Inyokern, California

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Inyokern
census-designated place
Inyokern entrance sign
Inyokern entrance sign
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Coordinates: 35°38′49″N 117°48′45″W / 35.64694°N 117.81250°W / 35.64694; -117.81250Coordinates: 35°38′49″N 117°48′45″W / 35.64694°N 117.81250°W / 35.64694; -117.81250
Country  United States
State  California
County Kern
Government
 • Senate Roy Ashburn (R)
 • Assembly Jean Fuller (R)
 • U. S. Congress Kevin McCarthy (R)
Area[1]
 • Total 10.918 sq mi (28.279 km2)
 • Land 10.917 sq mi (28.276 km2)
 • Water 0.001 sq mi (0.003 km2)  0.01%
Elevation[2] 2,434 ft (742 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,099
 • Density 100/sq mi (39/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 93527
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-36658
GNIS feature ID 0243875

Inyokern (formerly, Siding 16 and Magnolia)[3] is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kern County, California, United States. Inyokern is located 8 miles (13 km) west of Ridgecrest,[3] at an elevation of 2434 feet (742 m).[2] It is on the western side of the Indian Wells Valley. The population was 1,099 at the 2010 census, up from 984 at the 2000 census. It was a railroad town established along the Southern Pacific railroad Lone Pine Branch (now removed). It is served by Inyokern Airport.

Geography[edit]

Inyokern is located at 35°38′49″N 117°48′45″W / 35.64694°N 117.81250°W / 35.64694; -117.81250.[2] It lies in Indian Wells Valley, with the eastern slopes of the Sierra Nevada rising to the west.

It is on U.S. Route 395, the main north-south artery, connecting the Inland Empire to Reno, Nevada. US 395 also connects Inyokern to Los Angeles via State Route 14 through Palmdale.

State Route 178, the main east-west artery, connects Inyokern to Bakersfield, the county seat, via Lake Isabella in the west, and to Death Valley via Ridgecrest in the east.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 10.9 square miles (28 km2), over 99% of it land.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Inyokern had a population of 1,099. The population density was 100.7 people per square mile (38.9/km²). The racial makeup of Inyokern was 930 (84.6%) White, 14 (1.3%) African American, 24 (2.2%) Native American, 25 (2.3%) Asian, 2 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 49 (4.5%) from other races, and 55 (5.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 116 persons (10.6%).

The Census reported that 1,099 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 484 households, out of which 111 (22.9%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 219 (45.2%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 38 (7.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 21 (4.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 29 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 4 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 179 households (37.0%) were made up of individuals and 73 (15.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27. There were 278 families (57.4% of all households); the average family size was 3.01.

The population was spread out with 222 people (20.2%) under the age of 18, 74 people (6.7%) aged 18 to 24, 201 people (18.3%) aged 25 to 44, 406 people (36.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 196 people (17.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.2 years. For every 100 females there were 108.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.8 males.

There were 537 housing units at an average density of 49.2 per square mile (19.0/km²), of which 355 (73.3%) were owner-occupied, and 129 (26.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.7%. 776 people (70.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 323 people (29.4%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 984 people, 418 households, and 270 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 88.9 people per square mile (34.3/km²). There were 519 housing units at an average density of 46.9 per square mile (18.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 87.70% White, 0.41% Black or African American, 4.88% Native American, 2.24% Asian, 1.02% from other races, and 3.76% from two or more races. 6.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 418 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 24.2% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 30.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 104.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $35,046, and the median income for a family was $41,500. Males had a median income of $50,938 versus $33,889 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $21,707. About 10.5% of families and 20.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Meteorology[edit]

The meteorology in Inyokern, California is predominantly influenced by its high desert location. The climate is characterized by hot days and cool nights with extremely arid conditions prevailing throughout the summer months. The mean annual temperature for the Inyokern area is 70F degrees. There are wide annual temperature fluctuations that occur from a high of 118F degrees to a low of 8F degrees.

January is the coolest month with an average maximum temperature of 47°F and an average minimum temperature of 22°F. The all-time minimum temperature of -12°F was recorded on December 23, 1972, and January 7, 1973. Inyokern is a desert, with an average of less than 5 inches of "equivalent rainfall" per year, which includes less than 2 inches of snow.

July is the hottest month with an average maximum temperature of 108°F and an average minimum temperature of 80°F. The all-time maximum temperature of 118°F was recorded on July 31, 1985,

History[edit]

Inyokern was founded in the mid 19th century as a small agrarian community located in the northernmost corner of the Mojave Desert. It expanded during construction of the Owens Valley aqueduct.[3] The first post office opened in 1910.[3] The Inyokern Elementary School was founded in 1913, and though the sign might make one think that the first building is still in use, the original three small one-room buildings with pit toilets were replaced in the mid-1930s by a much larger building with a stage and indoor facilities. (This building was demolished in the early 1970s.) In the 1930s, half a dozen irrigated farms were scattered around Indian Wells Valley, growing mostly alfalfa and livestock. Community events were held in Inyokern Hall, which still stands.

With the onset of World War II the Department of the Navy located its new warfare center in Inyokern. This accounts for the length of the runways and the size of the county airport in the town. The military base was subsequently moved to the east 12 miles (19 km) and the city of Ridgecrest was born as a commercial support center for that base.

Today Inyokern serves as a sparsely populated bedroom community for those workers on the military base and in the town of Ridgecrest desiring a more rural lifestyle or those who cannot afford housing in Ridgecrest.

The town infrastructure consists of two churches, a post office, market and gas station, hardware store, welding and blacksmith shop, a county park with living grass and trees, two restaurants, a motel, an autobody shop and several antique shops. In the 1990s the building which formerly housed the library was demolished and replaced by a Senior Citizen's Center. Inyokern also has a California Highway Patrol substation and a Caltrans road maintenance center. The town water and sewer system is managed by the Community Services Center. The population of the town peaked in approximately 1988 following a period of expansion on the nearby Naval base, but has dwindled since that time, and many properties were abandoned during the military downsizing of the 1990s. Until the 1990s, the main commercial block of the town along highway 178 was a somewhat picturesque street of older buildings constructed of fitted local rocks and bricks, including a vintage post office, and cafe, 3 bars, and a small Chinese restaurant. This street was sometimes used in filming Hollywood westerns. This block was bulldozed to clear land for a planned truck stop and travel plaza.

Environment[edit]

Characterized by extreme aridity, Inyokern is situated in a wide valley at the base of the eastern escarpment of the Sierra Nevada mountain range. Rugged mountains more than 9,000 ft (2743 m) in elevation west of the area create a pronounced rain-shadow effect, resulting in a shrub-steppe habitat zone with annual rainfall of less than 3 inches (76 mm). The flora of the valley floor consists primarily of Creosote Bush (Larrea tridentata), Burrobush (Ambrosia dumosa), and several varieties of native bunch grasses. The transition zone of the nearby foothills also contain mixtures of Pinion Pine, Joshua tree forests, and concentrated riparian habitat surrounding the small streams descending from the mountain peaks. Wildlife ranges from black bear, mountain lion, and White Tail deer in the mountain and transition zones to the kangaroo rat and the endangered desert tortoise on the valley floor. A special note on the local wildlife is the local subspecies of rattlesnake, the Mojave rattlesnake (also called the Mojave green rattlesnake). This snake, which is common in the area, produces pit viper venom common to the general species but also produces a neuro-toxin that paralyzes the victim within 15 minutes. Fortunately the subspecies is docile and a fatal bite is rare.

Unique features[edit]

Inyokern has the highest insolation of any locale on the North American continent, having over 355 days of sunshine each year.[citation needed]

The town is home to the past and current world champion musical saw players.[6]

The Inyokern Airport is a popular location for car commercials, the grand Sierra Nevada Mountains for the backdrop.[citation needed]

Indigenous animals that can be found in the valley floor are kit foxes, coyotes, bobcats, and roadrunners. Bears and Mountain Lions occasionally come down from the adjacent Sierra Nevada Mountains looking for food.[citation needed]

Notable locations[edit]

  • Inyokern Airport / SkyWest Airlines
  • Inyokern Town Hall
  • Inyokern Senior Citizens Building

Churches[edit]

  • Bethel Missionary Baptist Church
  • Inyokern Baptist Church
  • Inyokern Community Methodist Church

Media[edit]

Inyokern is served by two newspapers, The Daily Independent and the News Review, as well as a mixture of local broadcast stations and repeaters from radio and TV stations based in Los Angeles, California. The repeaters are operated by the IWV TV Booster

AM radio stations[edit]

[7]

  • KIRN (670 AM; 35 kW; SIMI VALLEY, CA; Owner: LOTUS OXNARD CORP.)
  • KLOA (1240 AM; 1 kW; RIDGECREST, CA; Owner: ADELMAN COMMUNICATIONS INC)
  • KLAC (570 AM; 50 kW; LOS ANGELES, CA; Owner: AMFM RADIO LICENSES, L.L.C.)
  • KSPN (710 AM; 50 kW; LOS ANGELES, CA; Owner: KABC-AM RADIO, INC.)
  • KWDJ (1360 AM; 1 kW; RIDGECREST, CA)
  • KMJ (580 AM; 50 kW; FRESNO, CA; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • KFI (640 AM; 50 kW; LOS ANGELES, CA; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • KPLS (830 AM; 50 kW; ORANGE, CA; Owner: CRN LICENSES, LLC)
  • KFWB (980 AM; 50 kW; LOS ANGELES, CA; Owner: INFINITY BROADCASTING OPERATIONS, INC.)
  • KDIS (1110 AM; 50 kW; PASADENA, CA; Owner: ABC,INC.)
  • KTNQ (1020 AM; 50 kW; LOS ANGELES, CA; Owner: KTNQ-AM LICENSE CORP.)
  • KERI (1180 AM; 50 kW; WASCO-GREENACRES, CA; Owner: KWSO, INC.)
  • KWRU (940 AM; 50 kW; FRESNO, CA)

FM radio stations[edit]

  • KZIQ-FM (92.7 FM; RIDGECREST, CA; Owner: JAMES KNUDSEN & DONNA KNUDSEN)
  • KLOA-FM (104.9 FM; RIDGECREST, CA; Owner: ADELMAN COMMUNICATIONS, INC.)
  • KRAJ (100.9 FM; JOHANNESBURG, CA; Owner: ADELMAN BROADCASTING INC.)
  • KGBM (89.7 FM; RANDSBURG, CA; Owner: EDUCATIONAL MEDIA FOUNDATION)
  • K266AH (101.1 FM; BENA, CA; Owner: CALVARY CHAPEL OF TWIN FALLS, INC.)
  • KTQX (90.1 FM; BAKERSFIELD, CA; Owner: RADIO BILINGUE, INC.)
  • KMYX-FM (92.5 FM; ARVIN, CA; Owner: FARMWORKER EDUC. RADIO NETWORK, INC.)
  • KKZQ (100.1 FM; TEHACHAPI, CA; Owner: HIGH DESERT BROADCASTING LLC)
  • KVLI-FM (104.5 FM; LAKE ISABELLA, CA; Owner: ROBERT J. AND KATHERINE M. BOHN)
  • KCNQ (102.5 FM; KERNVILLE, CA; Owner: ROBERT J. & KATHERINE M. BOHN)
  • K218DU (90.9 FM; RIDGECREST, CA; Owner: CALVARY CHAPEL OF TWIN FALLS, INC.)
  • KCEL (106.9 FM; CALIFORNIA CITY, CA; Owner: KCEL RADIO, LLC)
  • K206CO (89.1 FM; RIDGECREST, CA; Owner: EDUCATIONAL MEDIA FOUNDATION)

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Inyokern, California
  3. ^ a b c d Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 1050. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  4. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Jim Leonard Musical Saw Specialist
  7. ^ "City-data - Inyokern-radio stations". analyzed data from numerous sources. Retrieved 2009-03-17.