|Gijón / Xixón|
|— Municipality —|
|Cimavilla Marina area, 2nd of left:Revillagigedo Palace, 2nd of right:View of Calle Palace and Bankunion area, Middle:view of Saint Lorenzo Beach and Cimavilla historian area, 4th of left:Gijon Laboral University, 4th of right: Night of San Pedro Church, Bottom of left:Gijon City Hall, Bottom of right:Playa de Poniente|
|Founded||5th century BC (Noega, the first settlement on record)|
|• Mayor||Carmen Moriyón Entrialgo (2011) (FAC)|
|• Total||181.6 km2 (70.1 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|Highest elevation||737 m (2,418 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 ( 4,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym||Castillian: Gijonés/sa Asturian: Xixonés/sa|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||33201 -33212|
|Official language(s)||Spanish Asturian|
Gijón ([xiˈxon]; Asturian: Xixón, [ʃiˈʃoŋ]), officially Gijón / Xixón, is the largest city and municipality in the autonomous community of Asturias in Spain. Early medieval texts mention it as "Gigia".
The city is situated on the coast of central Asturias, from sea level to an altitude of 513 metres at Picu Samartín and 672 metres at Peña de los Cuatro Jueces, bordered on the West by Carreño, the East by Villaviciosa, and to the South by Siero and Llanera
The city is situated along the Asturian coast and is distinguished by the peninsula of Cimavilla (the original settlement) which separates the beach of San Lorenzo and adjacent neighborhoods to the east from the beaches of Poniente and Arbeyal, the shipyards, and the recreational port and the Port of El Musel to the west. It is close to the other main Asturian cities, Oviedo and Avilés.
These are straight line distances to cities, seas that wash the Spanish coast and the frontier with Portugal, France and Andorra:
- Madrid: 467 km
- Barcelona: 827 km
- Closest provincial capital Oviedo: 25 km
- Furthest provincial capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife: 2.200 km approximate
- León: 109 km
- Avilés: 21 km
- Langreo: 28 km
- Mieres: 34 km
- Villaviciosa: 25 km
- Mediterranean Sea (Valencia): 629 km
- Atlantic Ocean (La Coruña): 223 km
- Frontier with Portugal: 189 km
- Frontier with France: 306 km
- Frontier with Andorra: 612 km
- London: 967 km
- New York: 5487 km
- Tokyo: 10544 km
- During the early years of the 19th century the, then very small, town of Gijón was best known for its college or high-school known as the "Real Instituto Asturiano" founded by Jovellanos.
- The City Hall's sports and culture programs for citizens is wide, including the innovative Abierto Hasta el Amanecer (literally Open Till Dawn) nocturnal program, which tries to involve teens in cultural and sporting activities as an alternative to weekend nightlife.
- Gijon has 13 libraries in its Cultural City Centers, which feature a wide network of swimming pools and gyms.
Museums and art galleries 
- Museum of the Asturian People
- Railroad museum of Asturias
- Nicanor Piñole museum
- Roman Terms museum of Campo Valdés
- Juan Barjola museum (A museum about a local painter, also interested in avant-garde art)
- Evaristo Valle museum (Local painter museum placed in a mansion at the outskirts)
- International Bagpipe Museum contains bagpipes from around the world, focusing on the Asturian musical heritage and bagpipes.
- Atlantic botanical garden
- Archaeological park Campa Torres.
- Revillagigedo Palace and museum (At Marqués square, near the City Hall)
- Gijón Aquarium
- Roman Town of Veranes
- LABoral Centro de Arte y Creación Industrial (An exhibition centre for contemporary art, science, technology and advanced visual industries)
University of Oviedo 
Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronical Engineering, Computers and Systems Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Telecommunication Engineering.
- School of Civil Navy.
- Faculty of Commerce, Tourism and Social Sciences "Jovellanos".
Public Administration and Management, Trade and Marketing, Tourism and Social work
National University of Distance Education (UNED) 
Gijon also has a delegationof the UNED, where different disciplines can be studied by distance.
Gijón's professional football team, Sporting de Gijón, plays in the Spanish League and is presently in the Segunda División of Spanish fotball. American football and baseball are played in Gijón at top levels, with the Gijón Mariners and El Llano BC competing in the most important Spanish leagues of those sports. In women's sport, Gijón Hockey Club is one of the most important rink hockey teams in Europe.
The city has in total 13 public sport centers (in Spanish: Centros Municipales Integrados) with swimming pools, gyms and saunas. Swimming pools are free for children up to age 14.
List of sports centers in Gijón 
For much of the twentieth century the town was heavily dependent on mature heavy industries, but at the end of the Franco era, tertiary sector employment began to expand rapidly along with the city's population which by 2007 stood officially at 277,897 for Gijón proper, and approximately 380,000 for the total Gijón agglomeration.
The port is at the centre of many of the local businesses. Apart from directly port related activities, the economy is based on tourism, steel (Arcelor), other metallurgy, livestock rearing and fisheries.
Gijón has an humid oceanic climate, with mild temperatures and high humidity throughout the year. The summers are warm, with both overcast and sunny days common, whilst winters are rainy but much milder than most places so far north; frosts are very rare and never severe.
|Climate data for Gijón|
|Average high °C (°F)||13.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||8.9
|Average low °C (°F)||4.7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||94
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||12||11||10||12||11||7||6||7||8||11||12||12||121|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||103||109||137||151||167||180||194||190||158||132||106||92||1,721|
|Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología|
Gijón is served by Asturias Airport about 38 km (24 mi) from the centre of the city. It's located in the municipality of Castrillon. The airport is connected to the city the A-8 motorway, the N-632 national highway and scheduled bus service (Alsa). It has regular flights to the following destinations: Barcelona, Brussels, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London - Stansted, Madrid, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris - Charles de Gaulle, Seville, Tenerife-South and Valencia. Operating companies are: Air Berlin, Air France, Air Europa, Iberia, Iberworld or Spanair.
The Port of Gijon, El Musel has a regular ferry line to the port of Nantes (Saint Nazaire) with a frequency of 3 weekly departures. Since mid-2012 is expected to have two new regular lines, to Cork (Ireland) and a Southern port of England shuffled ports Portsmouth or Poole.
Public transport 
Gijón currently has 21 bus lines, which are:
- Line 1 BRT: Cerillero - Cabueñes Hospital
- Line 2: El Corte Inglés - Cabueñes Hospital
- Line 4: El Lauredal - Viesques - University campus
- Line 6: Musel - Alcampo - Polígono de Porceyo - Polígono de Zarracina
- Line 10: Pumarín - Candenal- Cabueñes Hospital
- Line 12: Cerillero - Montevil - Contrueces
- Line 14: Polígono de Somonte - Tremañes - Infanzón
- Line 15: Nuevo Roces - Viesques - Cabueñes Hospital
- Line 16: Estación Ferrocaril - Vega
- Line 18: Nuevo Gijón - Cabueñes Hospital
- Line 20: Montevil - Somió
- Line 21: Jove Hospital - La Campa Torres
- Line 24: Monteana - La Pedrera - Mareo
- Line 25: Tremañes - Infanzón - La Olla
- Line 26: Gijón - Deva
- Line 28: Pza. del Humedal - El Molinón
- Line 30: Pza. del Humedal - FIDMA (International trade fair of Asturias)
- Line 34: Fomento - Musel
- Line 54: Pza. del Humedal - Las Mestas (During the Davis Cup semi-final of Tennis)
Night bus service (Fridays and Saturdays only, everyday 1 July to 31 August)
- Line 41: El Cerillero - Pza. del Carmen (BUHO 1)
- Line 42: Nuevo Roces - Pumarin - Pza. del Carmen (BUHO 2)
- Line 43: Contrueces - Llano - Coto - Pza. del Carmen (BUHO 3)
- Line 44: Vega - Viesques - Arena - Pza. del Carmen (BUHO 4)
The city is served by the Gijón Railway Station.
Roads and highways 
Motorways and Highways (State and Regional)
- Autovía A-66 : Gijón - Oviedo - Mieres - León - Benavente - Zamora - Salamanca - Béjar - Plasencia - Mérida - Almendralejo - Sevilla
- GJ-81: South access road (A-8/A-66) - Plaza del Humedal
- N-630 Plate Route: Gijón - Oviedo - Mieres - Puerto de Pajares - León - Zamora - Salamanca - Plasencia - Mérida - Almendralejo - Sevilla
- N-632 : Canero - Cudillero - Muros del Nalón - Soto del Barco - Avilés - Gijón - Villaviciosa - Colunga - Caravia - Ribadesella
Regional and local roads
International relations 
List of twin towns:
- La Habana, Cuba
- Niort, since 1982
- Novorossiysk, since 1986
- Puerto Vallarta
- Smara, Western Sahara
- Decreto 105/2006, de 20 de septiembre, por el que se determinan los topónimos oficiales del concejo de Gijón/Xixón.
- Consejos de Distrito Gijón City Hall website]
- (English) Name of the "Instituto Asturiano" and other details taken from the Universal Pronouncing Gazetteer By Thomas Baldwin, Sixth Edition, (1847). 
- "Valores Climatológicos Normales. Gijon".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Gijón|
- Gijon Municipality
- Official Touristic website of Gijón
- Non-official Website of Gijón Basket (professional basketball team)
- Official Toponyms – At City Council official website.
- Official Toponyms: Laws – BOPA Nº 229 – Martes, 3 de octubre de 2006 & DECRETO 105/2006, de 20 de septiembre (BOPA Errata corrections)
- Official site Sporting de Gijon
- LABoral Centro de Arte y Creación Industrial