Humanitarian aid during the Syrian Civil War

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International humanitarian aid for the Syrian Civil is coordinated by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) in accordance with General Assembly Resolution 46/182.[1] The primary framework for this coordination is the Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan (SHARP) which appealed for USD 1.41 billion in 2013 to meet the humanitarian needs of Syrians affected by the conflict.[2] The official United Nations data on the humanitarian situation and response is available online.[3] UNOCHA also provides information to the affected population in Arabic on Facebook[4] and in English on Twitter.[5]

Humanitarian assistance to refugees and their host communities in the countries neighboring Syria is coordinated by the United Nations Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator. Within these countries the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), also known as the UN Refugee Agency, is mandated to protect and support Syrian refugees in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country. The main framework for coordinating the refugee response is the Syria Regional Response Plan (RRP).[6] Detailed and up-to-date information on the refugee situation can be accessed on the Inter-agency Information Sharing Portal,[7] which is maintained by UNHCR.

Outside the SHARP and the RRP mechanism, the ICRC, in partnership with the Syrian Arab Red Crescent, has been providing water, food, medical materials and other items to millions people affected by the fighting.[8]

Humanitarian response[edit]

  • USAID and other government agencies in US delivered nearly $385 million of aid items to Syria in 2012 and 2013. The United States is providing food aid, medical supplies, emergency and basic health care, shelter materials, clean water, hygiene education and supplies, and other relief supplies.[9] Islamic Relief has stocked 30 hospitals and sent hundreds of thousands of medical and food parcels.[10]
  • Iran has been exporting between 500 and 800 tonnes of flour daily, by sea and land, to Syria.[11]
  • According to Israeli media, 700 wounded Syrians have been treated in Israel by February 2013. According to rebels, this number includes 250 opposition fighters.[12] The Israel Defense Forces grants special permits for Syrians who are critically injured to enter Israel and obtain the necessary medical treatment; the IDF escorts them to and from the hospital.[13] The majority of the injured Syrians have been sent to the Ziv Medical Center in Safed, where the director of the trauma center stated: "we don’t know who we’re treating, armed or not armed, wearing uniform or not wearing uniform. Because of the critical condition in which many of them arrive, we don’t question who they are. It is irrelevant. They are patients and are treated with the best measures we have in the hospital. Everyone gets the same treatment".[13] The Israel Defense Forces also set up a field hospital along the border to help treat less threatening injuries.[14][15]
  • On 26 April 2013 a humanitarian convoy, inspired by Gaza Flotilla, departed from Turkey to Syria. Called Hayat (Life), it is set to deliver aid items to IDPs inside Syria and refugees in neighboring countries: Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt.[16]
  • The World Health Organization has reported that 35% of the country's hospitals are out of service and, depending upon the region, up to 70% of the health care professionals have fled. Cases of diarrhoea and hepatitis-A have increased by more than twofold since the beginning of the year. Due to the fighting the normal vaccination programs cannot be undertaken. The displaced refugees also may pose a risk to the countries to which they have fled.[17]

Financial response[edit]

Financial assistance provided in response to the Syria conflict is tracked by UNOCHA through the Financial Tracking Service (FTS). FTS is a global, real-time database which records all reported international humanitarian aid (including that for NGOs and the Red Cross / Red Crescent Movement, bilateral aid, in-kind aid, and private donations). As at 18 September 2013 the top ten donors to Syria were: United States, European Commission, Kuwait, United Kingdom, Germany, Norway,[18] Canada, Japan, Australia and Saudi Arabia. As at 18 September 2013, assistance provided to the Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan (SHARP): January - December 2013 was USD661,049,938; with funding for the Syria Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRP): January - December 2013 being $1,278,253,343.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly: A/RES/46/182; Strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian emergency assistance of the United Nations
  2. ^ "Syrian Arab Republic : Revised Syria Humanitarian Assistance Response Plan : January-December 2013". Reliefweb.int. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  3. ^ "Syria Crisis Overview". Syria.unocha.org. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  4. ^ "‫مكتب الأمم المتحدة لتنسيق الشؤون الإنسانية في سوريا | Facebook". Facebook.com. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  5. ^ "OCHA Syria (OCHA_Syria) on Twitter". Twitter.com. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  6. ^ "Syria Regional Response Plan (January to December 2013) - Lebanon | ReliefWeb". Reliefweb.int. 2013-06-07. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  7. ^ "Syria Regional Refugee Response - Regional Overview". Data.unhcr.org. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  8. ^ "The ICRC in Syria". ICRC. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  9. ^ "USAID / SYRIA". Usaid.gov. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  10. ^ "SYRIAN HUMANITARIAN RELIEF". Irusa.org. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  11. ^ "Iran sending tonnes of flour daily to Syria: report". Globalpost.com. 3 March 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  12. ^ "Revealed: how Syrian rebels seek medical help from an unlikely source in Israel". 2014-01-12. Retrieved 2014-01-17. 
  13. ^ a b "Israeli doctors save Syrian lives". Israel121c.org. 2013-06-26. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  14. ^ Ginsburg, Mitch (2013-07-08). "Wounded Syrian shuttled to Safed hospital". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  15. ^ "Israel may be operating in Syria". GlobalPost. 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  16. ^ "Humanitarian aid convoy departs to help Syrian refugees". Worldbulletin.net. 27 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-29. 
  17. ^ "BBC News - WHO warns of Syria disease threat". Bbc.co.uk. 2013-06-04. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  18. ^ "Norway to contribute to destruction of Syrian chemical weapons and to increase assistance to Syria and neighbouring countries". Regjeringen.no. 2013-11-14. Retrieved 2013-12-07. 
  19. ^ "Country: Syrian Arab Republic 2013". Fts.unocha.org. Retrieved 2013-12-07.