James (name)

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This article is about the given name James. For the surname, see James (surname). For other uses, see James (disambiguation).
James
Pronunciation /ˈmz/ or /ˈms/
Gender Male
Origin
Meaning Supplanter
Other names
Related names Iacomus, Jaime, Jamie, Giacomo, Jacob, Seumas, Séamus, Hamish, Jimmy, Jim, Jaimie, Diego, Diogo, Tiago, Jimbo

James came into the English language from the Old French variation James[1] of the late Latin name Iacomus. This was a dialect variant of Iacobus, from the New Testament Greek Ἰάκωβος (Iákōbos), from Hebrew יעקב (Yaʻaqov) (Jacob). The development Iacobus > Iacomus is likely a result of nasalization of the o and assimilation to the following b (i.e., intermediate *Iacombus) followed by simplification of the cluster mb through loss of the b. Diminutives include: Jim, Jimmy, Jimmie, Jamie, Jimbo, and others.

Cognates[edit]

  • Albanian: Jakup, Jakub, Jakob or Jakov
  • Alemannic: Köbi, Chöbi, Jockel, Jakobli (diminutive), Jockeli (diminutive), Joggi
  • Amharic: ያዕቆብ (Ya‘əqob)
  • Arabic: يعقوب (Yaʻqub)
  • Armenian: Յակոբ in classical orthography and Հակոբ in reformed orthography (Western: Hagop, Eastern: Hakob)
  • Asturian: Diegu, Xacobu, Xaime
  • Azerbaijani: Yaqub
  • Basque: Jakes, Jakobe (feminized), Jakue, Jagoba, Jago (diminutive)
  • Belarusian: Jakub, Якуб (Yakub), Jakaŭ, Якаў (Yakaw)
  • Biblical Hebrew: Yaakov
  • Bosnian: Jakub
  • Breton: Jagu, Jagut, Jacut, Jak, Jakes, Jakez, Jakezig, Jakou
  • Bulgarian: Яков (Yakov)
  • Catalan: Jaume, Xaume, Jacme, Jacob, Dídac, Santiago
  • Chinese Simplified: 詹姆斯 (Zhānmǔsī)
  • Chinese Traditional: 詹姆斯 (Zhānmǔsī)
  • Cornish: Jago, Jammes, Jamma
  • Croatian: Jakov, Jakob, Jakša
  • Czech: Jakub, Jakoubek (diminutive), Kuba (diminutive), Kubík (diminutive), Kubíček (diminutive), Kubas (informal, uncommon), Kubes (informal, uncommon), Kubis (informal, uncommon), Kubi (informal, uncommon)
  • Danish: Jakob, Jeppe, Ib.
  • Dutch: Jacob, Jacobus, Jakob, Cobus, Coos, Jaap, Kobe, Kobus, Koos, Sjaak, Sjakie
  • English:
    • Jacob
    • Jakob (uncommon, by way of German, Yiddish, etc.)
    • Jacoby (rare, chiefly American, and originally a surname)
    • Jake, Jakey (diminutive)
    • Jack, Jacky, Jackie (diminutive, chiefly British)
    • Coby/Koby (diminutive, uncommon, chiefly American)
    • Jamie (diminutive, found in all primarily English-speaking lands, U.K., Ireland, Canada, U.S.A., etc.)
    • Jaime/Jaimie (diminutive, uncommon, chiefly American, and by way of Spanish)
    • Jim
    • Jimmy/Jimmi/Jimi (diminutive)
    • Jimbo (diminutive)
    • Jambo
    • Jay
    • Jamesy
    • Jem (diminutive, also taken as a diminutive for Jeremiah, Jeremy or Jemma)
    • Jacqueline/Jaqueline (feminized, by way of French)
    • Jacqui/Jaqui (feminized diminutive), Jackie (feminized diminutive, chiefly American), Jacki (feminized diminutive)
    • Jamie/Jamey/Jami (feminized).
  • Estonian: Jakob, Jaakob, Jaagup, Jaak
  • Faroese: Jákup
  • Filipino: Jaimé
  • Finnish: Jaakko, Jaska, Jimi
  • French: Jacques, Jacqueline (feminized), James, Jammes, Jacob, Jacquot (diminutive), Jacot (diminutive), Jacotte (feminized), Jaco (diminutive), Jack (diminutive), Jacky (diminutive), Jacq (diminutive), Jacquy (diminutive).
  • Friulian: Jacum
  • Galician: Xaime, Iago, Diego, Xacobe
  • Georgian: იაკობ (Iakob), კობა (Koba)
  • German: Jakob, Jeckel (diminutive), Jaeckel (diminutive), Köbes (diminutive), Jackl (Bavarian diminutive)
  • Greek: Ιακώβ (Iakov, in the Septuagint), Ιάκωβος (Iakovos, New Testament, Γιακουμής (Yakoumis, colloquial, possibly also from Ιωακείμ (Joachim)), Ιακωβίνα (Iakovina, feminized), Γιάγκος (Yangos, probably through Slavic languages, possibly also from Ιωάννης/Γιάννης [Ioannis/Yannis, John]), Ζάκης or Ζακ (Zakis or Zak, French-sounding). James (and so Jim and Jimmy) are anglicized from the Greek name Dimitri as used by the Greek diaspora in the USA, even though the names are etymologically unrelated.
  • Hawaiian: Kimo, Iakopo
  • Hebrew: יעקב (Ya'aqov),קובי (Kobi : diminutive from Ya'akov), ג'קי (Jacky : diminutive from Ya'akov) יענקל'ה (Yankele - probably through Yiddish)
  • Hindi: जेम्स (Jēmsa)
  • Hungarian: Jakab
  • Icelandic: Jakob
  • Indonesian: Yakobus
  • Irish: Séamas/Seumas/Séamus, Shéamais (vocative, whence Anglicised: Hamish), Seamus(anglicized), Shamus (anglicized), Séimí (diminutive), Séimín (diminutive), Iacób
  • Italian: Giacomo, Iacopo or Jacopo, Giacobbe
  • Japanese: ジェームズ (Jēmuzu), ジェイムズ (Jeimuzu)
  • Jerriais: Jimce
  • Kannada: ಜೇಮ್ಸ್ (Jēms)
  • Kazakh: Жақып (Zhaqip, Jacob), Якуб (Yakub, Yacoob)
  • Korean: Yagobo (야고보)
  • Late Roman: Iacomus, Jacobus
  • Latin: Iacobus, Iacomus (vulgarized)
  • Latvian: Jēkabs, Jākubs, Jakobs, Jakovs
  • Lithuanian: Jokūbas
  • Macedonian: Јаков (Yakov)
  • Malay: يعقوب (Ya'qub), Ya'kub, Yakub
  • Malayalam: Chacko, Jacob (pronounced Yah-kohb)
  • Maltese: Ġakbu, Ġakmu, Jakbu
  • Mandarin: 雅各 (yǎgè)
  • Manx: Jayms
  • Māori: Hemi
  • Northern Sami: Jáhkot
  • Norwegian: Jakob, Jeppe
  • Occitan: Jacme (pronounced Jamme), Jaume, Jammes (surname, pronounced Jamme), James (surname, pronounced Jamme)
  • Persian: یعقوب, جیمز
  • Polish: Jakub, Kuba, Kubuś (diminutive)
  • Portuguese: Jacó (O.T. form), Jacob, Jaime, Iago, Tiago (contracted form — used in the N.T.), Diogo. Used only in Brazil: Thiago (Brazilian "anglicized" spelling), Diego, Jaqueline (fem.)
  • Provençal: Jacme
  • Punjabi: ਜੇਮਸ (Jēmasa)
  • Romanian: Iacob, Iacov
  • Russian: Иаков (Iakov) (archaic O.T. form), Яков (Yakov,Iakov), Яша (Yasha) (diminutive)
  • Samoan: Iakopo, Semisi, Simi (Jim)
  • Sardinian: Giagu (Logudorese), Iacu (Nuorese)
  • Scots: Jeams, Jeames, Jamie
  • Scottish Gaelic: Seumas, Sheumais (vocative), Hamish (anglicized)
  • Serbian (Cyrillic/Latinic): Јаков/Jakov (Yakov); Јакша/Jakša (Yaksha); Јаша/Jaša (Yasha) (diminutive)
  • Sinhala: Diogu, Santhiyago
  • Slovak: Jakub, Kubo, Kubko (diminutive), Jakubko (diminutive)
  • Slovene: Jakob, Jaka
  • Spanish: Jaime, Jacobo, Diego, Santiago
  • Swahili: Yakobo
  • Swedish: Jakob
  • Syriac: ܝܰܥܩܽܘܒ (Yaqub)
  • Tagalog: Jaime
  • Tamil: ஜேம்ஸ் (Jēms)
  • Telugu: జేమ్స్ (Jēms)
  • Thai: เจมส์ (Jame, Cems̄̒)
  • Turkish: Yakup, Yakub, Jakob
  • Ukrainian: Яків (Yakiv)
  • Urdu: جیمز
  • Welsh: Iago, Siâms
  • Yiddish: יעקב (Yʻqb), Kapel, Koppel, Yankel

Popularity[edit]

James was the most common male name in the United States in 1990.[2] Likewise, in Northern Ireland, the name has appeared among the 10 most popular for the last quarter of the 20th century and into the 21st.[3]

It is currently the fifth most common name in the United States. 1/32 of all Americans are named James (3.1%).[citation needed]

In 2013, it was the eighth most popular name for boys in Australia.[4]

In England and Wales, James has been one of the Top 20 most commonly-given male names since at least 1954 and in the Top 10 since at least 1974.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harper, Douglas. "James". Online Etymological Dictionary. Douglas Harper. Retrieved 15 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Frequently Occurring First Names and Surnames From the 1990 Census, Site for locating the frequency of a given name in the 1990 U.S. Census, US Census Bureau
  3. ^ "Jack and Emma were the most popular first names in Northern Ireland in 2003" (PDF) (Press release). Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. 2004-01-02. Retrieved 2008-02-14. "Only one of the top 10 boy's names in 1975 (James) is still in the top 10 in 2003...." 
  4. ^ "Australia’s 100 most popular baby names". Kidspot. April 2, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-10.