Geibi Line

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Geibi Line
JRW kiha120 332.jpg
Geibi Line KiHa 120 DMU
Overview
Type Commuter rail line
System Hiroshima City Network (Karuga–Hiroshima)
Locale Hiroshima and Okayama Prefectures
Termini Bitchū Kōjiro Station
Hiroshima Station
Stations 44
Operation
Opening 1915
Owner JR West
Technical
Line length 159.1 kilometres (98.9 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Operating speed 85 km/h (55 mph)
Route map
km
- Niimi
- Nunohara
LeftTwo tunnels
UpHakubi Line
0.0 Bitchū Kōjiro
LeftUpMerge to Hakubi Line
3.9 Sakane
6.4 Ichioka
10.0 Yagami
13.6 Nochi
18.8 Tōjō
25.3 Bingo Yawata
29.0 Uchina
33.6 Onuka
37.8 Dōgoyama
LeftFour tunnels
44.6 Bingo Ochiai
LeftKisuki Line
LeftThree tunnels
50.2 Hibayama
53.2 Bingo Saijō
LeftSaijō RiverArrow Blue Right 001.jpeg
57.4 Hirako
68.5 Taka
68.5 Bingo Shōbara
70.5 Bingo Mikkaichi
72.2 Nanatsuka
75.2 Yamanouchi
LeftChūgoku ExpresswayRight
80.1 Shimowachi
LeftFukuen Line / Basen River
83.2 Shiomachi
84.7 Kamisugi
LeftChūgoku ExpresswayRight
88.0 Yatsugi
90.3 Miyoshi
LeftSankō Line
91.9 Nishi Miyoshi
LeftTwo tunnels
99.6 Shiwachi
102.2 Kamikawatachi
106.5 Kōtachi
109.9 Yoshidaguchi
116.1 Mukaihara
122.0 Ibaraichi
126.0 Shiwaguchi
129.5 Kamimita
134.0 Nakamita
136.3 Shirakiyama
138.5 Karuga
140.7 Kamifukawa
143.5 Nakafukawa
144.9 Shimofukawa
146.8 Kumura
LeftSanyō ExpresswayRight
149.3 Akiyaguchi
152.1 Hesaka
156.9 Yaga
LeftHiroshima Prefectural Route 70Arrow Blue Right 001.jpeg
159.1 Hiroshima
Hiroden Main LineRight
LeftSanyō Main Line
LeftSanyō Shinkansen

The Geibi Line (芸備線 Geibi-sen?) is a railway line operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) in the mountainous area of the Chūgoku region in Japan. It begins at Bitchū Kōjiro Station on the west side of Niimi, Okayama Prefecture, connecting through Miyoshi Station in Miyoshi, Hiroshima Prefecture, and terminating at Hiroshima Station in Hiroshima. In addition to the Chūgoku Expressway, the Geibi Line is considered the main commuter and local rail line covering the route between northern Hiroshima Prefecture and the city of Hiroshima. The name of the line refers to the ancient provinces of Aki (?) (in Hiroshima Prefecture) and Bitchū (?) (in Okayama Prefecture), which the line connects.

Since 2007, the ICOCA card can be used in all stations between Hiroshima Station and Karuga Station (stations in the Hiroshima City Network).

Stations[edit]

Listed in order from Bitchū Kōjiro Station to Hiroshima Station, though the chart shows through Niimi Station for convenience as most schedules show through Niimi and the train will indicate the last stop as Niimi.

  • A ● indicates a station at which the train stops, and | indicates a station at which that particular train does not stop. Local trains stop at all stations.
  • Stations Karuga to Hiroshima are part of the Hiroshima City Network.
Line Station Japanese Distance
(km)
Express Miyoshi Liner Tsūkin Liner Connecting lines Location
Hakubi Line Niimi 新見       Kishin Line Niimi Okayama Prefecture
Nunohara 布原      
Bitchū Kōjiro 備中神代 0.0     Hakubi Line
Geibi Line
Sakane 坂根 3.9      
Ichioka 市岡 6.4      
Yagami 矢神 10.0      
Nochi 野馳 13.6      
Tōjō 東城 18.8       Shōbara Hiroshima Prefecture
Bingo Yawata 備後八幡 25.3      
Uchina 内名 29.0      
Onuka 小奴可 33.6      
Dōgoyama 道後山 37.8      
Bingo Ochiai 備後落合 44.6     Kisuki Line
Hibayama 比婆山 50.2        
Bingo Saijō 備後西城 53.2        
Hirako 平子 57.4        
Taka 62.3        
Bingo Shōbara 備後庄原 68.5        
Bingo Mikkaichi 備後三日市 70.5        
Nanatsuka 七塚 72.2        
Yamanouchi 山ノ内 75.2        
Shimowachi 下和知 80.1         Miyoshi
Shiomachi 塩町 83.2       Fukuen Line
Kamisugi 神杉 84.7       Fukuen Line
Yatsugi 八次 88.0       Fukuen Line
Miyoshi 三次 90.3   Fukuen Line
Sankō Line
Nishi Miyoshi 西三次 91.9    
Shiwachi 志和地 99.6    
Kamikawatachi 上川立 102.2    
Kōtachi 甲立 106.5     Akitakata
Yoshidaguchi 吉田口 109.9    
Mukaihara 向原 116.1    
Ibaraichi 井原市 122.0     Asakita-ku, Hiroshima
Shiwaguchi 志和口 126.0    
Kamimita 上三田 129.5    
Nakamita 中三田 134.0    
Shirakiyama 白木山 136.3    
Karuga 狩留家 138.5    
Kamifukawa 上深川 140.7    
Nakafukawa 中深川 143.5    
Shimofukawa 下深川 144.9    
Kumura 玖村 146.8    
Akiyaguchi 安芸矢口 149.3    
Hesaka 戸坂 152.1     Higashi-ku, Hiroshima
Yaga 矢賀 156.9    
Hiroshima 広島 159.1   Sanyō Shinkansen, Sanyo Main Line
Hiroshima Electric Railway Main Line
Minami-ku, Hiroshima

Rolling stock[edit]

The following diesel multiple unit (DMU) rolling stock operates on the Geibi Line.

History[edit]

The Geibi Line consists of the section opened by the Geibi Railway Co. (GRC), which connected Hiroshima Station and Bingo Shōbara, the Shōbara Line between Bingo Shōbara and Bingo Ochiai which was partly built by GRC and then nationalised and extended by the Japanese Government Railways (JGR) and the Sanshin Line built by the JGR between Onuka and Bitchū Kōjiro. In 1936, the line between Hiroshima and Bitchū Kōjiro was completed, and the GRC was nationalised the following year, bringing the entire line under the control of the JGR. Opening dates for individual sections are given below.

Geibi Railway[edit]

Shōbara Line[edit]

  • 1 June 1933: Tōkaichi Station is renamed Bingo Tōkaichi Station and Mikkaichi Station is renamed Bingo Mikkaichi Station. The Geibi Railway line between Bingo Tōkaichi Station (the current Miyoshi Station) and Bingo Shōbara Station is nationalized and renamed the Shōbara Line.
  • 1 January 1934: Shiomachi Station is renamed Kamisugi Station, and Takō Station is renamed Shiomachi Station.
  • 15 March 1934: The line between Bingo Shōbara Station and Bingo Saijō Station opens.
  • 20 December 1935: The line between Bingo Saijō Station and Bingo Ochiai Station opened.

Sanshin Line[edit]

  • 10 February 1930: The Sanshin Line opens between Bitchū Kōjiro Station and Yagami Station.
  • 25 November 1930: The line opens between Yagami Station and Tōjō Station.
  • 15 June 1935: The line between Tōjō Station and Onuka Station opens.
  • 10 October 1936: The line between Onuka Station and Bingo Ochia Station opens. The Shōbara Line is absorbed into the Sanshin Line, which now includes everything between Bitchū Kōjiro Station and Bingo Tōkaichi Station.
  • 21 November 1936: Dōgoyama Station opens.

Geibi Line[edit]

  • 1 July 1937: The Geibi Railway line between Hiroshima Station and Bingo Tōkaichi Station is nationalized, and the Sanshin Line is absorbed into the Geibi Line. Kawatachi Station is renamed Kamikawatachi Station, Mita Yoshinaga Station is renamed Kamimita Station, Shirakiyamaguchi Station is renamed Shirakiyama Station, and Yaguchi Station is renamed Akiyaguchi Station.
  • 10 August 1941: Kamifukawa Station and Yaga Station close.
  • 28 October 1942: Yaga Station closes, and a signal box is installed.
  • 2 April 1943: Yaga Station reopens.
  • 10 August 1948: Kamifukawa Station reopens.
  • 1 February 1952: Hirako Station opens.
  • 1 October 1953: Ichioka Station opens.
  • 10 November 1954: The former Miyoshi Station is renamed Nishi Miyoshi Station.
  • 10 December 1954: Bingo Tōkaichi Station is renamed Miyoshi Station.
  • 20 July 1955: Uchina Station opens.
  • 11 November 1955: The Chidori service begins.
  • 20 December 1956: Bingo Kumano Station is renamed Hibayama Station.
  • 13 April 1959: The Chidori is upgraded to a local express train.
  • 15 March 1962: The Taishaku service begins.
  • 5 March 1968: The Taishaku and Chidori services are upgraded to regular express trains.
  • 1 March 1983: The line between Miyoshi Station and Hiroshima Station uses CTC.
  • 31 October 1983: The line between Bitchū Kōjiro and Miyoshi uses CTC.
  • 15 March 1985: The Miyoshi express service begins.
  • 1 November 1986: Freight service is discontinued on the Geibi Line.
  • 1 April 1987: The Geibi Line becomes part of West Japan Railway Company following privatization of Japanese National Railways.
  • 1 April 1991: Wanman driver-only operation commences on the line between Niimi and Miyoshi.
  • 1 November 1991: The line between Miyoshi and Hiroshima is converted to wanman driver-only operation.
  • 22 March 2002: The Chidori and Taishaku express services are absorbed into the Miyoshi express service.
  • 1 October 2003: The Miyoshi Liner and Tsūkin Liner services begin.
  • 23 April 2006: The Geibi Line is moved between Kamikawatachi and Kōtachi following widening of Hiroshima Prefectural Route 37 between Hiroshima and Miyoshi.
  • 19 July 2006: Services between Bingo Ochiai and Bingo Saijō are suspended due to storm damage of the Geibi Line. An interim bus service begins the following day.
  • 1 April 2007: Train service is resumed between Bingo Ochiai and Bingo Saijō.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia