Demographics of the Bahamas

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of The Bahamas, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Census population and average annual growth rate
Year Pop.   ±%  
1845 26,491 —    
1851 27,519 +3.9%
1861 35,487 +29.0%
1871 39,162 +10.4%
1881 43,521 +11.1%
1891 47,565 +9.3%
1901 53,735 +13.0%
1911 55,944 +4.1%
1921 53,031 −5.2%
1931 59,828 +12.8%
1943 68,846 +15.1%
1953 84,841 +23.2%
1963 130,220 +53.5%
1970 168,812 +29.6%
1980 209,505 +24.1%
1990 255,049 +21.7%
2000 303,611 +19.0%
2010 351,461 +15.8%
Source:[1]

Eighty-five percent of the Bahamian population is of African heritage. About two-thirds of the population lives on New Providence Island (the location of Nassau), and about half of the remaining one-third lives on Grand Bahama (the location of Freeport).

The islands were sparsely settled and a haven for pirates until the late 18th century when thousands of British loyalists and their slaves were given compensatory land grants following the American Revolution. At the turn of the 20th century the total population was only 53,000.

School attendance is compulsory between the ages of five and 16. There are 158 public schools and 52 private schools in The Bahamas catering to more than 66,000 students. The College of the Bahamas, established in Nassau in 1974, provides programmes leading to associate's degrees and bachelor's degrees; the college is now converting from a two-year to a four-year institution.

Population[edit]

Demographics of Bahamas, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.
Population pyramid of the Bahamas

The estimated mid-year population of 2014 is 382,600 (medium fertility scenario of The 2012 Revison of the World Population Prospects).[2]

Vital statistics[3][4][edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate [5] Infant mortality rate [5]
1935 64 2 000 1 121 879 0.0 17.5 13.7
1936 66 1 902 1 056 846 28.8 16.0 12.8
1937 67 2 084 914 1 170 31.1 13.6 17.5
1938 67 2 020 1 096 924 30.1 16.4 13.8
1939 68 2 040 1 066 974 30.0 15.7 14.3
1940 70 2 185 1 052 1 133 31.2 15.0 16.2
1941 71 2 312 920 1 392 32.6 13.0 19.6
1942 72 2 409 1 011 1 398 33.5 14.0 19.4
1943 70 2 502 1 043 1 459 35.7 14.9 20.8
1944 69 2 485 1 103 1 382 36.0 16.0 20.0
1945 71 2 174 1 326 848 30.6 18.7 11.9
1946 73 2 208 1 002 1 206 30.2 13.7 16.5
1947 74 2 415 987 1 428 32.6 13.3 19.3
1948 76 2 539 1 029 1 510 33.4 13.5 19.9
1949 77 2 646 1 052 1 594 34.4 13.7 20.7
1950 79 2 532 1 143 1 389 32.1 14.5 17.6
1951 80 2 739 963 1 776 34.2 12.0 22.2
1952 81 2 714 959 1 755 33.5 11.8 21.7
1953 83 3 056 903 2 153 36.8 10.9 25.9
1954 86 3 410 844 2 566 39.7 9.8 29.8
1955 89 2 844 857 1 987 32.0 9.6 22.3
1956 92 3 290 849 2 441 35.8 9.2 26.5
1957 96 3 126 764 2 362 32.6 8.0 24.6
1958 100 3 029 1 095 1 934 30.3 11.0 19.3
1959 104 3 154 1 000 2 154 30.3 9.6 20.7
1960 110 3 359 805 2 554 30.5 7.3 23.2
1961 115 3 734 1 024 2 710 32.5 8.9 23.6
1962 121 3 468 821 2 647 28.7 6.8 21.9
1963 127 4 584 1 030 3 554 35.8 8.0 27.8
1964 134 4 805 987 3 818 35.9 7.4 28.5
1965 140 4 439 1 098 3 341 31.7 7.8 23.9
1966 146 4 573 1 067 3 506 31.1 7.3 23.9
1967 153 4 275 1 212 3 063 27.9 7.9 20.0
1968 159 4 220 1 023 3 197 26.5 6.4 20.1
1969 164 4 306 1 097 3 209 26.1 6.6 19.4
1970 169 4 262 1 054 3 208 25.1 6.2 18.9
1971 174 5 334 948 4 386 30.7 5.4 25.2
1972 178 4 745 1 115 3 630 26.7 6.3 20.4
1973 181 4 419 1 109 3 310 24.3 6.1 18.2
1974 185 4 382 1 032 3 350 23.7 5.6 18.1
1975 189 4 033 1 106 2 927 21.3 5.9 15.5
1976 193 5 295 976 4 319 27.4 5.1 22.4
1977 197 4 871 1 067 3 804 24.7 5.4 19.3
1978 202 4 362 1 077 3 285 21.7 5.4 16.3
1979 206 4 809 1 211 3 598 23.3 5.9 17.5
1980 211 5 035 1 338 3 697 24.0 6.4 17.6
1981 215 5 251 1 127 4 124 24.4 5.2 19.2
1982 220 5 293 1 185 4 108 24.2 5.4 18.8
1983 225 5 280 1 104 4 176 23.6 4.9 18.6
1984 230 5 177 1 150 4 027 22.6 5.0 17.6
1985 235 5 584 1 341 4 243 24.0 5.8 18.2
1986 239 4 770 1 407 3 363 20.0 5.9 14.1
1987 243 4 331 1 376 2 955 17.9 5.7 12.2
1988 248 4 943 1 319 3 624 20.1 5.4 14.7
1989 252 4 971 1 459 3 512 19.9 5.8 14.0
1990 256 6 117 1 343 4 774 23.9 5.2 18.6
1991 261 6 192 1 335 4 857 23.7 5.1 18.6
1992 266 6 759 1 462 5 297 25.4 5.5 19.9
1993 271 6 674 1 493 5 181 24.6 5.5 19.1
1994 276 6 104 1 538 4 566 22.1 5.6 16.6
1995 280 6 253 1 638 4 615 22.3 5.8 16.5
1996 284 5 913 1 537 4 376 20.8 5.4 15.4
1997 287 6 022 1 670 4 352 21.0 5.8 15.2
1998 290 5 880 1 800 4 080 20.3 6.2 14.1
1999 293 5 367 1 644 3 723 18.3 5.6 12.7
2000 298 5 287 1 825 3 462 17.8 6.1 11.6
2001 303 5 353 1 609 3 744 17.7 5.3 12.4
2002 309 5 216 1 827 3 389 16.9 5.9 11.0
2003 316 5 054 1 730 3 324 16.0 5.5 10.5
2004 322 5 154 1 655 3 499 16.0 5.1 10.9
2005 329 5 548 1 824 3 724 16.9 5.5 11.3 2.1 19.6
2006 336 5 296 1 730 3 566 15.8 5.2 10.6 1.9 18.1
2007 342 5 854 1 798 4 056 17.1 5.3 11.9 2.1 17.6
2008 348 5 480 1 863 3 617 15.7 5.3 10.4 2.0 17.9
2009 354 5 348 1 981 3 367 15.1 5.6 9.5 2.0 14.8
2010 360 5 049 2 023 3 026 14.0 5.6 8.4 1.9 16.1
2011 366 4 670 2 127 2 543 12.7 5.8 6.9

Ethnic groups[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the vast majority of the Bahamas is Black (90.6%) or mixed Black with other races (2.7%).[6] 5.1% of the population is white, 0.4% Asian and 0.2% East Indian. Black-Bahamians are not a racially exclusive group, there are Black Bahamians who have European ancestry but identify solely as black. According to a 2011 genetics study of The Bahamas over 75% of all Bahamian lineages was African and European. [7]

Languages[edit]

English (official)

Religion[edit]

Baptist 35.1%, Anglican 15.1%, Roman Catholic 13.4%, Pentecostal 8.1%, Church of God 4.8%, Methodist 4%, other Christian 15.2%, none or unspecified 1.6%, Buddhism 2%, other 0.7% [1]

References[edit]