|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Main ingredients||Starch grains, milk|
Flummery is a starch-based sweet soft dessert pudding known to have been popular in Britain and Ireland from the seventeenth to nineteenth centuries.
History and etymology
The name is first known in Gervaise Markham's 1623 Countrey Contentments, or English Huswife (new ed.) vi. 222 "From this small Oat-meale, by oft steeping it in water and clensing it, and then boyling it to a thicke and stiffe jelly, is made that excellent dish of meat which is so esteemed in the West parts of this Kingdome, which they call Wash-brew, and in Chesheire and Lankasheire they call it Flamerie or Flumerie." 
The word has also been used for other semi-set desserts.
The name is derived from the Welsh word for a similar dish made from sour oatmeal and husks, llymru, which itself is of unknown origin. It is also attested in variant forms such as thlummery or flamery in 17th and 18th century English.
- In Australia and U.S.
In Australia, post World War II, flummery was known as a mousse dessert made with beaten evaporated milk, sugar and gelatine. Also made using jelly crystals, mousse flummery became established as an inexpensive alternative to traditional cream-based mousse in Australia. In Longreach it was a staple food in the 1970s and in Forbes it was a fall-back dessert in the 1950s. The writer Bill Bryson described flummery as an early form of blancmange.
- In Ireland
A pint of flummery was suggested as an alternative to 4 ounces (110 g) of bread and a 0.5 imperial pints (0.28 l) of new milk for the supper of sick inmates in Irish Workhouses in the 1840s.
- Markham, Gervaise (1623). Countrey Contentments, or English Huswife.
- "History of Flummery". Foods Of England. Retrieved 2 April 2013.
- Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. "flummery".
- Online Etymology Dictionary
- in his book Made in America
- Poor Law Commission Office (1842). Eighth Annual Report of the Poor Law Commissioners. London: William Clowes & Sons. p. 263. "Sick Dietary, No. 2"
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