Jayaprakash Narayan (Lok Satta)
||This biographical article is written like a résumé. (May 2011)|
|President, Lok Satta Party|
|Member, Legislative Assembly, Andhra Pradesh, India|
|Constituency||Kukatpally, Hyderabad, India|
14 January 1956 |
Jayaprakash Narayan (born 14 January 1956), also known as JP, is an Indian politician, political reformer and columnist. He is the founder and the President of Lok Satta Party, and currently a Member of the Legislative Assembly from Kukatpally constituency in Andhra Pradesh in south-east India. He is also a former Indian public administrator. He is well known for his role in bringing electoral reforms and the Right to Information (RTI) act. He has also written columns in Indian newspapers, such as Times of India, The Economic Times, Financial Express, The Hindu and Eenadu, and hosted television shows covering elections and politics such as "Pratidhwani".
Jayaprakash Narayan was born on 14 January 1956, in Naghbir, Maharashtra and came to Godavarru Village at the age of 3, near Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh, to pursue his education in Telugu Medium. Then after the age of 7, he along with his parents moved to another village, Vemanda near Indupally, Krishna Dist. He joined Andhra Loyola College in 1969 for his intermediate education. He obtained his medical degree from Guntur Medical College.
Narayan joined public administration after making it to I.A.S. in 1980 standing all India topper[Rank 2]. He worked on agriculture, irrigation, technology and youth rehabilitation projects in various capacities and in various districts of Andhra Pradesh. Some of his achievements during his 16-year-long career in government include:
- rehabilitation of 8,000 youth from displaced families of the Visakhapatnam Steel Plant;
- designed the reconstruction of drainage and irrigation network in Krishna, [Prakasam] and Godavari deltas. He successfully mobilized the farmers on a large scale to take up irrigation schemes to bring more than two lakh acres under irrigation;
- strengthened the credit cooperatives by making them independent of government control;
- served as a Secretary to both the Governor and the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh N. T. Rama Rao.
He also has several major policy initiatives to his credit.
- Empowerment of parents in schools.
- Economic reforms and restructuring of AP.
- Development of the Infocity HITEC City (Hyderabad Information Technology Engineering Consultancy City) in Hyderabad to facilitate the growth of the software industry.
- Empowerment of local governments and stakeholders.
- Law for self-reliant cooperatives (1995).
Narayan's experience in the government convinced him that the faulty governance process is the biggest hurdle in India’s path of progress. He resigned from the I.A.S in 1996 so that he could work on the grassroots movement for good governance. Narayan talked about the efficacy of reforms in the governance, Economy of Andhra Pradesh among several other issues on various platforms in educational and political institutes. He emphasizes that democracy is for the people, of the people and by the people.
Political and administrative reforms
Narayan has served on the following panels:
- the National Advisory Council (NAC) for the implementation of the National Common Minimum Programme (CMP), July 2004 through August 2006
- Vigilance Advisory Council, constituted by the Central Vigilance Commission, November 2004
- Second Administrative Reforms Commission constituted by the Government of India in September 2005
- National Rural Health Mission of India Task Force, 2005 to 2007.
Foundation For Democratic Reforms
Narayan is the founder member of Foundation for Democratic Reforms(FDR) and currently serves as its general secretary. FDR is one of India's leading think-tanks and research-resource centers for formulating and promoting fundamental reforms in political, electoral and governance spheres and in critical areas of state policy.
Lok Satta Movement
Narayan started the Lok Satta Movement in 1996 to educate the citizens of India about voting, rights and government. Lok Satta, a non-partisan movement for democratic reforms in India, worked on various activities like election reforms, police reforms, right to information act and voter registration procedures. The movement initially started in Andhra Pradesh and later spread across the country, including Mumbai and the Vote JUHU campaigns.
Lok Satta is at the forefront of key initiatives like disclosure of candidate wealth and criminal history details, political funding reform, decriminalization of politics, improvement of electoral registration, comprehensive judicial reforms including local courts and national judicial commission and citizen's charters.
Narayan started the Lok Satta party on October 2, 2006 with clean politics, good governance and improvement of India as the main goals. When he launched the party, he stated that this party aimed to enrich the political scenario in India with its true spirit. He felt that it could be considered as an alternative to any other political party, since it aimed to create a true and faithful political picture in India without involving illegitimate money, liquor and caste in elections.
Andhra Pradesh 13th Assembly
Narayan is one of the local leaders in assembly proceedings. Some of the major contributions to Andhra Pradesh 13th assembly are:
- proposed the Anti Corruption Bill to amend the State's Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, to curb corruption in the state by including elected members under civil servants.
- advanced all party resolution to elect deputy speaker from opposition;
- opposed amendment to Andhra Pradesh Societies Act claiming that it is against the right to form unions as per the Constitution;
- opposed populist schemes in 2010, 2010 and 2011 Andhra Pradesh Budgets.
- pressed the need for gas grid and industrial development;
- condemned the demolition of statues on Tankbund;
- demanded investigation into land and natural resource allocation scams and provided evidences.
- "Another JP in search of a movement". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 28 March 2009.
- "Slum-dwellers may tilt the scales here". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 24 March 2009.
- "Corruption" (PDF), LokSatta.org.