JR West KiHa 120 DMU at Ichijōdani Station
|Line length||52.5 km|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The Etsumi-Hoku Line (越美北線 Etsumi-hoku-sen?) is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. The line extends 52.5 km from Echizen-Hanandō Station in Fukui to Kuzuryūko Station in Ōno with a total of 22 stations. It is also referred to as the Kuzuryū Line (九頭竜線 Kuzuryū-sen?).
The line was originally planned to connect to what is now the Nagaragawa Railway, but the last 24km section that would have involved extensive tunneling was never commenced. A bus service provided a connection between the two lines until it ceased in 2002.
- Operating Company:
- West Japan Railway Company (Services and tracks)
- Echizen-Hanandō — Kuzuryūko: 52.5 km / 32.6 mi.
- Gauge: 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
- Stations: 22
- Double-tracking: None
- Electrification: Not electrified
- Railway signalling:
- December 15, 1960: Minami-Fukui — Echizen-Hanandō — Kadohara section (43.1 km) opens. Freight operations begin between Minami-Fukui — Echizen-Ōno.
- Echizen-Hanandō, Rokujō, Echizen-Tōgō, Ichijōdani, Ichinami, Kowashōzu, Miyama, Echizen-Yakushi, Echizen-Ōmiya, Hakariishi, Ushigahara, Echizen-Ōno, Echizen-Tomida, Shimo-Yuino, Kakigashima, Kadohara stations open.
- May 20, 1964: Asuwa, Echizen-Takada, Echizen-Tano stations open.
- October 15, 1965: Freight operations begin between Echizen-Ōno — Kadohara.
- March 25, 1968: Kita-Ōno Station opens.
- October 1, 1968: Freight operations end at Kadohara Station.
- December 15, 1972: Extension from Kadohara to Kuzuryūko (10.2 km) opens, including the 5251m Arashima tunnel.
- April 1, 1973: Freight operations end between Echizen-Ōno — Echizen-Tomida
- October 1980: Seasonal rapid train "Okuetsu-gō" begins operation.
- November 15, 1982: Freight operations end between Minami-Fukui — Echizen-Ōno, ending freight service on the entire line.
- April 1, 1987: With the breakup and privatization of Japan National Railways, line becomes part of West Japan Railway Company (JR West). Beginning of line moved 800 meters to Echizen-Hanandō Station.
- June 1, 1990: Driver-only operation begins.
- September 1, 1992: Regular rapid service begins.
- September 12, 1995: "Kuzuryū Line" name goes into use.
- September 1, 1997: Seasonal rapid train "Okuetsu-gō" ceases operation.
- March 3, 2001: Regular rapid service ends.
- July 18, 2004: Due to heavy rains, five railway bridges are washed away, forcing operations to stop.
- July 20, 2004: Service restored between Echizen-Ōno — Kuzuryūko.
- September 11, 2004: Service restored between Echizen-Hanandō — Ichijōdani, Miyama — Echizen-Ōno.
- June 30, 2007: Service restored between Ichijōdani — Miyama, allowing full service on the line to resume.
Plan for Etsumi Line
There was originally a plan for an Etsumi Line (越美線?) to connect the prefectures of Fukui (the ancient province of Echizen (越前?)) and Gifu (Mino (美濃?) province). The plan was not completed; the Etsumi-Hoku Line is the northern half of what would have been the Etsumi Line. The southern half, Etsumi-Nan Line (越美南線 Etsumi-nan-sen?, "Etsumi South Line"), became part of the third-sector Nagaragawa Railway.
- All trains stop at all stations.
- Between Echizen-Hanandō and Fukui trains run on the Hokuriku Main Line.
- All stations located in Fukui Prefecture.
|Hokuriku Main Line|
|Fukui||福井駅||-||2.6||JR West: Hokuriku Main Line (for Obama)
Echizen Railway: Katsuyama Eiheiji Line, Mikuni Awara Line
Fukui Railway: Fukubu Line (Fukui-Ekimae)
|Echizen-Hanandō||越前花堂駅||2.6||0.0||JR West: Hokuriku Main Line (for Tsuruga)||Ｙ||Fukui|
- ◇ - stations with passing loops
- ∥ - double-tracked section
- ｜- single-tracked section
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia