Visakhapatnam district

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Visakhapatnam district
విశాఖపట్నం జిల్లా
Vizag district
District of Andhra Pradesh
Visakhapatnam
Scenic view at RK Beach of Visakhapatnam District
Visakhapatnam district Location in Andhra Pradesh, India (officially from 2 June 2014)
Visakhapatnam district Location in Andhra Pradesh, India (officially from 2 June 2014)
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Visakhapatnam
Headquarters Vishakhapatnam
Government
 • District collector Arokhyaraj Solmon IAS
 • Superintendent of police vikramjeet duggal IPS
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Website visakhapatnam.nic.in

Visakhapatnam district is an administrative division of Andhra Pradesh, India, with administrative headquarters at Visakhapatnam.

History[edit]

Buddhist era

Visakhapatnam history goes back to the 6th century BCE. Its name can be found in Hindu and Buddhist texts that date back to ancient times. Vizag, as Visakhapatnam is often referred to, has been mentioned by Panini and Katyayana in their writings of the fourth century BC. The city was also a part of the Kalinga kingdom, which was later conquered by the emperor Ashoka. Visakha District is a large Buddhist remnants hub with many sites documented and undocumented from north to south border of the district along the coast line.

After independence

In 1979, part of the district was split to help form Vizianagaram district.[1] Visakhapatnam District is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Fog on Ghat road to Paderu in Visakhapatnam District

According to the 2011 census Visakhapatnam district has a population of 4,288,113,[3] roughly equal to the nation of New Zealand[4] or the US state of Kentucky.[5] This gives it a ranking of 44th in India (out of a total of 640) and 5th in its state.[3] The district has a population density of 384 inhabitants per square kilometre (990 /sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.89%.[3] Visakhapatnam has a sex ratio of 1003 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 67.7%.[3]

Visakhapatnam district has a population of 4,288,113 people of which 57.95% is urban as of 2011 census.[1]

Population 4,288,113
Males 2,140,872
Females 2,147,241
Growth(1991–2001) 15.36%
Rural 2250655
Urban 2037458
Scheduled Caste Population 291,219 (7.6%)
Scheduled Tribe population 557,572 (14.55%)

Geography[edit]

Districts of Andhra Pradesh

Visakhapatnam district occupies an area of approximately 11,161 square kilometres (4,309 sq mi),[6] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Cape Breton Island.[7]

Climate

Climate data for Visakhapatnam
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.9
(84)
31.3
(88.3)
33.8
(92.8)
35.3
(95.5)
36.2
(97.2)
35.3
(95.5)
32.9
(91.2)
32.7
(90.9)
32.5
(90.5)
31.7
(89.1)
30.4
(86.7)
28.9
(84)
32.5
(90.5)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
19.9
(67.8)
23.0
(73.4)
26.1
(79)
27.7
(81.9)
27.3
(81.1)
26.1
(79)
26.0
(78.8)
25.6
(78.1)
24.3
(75.7)
21.6
(70.9)
18.6
(65.5)
23.7
(74.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 11.4
(0.449)
7.7
(0.303)
7.5
(0.295)
27.6
(1.087)
57.8
(2.276)
105.6
(4.157)
134.6
(5.299)
141.2
(5.559)
174.8
(6.882)
204.3
(8.043)
65.3
(2.571)
7.9
(0.311)
945.7
(37.232)
Source: [8]

Economy[edit]

Visakhapatnam district is the central hub for industry and education in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Visakhapatnam district hosts the Vizag Steel Plant.

Household indicators

In 2007–2008, the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1,233 households in 30 villages across the district.[9] They found that 82.1% had access to electricity, 73.9% had drinking water, 42.6% toilet facilities, and 43.8% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[9] 22.6% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[10] and 73.8% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[9]

Divisions[edit]

Constituencies

There are three parliamentary and 15 assembly constituencies in Visakhapatnam district. The parliamentary constituencies are Anakapalli, Visakhapatnam and Araku Valley. The assembly constituencies are[11] Anakapalli, [Bheemunipatnam]], Chodavaram, Elamanchili, Madugula, Narsipatnam, Paderu, Pendurthi, Payakaraopeta, Araku Valley, Visakhapatnam East, Visakhapatnam West, Visakhapatnam North, Visakhapatnam South and Gajuwaka.

Mandals

There are 43 mandals in Visakhapatnam district.[12]

Note:(R)-Rural, (U)-Urban

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh government is seriously considering building a new International Airport because of the region's growing importance. Also, a second major port called Gangavaram on the southern side of Dolphin's Nose is stepping up to cater the needs of imports and exports.

Buddhist Holy relic sites map of Andhra Pradesh includes Pavurallakonda, Bavikonda, Bojjannakonda and Kotturu Dhanadibbalu from Visakhapatnam district

Culture[edit]

"Vijay Diwas" is a holiday celebrated by the Indian Navy in Visakhapatnam as a victory over Pakistan in 1971, when a submarine marauded[original research?] the entire coast and entered the waters of the port of Vizag with the intention of destroying the port.[original research?] The submarine was sunk by the Indian navy.[citation needed] Every December, from the third Friday to Sunday, an exclusive three-day festival brings to life the arts, crafts, culture and cuisine of Visakhapatnam.

Tourist spots[edit]

Hindu Pilgrimage sites map of Andhra Pradesh
Beautifully lit Borra Caves
Boats at Bhimili(Bheemunipatnam) beach Visakhapatnam District
  • Visakhapatnam is famous for its natural harbour, Ship building unit, Steel plant, Oil refineries, Dolphin's Nose Hills, and Ramakrishna beach. Rushikonda beach. It is industrial city in Andhra pradesh.
  • Bhimunipatnam is 40 KM from Visakhapatnam and is famous for its natural sea port. Old Dutch Constructions and Buddhist Monastery Ruins
  • Simhachalam lies in the outskirts of main city. It is famous for the Sri varaha narasimha swami temple.
  • Araku Valley is 112 KM away from Visakhapatnam. It is famous for the scenic beauty it offers to the travelers by Train or Road. The area of the valley is roughly 36 km², and the altitude is between 600 and 900 meters above sea level. It is renowned for its association with the Tribal culture & customs.
  • Thotlakonda lies to the north of Visakhapatnam which consists of a Buddhist Monastic Complex remnants and rock cut cisterns on the hilltop at mangamaripeta.
  • Bavikonda is another famous Hilltop Buddhist Monastic Complex remnant site near to Thotlakonda along the beach road to Bhimili from Vizag
  • Gudilova is famous for the temple of Lord shiva and Lord Ranganatha swamy located on a small hillock between two big hills in outskirts of Visakha city along the eastern Ghats, it is a natural picnic spot also. Located on the state highway of Pendurthi and 7 km from Anandapuram of Visakhapatnam.
  • The Borra Caves, also called Borra Guhalu (Telugu: బొర్రా గుహలు, in Telugu language ‘Borra’ means something that has bored into the ground and ‘guhalu’ means caves), are located on the East Coast of India, in the Ananthagiri hills of the Araku valley.
  • The Kondakarla Ava, One of the largest freshwater lake in the country and cradled in the foothills of the Eastern Ghats,the lake Konda Karla-Ava is situated at 50 Kilometer from Vizag on sankaram (Buddhist Place)- Etikoppaka (Craft Village)- Kondakarla Ava Circuit. Kondakarla Ava is the second largest fresh water lake in the state. It has been recognized as Eco Tourism destination. Kondakarla Ava is home to an array of flora and fauna. As Soon as you enter Kondakarla Ava The scenic beauty takes you over. The tranquil waters of a lake surrounded by coconut trees on one side and green hills all around provide a great escape from the air and sound pollutions. It was a popular holiday resort of the Vizianagaram Maharajas and the British in the pre-independence era.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "New Zealand 4,290,347 July 2011 est." 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Kentucky 4,339,367" 
  6. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  7. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Cape Breton Island 10,311km2" 
  8. ^ "Visakhapatnam". India Meteorological Department. May 2011. Retrieved 2010-03-26. 
  9. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  10. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. "To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females." 
  11. ^ District-wise Assembly Constituencies in Andhra Pradesh
  12. ^ "Mandals in Visakhapatnam district". AP State Portal. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 

External links[edit]