|• Total||430.11 km2 (166.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||521 m (1,709 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2013)|
|• Density||23/km2 (59/sq mi)|
|Localities||Betschwanden, Braunwald, Diesbach, Elm, Engi, Haslen, Hätzingen, Leuggelbach, Linthal, Luchsingen, Matt, Mitlödi, Nidfurn, Rüti, Schwanden, Schwändi, Sool.|
|Surrounded by||Glarus, Muotathal (SZ), Andiast (GR), Flims (GR), Laax (GR), Mels (SG), Pfäfers (SG), Pigniu (GR), Ruschein (GR), Siat (GR), Flums (SG), Quarten (SG), Breil/Brigels (GR), Disentis/Mustér (GR), Silenen (UR), Spiringen (UR), Sumvitg (GR), Trun (GR), Waltensburg/Vuorz (GR)|
The municipality comprises the upper Linth valley, and the entire Sernf valley, and has an area of 426 km2 (164 sq mi). It includes the villages of Betschwanden, Braunwald, Diesbach, Elm, Engi, Haslen, Hätzingen, Leuggelbach, Linthal, Luchsingen, Matt, Mitlödi, Nidfurn, Rüti, Schwanden, Schwändi and Sool. It encompasses altitudes from 504 m (1,654 ft) at Mitlödi to the summit of Tödi at 3,614 m (11,857 ft). Notable reservoir lakes are Limmernsee at 1,857 m (6,093 ft) and Garichtisee at 1,648 m (5,407 ft).
The municipality of Glarus Süd was created on 1 January 2011, incorporating the former municipalities of Betschwanden, Braunwald, Elm, Engi, Haslen, Linthal, Luchsingen, Matt, Mitlödi, Rüti, Schwanden, Schwändi and Sool.
At the time of its creation, Glarus Süd was the largest Swiss municipality by area. As of 1 January 2015, it was been overtaken in size by the expanded municipality of Scuol in the canton of Graubünden.
The former municipalities that now make up Glarus Süd have a total combined area of 430.11 km2 (166.07 sq mi).
The historical population is given in the following chart:
Heritage sites of national significance
There are thirteen Swiss heritage sites of national significance located in the new municipality. Braunwald is home to two, Bergeten which is the ruins of a medieval alpine camp and the Ortstockhaus. Elm has three, the Gross house, the Suworow house and the Zentner house all located in the village. Engi, Haslen, Linthal and Luchsingen each only have one, the Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Des Kantons Glarus, Engi, the Spinnerei Daniel Jenny & Co, the Pantenbrücke (bridge) and the Sunnezyt House respectively. There are two in Matt, the Brummbach house and the Steggut house. Mitlödi has one, the Schiffmeister / Schönenberger house while Schwanden has the Industrial Archives of Glarus. There are three villages and two hamlets which appear on the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites, the villages of Elm, Diesbach and Rüti along with the hamlets of Steinibach and Adlenbach.
The major occupation in the area was agriculture, including sheepherding since 1000. In the 18th century, the wool industry (home-based) became an important economic factor. In the 17th and early 18th centuries, beef cattle were pastured in the Alps in summer for export to Italy.
The baths at Wichlen in the former municipality of Elm were in use since the middle ages and are first mentioned in 1547. They were very popular until they were buried by an avalanche in 1762. Many characteristic wooden structures have survived. In 1898, a new Kurhaus was opened, which flourished until World War I. Today, it is used as a retirement center.
Starting in 1861, slate was quarried from the Tschingelberg for school tablets and styluses.
The mineral water firm Mineralquellen Elm AG opened in Elm in 1929 and remains in operation today.
The Weesen to Linthal railway line traverses the municipality of Glarus Süd along the valley of the Linth river, serving the stations of Mitlödi, Schwanden, Nidfurn-Haslen, Leuggelbach, Luchsingen-Hätzingen, Diesbach-Betschwanden, Rüti GL, Linthal Braunwaldbahn and Linthal. The line is served by the Zürich S-Bahn service S25 to and from Zurich, which operates an hourly service the full length of the line calling at all the above stations, replacing the earlier Glarner Sprinter train. There is also an hourly St. Gallen S-Bahn service S6 to and from Rapperswil, which serves Mitlodi before terminating at Schwanden.
Sernftalbus operates an hourly bus service linking Schwanden station with communities in the valley of the Sernf river, including Engi, Matt and Elm, following the route of the Sernftal tramway that ran between 1904 and 1969. The same company also operates an hourly service from Schwanden station to nearby Schwändi, and a less frequent service to Sool. PostAuto Schweiz operates a service from Linthal station to Fluelen station, on the Gothard railway and Lake Lucerne, which provides several daily return journeys across the Klausen Pass between June and September.
Between 1961 and 1990 the former municipality of Braunwald had an average of 161.3 days of rain per year and on average received 2,025 mm (79.7 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was August during which time Braunwald received an average of 206 mm (8.1 in) of precipitation. During this month there was precipitation for an average of 15.4 days. The month with the most days of precipitation was July, with an average of 16, but with only 199 mm (7.8 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year was October with an average of 120 mm (4.7 in) of precipitation over 15.4 days.
Over the same time period the former municipality of Elm had an average of 156.1 days of rain per year and on average received 1,524 mm (60.0 in) of precipitation. The wettest month was August during which time Elm received an average of 171 mm (6.7 in) of precipitation. During this month there was precipitation for an average of 15.3 days. The month with the most days of precipitation was June, with an average of 15.9, but with only 152 mm (6.0 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year was October with an average of 96 mm (3.8 in) of precipitation over 15.3 days.
|Climate data for Elm village (1981-2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||1.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−2.0
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||102
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||87.3
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||11.2||10.0||13.5||12.7||15.0||15.7||15.1||15.3||12.2||10.4||11.9||11.8||154.8|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)||9.1||8.4||8.5||5||0.9||0||0||0||0.1||1.1||6.1||9.4||48.6|
|Average relative humidity (%)||79.1||76.0||76.2||75.1||74.5||78.0||80.1||83.0||82.2||78.6||79.5||79.5||78.5|
|Source: MeteoSwiss |
In 1981, the Wakker Prize was awarded to Elm for the development and preservation of its architectural heritage.
- Swiss ski mountaineer Rico Elmer was born in Elm.
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
- "Gemeinde Glarus Süd" [Glarus Süd Municipality] (in German). Gemeinde Glarus Süd. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- map.geo.admin.ch (Map). Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 18 February 2011
- Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
- "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats" (PDF). ZVV. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "S-Bahn St.Gallen Map" (PDF). S-Bahn. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "Ziegelbrücke–Linthal" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
- "Sernftalbus - Fahrplan 2015" [Sernftalbus - Timetable 2015] (PDF) (in German). Autobetrieb Sernftal AG. Retrieved 2015-04-20.
- "Flüelen–Klausen–Linthal" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
- Eisenbahnatlas Schweiz. Verlag Schweers+Wall GmbH. 2012. p. 24. ISBN 978-3-89494-130-7.
- "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 1330 meters above sea level.
- "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013. The weather station elevation is 958 meters above sea level.
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