Extreme points of Norway
The extreme points of Norway include the coordinates that are further north, south, east or west than any other location in Norway; and the highest and the lowest altitudes in the country. The northernmost point is Rossøya on Svalbard, the southern-most is Pysen in Mandal, the eastern-most is Kræmerpynten on Svalbard, and the western-most is Høybergodden on Jan Mayen. The highest peak is Galdhøpiggen, standing at 2,469 m (8,100 ft) above mean sea level, while the lowest elevation is sea level at the coast.
The Norwegian Antarctic Territory—consisting of Queen Maud Land, Peter I Island and Bouvet Island—are not part of the Kingdom of Norway. Norway administrates the claims based on the Antarctic Treaty System; therefore they are sometimes considered part of a wider definition of Norway. If included, the Norwegian Antarctic Territory accounts the southern-most, eastern-most, western-most and highest extreme points.
The latitude and longitude are expressed in degrees, minutes and seconds, in which an "N" value refers to the northern hemisphere, and an "S" value refers to the southern hemisphere. Similarly, a "E" longitude value refers to the eastern hemisphere, and a "W" refers to the western hemisphere. The extreme points of latitude and longitude are published by the Norwegian Mapping Authority, while the elevations are published by the World Fact Book. Both make use of the World Geodetic System (WGS) 84, a geodetic reference system.
Latitude and longitude
For the Kingdom of Norway, the northernmost point is Rossøya, just north of Nordaustlandet on the Svalbard archipelago, bordering the Barents Sea. The southernmost point is Pysen in Mandal bordering Skagerrak—the only latitude and longitude extreme point that is in Norway proper. The eastern-most location is Kræmerpynten on Svalbard, bordering the Barents Sea, while the westernmost point is Høybergodden on Jan Mayen, bordering the Greenland Sea.
All four latitude and longitude extreme points are bordering the sea; due to the geographic nature of the coastline, all extremities are located on islands. Therefore, extreme points of the Norwegian mainland are also included in the list. The northernmost point is Knivskjellodden, located in Magerøy in Finnmark. The northern-most mainland point is Cape Nordkinn, located in Lebesby, Finnmark; this is also the northern-most location of mainland Europe. Both border the Barents Sea. The southern-most location of Norway proper is Pysen, while the southern-most mainland location is Lindesnes; both border Skagerrak. The easternmost point is Hornøya, with Kibergneset being the eastern-most mainland location. Both are in Vardø in Finnmark. The western-most location is Holmebåen in Solund, Sogn og Fjordane, while the western-most mainland location is Vardetangen in Austrheim, Hordaland. Both border the North Sea.
If Antarctica is included, the southernmost point is the South Pole. All seven Antarctic claims meet there, so this point borders all other six territories. The easternmost point is the border between Queen Maud Land and the Australian Antarctic Territory, which follows the 45th meridian east. The westernmost point is Peter I Island. As the only Antarctic claim that is not a sector, it borders the Amundsen Sea.
|North||Mainland||Cape Nordkinn||Lebesby||Barents Sea|||
|South||Recognized dependencies||Larsøya||Bouvet Island||Atlantic Ocean|
|South||Antarctica (unrecognized)||South Pole||Queen Maud Land||n/a|||
|East||Antarctica (unrecognized)||Eastern Border||Queen Maud Land||Australian Antarctic Territory|||
|West||Kingdom||Høybergodden||Jan Mayen||Greenland Sea|||
|West||Antarctica (unrecognized)||—||Peter I Island||Amundsen Sea|||
The highest point in the kingdom is Galdhøpiggen, which, standing at 2,469 m (8,100 ft) above mean sea level, is located in Lom. Galdhøpiggen is part of the Jotunheimen mountain range, as well as Jotunheimen National Park. It is also the highest peak along the Scandinavian Mountains. If Antarctica is included, the highest peak is Jøkulkyrkja, standing at 3,148 metres (10,328 ft). It is located in the Mühlig-Hofmann Mountains in Princess Astrid Coast. Norway's lowest point is located on the coast, at sea level. The coast stretches 83,281 kilometres (51,748 mi), including fjords, bays and islands.
|Highest (kingdom)||Galdhøpiggen||2,469 m (8,100 ft)||Jotunheimen||Lom|||
|Highest (Antarctica)||Jøkulkyrkja||3,148 m (10,328 ft)||Mühlig-Hofmann Mountains||Queen Maud Land|||
|Lowest||Sea level||0 m (0 ft)||Coast||Atlantic Ocean||n/a|||
- Norwegian Mapping Authority. "Ytterpunkter for kongeriket Norge" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- Central Intelligence Agency (5 February 2009). "Norway" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- Statistics Norway (2008). "Oversikt over geografiske forhold" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- Government of Norway (27 June 2008). "Lov om Bouvet-øya, Peter I's øy og Dronning Maud Land m.m. (bilandsloven)." (in Norwegian). Lovdata. Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- Caplex. "Jøkulkyrkja" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- Geographic Names Information System. "Peter I Island" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 7 February 2009.
- Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management (2007). "Jotunheimen" (pdf) (in Norwegian). p. 6. Retrieved 7 February 2009.[dead link]
- Annika, Rydman (Augusti 18, 2008). "Sydtoppen fortfarande högst i Sverige" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 2008-10-27.