Kaduna

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Kaduna
Fahrt nach Kaduna (5209076652).jpg
Kaduna is located in Nigeria
Kaduna
Kaduna
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 10°31′23″N 7°26′25″E / 10.52306°N 7.44028°E / 10.52306; 7.44028
Country Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
State Kaduna State
Government
 • Governor Mukhtar Yero
Area
 • Total 1,190 sq mi (3,080 km2)
Population (2006 census)[1]
 • Total 760,084
 • Ethnicities Gbagyi, Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo,
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)
Website www.kadunastate.gov.ng

Kaduna is the state capital of Kaduna State in north-western Nigeria, on the Kaduna River, is a trade center and a major transportation hub for the surrounding agricultural areas with its rail and road junction. The population of Kaduna was at 760,084 as of the 2006 Nigerian census. The symbol of Kaduna is the crocodile, called kada in the native Hausa language.

History[edit]

Kaduna was founded by the British in 1913 and became the capital of Nigeria's former Northern Region in 1917.[2] It retained this status until 1967.

Persons hailing from Kaduna include Efe Ambrose, Emmanuel Babayaro, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab ("the underwear bomber"), Celestine Babayaro and Victor Moses (Nigerian footballers) and Fiona Fullerton (British actress and former Bond girl).

The Nigerian Islamic umbrella association Jama’atu Nasril Islam is based in the city.[3]

Religious strife[edit]

Due to its religious makeup, Kaduna has been the scene of religious tension between Muslims and Christians, particularly over the implementation of shari'a law in Kaduna State beginning in 2001. In February 2000, approximately 1,000 people were killed in a riot. The city remains segregated to this day, with Muslims living mainly in the north and Christians in the south.[4]

Another incident in 2002 stemmed from an article in a Lagos newspaper that offended Muslims over the upcoming Miss World pageant scheduled for that week in the capital city of Abuja, suggesting that if Muhammad watched the beauty pageant he would end up marrying one of its contestants. A massive riot ensued. Churches were among the most frequently attacked targets: More than 20 were burned by Muslims. In retaliation, Christians burned eight mosques. Several hotels were also burned. The city suffered widespread damage, and 11,000 people were left homeless. In particular, the local offices of the newspaper that had published the offending article were torched. As a result, thousands of civilians fled the city to escape. Civil unrest soon spread to the capital, Abuja. After four days of rioting, Nigerian security forces quelled the riots and arrested hundreds of rioters. A temporary curfew was imposed, although individual killings continued. 215 bodies were counted on the streets or in morgues, while some others were buried by their families. 1,000 people were wounded. The funerals of many of the victims took place shortly after the riot ended. Muslim rioters were tried in Sharia courts, while Christian rioters were tried by civilian jurisdictions. The editor of the newspaper that had provoked the riots was arrested, and Isioma Daniel, the reporter who wrote the article, resigned and fled to Norway.[5]

Kaduna was the place where Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, the suspect of the terrorist attempt of arson on Northwest flight 253 in December 2009, grew up and returned to on vacation.[6]

Education[edit]

Kaduna State is home to the Nigerian Defense Academy (1964) Kaduna, Kaduna Polytechnic (1968) Kaduna, Ahmadu Bello University (1962) Zaria, Kaduna State University (2007) Kaduna, Nigerian College of Aviation Technology, Zaria, Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research (1951) and the Nigerian Institute of Transport Technology.

Essence International School, Imperial School and Zamani College are located in Kaduna.

Economy and transport[edit]

Kaduna is an industrial center of Northern Nigeria, manufacturing products like textiles, machinery, steel, aluminum, petroleum products and bearings. Pottery is highly prized from Kaduna, especially from the Nok culture, which precedes Abuja and Minna.

The main highway through the city is called Ahmadu Bello Way. Many of the place names come from past sultans, emirs and decorated Civil War heroes. Kaduna has a large market, recently rebuilt after an extensive fire in the mid-1990s.

There is a large racecourse, approximately one mile round, inside which the Ahmadu Yakubu Polo Club and Kaduna Crocodile Club are situated, whilst the Kaduna and Rugby Clubs are on the periphery.

There are two airports, one of which is Kaduna Airport. Chanchangi Airlines has its head office in Kaduna.[7]

Railways[edit]

In September, 2009, construction was approved for a railway branchline to the national capital of Abuja.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Summing the 2 LGAs Kaduna North/South as per Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette (15 May 2007). "Legal Notice on Publication of the Details of the Breakdown of the National and State Provisional Totals 2006 Census" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-05-19. 
  2. ^ Fletcher, Banister; Dan Cruickshank (1996). "Africa". Sir Banister Fletcher's a History of Architecture. Architectural Press. p. 1466. ISBN 0-7506-2267-9. 
  3. ^ Nagendra Kr Singh. International encyclopaedia of Islamic dynasties. Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., 2002. ISBN 81-261-0403-1, ISBN 978-81-261-0403-1. Pg 411
  4. ^ Isaacs, Dan (2002-12-20). "Kaduna: Nigeria's religious flashpoint". BBC News. Retrieved 2007-04-06. 
  5. ^ "BBC News - Nigeria Buries Its Dead". 2002-11-25. Retrieved 2009-02-07. 
  6. ^ Nossiter, Adam (2010-01-17). "Lonely Trek to Radicalism for Terror Suspect". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ "Contacts." Chanchangi Airlines. Retrieved on 19 October 2009.
  8. ^ "Nigeria Approves Abuja Line". Railways Africa. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 

Coordinates: 10°31′N 7°26′E / 10.517°N 7.433°E / 10.517; 7.433