Location of Kapilvastu
|• Total||1,738 km2 (671 sq mi)|
|• Density||330/km2 (850/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
|Main language(s)||Awadhi, Urdu, Nepali|
Kapilvastu district (Nepali: कपिलवस्तु जिल्ला Listen (help·info)), often Kapilbastu, is one of the districts of Lumbini Zone, Western Region, Nepal. The district, with Kapilbastu municipality as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,738 km² and had a population of 481,976 in 2001 and 571,936 in 2011.
The District got its name from the Sage Kapila and his followers who built here a city called Kapilavastu.This District was a part of ancient Shakya Kingdom ruled by King Śuddhodana who was the father of Gautama Buddha.
Geography and Climate
The district situated at the height of 93 to 1491 meters from sea level. Geographically, the district can be divided into plain low lands of terai and low Chure hills.
Kapilvastu is bounded by-
- Rupandehi District on the east
- Dang Deukhuri District in Rapti zone on the northwest
- Arghakhanchi District on the north
- Balrampur district, Awadh region, Uttar Pradesh India on the west
- Siddharthnagar district, Purvanchal region, Uttar Pradesh on the south.
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||86.8%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
The Summer is hot with temperature above 27°C and Winter temperature remains below 15°C.
According to 2001 census, the major ethnic groups in this district are as follows - Nepali - 90% Indians - 10%
According to census 2011 50% of the People of the district are Awadhi speaker followed by Urdu (18%, )Tharu (11%) and (17%) are Native Nepali Speaker.The number of immigrants from neighbouring hilly region is increasing every year.
The administration of the district is subdivided as follows-
- No. of Ilaka 15
- No. of VDCs 77
- No. of Municipalities 1
- No. of Constitutional assembly divisions 5
- Bhagawanpur Choti
- Kapilvastu Municipality
- Krishna Nagar Municipality
- Nanda Nagar
- Shivaraj Municipality
- Sivapur Palta
- Vidhya Nagar
Most of the Population of this District is dependent on Agriculture.Paddy is Major crop of the district.Number of youths rely foreign employment.Sugarcane is important cash crop.
|Crop||Production in Metric Ton|
Awadhi people are major inhabitants of this region.The district is very rich in Awadhi Culture.Awadhi cuisine is famous.They have their own unique culture and way of living.Tharus living in the western part of the district have their own culture.
Places of interest
World Marsh Region
A region with biodiversity, cultural, archaeological and historical monuments that has been proposed to be enlisted in the list of World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.
More than 138 historical sites related to Buddha have already been identified within the boundary to the east of Banganga, west of Kothi, north to Indian border and south to Mahendra highway. The forest of the district stands as a natural park. The land is irrigated by the rivers like Banganga, Koili, Surai, Chirai, and others. Barkl
- [dead link]
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- Population Monograph of Nepal, Volume I
- Districts of Nepal at statoids.com