Jean-Louis Pierrot

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Jean-Louis Pierrot
Jean-Louis Pierrot.jpg
5th President of Haiti
In office
April 16, 1845 – March 1, 1846
Preceded by Philippe Guerrier
Succeeded by Jean-Baptiste Riché
Personal details
Born 1761
Acul-du-Nord, Saint-Domingue
Died February 18, 1857 (aged 95 or 96)
Acul-du-Nord, Haiti
Spouse(s) Cécile Fatiman, Louisa Genevieve Coidavid

Jean-Louis Michel Pierrot (1761 – February 18, 1857) was a career officer and general in the Haitian Army and President of Haiti from April 16, 1845 to March 1, 1846.[1]

During the period of the Haitian Kingdom, Henri Christophe (Henry I) promoted Pierrot to the rank of Lieutenant General in the Army and granted him the hereditary title of Prince.[citation needed]

Pierrot was elected president of Haiti by the Council of State on April 16, 1845, the day after the death of Philippe Guerrier.[1] As President of Haiti, he was intended to be a figurehead for the mulatto ruling class.[citation needed] Pierrot's most pressing duty as the new president was to check the incursions of the Dominicans, who were harassing the Haitian troops along the borders.[1] Dominican boats were also making depredations on Haiti's coasts.[1] President Pierrot decided to open a campaign against the Dominicans, whom he considered merely as insurgents.[1] Haitians, however, were not inclined to go to war with their neighbors, and were unwilling to support the President's views.[1]

Furthermore, Pierrot had displeased the army by conferring military rank on the leaders of the peasants of the Sud Department and on many of their followers.[1] In addition, the inhabitants of the towns of this department felt uneasy regarding the tendencies of Pierrot, who had appointed Jean-Jacques Acaau, the former terrorist of Cayes, as Commandant of the Anse-à-Veau Arrondissement.[1] Fearing a peasant revolt, the townsmen decided to divest Pierrot of his office.[1] In consequence, on March 1, 1846, General Jean-Baptiste Riché was proclaimed President of the Republic at Port-au-Prince.[1] On that same day, Pierrot resigned and retired to his plantation called Camp-Louise, where he led a quiet and peaceful life.[1]

Pierrot died on February 18, 1857.[1]

Pierrot's daughter, Marie Louise Amélia Célestine (Princess Pierrot), in 1845 married Lieutenant-General Pierre Nord Alexis, a provincial governor under Emperor Faustin I, who later became Haitian Minister for War from 1867 to 1869 and president of Haiti from 1902 to 1908.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Léger, Jacques Nicolas (1907). Haiti: Her History and Her Detractors. The Neale Publishing Company. pp. 197–98.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
Preceded by
Philippe Guerrier
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
President of Haiti

1845–1846
Succeeded by
Jean-Baptiste Riché