Himara revolt of 1912

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Himara revolt
Part of the First Balkan War
Himarra 1912.jpg
Spyromilios in the entrance of the Himarë castle
Date November 18 [O.S. November 5] 1912
Location Himarë
Result Greek victory
Belligerents
Greece Greece  Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Spyros Spyromilios

The Himara revolt (Greek: Εξέγερση της Χειμάρρας), was a Greek uprising during the First Balkan War that took place in the region of Himara (Himarë, today southern Albania), on November 18 [O.S. November 5] 1912. It successfully overthrew the Ottoman forces of the region, thus securing the coastal area between Sarandë and Vlorë for the Hellenic Army.

Background[edit]

During the First Balkan War, the Epirus front was of secondary importance for Greece after the Macedonian front. A small unit that consisted of local Epirote volunteers was stationed in the nearby island of Corfu under the command of Major Spyros Spyromilios,[1] who was a native of Himarë.[2] This unit was later reinforced by 200 Cretan volunteers sent by General Konstantinos Sapountzakis, commander of the Greek army in Epirus front.[1]

Conflict[edit]

On November 18, 1912, the local population rose in revolt, while Spyromilios and his group landed in the region and quickly secured the coastal area between Sarandë and Vlorë without facing significant resistance.[3] After the successful uprising Spyromilios suggested to the Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos that the coastal city of Vlorë should come under Greek control but he responded negatively in fear that this might trigger Italian military intervention.[3] After the Albanian Declaration of Independence in Vlorë, on November 28, Himarë was constantly attacked by Albanian units without success and the area remained under Greek control until the end of the Balkan Wars.[1]

Aftermath[edit]

Under the terms of the Protocol of Florence, signed on December 17, 1913, the region of Northern Epirus, in which Himarë was part was awarded to Albania. This decision triggered a series of events that lead to the proclamation of the Autonomous Republic of Northern Epirus in Gjirokastër by the local Greek population.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sakellariou, M. V. (1997). Epirus, 4000 Years of Greek History and Civilization. Ekdotikē Athēnōn. p. 367. ISBN 960-213-371-6. 
  2. ^ "Historia" (HTM). Republika e Shqiperise Bashkia Himare [Official site of Himarë municipality (in Albanian). Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  3. ^ a b Kondis, Basil (1978). Greece and Albania, 1908-1914. Institute for Balkan Studies. p. 93. 
  4. ^ Pentzopoulos, Dimitri (2002). The Balkan exchange of minorities and its impact on Greece. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-85065-702-6. 

Bibliography[edit]