|Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan|
Tatvam Pooshan Apaavrunu
|Established||December 15, 1963|
|School board||Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)|
|Authority||Ministry of Human Resource [MHRD]|
The system came into being in 1963 under the name "central schools" and has been affiliated with CBSE since then. Later, the name was changed to Kendriya Vidyalaya. Its objective is to educate children of the Indian Defence Services personnel who are often posted to remote locations. With the army starting its own Army Public Schools, the service was extended (but not restricted) to all central government employees. The uniform curriculum followed by these schools all over India was intended to ensure that the children of government employees do not face education disadvantages when their parents are transferred by providing a common syllabus and system of education. It still operates after 50 years.
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (Central School Organization) oversees the functioning of these schools and has its headquarters in New Delhi, India.
1094 schools are named Kendriya Vidyalayas, 1091 in India and 3 abroad. A total of 1,121,012 students (as of 1 Oct 2012) and 56,445 employees were on the rolls (as of 1 Sep 2013). These were divided among 25 regions, each headed by a deputy commissioner.
The three Kendriya Vidyalayas outside India are in Kathmandu, Moscow and Tehran. They are intended for children of Indian embassy staff and other expatriate employees of the government of India. One school in Tshimalakha, Bhutan, was transferred to the Bhutanese government, thus ceasing to be a Kendriya Vidyalaya (then known as Indo-Bhutan Central School (IBCS)) in 1989, after one of the major Indo-Bhutan projects (the Chukhha Hydal power project) was near completion and Indian government employees were gradually transferred back to their home country.
All schools share a common syllabus and offer bilingual instruction. They are all co-educational. Sanskrit is taught as a compulsory subject from classes VI to VIII and as an optional subject until class XII. Students can elect to study the German language. Tuition is not charged for boys and girls up to class VIII, and SC/ST (Scheuled Caste/Scheduled Tribe) students and children of KVS employees, but students except single girls up to class V have to pay VVN (Vidyalaya Vikas Nidhi) and the funds generated from all the students of a school are spent on the development of that particular school. Single daughters from class VI onwards are not charged tuition.
Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan has started seeking a quality accreditation for its schools. The Quality Council of India (QCI) has accredited five schools KV No. 1 Uppal (Hyderabad), KV AFS Manauri (Allahabad), KV Sector-8 RK Puram (New Delhi), KV No1 (Jammu) and KV IIT Powai (Mumbai).
- "Kendriya Vidyalaya". Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan. National Informatics Centre (NIC), Government of India. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
- "Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan". Kvsangathan.nic.in. 2013-03-31. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
- Banerjee Rumu (August 2009). "With Rating System, KVs Better Their Best...". Times of India, New Delhi. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
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