John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough

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His Grace
The Duke of Marlborough
KG PC
John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough.jpg
Lord President of the Council
In office
8 March 1867 – 9 December 1868
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
Preceded by The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Succeeded by The Earl de Grey and Ripon
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
11 December 1876 – 21 April 1880
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
Preceded by The Duke of Abercorn
Succeeded by The Earl Cowper
Personal details
Born (1822-06-02)2 June 1822
Garboldisham Hall, Norfolk
Died 4 July 1883(1883-07-04) (aged 61)
Berkeley Square, Mayfair, London
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane
Alma mater Oriel College, Oxford

John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough, KG, PC (2 June 1822 – 4 July 1883), styled Earl of Sunderland from 1822 to 1840 and Marquess of Blandford from 1840 to 1857, was a British statesman and nobleman. He was the paternal grandfather of Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.

Background and education[edit]

Marlborough was born at Garboldisham Hall, Norfolk, the eldest son of George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough and Lady Jane Stewart, daughter of Admiral George Stewart, 8th Earl of Galloway. He was educated at Eton and Oriel College, Oxford.

Political career[edit]

He commenced his public career as a lieutenant in the 1st Oxfordshire yeomanry in 1843.[1] Marlborough was Member of Parliament for Woodstock from 1844 to 1845 and again from 1847 to 1857, when he succeeded his father in the dukedom and entered the House of Lords. He served under Lord Derby as Lord Steward of the Household from 1866 to 1867 and under Derby and later Benjamin Disraeli as Lord President of the Council (with a seat in the cabinet) from 1867 to 1868. He was an influential Freemason [2] and was sworn in of the Privy Council in 1866 and made a Knight of the Garter in 1868. In 1874, on the formation of Mr. Disraeli's second cabinet, he was offered, but declined, the viceroyalty of Ireland.[1] He again held office under Disraeli as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1876 to 1880.

He was president of the Shipwrecked Fishermen and Mariners' Royal Benevolent Society for many years. He died suddenly of angina pectoris at 29 Berkeley Square, London, on 5 July 1883. After lying in state at Blenheim Palace, he was buried in the private chapel on 10 July.[1]

Family[edit]

On 12 July 1843, Marlborough married Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane (15 April 1822 – 16 April 1899), the eldest daughter of the 3rd Marquess of Londonderry and Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane-Tempest. They had eleven children:

Marlborough died on 4 July 1883, aged 61, and was succeeded by his eldest son, George. His wife died sixteen years later, on 16 April 1899, aged 77.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Boase 1887.
  2. ^ Churchill, Lord Randolph. "Churchill Freemason". Churchills who were Freemasons. freemasons-freemasonry/com. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBoase, George Clement (1887). "Churchill, John Winston Spencer". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 10. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Frederic Thesiger
Member of Parliament for Woodstock
18441845
Succeeded by
Viscount Loftus
Preceded by
Lord Alfred Spencer-Churchill
Member of Parliament for Woodstock
18471857
Succeeded by
Lord Alfred Spencer-Churchill
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Bessborough
Lord Steward
1866–1867
Succeeded by
The Earl of Tankerville
Preceded by
The Duke of Buckingham and Chandos
Lord President of the Council
1867–1868
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ripon
Preceded by
The Duke of Abercorn
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1876–1880
Succeeded by
The Earl Cowper
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire
1857–1883
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Dashwood, Bt
Peerage of England
Preceded by
George Spencer-Churchill
Duke of Marlborough
1857–1883
Succeeded by
George Spencer-Churchill