History of the Jews in Cape Verde

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The history of the Jews in Cape Verde has been recorded in a number of historical records as well as having been the subject of modern research.[1]

Origins[edit]

Historians agree that the Jewish population of Cape Verde has its roots in the upheavals of the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions with the persecutions of Spanish and Portuguese Jews who were often forced to either submit to apostasy or had to flee from their homelands, or both.[2]

Occupations[edit]

Jews were allowed to engage in trade, including the slave trade, as long as they did not compete with the Portuguese trading monopolies.[2]

Present[edit]

There are presently no practicing Jews remaining in Cape Verde and there is therefore no organized Jewish community. However an American-based organization “Cape Verde Jewish Heritage Project”[3] has been set up to restore the Jewish cemeteries and create an archive about Jewish ancestry of Cape Verde, and according to its president Carol Castiel its "goal is to honor the memory and explore the contributions of the many Sephardic Jewish families who immigrated to Cape Verde from Morocco and Gibraltar in the mid-19th century."[3] This project was the subject of articles in The Forward: Honoring Cape Verde’s Jewish History (2009);[4] the Washington Jewish Week: Preserving a Jewish niche Group seeks to honor the ghosts of Cape Verde(2009);[5] and reported in the Jewish Telegraphic Agency: Cape Verdean municipalities advance Jewish preservation (2010)[6] about agreements to maintain Jewish cemeteries on Ribeira Grande (Santo Antao), Praia and Boa Vista, as well as meetings with notables for this cause such as at the Cape Verdean American Business Association in 2010.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jewish Virtual Library. "Cape Verde". Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Lobban, Richard. "Jews in Cape Verde and on the Guinea Coast". 11 February 1996. University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Cape Verde Jewish Heritage Project, Inc. "Cape Verde Jewish Heritage Project". Cape Verde Jewish Heritage Project. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Guttman, Nathan (March 24, 2009). "Honoring Cape Verde’s Jewish History". The Forward. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Greenberg, Richard (2009-03-25). "Preserving a Jewish niche Group seeks to honor the ghosts of Cape Verde". Washington Jewish Week. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Kampeas, Ron (December 1, 2010). "Cape Verdean municipalities advance Jewish preservation". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  7. ^ "President John Cruz Attends Benefit for Cape Verde Jewish Heritage Project". C.A.B.O. Inc: Cape Verdian American Business Association. Retrieved 22 August 2012.