Hiroshima Nishi Hikōjō
|IATA: HIW – ICAO: RJBH|
|Operator||Hiroshima Prefectural Government|
|Elevation AMSL||9 ft / 3 m|
|Source: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan|
Hiroshima-Nishi Airport (広島西飛行場 Hiroshima Nishi Hikōjō?) (IATA: HIW, ICAO: RJBH) is an airport in Nishi Ward, located 3.1 NM (5.7 km; 3.6 mi) southwest of Hiroshima City, Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan.
Hiroshima's first airport opened in Naka-ku, Hiroshima in 1940, but was destroyed during the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in 1945. Following the end of World War II, the Japanese government approved a plan for a new airport in a location which could take advantage of Hiroshima's natural river topography to keep aircraft from flying over residential areas. Hiroshima Airport opened on September 15, 1961 and was initially managed by the Ministry of Transport.
The runway was extended from 1200 meters to 1800 meters in 1972, but further extensions were necessary to support large jet service, and the airport's location made this impossible. A new Hiroshima Airport was built outside the city in 1993. The old Hiroshima Airport was then renamed Hiroshima-Nishi Airport and fell under the control of Hiroshima Prefecture.
J-Air was based at Hiroshima-Nishi from 1991 until 2001, originally as a division of the JAL Flight Academy, and provided commuter service to domestic airports using Jetstream 31 aircraft. Japan Air Commuter continued to offer commuter service using Saab 340 aircraft until 2010, when the service was terminated as part of the corporate restructuring of its parent company Japan Airlines.
Hiroshima City and Hiroshima Prefecture officials debated the future of the airport for several years in the early 2000s; city officials sought to keep the airport open in order to boost the city's economy, while prefectural officials preferred converting the southern part of the property into a heliport and building an extension of the Hiroshima South Road through the northern part. Following JAC's withdrawal from the airport, Hiroshima City legislators proposed converting the airport into a municipal airport; the ordinance proposal was rejected by the city assembly in March 2011, and a new mayor announced in May that the airport would be converted to a heliport by 2012, in line with the prefecture's original proposal.
- Hiroshima-Nishi Airport website (Japanese)
- Hiroshima-Nishi Airport Guide from Japan Airlines
- Current weather for RJBH at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for HIW at Aviation Safety Network
|This article about a Japanese airport is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Hiroshima Prefecture location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|