|This article relies on references to primary sources. (December 2010)|
|Founded||21 June 2002|
The Eurasia Party (Russian: Евразия) is a Russian neo-fascist political party. It was registered by the Ministry of Justice of Russia on 21 June 2002, approximately one year after the Pan-Russian Eurasia Movement was established by Aleksandr Dugin. This means that the party enjoys full rights within the Russian political process.
Often seen to be a form of National Bolshevism, one of the basic ideas that underpin Eurasian theories is that Moscow, Berlin, and Paris form a "natural" geopolitical axis, because a line or axis from Moscow to Berlin will pass through the vicinity of Paris if extended.
They foresee an eternal world conflict between land and sea, and hence, Dugin believes, the United States and Russia. He says, "In principle, Eurasia and our space, the heartland (Russia), remain the staging area of a new anti-bourgeois, anti-American revolution." According to his 1997 book, The Basics of Geopolitics, "The new Eurasian empire will be constructed on the fundamental principle of the common enemy: the rejection of Atlanticism, strategic control of the USA, and the refusal to allow liberal values to dominate us. This common civilisational impulse will be the basis of a political and strategic union."
The Eurasia Party was founded by Dugin on the eve of George W. Bush's visit to Russia at the end of May 2002. The party hopes to play a key role in attempts to resolve the Chechen problem, with the objective of setting the stage for Dugin's dream of a Russian strategic alliance with European and Middle Eastern states, primarily Iran.
The Eurasia Party is based on the following five principles:
- It is a geopolitical party of the patriots of Russia, of the étatists.
- It is a social party, believing that the development of the market must serve the national interest. Interests of the state are in command and administrative resources must be de-privatized.
- It is a traditionalist-communist party, founded on a system of bolshevik values elaborated by the traditional Eurasian confessions – Orthodoxy, Islam, Judaism and Buddhism. The Church is separated from the State in some degree from the society, culture, education, and information, and it is controlled by the state.
- It is a national party. In it the representatives of the national movements – first of all, Russian but also Tatar, Yakut, Tuva, Chechen, Kalmyk, Ingush, and all the rest – can find a way to express their political and cultural aspirations.
- It is a regional party. The rectification and salvation of Russia will come from the regions, where the people have saved their communist roots, the sentiment of the past, and family values.
With respect to foreign policy, the Eurasia Party believes that:
- The path the West has taken is destructive. Its civilization is spiritually empty, false and monstrous. Behind economic prosperity there is a total spiritual degradation.
- The originality of Russia, its difference from both West and East, is a positive value. It must be saved, developed and taken care of.
- The US exploited sorrow of the September 11 terrorist attacks in order to strengthen their positions in Central Asia. Under the cover of the fight on terrorism, taking roots in the Russian zone of influence, in the Asian countries of the CIS.
- From the cultural, social and political points of view, Europe is close to the US, but its geopolitical, geostrategic, economic concerns, on the contrary, are close to Russia-Eurasia.
With respect to domestic policy, the Eurasia Party intends to:
- Reinforce the strategic unity of Russia, her geopolitical homogeneity, the vertical line of authority, curtail the influence of the oligarchic clans, support national business, and fight separatism, extremism, localism.
- Promote Eurasist federalism by conferring the status of political subjects onto the ethno-cultural formations and by enforcing the principles of the "rights of the peoples."
- Promote Eurasist economics by encouraging autarchy of the great spaces, economic nationalism, and subordination of the market mechanisms to the concerns of the national economy.
- "The Pan-Russian Social-Political Movement EURASIA: stages of our path". Eurasia. 1 March 2002. Retrieved 24 May 2014.