Everingham is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is 5 miles (8 km) west of Market Weighton town centre and 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Pocklington town centre. Everingham is part of the civil parish of Everingham and Harswell.
There are two competing theories as to the origins of the village's name. Firstly, the theory that the village is named for St. Everilda, the daughter of 7th century King Cyneglis of the West Saxons, who fled her home to practice Christianity in seclusion. Upon reaching York she was allowed to set up a convent at a place that came to be known as 'Everildsham' (Everild's home), which some believe to have evolved into the current name; Everingham. No trace of the convent survives and the former location is unknown. The second theory is that the name is derived from 'Eofor's Ham', meaning the 'ham' (home) of Eofor's people, who may have been a Saxon tribe in the area. Eofor is a Saxon word meaning 'Wild Boar' that was commonly used in that era as a name, for example as the name of a warrior in the Saxon epic Beowulf.
The next historical mention of the village comes in the Domesday Book, when its population was recorded as 22. Though a small village for the time, it paid a large amount of tax relative to other comparable villages. The value of the village had decreased considerably by 1086, however, probably as a result of the widespread destruction caused by William the Conqueror during his campaign to suppress rebellion in the north. After that time the village grew in prosperity, largely thanks to the presence of Everingham Hall, which gradually became the seat of the estate land and property in the area and contributed to the development of nearby villages such as Seaton Ross. The current hall is a Grade I Listed structure built between 1757 and 1764 by John Carr.
It has two churches, both dedicated to St. Everilda; St. Everilda's (Church of England) and Ss Mary & Everilda, Everingham, (Roman Catholic). The latter church was designated in 1967 by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building, while the former was designated as Grade II*. There is only one other church in Britain dedicated to this saint, at Nether Poppleton, City of York.There is considerable veneration of St Everilda in thevillage. In a shrine to the saint in Half-Acre lane Harebells bloom, and are referred to as ‘the holy harebells of St Everilda’. Local folklore holds that an elaborately carved gravestone inset into the floor of the nearby ancient church of St Peter in Harswell marks the grave of St Everilda.
- "St. Everild of Everingham AKA "Averil, and Everildis"". Everingham Family History Record. Everingham Family History. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Everingham". Surname Database. Surname Database. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "Eofor". Wiktionary. Wiktionary. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Everingham in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "British Listed Buildings". Everingham Hall. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- English Heritage. "Everingham Hall (1084130)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- English Heritage. "Chapel of the Virgin and Saint Everilda (1346301)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- English Heritage. "Church of Saint Everilda (1310669)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 5.
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