Kentville

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Kentville
Town
Centretown Kentville
Centretown Kentville
Official seal of Kentville
Seal
Motto: "Magna E Parva"
Kentville is located in Nova Scotia
Kentville
Kentville
Location of Kentville, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°04′39″N 64°29′45″W / 45.07750°N 64.49583°W / 45.07750; -64.49583Coordinates: 45°04′39″N 64°29′45″W / 45.07750°N 64.49583°W / 45.07750; -64.49583
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
County Kings County
Incorporated May 1, 1886
Electoral Districts     
Federal

Kings-Hants
Provincial Kings North
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Mayor David Corkum
 • MLA Jim Morton (NDP)
 • MP Scott Brison (L)
Area[1]
 • Land 17.35 km2 (6.70 sq mi)
 • Urban 33.37 km2 (12.88 sq mi)
 • Metro 609.76 km2 (235.43 sq mi)
Elevation 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2011)[1][2]
 • Town 6,094
 • Density 351.2/km2 (910/sq mi)
 • Urban 14,234
 • Urban density 426.6/km2 (1,105/sq mi)
 • Metro 26,359
 • Metro density 43.2/km2 (112/sq mi)
 • Change (2006-11) Increase4.8
 • Census Ranking 606th of 5,008
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Postal code(s) B4N
Area code(s)
Dwellings 2,662
Median Income* $44,164 CDN
Website kentville.ca
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Kentville is a town in Kings County, Nova Scotia. It is one of the main towns in the Annapolis Valley, and it is the county seat of Kings County. As of 2011, the town's population was 6,094. Its census agglomeration, which is the majority of the county, is 26,359.

History[edit]

Kentville owes its location to the Cornwallis River which downstream from Kentville becomes a large tidal river. Kentville was the limit of navigation of sailing ships and more importantly was the most accessible crossing place on the river. The ford and later the bridge at Kentville made the settlement an important crossroads for settlements in the Annapolis Valley.

Acadian settlement[edit]

The area was first settled by Acadians, who built many dykes along the river to keep the high Bay of Fundy tides out of their farmland. These dykes created the ideal fertile soil that the Annapolis Valley is known for. The Acadians were expelled from the area in the Bay of Fundy Campaign (1755) by the British authorities because they would not swear allegiance to the British King. The area was then settled by New England Planters. Settlement was expedited by the United Empire Loyalists during the American Revolution.

English settlement[edit]

The town was originally known as Horton's Corner, but was named Kentville in 1826 after Prince Edward Augustus, Duke of Kent (son of King George III and father of Queen Victoria), who resided in Nova Scotia from 1794-1800. The village was at first relatively small and dwarfed by larger valley towns with better harbours such as Canning and Wolfville. The crossroads location did attract early shopkeepers and several stagecoach inns. Kentville developed a reputation for rowdy drinking and horseraces in the early 19th century, earning the nickname "the Devil's half acre."

Growth[edit]

Windsor and Annapolis Railway locomotive Gabriel in Kentville, circa 1870

When the Windsor and Annapolis Railway (later named Dominion Atlantic Railway) established its headquarters in Kentville in 1868 and began shipping Annapolis Valley apples to British markets, the community began to thrive. The railway not only employed a large number of people, up to a third of the town's population, but also attracted other industries such as mills, dairies, a large foundry, and a carriage works which even entered automobile production. A branchline of the Dominion Atlantic, the Cornwallis Valley Railway, was built north to Canning and Kingsport in 1889 furthering developing the apple industry and creating a suburban line for workers, shoppers and schoolchildren to commute to Kentville. The railway also attracted large institutional developments such as a large regional TB hospital, the Kentville Sanitorium, a federal agricultural research station, and an army training base at Camp Aldershot.

Aberdeen Street, Kentville as passenger train arrives, c. 1910

The town became a major travel centre highlighted by the large Cornwallis Inn built at the town's centre by the railway. The town boomed during World War I and World War II with heavy wartime railway traffic on the Dominion Atlantic and the training of thousands of troops at Camp Aldershot. Many residents fought overseas in the local West Nova Scotia Regiment as well as other branches of service. A Royal Canadian Navy minesweeper HMCS Kentville was named after the town and her crew often took leave in Kentville.

Post war challenges[edit]

Kentville faced serious challenges after World War II. The dominant apple industry suffered severe declines due to the loss of its British export market. The nearby military training base at Camp Aldershot was significantly downsized and the town's major employer, the Dominion Atlantic Railway suffered serious declines with the collapse of the apple industry and the growth of highway travel. Further decline followed in the 1970s as the town lost its retail core to the growth of shopping malls and later "big box" stores in nearby New Minas. The town was also eclipsed in restaurant, upscale retail and cultural institutions by the nearby university town of Wolfville. Kentville lost many heritage buildings in the postwar period and is one of the only towns in Nova Scotia without a single designated heritage building. Major losses included the large railway station, one of the most historic in Canada which was demolished in 1990. In July 2007 the town demolished the last railway structure in town, the DAR Roundhouse, despite a province-wide protest, a move which earned the Town of Kentville a place on the "2008 Worst" List of the Heritage Canada Foundation.[3]

Population[edit]

Kentville's 2011 population of 6,094 people reflects a modest population growth of 4.6% which has been lower than Kings County as a whole (7.1%) but slightly higher than the provincial average (3.0%).[4] Kentville's own population however is closely integrated with adjacent communities of Coldbrook and New Minas making for a combined population of 14,613 and forming part of the fast-growing area of eastern Kings County with an overall population of 25,969. The median household income in 2005 for Kentville was $44,164, which is below the Nova Scotia provincial average of $46,605.[5]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1901 1,731 —    
1911 2,304 +33.1%
1921 2,717 +17.9%
1931 3,033 +11.6%
1941 3,928 +29.5%
1951 4,240 +7.9%
1961 4,612 +8.8%
1981 4,974 +7.8%
1986 5,208 +4.7%
1991 5,506 +5.7%
1996 5,551 +0.8%
2001 5,610 +1.1%
2006 5,815 +3.7%
2011 6,094 +4.8%
[6]

Industries[edit]

Valley Regional Hospital

During the early part of the 20th century Kentville emerged as the business centre of Kings County and despite the post-war loss of commerce to other valley communities, it remains the professional centre of the Annapolis Valley. Kentville is home to numerous professional services such as lawyers offices, doctors, and investment firms. On the outskirts of the town is the Valley Regional Hospital, built in 1991. The town is also home to the Annapolis Valley Regional Industrial Park which employs numerous people in the area through a variety of different businesses.

Agriculture, especially fruit crops such as apples, remain a prominent industry in the Kentville area, and throughout the eastern part of the valley. Kentville is home to one of the largest agricultural research facilities in Nova Scotia founded in 1911, known to the locals as The Research Station. The site now employs over 200 people and sits on 473 acres (1.91 km2) of the land at the east end of the town.

Kentville shares its northern boundary along the Cornwallis River with Camp Aldershot, a military training base founded in 1904. At its peak during World War II, the camp housed approximately 7000 soldiers. Kentville native Donald Ripley wrote a book chronicling Camp Aldershot and its effect on the town entitled On The Home Front.[7] Today the camp functions as an army reserve training centre and is the headquarters of The West Nova Scotia Regiment.

Electric utility (sold 1997)[edit]

Kentville until 1997-8 was one of seven Nova Scotia towns (along with Riverport, Berwick, Canso, Antigonish, Lunenburg and Mahone Bay) to own its own electricity distribution utility within town limits - the Kentville Electric Commission. When the other six joined into the Municipal Electric Utilities of Nova Scotia in January 1998,[2] Kentville instead sold its utility to Nova Scotia Power, a privately owned generator and distributor whose service area covered the rest of the province.

Community events[edit]

The Apple Blossom Festival, founded in 1933 is held each May to celebrate the blossoming of local apple industry, one of the region's richest forms of agriculture. The festival is centered primarily in Kentville, with some events in other towns in the Annapolis Valley. The biggest event is the Grand Street Parade, lasting about 2 hours, and made up of floats from local businesses, and organizations and community groups, which makes the parade one of the largest in Canada. The annual fireworks display is also held on the same weekend, generally after the Coronation of Queen Annapolisa on Friday evening.

Kentville is also well known for its Pumpkin People, a series of displays of straw people with pumpkins for heads are set up throughout the town during the month of October, drawing thousands of visitors to the town to pose with and grab pictures of the unique, themed pumpkin displays.

Emergency services[edit]

The town of Kentville is served by its own municipal police force, the Kentville Police Service, which is made up of up four patrol platoons that provide 24 hour police service to the town as well as an investigative branch and administrative personnel. The police service is housed in one central station located on River Street. Fire services in the town are provided by the Kentville Volunteer Fire Department. The department has a paid staff including a full-time Chief, Administrative Assistant, Custodian and a Master Emergency Vehicle Technician, as well as up to 70 volunteer members, and operates with 9 pieces of modern fire apparatus from one central station on Main Street. In addition to providing fire & emergency services to the residents of Kentville the department is responsible for responding to emergencies in a large area of Kings County and handles an average on 400 calls for service per year, the department provides a number of specialized services as well including Hazardous Materials response, high angle rescue, cold water rescue, medical first response & vehicle extrication. Emergency medical services as in all areas of Nova Scotia are provided by Emergency Health Services which operates a paramedic base in Kentville with a total of 4 ambulances.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kentville
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17
(63)
15.9
(60.6)
23
(73)
26.7
(80.1)
32.5
(90.5)
35
(95)
36.1
(97)
37.8
(100)
32.8
(91)
28.3
(82.9)
22.5
(72.5)
18.3
(64.9)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) −1.2
(29.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.4
(38.1)
9.5
(49.1)
16.3
(61.3)
21.6
(70.9)
24.8
(76.6)
24.2
(75.6)
19.4
(66.9)
13.4
(56.1)
7.5
(45.5)
1.6
(34.9)
11.6
(52.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.9
(30.4)
4.9
(40.8)
10.9
(51.6)
16.1
(61)
19.4
(66.9)
18.9
(66)
14.3
(57.7)
9.0
(48.2)
3.8
(38.8)
−2.5
(27.5)
6.9
(44.4)
Average low °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−9.5
(14.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
0.4
(32.7)
5.4
(41.7)
10.5
(50.9)
14
(57)
13.5
(56.3)
9.2
(48.6)
4.5
(40.1)
0.1
(32.2)
−6.5
(20.3)
2.2
(36)
Record low °C (°F) −30.6
(−23.1)
−31.1
(−24)
−27.8
(−18)
−15
(5)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
2.8
(37)
2.2
(36)
−3.3
(26.1)
−8.3
(17.1)
−16.1
(3)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−31.1
(−24)
Precipitation mm (inches) 126.7
(4.988)
101.5
(3.996)
110.6
(4.354)
90.2
(3.551)
97.4
(3.835)
81.4
(3.205)
87.3
(3.437)
85.5
(3.366)
87.3
(3.437)
95.5
(3.76)
117.4
(4.622)
129.9
(5.114)
1,210.7
(47.665)
Source: Environment Canada[8]

Famous residents[edit]

(From in or near Kentville, including the former Township of Cornwallis)

Education[edit]

The Museum on Webster Street, Kentville.

Education in the area is serviced by Kings County Academy in Kentville, serving grades primary through eight, the local high school is Northeast Kings Education Centre, located 20–25 minutes away in Canning. There are also several post secondary institutions, the Kingstec campus of the Nova Scotia Community College is located on the northern fringe of the town and Acadia University[4], is located in nearby Wolfville. The town operates a library and C@P site. Kentville is also home to the Kings County Museum, located in Kentville's old courthouse.

Recreation[edit]

Kentville also boasts a number of high quality recreational facilities. The Kentville Arena (now the Kentville Centennial Arena) is thought to have hosted the first ever summer ice hockey school. The town also houses a large indoor soccer arena and numerous other outdoor baseball and soccer fields, and playgrounds for local children. Kentville Memorial Park (considered to be one of the best baseball parks in Canada east of Montreal) is home to the Kentville Wildcats, a senior baseball team, who have won several NSSBL championships and one Canadian championship.

Sister city[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Kentville, Nova Scotia
  2. ^ [1] Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses - 100% data
  3. ^ Heritage Canada Foundation 2008 Worst List
  4. ^ Clairmont, Lynda and Anthony Thomson: "Kentville Police Service: Structure and Organization", 1990, Atlantic Institute of Criminology, Occasional Paper Series, page 1. http://ace.acadiau.ca/soci/agt/justice/kentvillepd1990.htm
  5. ^ "Kentville, Nova Scotia - Detailed City Profile". Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  6. ^ I:\ecstats\Agency\BRIAN\census2
  7. ^ Ripley, Donald: "On the Home Front: Wartime Life in Camp Aldershot and Kentville, N. S." Halifax: Nimbus, 1991 http://www.fnsh.ns.ca/news_sept04_centennial.html
  8. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed January 1, 2013
  • The Devil's Half Acre: A Look at Kentville's Past Mable Nichols, Kentville Centennial Committee, 1968.
  • Historic Kentville Louis V. Comeau, Nimbus, 2003.

External links[edit]