Hong Kong Correctional Services

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For the department in Jamaica, see Department of Correctional Services, Jamaica.
Hong Kong Correctional Services

懲教署
HK Correctional Services Logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed 1879
Jurisdiction  Hong Kong
Headquarters 23rd, 24th and 27th Floors, Wanchai Tower, 12 Harbour Road, Wan Chai
Employees 6,659
Minister responsible Lai Tung-kwok, Secretary for Security
Agency executives Leung-ming Kwok, Commissioner
Yat Kin Sin, Deputy Commissioner
Website www.csd.gov.hk/

Hong Kong Correctional Services (also called Correctional Services Department, CSD, 懲教署) is responsible for prisoners and prisons in Hong Kong. The Commissioner of Correctional Services reports to the Secretary for Security.

Although the Chief Magistrate was given control over prisons in 1841, the legislation to create the department did not come into being until 1853. CSD was part of the Hong Kong Police Force until 1879 when the role of Superintendent of the Gaol was created.[citation needed]

Ranks[edit]

As with all of the Hong Kong Disciplined Services, British-pattern rank insignia continue to be utilised, with the only change being the replacement of the St. Edward's Crown by the Bauhinia flower crest in 1997.[1]

  • Commissioner of Correctional Services (similar insignia to a UK General)
  • Deputy Commissioner (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant-General)
  • Assistant Commissioner (similar insignia to a UK Major-General)
  • Chief Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Colonel)
  • Senior Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant-Colonel)
  • Superintendent (similar insignia to a UK Major)
  • Chief Officer (similar insignia to a UK Captain)
  • Principal Officer (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant with a bar beneath)
  • Officer (similar insignia to a UK Lieutenant)
  • Probationary Officer (similar insignia to a UK Second Lieutenant)
  • Assistant Officer Class I (similar insignia to a UK Sergeant)
  • Assistant Officer Class II (similar to a UK Private)

Facilities[edit]

Lantau
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status
Shek Pik Prison Shek Pik 1974–present Maximum security institution 426 active
Sha Tsui Detention Centre Sek Pik 1972–present Minimum security institution opened in 1972 146 active
Ma Po Ping Prison Ma Po Ping 1966–present Medium security institution 650 active
Tong Fuk Centre Tong Fuk 1966–present Medium security institution 400 active
La Chi Rehab Centre Sek Pik 2002–present Rehab Centre 70 active
Chi Ma Wan Correctional Institution Chi Ma Wan 1994–present Medium security institution 312 female prisoners active
Chi Sun Correctional Institution Chi Ma Wan 2005–present Minimum security institution 350 female prisoners active
New Territories
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status
Bauhinia House Tai Lam Chung 1984–present Half-way House 70 active; moved to current location in 2002
Castle Peak Bay Immigration Centre 2005–present Minimum security institution 384 active
Lai King Training Centre Kwai Chung 2008–present Minimum security institution 200 female inmates active
Chi Lan Rehab Centre Kwai Chung 2008–present rehab centre 40 active; relocated from Shek O (2002-2008)
Pik Uk Correctional Institution Sai Kung 1975–present Maximum security institution 385 active
Pik Uk Prison Sai Kung 1975–present Minimum security prison 600 active
Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre Tai Lam Chung 1972–present Maximum security institution 262 active
Tai Lam Centre for Women Tai Lam Chung 1969–present Maximum security institution 263 active
Tai Lam Correctional Institution Tai Lam Chung 1980–present Minimum security institution 748 active
Tai Lam Drug Addiction Treatment Centre Tai Lam Chung 1969–present Drug Addiction Treatment Centre N/A active
Wai Lam Rehab Centre Tai Lam Chung 2002–present Minimum security institution 24 active
Lo Wu Correctional Institution Lo Wu 1997-2008 minimum security institution 182 closed; re-built at another location
Kowloon
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status
Lai Chi Kok Reception Centre Lai Chi Kok 1977–present Maximum security institution 1084 active
Lai Chi Kok Correctional Institution Lai Chi Kok 2006–present Medium security institution 600 female prisoners active
Lai Chi Kok Prison for Women Lai Chi Kok 1932-2006 Medium security institution N/A closed
Lai Hang Rehab Centre Tai Wo Ping 2002–present Rehab Centre 70 active
Phoenix House Tai Wo Ping 1983–present Half-way house 40 active
Pelican House Tai Wo Ping 1995–present Half-way house 70 active; moved to location in 2004
Hong Kong Island
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status
Cape Collison Correctional Institution Cape Collison 1958–present Training centre 192 active
Chi Lan Rehab Centre Shek O 2002-2008 rehab centre 40 relocated to Kwai Chung 2008
Green Island Reception Centre Green Island 1970s-present immigration detention centre 700 inactive
Ma Hang Prison Stanley 1974–present Minimum security institution 220 mainly elderly prisoners active
Pak Sha Wan Correctional Institution Stanley 1999–present Medium security institution 424 active
Tai Tam Gap Correctional Institution Tai Tam Gap 1980–present Minimum security institution  ? relocated as Lai King Correctional Institution in 2008
Tung Tau Correctional Institution Stanley 1982–present Minimum security institution 500 active
Victoria Prison Central 1841-2005 Maximum security institution 800? closed; see publication entitled "Victoria Prison Memorial Book" published by the CSD and available from the Correctional Services Museum Gift Shop at the Stanley Prison.
Stanley Prison Stanley 1937–present Maximum security institution 1544 active
Hei Ling Chau
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status
Lai Sun Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 1984–present Minimum security institution 182 now functions as a Pre-release Vocational Training Centre for adult prisoners
Hei Ling Chau Correctional Institution Hei Ling Chau 1984–present Medium security institution 532 active
Hei Ling Chau Addiction Treatment Centre and Annex Hei Ling Chau 1975–present Drug Addiction Treatment Centre 688; 236 in annex active
Vietnamese detention centre
Name of Facility Location Years of Operation Facility Type Capacity Status
Kai Tak Camp Kai Tak Airport, Kowloon 1973-1998 Vietnamese detention centre  ? closed
Shek Kong Airfield Sek Kong 1988-1992 temporary refugee centre  ? closed and return to RAF; now PLAAF base
High Island Detention Centre High Island, NT 1988-1998 Vietnamese detention centre 7000 Closed; site now Hong Kong Jockey Club High Island Training Camp
Whitehead Detention Centre Starfish Bay, Ma On Shan 1988-1998 Vietnamese detention centre 5500 closed; site being redeveloped
Tai A Chau Detention Centre Tai A Chau (Soko Group) 1988-1996 detention centre 5500 closed; plans are to re-develop site for tourism

Crest[edit]

Badge of the Correctional Service Department before 1 July 1997.

The current crest of the force was adopted in 1997 to replace most of the colonial symbols:[2]

  • St Edward's Crown replaced by the stylised Bauhinia flower crest
  • Replacement of the Royal cypher by a Compass rose, with the words "Correctional Services 懲教署" circling it
  • Addition of a laurel wreath bearing the words "Correctional Services Hong Kong"

Weapons[edit]

CSD officers are trained in the use of, and can be issued, revolvers as lethal sidearms, the ASP expendable baton and the Sabre Red pepper spray are the standard less-than-lethal options; additionally a type of pepper gun and the rubber bullet rifle form the standard-issue equipment of the elite anti-riot team officers, known as the Correctional Emergency Response Team (CERT). Aside from handguns officers are also trained in the use of shoulder weapons such as shotguns and rifles, however the long arms are rarely issued.

Revolvers are issued to staff escorting prisoners outside the prison, to those stationed in the watchtowers of the maximum security prisons. Other firearms are authorized for use under the observation of senior officers such as when prisoners escape from the prison, riot or when causing damage to the prison.

CSD in popular media[edit]

  • TVB drama series Tomorrow Is Another Day was filmed with the full co-operation of the CSD who allowed the film crew to film and access to Stanley and other prisons.

References[edit]

Flag of the Correctional Service Department before 1 July 1997.

External links[edit]

Media related to Hong Kong Correctional Services at Wikimedia Commons