Music of Kosovo
Music has always been part of the Albanian and Serbian cultures in Kosovo[a]. Along with modern music, folk music is the most popular. There are many folk singers and ensembles. Classical music is also known in Kosovo. The modern music in Kosovo has its origin in the Western countries. The main modern genres include: Pop, Hip hop, Rap, Rock and Jazz.
Albanian music in Kosovo
It is characterized by use of çiftelia (an authentic Albanian instrument), mandolin, mandola and percussion. The most notable Albanian rock bands are: Gjurmët, Diadema, Jericho, Offchestra, Toxin, Purgatory, Minatori, Trix, Troja, Votra, Humus, Asgjë Sikur Dielli, Gillespie, Kthjellu, Cute Babulja, Babilon, Bloody Foreigners etc. Armend Xhaferi - Jazz Guitarist, Bajram Istrefi Jr. - Jazz Drummer, Ilir Bajri is a notable jazz and electronic musician.
The representative of folk music from Kosovo is the folk group Shota, with top singer Shkurte Fejza and the representative of Muzika e lehte shqipe is Shkëlzen Jetishi, the music group Agimi and many more groups.
Serbian music in Kosovo
Serbian music from Kosovo presents a mixture of traditional music, which is part of the wider Balkan tradition, with its own distinctive sound, and various Western and Turkish influences. Serb songs from Kosovo were an inspiration for 12th song wreath (sr. Руковет) by composer Stevan Mokranjac. Most of Serbian music from Kosovo was dominated by church music, with its own share of sung epic poetry. Serbian national instrument Gusle is also used in Kosovo. Mara Đorđević was a famous singer of Serbian folk songs from Kosmet. Nowadays, Jordan Nikolić sings songs from this territory.
Rock music of Kosovo
Yugoslavian influence among Albanians in Kosovo was also present in rock music. The first known Albanian rock band was called Blue Star appeared in 1964 in Pristina, later they renamed it to Modestët. In the beginning of the 70's, rock music stage present in Kosovska Mitrovica, Kosovo (then Yugoslavia) was made of both Serbian and Albanian bands. Some of these bands, like MAK had both Albanian and Serbian musicians. Another bi-ethnic band was FAN also based in Mitrovica.
Pristina was the most important city for Albanian rock music during the 80's. In the mainstream circles Gjurmët (founded 1981) were among favorites. Their combination of rock with "muzikë qytetare" laid the foundation of Albanian rock. Other known bands that formed during this period were Ilirët, 403, Telex, Seleksioni 039, Minatori and Menkis. On the other hand, the underground music was more leaning towards punk. Most notable underground rock/punk band of Pristina in the 1980s was Lindja with its lead musician Luan Osmani (lead guitar). The beginning of the 90's introduced other rock bands and individuals that played mainly in Kosovo like Troja, Dardan Shkreli, Blla blla blla and Elita 5 (from Macedonia).
During parallel governance (1989–1999) and after the 1999 war in Kosovo several new bands emerged, among which most famous are Diadema, KEK ("Kreativ e jo Komercial" = Crative and not commercial), 7me7, The Hithat, Cute Babulja, Por-no, Gre3n, Retrovizorja.
After 2004 many alternative rock band appeared forming a new wave. Many bands formed, dissolved than re-formed. Bands like Votra, Gillespie, The Bloody Foreigners, and Gre3n (ceased existing in 2008). Also the Glasses, the Dizzies (with some band members of Gillespie) The Freelancers most of them debuting in 2009.
Folk music in Kosovo
In the past, epic poetry in Kosovo and northern Albania was sung on a lahuta (a one-string fiddle) and then a more tuneful çiftelia was used which has two strings-one for the melody and one for drone. Kosovar music was influenced by Turkish music since they occupied Kosovo for almost 500 years but the kosovar folklore has saved his originality and exemplary. Archaeological researches tells about how old is this tradition and how was it developed in parallel way with other traditional music in Balkan. There were found lots of roots since 5th Century B.K like paintings in the stones of singers with instruments(Is famous the portrait of "Pani" who was holding an instrument similar to flute)
Roma music in Kosovo
Internationally recognised musicians from Kosovo
The contemporary pop star Rita Ora is an Albanian from Pristina and has achieved an international recognition for her music. One widely recognised musician from Prizren is guitarist Petrit Çeku, winner of several international prizes.
RTK is the television channel applying for EBU membership . The channel applied to enter Kosovo for the Eurovision Song Contest 2009. Kosovo would have made its Eurovision Song Contest debut in 2011 if it joined the EBU. Kosovo is eligible to join as stated by the EBU. However, Russia and some other participating countries do not recognise the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo's Parliament, therefore they reject Kosovo's EBU membership. According to the Kosovar newspaper Koha Ditore, a future entry would be selected via a national final called Akordet e Kosovës, a former pop show that had been taken off the air some years ago.
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Notes and references
- Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
- Example of mixed Rap with Shota music
- Warrander, Gail (2011). Kosovo. Bradt Guides. p. 41. ISBN 9781841623313.
- Biddle, Ian (2013). Music National Identity and the Politics of Location: Between the Global and the Local. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 9781409493778.
- Sabrina P. Ramet, Gordana Crnković: Kazaaam! splat! ploof!: the American impact on European popular culture, page 176 "...rock music spread in every corner of Yugoslavia—even to economically and socially underdeveloped Kosovo..."
- Agim Bass Berisha, "...It was this year, 1964, when Agim and Afrim decided to form their band, which was named “Blue Stars”..."
- Agim Bass Berisha, "...1970-1979: these were the years when rock in Kosovo really bloomed. Many new bands were formed those years, and the leading band was “MAK” from the city of Mitrovica..."
- Knaus, Warrander, Verena, Gail (2010). Kosovo. Kosovo: Brad Travel Guides. p. 41.
- Kruta, Beniamin (1990). Vendi i polifonise shqiptare ne polifonike ballkanike. Kultura Popullore. pp. 13–14.
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- "Rita Ora".
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