 843 3 101 33.4 7.1 26.3
1981 120 3 860 843 3 017 32.3 7.0 25.2
1982 121 4 045 845 3 200 33.4 7.0 26.4
1983 123 4 069 795 3 274 33.2 6.5 26.7
1984 124 4 159 740 3 419 33.4 5.9 27.5
1985 126 4 223 824 3 399 33.4 6.5 26.9 3.5
1986 129 3 907 843 3 064 30.4 6.6 23.8
1987 131 3 833 934 2 899 29.3 7.1 22.1
1988 134 3 643 902 2 741 27.3 6.8 20.5
1989 136 3 652 882 2 770 26.9 6.5 20.4
1990 138 3 582 874 2 708 25.9 6.3 19.6
1991 140 3 572 866 2 706 25.5 6.2 19.3
1992 142 3 761 919 2 842 26.5 6.5 20.0
1993 144 3 556 907 2 649 24.8 6.3 18.4
1994 145 3 684 915 2 769 25.4 6.3 19.1
1995 147 3 705 940 2 765 25.2 6.4 18.8
1996 149 3 299 950 2 349 22.1 6.4 15.8
1997 151 3 444 981 2 463 22.8 6.5 16.3
1998 153 2 950 976 1 974 19.3 6.4 12.9
1999 155 2 997 981 2 016 19.3 6.3 13.0
2000 157 2 904 941 1 963 18.5 6.0 12.5
2001 159 2 788 998 1 790 17.6 6.3 11.3
2002 160 2 598 960 1 638 16.2 6.0 10.2
2003 162 2 486 1 046 1 440 15.4 6.5 8.9
2004 163 2 322 1 114 1 208 14.2 6.8 7.4
2005 165 2 298 1 110 1 188 13.9 6.7 7.2 1.5 21.3
2006 168 2 261 1 029 1 232 13.5 6.1 7.3 1.4 21.7
2007 170 2 191 1 029 1 162 12.9 6.0 6.8 1.5 16.9
2008 173 2 210 1 022 1 188 12.8 5.9 6.9 1.5 16.3
2009 175 2 192 954 1 238 12.5 5.4 7.1 1.5
2010 177 1 882 737 1 145 10.6 4.2 6.5 1.4
2011 179 2 009 983 1 026 11.2 5.5 5.7 1.5
2012 1.5

Ethnic groups[edit]

Saint Lucia's population is predominantly African/black (141,216 in 2010; 85.3% of the total population) or of mixed African-European descent (17,965; 10.8%).[2] 2.2% of the population is East Indian (3,575 residents in 2010) and 0.6% white (991). Saint Lucia also has a small Amerindian (Carib) population. During the past decades the Amerindian (Carib) increased from 366 at the 1991 census (0.3% of the population), 803 at the 2001 census (0.5% of the population) to 951 in 2010 (0.6% of the population. The remaining 0.5% of the population includes Chinese (0.1%) and people from the Middle East (0.1%).

Languages[edit]

The official language is English.[8][9] Saint Lucian Creole French (Kwéyòl), which is colloquially referred to as "Patwah" (Patois), is spoken by 95% of the population.[10] This Antillean Creole is used in literature and music, and is gaining official acknowledgement.[10] As it developed during the early period of French colonisation, the creole is derived chiefly from French and West African languages, with some vocabulary from Carib and other sources. Saint Lucia is a member of La Francophonie.[11]

Religion[edit]

According to the 2010 census, 90.2% percent of the population of Saint Lucia is considered Christian, 2.3% has a non-Christian religion and 5.9% has no religion or did not state a religion (1.4%).[2]

Roughly two thirds of Christians are Roman Catholics (61.3% of the total population), a reflection of early French influence on the island, and one third are Protestant. The Seventh-day Adventists constitute the largest Protestant group, with 10.4% of the population. Pentecostals are the second largest group (8.9%). The next largest group are Evangelicals (2.2% of the population), followed by Baptists (2.2%). Other Christians include Anglicanism (1.6%), Church of God (1.5%), Jehovah's Witnesses (1.1%), Methodists (0.5%) and the Salvation Army (0.2%).

The number of non-Christians is small. These religious groups include the Rastafarian Movement (1.9% of the population), Hinduism (0.3%) and Muslims (0.1%).

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://204.188.173.139:9090/stats/images/publications/Statistical_Digest_2011.pdf
  2. ^ a b c [1] 2010 housing and population census
  3. ^ Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision
  4. ^ [2] United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  5. ^ [3] Central Statistics Office
  6. ^ [4]
  7. ^ http://204.188.173.139:9090/stats/index.php/statistics/population
  8. ^ "About St. Lucia". Castries, St. Lucia: St. Lucis Tourist Board. Retrieved 11 November 2011. The official language spoken in Saint Lucia is English although many Saint Lucians also speak a French dialect, Creole (Kwéyòl). 
  9. ^ Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs (U.S. Department of State) (12 August 2011). "Background Note: Saint Lucia". United States Department of State. Retrieved 11 November 2011. Languages: English (official); a French patois is common throughout the country. 
  10. ^ a b "Kweyolphone Countries Take Stock of the Language's Growth". Government of Saint Lucia. Retrieved 22 August 2008. 
  11. ^ "Welcome to the International Organisation of La Francophonie's official website". Paris: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. Retrieved 11 November 2011.