House of Assembly (Zimbabwe)

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House of Assembly of Zimbabwe
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Jacob MudendaZANU-PF
since 3 September 2013
Structure
Seats 210
House of Assembly Zimbabwe 2013.svg
Political groups
  ZANU-PF (160)
  MDC-T (49)
  Independents (1)
Elections
Last election
31 July 2013
Meeting place
Parliament House, Harare, Zimbabwe
Coat of arms of Zimbabwe.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Zimbabwe
See also

The House of Assembly of Zimbabwe is the lower chamber of the country's bicameral Parliament. It was the unicameral legislative body from 1989 until late November 2005, when the Senate was re-introduced.

Under the 1980 Constitution, 20 of the 100 seats in the House of Assembly were reserved for the country's white minority, although whites and other ethnic minorities made up only five per cent of the population. These seats were abolished in 1987.

The sixth House of Assembly, formed following elections held on 31 March 2005, had a total of 150 members. 120 members were directly elected in single member constituencies using the plurality (or First-past-the-post) system. The President appointed 12 additional members and 8 provincial governors who held reserved seats in the House. The remaining 10 seats were held by traditional chiefs who were chosen by their peers. All members served five-year terms.

A 2007 law, to take effect after the 2008 election, expanded the House of Assembly to 210 seats and made it a fully elected body.[1] The appointed and ex officio members were transferred to the Senate. The Seventh House of Assembly was opened on August 26, 2008.


e • d  Summary of the 29 March 2008 Zimbabwe House of Assembly election
Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
2005 Dissolution Elected # %
   Movement for Democratic Change - Tsvangirai Morgan Tsvangirai 204 41 27 100 1,041,176 42.88
   Movement for Democratic Change - Mutambara Arthur Mutambara 151 - 14 10 202,259 8.39
   Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front Robert Mugabe 219 78 78 99 1,110,649 45.94
   United People's Party Daniel Shumba 49 - - 0 7,331 0.30
   Peace Action is Freedom for All Abel Ndlovu 6 - - 0 1,545 0.06
   Federal Democratic Union Paul Siwala 7 - - 0 1,315 0.05
   Zimbabwe Progressive People's Democratic Party Tafirenyika Mudavanhu 8 - - 0 1,047 0.04
   Zimbabwe African National Union – Ndonga Wilson Kumbila 2 - - 0 756 0.03
   Zimbabwe Development Party Kisinoti Mukwazhe 9 - - 0 608 0.03
   Patriotic Union of MaNdebeleland Leonard Nkala 7 - - 0 523 0.02
   Christian Democratic Party William Gwata 2 - - 0 233 0.01
   Zimbabwe African People's Union - Federal Party Sikhumbuzo Dube 1 - - 0 195 0.00
   ZURD Madechiwe Collias 1 - - 0 112 0.00
   Voice of the People/Vox Populi Moreprecision Muzadzi 2 - - 0 63 0.00
   Zimbabwe Youth in Alliance Moses Mutyasira 1 - - 0 7 0.00
   Independents 104 1 1 1 54,254 2.25
   Presidential appointees[2] - 20 20 - - -
   Ex-officio members (Chiefs)[2] - 10 10 - - -
Total 773 150 150 210 2,421,973 100%
Source: Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (The Herald)

Jacob Mudenda has been Speaker of the House of Assembly since September 2013.

Previous House of Assembly election results[edit]

Political Party Election Year
1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) 57 64 117 118 62 78
Patriotic Front - Zimbabwe African People's Union (PF-ZAPU) 20 15 - - - -
Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) - - - - 57 41
Zimbabwe African National Union - Ndonga (ZANU-Ndonga) - - 1 2 1 -
Rhodesian Front (RF) 20 - - - - -
United African National Council (UANC) 3 - - - - -
Conservative Alliance of Zimbabwe (CAZ) - 15 - - - -
Independent Zimbabwe Group (IZG) - 4 - - - -
Zimbabwe Unity Movement (ZUM) - - 2 - - -
Zimbabwe Youth in Alliance (ZYA) - - - - - -
Zimbabwe People's Democratic Party (ZPDP) - - - - - -
Presidential appointees - - - - - 20
Ex officio members (Chiefs) - - - - - 20
Independent - - - - - 1
Total 100 100 120 120 120 150

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carole Gombakomba, "Zimbabwe's Mugabe Finalizes Constitutional Amendment On Elections", VOA News, November 1, 2007.
  2. ^ a b After the recent Constitutional reform in Zimbabwe, presidential appointees and ex-officio members may no longer hold seats in the House of Assembly