GateKeeper (roller coaster)

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GateKeeper
GateKeeper logo.svg
GateKeeper 004 (9547691513).jpg
GateKeeper train in the giant flat spin element
Cedar Point
Coordinates 41°28′50″N 82°40′44″W / 41.480582°N 82.679009°W / 41.480582; -82.679009Coordinates: 41°28′50″N 82°40′44″W / 41.480582°N 82.679009°W / 41.480582; -82.679009
Status Operating
Soft opening date May 9, 2013
Opening date May 11, 2013
Cost US$25–30 million[1]
Replaced Disaster Transport
Space Spiral
General statistics
Type Steel – Wing Coaster
Manufacturer Bolliger & Mabillard
Model Wing Coaster
Track layout Out and back
Lift/launch system Chain lift hill
Height 170 ft (52 m)
Drop 164 ft (50 m)
Length 4,164 ft (1,269 m)
Speed 67 mph (108 km/h)
Inversions 6
Duration 2:40
Capacity 1,710 riders per hour
G-force 4[2]
Height restriction 52–78 in (132–198 cm)
Trains 3 trains with 8 cars. Riders are arranged 4 across in a single row for a total of 32 riders per train.
Fast Lane Plus only available
GateKeeper at RCDB
Pictures of GateKeeper at RCDB

GateKeeper is a steel roller coaster located at Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio, United States. Designed by Bolliger & Mabillard (B&M), it is the fifth Wing Coaster model in the world. The ride opened on May 11, 2013, on the most successful opening weekend in the park's history. GateKeeper has the highest inversion in the world, with its 164-foot (50 m) Wing Over drop. It has broken several Wing Coaster records, including those for height, speed, track length, drop height and the number of inversions. The coaster has a 170 ft (52 m), 40 degree inclined lift hill with a 164 ft (50 m) drop, and features two keyhole towers that the trains travel through. It has a top speed of about 67 mph (108 km/h).

Construction began in September 2012 and took about eight months to complete. A new entrance plaza for the park was built, with the keyhole towers as the centerpiece. GateKeeper replaced Disaster Transport and Space Spiral, which were demolished during the summer of 2012, bringing Cedar Point back to 16 roller coasters. It was the first new roller coaster at Cedar Point since Maverick debuted in 2007, and the third B&M coaster in the park following Raptor (1994) and Mantis (1996). GateKeeper was the most popular roller coaster in terms of riders at Cedar Point in 2013 and ranked 28th in the Golden Ticket Awards Top Steel Roller Coaster poll.

History[edit]

Discussion of a new roller coaster began under former Cedar Fair CEO Dick Kinzel in 2011, who credits his successor Matt Ouimet with the project.[3] The concept of GateKeeper was first created at the 2011 International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions (IAAPA) Expo.[4][5] On April 24, 2012, Ouimet said at an Erie County Chamber of Commerce meeting that there would be $25 million in capital expenditures for Cedar Point in 2013.[6] He also made references to opening up the beach.[7] On May 30, 2012, the Sandusky Register reported that a memo written by Ouimet to Cedar Fair's board of directors on February 15, 2012, stated that a new Wing Coaster code-named "CP Alt. Winged" would be introduced in 2013. It said that it would set new records for its drop, speed, and length, and that the new coaster would have a "Front Gate Statement—a roller coaster that flies overhead, rolls and flies back—highly visible above guests entering the park." The coaster would also go over the front entrance and parts of the existing parking lot. The report said the ride would be 170 feet (52 m) high, and that both Disaster Transport and Space Spiral would need to be removed to accommodate the new attraction.[8]

As part of the marketing campaign for GateKeeper, Cedar Point released several teasers through their "OnPoint" blog.[9] Posters around the park and on Cedar Point's website included taglines such as "How do your recover from a Disaster?", "WildCat is no match for this creature" and "Not even a Jumbo Jet soars like this!" Each poster had a black background with five blue wings, hinting at the ride's logo.[10][11][12] Annie Zelm, the park's spokesperson, stated that some of the clues on the website were intended to mislead readers.[13] On August 3, 2012, Cedar Point launched a countdown clock on their Facebook page, counting down to the announcement. The page said, "We can't keep it locked away much longer... Join us outside the Main Gate at 3:30 pm on August 13, where all we've kept hidden will be set free!"[14]

On August 13, 2012, Cedar Point officially announced GateKeeper, a 170-foot-tall (52 m) Wing Coaster that would be manufactured by B&M.[15] The announcement included a Halloween Haunt-like creature speaking to the guests at the main gate from the top of the main entrance to the park.[1][16] A trademark application for the name GateKeeper was filed that day.[17] Rob Decker said, "GateKeeper is truly an innovation in thrills. Every twist, turn and near-miss element was created exclusively for Cedar Point."[18]

The trains completed their first full-circuit ride on April 4, 2013. Hundreds of tests were conducted by the park before the ride was inspected and approved to operate.[19] On April 10, Cedar Point launched an auction in which bidders could bid to become one of the first 64 public riders on GateKeeper on May 11. The Cleveland Clinic Children’s Hospital and United Way of Erie County each had 32 seats available and proceeds were shared between the organizations.[20] Media day for GateKeeper took place on May 9, and the ride debuted to the public on opening day, May 11.[21][22]

Construction[edit]

Banner with words and images
Banner announcing the August 13, 2012 reveal date for GateKeeper

On July 13, 2012, Cedar Point announced the closure of Disaster Transport and Space Spiral.[23] Disaster Transport closed on July 29, 2012 and dismantling began on August 6, starting in the back of the building.[24] Space Spiral was demolished on September 12, 2012 by imploding the base and letting the tower fall towards the beach.[25] Construction of GateKeeper started in mid-September and the first footers were poured on October 2.[26] Approximately 200 footers were dug, each about 6 feet (1.8 m) deep.[27] The first pieces of track were delivered on October 23[27] and the installation of the track and supports, starting with the station, began on November 5.[28][29] The lift hill was topped off on November 30.[21] A construction update on January 7, 2013, said that approximately 40% of the ride's structure, including the Wing Over Drop, Immelmann and Camelback elements, had been completed.[29] The first pieces of the two keyhole towers arrived on January 23,[30] and the first keyhole tower was erected on January 29.[31] On February 27, 2013, at approximately 2 pm, the final piece of GateKeeper was put in place about two weeks ahead of schedule.[18][32][33]

Building the coaster took about eight months, and nearly 100 workers from four engineering companies worked on the project.[21] Sherrod Brown, a United States Senator from Ohio, praised Cedar Point for using local companies for the job.[34][35] A.A. Boos & Sons did the groundwork, including the footers and cement pouring. Tony Ravagnani Architects designed, engineered and installed the two keyhole towers. The electrical work, including the lighting, was done by Firelands Electric. The station and gift shop were built by Bert Witte Contractors, S.A. Comunal installed the plumbing and air systems and Lew’s Construction built the park's new entrance plaza.[36][37] About 12 million pounds (5,400,000 kilograms) of concrete was used for the ride.[27]

Ride experience[edit]

Entrance and queue[edit]

Buildings and roller coaster
Roller coaster train
GateKeeper's station, gift shop and lift hill (left), and train going through the inclined dive loop element (right)

GateKeeper's entrance plaza is located along the beach next to Wicked Twister's tower. A sculpture with the GateKeeper logo is in the center of the plaza. The queue runs parallel to the beach, under the lift hill and station. Once under the station, riders can choose which side of the train they would like to ride.[38] GateKeeper uses the Fast Lane queuing system; visitors can buy a wristband that allows them to wait in a short line.[39]

Layout[edit]

After leaving the station, the train turns 180 degrees to the right, then begins to climb the chain lift hill at 40 degrees. Once the train reaches the top of the 170-foot (52 m) lift, it enters the Wing Over Drop—the first element of the coaster that is similar to the dive drops on The Swarm at Thorpe Park and X-Flight at Six Flags Great America. The train rotates 180 degrees before descending 164 feet (50 m) in a half loop. During this drop, the train reaches 67 miles per hour (108 km/h)—its maximum speed—and riders experience about 4 Gs. After leaving the first drop, the train immediately enters an Immelmann loop almost directly under the lift hill. After the loop, the train turns right into the only camelback hill, which is 105 feet (32 m) high. Riders experience about two seconds of weightlessness on the hill. Next, the train goes through a giant flat spin, followed by a zero-g roll which features two keyhole points as it passes through two 100-foot (30 m)-tall towers. The train then returns to the ground and goes through an inclined dive loop, which is the turn-around point of the roller coaster. Next, the train rotates 360 degrees in an inline twist, which passes the two towers. The train then turns slightly left before entering the mid-course brake run. The train drops to the ground before ascending again and enters a 360-degree downward helix. The train then traverses a small hill before turning left into the final brake run which leads back to the station.[2][14][40][41]

Characteristics[edit]

Location[edit]

Roller coasters and attractions
GateKeeper (right) viewed from the Sky Ride

GateKeeper's entrance and station are located near Wicked Twister, Troika and maXair. The ride covers 3.5 acres (1.4 ha); it initially runs parallel to Lake Erie then travels through the parking lot, over the main entrance then turns around in front of Blue Streak.[29][40] As it passes through the main entrance plaza, it passes through two 100-foot (30 m)-tall towers that form Cedar Point's entrance gates.[42]

Manufacturer[edit]

GateKeeper is a Wing Coaster model manufactured by Swiss roller coaster firm Bolliger & Mabillard. It is Cedar Point's third B&M roller coaster; the park also has the inverted roller coaster Raptor and the stand-up roller coaster Mantis.[6] GateKeeper is the fifth Wing Coaster to be built and the third in the United States, the others being X-Flight at Six Flags Great America and Wild Eagle at Dollywood.[1][43]

Trains[edit]

Roller coaster train exiting structure
One of GateKeeper's trains exiting the Keyhole element

GateKeeper operates with three open-air steel and fiberglass trains, each with eight cars of four seats each, with two on each side of the track. Each train holds 32 riders and the ride has a capacity of about 1,710 riders per hour. Riders are restrained by flexible over-the-shoulder restraints and interlocking seat belts and riders are required to be between 52 inches (130 cm) and 78 inches (200 cm) to ride.[2][19] Because the seats are on the side of the track, a cantilevered steel arm is used to support the wings.[2] The trains are painted Sunset Gold with Zenith, Meteor, and Orion Gold accents.[40] The fourth row of each train has extendable harnesses enabling large passengers to ride. The front of each train is shaped to resemble the head of a griffin. The griffin's eyes and the outside seats of each row incorporate LED lighting, a first for a roller coaster at Cedar Point.[44][45] The LED lights on the trains recharge while the trains are in the station.[46]

Track[edit]

GateKeeper's tubular steel track is 4,164 feet (1,269 m) long and the lift is approximately 170 feet (52 m). The track is Azure Blue (dark blue) and Strata Blue (light blue), and the supports are white.[40] There are 102 track pieces, each weighing approximately 7,500 pounds (3,400 kg).[21][32] Unlike Raptor and Mantis, the track and supports are filled with sand to reduce the noise as the ride traverses the main entrance.[16][21] The track and supports were manufactured by Clermont Steel Fabricators in Batavia in southwest Ohio.[47][48]

Clermont also manufactured the two keyhole towers. Each tower is 100 feet (30 m) tall; 25 feet (7.6 m) is the concrete foundation and 75 feet (23 m) is steel.[30] At the Great Ohio Coaster Club holiday tour, Ed Dangler—Cedar Point’s Director of Maintenance and New Construction—stated the original plan was to have the towers' supports encased by an outer shell; however, Cedar Point went back to B&M, and decided to build a steel structure to serve as the keyhole element and the supports.[49] Each half of the tower weighs about 65,000 pounds (29,000 kg).[30]

Records[edit]

Steel structure illuminated by lights at night
The 170-foot (52 m) lift hill of GateKeeper, lit up at night

GateKeeper broke several world records.[36] It is the longest, fastest, has the longest drop, and features the most inversions of any Wing Coaster.[30][50] It also features the highest inversion of any roller coaster in the world, surpassing Volcano, The Blast Coaster at Cedar Point's sister park, Kings Dominion.[51][52]

Reception[edit]

GateKeeper has received mostly positive reviews from the media and riders. Some riders have complained about the shoulder restraints becoming too tight while sitting in the brake run at the end of the ride.[53] While others have praised the near-miss elements; one woman said, "It feels like you're going to get your knees chopped off and your head chopped off."[54] Many guests also praised the smoothness of the ride and how the renovated main entrance is very appealing.[55][56] On GateKeeper's opening weekend, Cedar Point achieved its most successful opening weekend in the history of the park, due to the popularity of GateKeeper.[57][58]

On July 17, 2013, GateKeeper's millionth rider received $500 to spend at the park, a VIP tour of the park and exclusive access to GateKeeper for the rest of the 2013 season.[59] The park's spokesman Bryan Edwards said, "We are giving approximately 1,600 rides per hour. It has definitely been a huge success for the park. Our guests love GateKeeper."[59][60] It finished the season with just over 2.1 million riders, the most of any ride in 2013.[61] GateKeeper also helped Cedar Fair to achieve record revenue, record attendance, record distribution and record stock pricing in 2013.[62]

Awards[edit]

In 2013, GateKeeper ranked third in Amusement Today's Golden Ticket Award for Best New Ride behind Outlaw Run at Silver Dollar City and Iron Rattler at Six Flags Fiesta Texas. It also debuted 28th on the list for Top Steel Roller Coasters, making it the first time ever that Cedar Point has six steel roller coasters in the top 50.[63]

Golden Ticket Awards: Top steel Roller Coasters
Year 2013
Ranking 28[63]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Recap of Cedar Point's GateKeeper announcement". Sandusky Register. August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d Dyer, Nicole (April 16, 2013). "Wing and A Scare". Popular Science. Bonnier Corporation. Retrieved April 20, 2013. 
  3. ^ Topey, Melissa. "Opening the Gate". Sandusky Register. Retrieved December 28, 2012. 
  4. ^ Decker, Rob (January 2013). Where The Roller Coasters Come From. Interview with Jeff Putz. Batavia, Ohio. 
  5. ^ Decker, Rob. GateKeeper at Cedar Point Documentary – From Dreams to Screams. Interview with Devin Olson. Sandusky, Ohio. 
  6. ^ a b "Cedar Point will roll out new winged coaster in May 2013". Crain's Detroit Business (Crain Communications). August 13, 2012. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Cedar Point 2013". PointBuzz. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  8. ^ Topey, Melissa (May 31, 2012). "Memo: Cedar Point to build coaster in 2013". Sandusky Register. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  9. ^ Haidet, Ryan (July 17, 2012). "Cedar Point teases about new 2013 attraction". Cleveland, Ohio: WKYC-TV. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  10. ^ "8.13.12". Cedar Point. August 7, 2012. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  11. ^ Michael Rearick (August 8, 2013). Jumbo Jet teaser poster. Cedar Point. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  12. ^ Steven Linn (August 8, 2013). WildCat teaser poster. Cedar Point. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  13. ^ Haidet, Ryan (August 15, 2012). "Cedar Point addresses Gatekeeper's leaked information". Cleveland, Ohio: WKYC-TV. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "Gatekeeper roller coaster coming to Cedar Point amusement park". St. Louis, Missouri: KSDK-TV. August 14, 2012. Archived from the original on April 19, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2012. 
  15. ^ Kauffman, Tina (August 13, 2012). "Cedar Point announces 'GateKeeper' coming in 2013, world's longest winged roller coaster". Cleveland, Ohio: WEWS-TV. Archived from the original on August 16, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Cedar Point GateKeeper announcement and Q&A". PointBuzz. August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 18, 2012. 
  17. ^ "GateKeeper". United States Patent and Trademark Office. Retrieved August 6, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Cedar Point (February 27, 2013). "Cedar Point Completes Track For New Wing Coaster" (Press release). PR Newswire. Archived from the original on April 19, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013. 
  19. ^ a b Chavez, Jon (April 4, 2013). "New roller coaster on fast track for Sandusky-bound thrill seekers". The Blade (Toledo, Ohio). Archived from the original on April 19, 2013. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  20. ^ Cedar Point (April 10, 2013). "Cedar Point announces GateKeeper auction for charity" (Press release). PRNewswire. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c d e Haidet, Ryan (November 30, 2012). "Crews top off GateKeeper's lift hill". Cleveland, Ohio: WKYC-TV. Retrieved December 28, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Upcoming Events". Cedar Point. Archived from the original on April 19, 2013. Retrieved March 11, 2013. 
  23. ^ Gimel, Cristy (July 13, 2012). "Cedar Point makes special announcement". Toledo, Ohio: WTOL. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  24. ^ Haidet, Ryan (July 30, 2012). "Fans say goodbye to Disaster Transport". Cleveland, Ohio: WKYC. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2012. 
  25. ^ Haidet, Ryan (September 13, 2012). "Space Spiral demolished". Cleveland, Ohio: WKYC-TV. Retrieved September 15, 2012. 
  26. ^ Schmidt, Walt (October 2, 2012). "October 2, 2012 construction update". PointBuzz. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  27. ^ a b c Haidet, Ryan (October 23, 2012). "First track pieces for GateKeeper coaster arrive". Cleveland, Ohio: WKYC-TV. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Construction has gone vertical!". Cedar Point. November 5, 2012. Retrieved November 5, 2012. 
  29. ^ a b c Haidet, Ryan (January 7, 2013). "GateKeeper coaster construction 'on schedule'". Cleveland, Ohio: WKYC-TV. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  30. ^ a b c d Steer, Jen (January 23, 2013). "65,000-pound steel beam makes cross-state trip to Cedar Point for new coaster". Cleveland, Ohio: WEWS-TV. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  31. ^ Werling, Jason (January 29, 2013). "Entrance keyhole constructed for Cedar Point's GateKeeper". Sandusky Register. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  32. ^ a b Haidet, Ryan (February 28, 2013). "Cedar Point finishes GateKeeper's track ahead of schedule". Cleveland, Ohio: WKYC-TV. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  33. ^ "GateKeeper Final Track Piece". Cedar Point. YouTube. February 27, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013. 
  34. ^ "Inside look at new Cedar Point coaster with Sherrod Brown". Coshocton Tribune (Gannett Company). March 27, 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  35. ^ Topey, Melissa (March 27, 2013). "Made in Ohio". Sandusky Register. Retrieved July 23, 2013. 
  36. ^ a b "GateKeeper Construction Spurs Ohio Economy". Yahoo!. January 31, 2013. Archived from the original on September 25, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  37. ^ Cedar Point (March 26, 2013). "Sen. Sherrod Brown to hold press conference at Cedar Point" (Press release). PointBuzz. Retrieved April 1, 2013. 
  38. ^ "First Impressions". Cedar Point. March 16, 2013. Retrieved March 16, 2013. 
  39. ^ "Fast Lane & Fast Lane Plus". Cedar Point. Retrieved March 13, 2014. 
  40. ^ a b c d "GateKeeper Fact Sheet" (PDF). Cedar Point. August 13, 2012. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 
  41. ^ "GateKeeper Official POV". Cedar Point. YouTube. 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  42. ^ "Main gate being demolished; GateKeeper elements completed". Norwalk Reflector. January 7, 2013. Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  43. ^ Jones, Chris (April 24, 2012). "Dollywood roller coaster lets you soar like an eagle". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 4, 2013. 
  44. ^ Henry, Jason (March 3, 2013). "GateKeeper test phase to start soon at Cedar Point". The Morning Journal (Lorain, Ohio). Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  45. ^ "First look at new GateKeeper trains". Cedar Point. February 25, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2013. 
  46. ^ Payerchin, Richard (March 17, 2013). "Firelands Electric helps power northern Ohio". The Morning Journal (Lorain, Ohio). Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  47. ^ Cornwell, Lisa (January 9, 2013). "Ohio theme parks CEO: Staycations here to stay". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013. 
  48. ^ Garbarek, Ben (January 10, 2013). "Ohio–Made Roller Coaster Coming To Cedar Point". Columbus, Ohio: WSYX-TV. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  49. ^ "GateKeeper GOCC holiday tour". YouTube. December 8, 2012. Retrieved January 9, 2013. 
  50. ^ Bacani, Alice (April 30, 2013). "Ohio State Day at Cedar Point gives alumni a head-start on amusement park season". The Lantern (The Ohio State University). Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  51. ^ MacDonald, Brady (December 26, 2012). "32 best new theme park additions for 2013". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved December 28, 2012. 
  52. ^ "GateKeeper is breaking more records". Cedar Point. August 21, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2012. 
  53. ^ Stoddart, S.L. (May 11, 2013). "Cedar Point’s GateKeeper Is A Real Crowd Pleaser". Detroit, Michigan: WWJ-TV. Retrieved May 11, 2013. 
  54. ^ Stone, Matt (May 9, 2013). "Cedar Point unveils the GateKeeper roller coaster". Youngstown, Ohio: WFMJ-TV. Retrieved May 11, 2013. 
  55. ^ Steitz, Scott (May 9, 2013). "Review: GateKeeper nice addition to Cedar Point, but it's not as good as Millennium Force". Norwalk Reflector. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  56. ^ "GateKeeper Review". Coaster101. May 20, 2013. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  57. ^ "Cedar Fair CEO: Best Opening Weekend Ever". Mad Money. CNBC. May 15, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  58. ^ "Theme parks immune to sluggish economy". CNN Money. Retrieved July 27, 2012. 
  59. ^ a b "Cedar Point: GateKeeper coaster celebrates 1-millionth rider". WKYC. July 17, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  60. ^ Seaton, Kay (July 17, 2013). "1 millionth person rides Cedar Point's newest coaster GateKeeper". Cleveland, Ohio: WEWS-TV. Retrieved July 18, 2013. 
  61. ^ Clark, Tony (November 11, 2013). "The Numbers". Cedar Point. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  62. ^ Topey, Melissa (December 25, 2013). "GateKeeper keeps visitors coming". Sandusky Register. Retrieved December 28, 2013. 
  63. ^ a b "2013 Top 50 steel Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today 17 (6.2): 34–35. September 2013. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Volcano, The Blast Coaster
World's tallest roller coaster inversion
May 2013–present
Succeeded by
None