Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget

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Not to be confused with Kristiansand Airport, Kjevik.
Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget
Kristiansund lufthavn, Kvernberget
Kristiansund Airport.png
IATA: KSUICAO: ENKB
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Avinor
Serves Kristiansund, Norway
Location Kvernberget, Nordlandet, Kristiansund
Elevation AMSL 62 m / 204 ft
Coordinates 63°06′43″N 007°49′34″E / 63.11194°N 7.82611°E / 63.11194; 7.82611Coordinates: 63°06′43″N 007°49′34″E / 63.11194°N 7.82611°E / 63.11194; 7.82611
Website Official website
Map
KSU is located in Norway
KSU
KSU
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 1,840 6,037 Asphalt
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 384,822
Aircraft movements 13,722
Cargo (tonnes) 111
Source: [1][2]

Kristiansund Airport, Kvernberget (Norwegian: Kristiansund lufthavn, Kvernberget; IATA: KSU[3]ICAO: ENKB) is an international airport serving Kristiansund, Norway. It is situated at Kvernberget on the island of Nordlandet and is the sole scheduled airport serving Nordmøre. The airport features a 2,390-meter (7,840 ft) runway aligned 07/25. In addition to scheduled services operated by Scandinavian Airlines and Widerøe, it serves offshore helicopter traffic to the Norwegian Sea operated by CHC Helikopter Service. Kvernberget handled 384,822 passengers in 2014.

Kvernberget was the second airport to open in Møre og Romsdal, with flights commencing on 1 July 1970. Until 2004 the main portion of flights was provided by Braathens SAFE, which flew both coastal flights and to Oslo. The first helicopter terminal opened in 1982 and a new passenger terminal was completed in 1989. A second helicopter terminal opened in 1994. The runway was extended for the original 1,830 meters (6,000 ft) to the current length in 2012. A new terminal is under construction, due for completion in 2017.

History[edit]

The first airline services to Kristiansund were part of the Bergen to Trondheim route which Norwegian Air Lines (DNL) established in 1935. These called at Ålesund, Molde and Kristiansund. The latter had its water aerodrome located at the port in the town center. The services were only flown during the winter. DNL resumed its routes in 1948, and Lufttransport commenced a service via Ålesund Airport, Sørneset to Oslo. From 1949 these were both taken over by West Norway Airlines, which lasted until the airline folded in 1957.[4]

The Luftwaffe nearly completed Aukra Airport, Gossen during the Second World War and in the 1950s the authorities decided to complete the facility and establish it as a central airport for Møre og Romsdal.[5] Local initiative in Ålesund convinced Parliament in 1957 that Ålesund Airport, Vigra should be built instead.[6] It opened in 1958.[7] This airport was by Parliament considered as sufficient for all of the county and the seaplane routes were terminated the same season.[4] Poor roads and three ferries meant that driving time to Vigra was about five hours at the time.[8]

Proposals for an airport in Kristiansand were first launched in 1954, with Kvernberget as the preferred site and at an estimated investment cost of 6.5 million Norwegian krone. It had however been placed on hold due to the Gossen plans. In both Molde and Kristiansund there was displeasure with the choice of Vigra and both municipalities established airport commissions in 1959 to look into building their own airports. Kristiansand's commission was led by William Dall and the same year the municipality bought a 54 hectares (130 acres) lot at Kvernberget to reserve it for a future aerodrome.[8]

Kvernberget in 2011

In both Kristiansand and Molde the debate centered around whether their respective districts of Nordmøre and Romsdal should have each their respective airport, of a shared aerodrome. A national airport commission was established in 1962, which looked at the primary airport structure, including in Nordmøre and Romsdal. It considered Gossen, Hendamyrene in Averøy, Freistranda in Frei and Osmarka. Several of these would be suitable as a site for a shared airport. Within the two towns there was little interest in cooperation and both wanted their own airport, situated close to the town center. The commission recommended in its report of 16 December 1964 that Kristiansund and Molde both be amongst the nine recommended airports. Kristiansand was given top priority, while Molde was lowest prioritized.[8]

Kvernberget was approved by Parliament on 2 April 1968. It received specifications of the time, which were baed on a 1,920-meter (6,300 ft) runway. Construction took 19 months and cost NOK 31 million. The official opening took place on 31 June 1970 and operations commenced the following day.[8]

Both Braathens SAFE and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) applied to operate the Oslo Airport, Fornebu route out of Kristiansund. Braathens also applied to extend its coastal route to Kvernberget. The ministry wanted Braathens SAFE to fly the route with a concession granted to SAS, but Braathens SAFE rejected this. Instead, they were granted both the routes on temporary basis. The new airport received three daily flights to Oslo, of which two went via Ålesund, and four services on the West Coast route to Bergen Airport, Flesland and Trondheim Airport, Værnes.[9] The routes were flown using Fokker F27 Friendship turboprops and Fokker F28 Fellowship turbojets. Widerøe included Kristiansund as part of its coastal network which extended to Ørland Airport and southwards to the regional airports in Sogn og Fjordane.[8]

Molde decided that it would not wait for state funding and initiated construction of Molde Airport, Årø with municipal funding. The new airport opened on 5 April 1972. It cut away half the catchment area of Kvernberget, significantly reducing both ridership and services from Kristiansund Airport.[10] Kvernberget handled 88,246 passengers in 1971, but after Molde opened so high a figure was not reached again until 1985.[8]

With the opening of Haltenbanken for petroleum drilling in the early 1980s, the authorities decided that Kristiansund would be the center of operations for the area. This caused the need for offshore helicopter flights to the rigs. Helikopter Service built a base at Kvernberget and commenced flights on 1 July 1982. Braathens opened a 200-square-meter (2,200 sq ft) operations building in 1985. Next the terminal was expanded; costing NOK 27 million, it opened on 12 April 1989.[10] Although infrequently flown from 1972, regular charter flights commenced in 1982. The first inclusive tour flight took off in 1988.[11]

At the turn of the decade the debate about the need for two airports to serve Nordmøre and Romsdal resumed, spurred by the Kristiansand Fixed Link which removed the only ferry between the two towns, but the debate soon died down again.[10] Busy Bee took over some of Braathens' route. When it went out of business in 1992, the regional coastal routes were taken over by Norwegian Air Shuttle.[12] A new 1,400-square-meter (15,000 sq ft) helicopter terminal opened the same year. Helicopter services continued to make up an increasingly important part of the patronage – 26 percent in 1997 and 47 percent in 2007.[11] Widerøe retired its Twin Otters and pulled out of Kristiansund in 1993.[13]

SAS Commuter took over Norwegian Air Shuttle's services from 1 April 2003.[14] Braathens merged to create SAS Braathens in May 2004, with the new airline taking over the Oslo route. It passed on the Scandinavian Airlines in 2007.[15] City Star Airlines commenced the first international route, to Aberdeen Airport, on 10 October 2005 using a Dornier Do 328.[16] The route lasted until February 2008.[17]

A duty-free shop was opened in 2007.[11] Avinor carried out a major overhaul of the airport starting in 2010. NOK 240 million was spent extending the runway from 1,760 to 2,380 meters (5,770 to 7,810 ft). This allowed heavier aircraft to take off and will increase the desirability to use the aerodrome for Mediterranean inclusive tour charters. This opened on 19 October 2012, shortly after a new and larger car parking lot had been taken into use. The next stage is the construction is for a larger terminal. Other minor projects are a new general aviation hangar and a new helicopter hangar. Total investments are estimated at NOK 500 million and aimed for completion in 2017.[18]

The airport's catchment area (red) and areas which are in equilibrium between Kristiansund Airport and Molde Airport, Årø (blue)

SAS Commuter's routes to Bergen and Trondheim were taken over by Widerøe in 2010.[19] BMI Regional introduced a daily round trip with an Embraer 135 from Kristiansund to Aberdeen on 28 August 2013, targeting the oil industry.[20] The airline commenced a domestic route on 23 January 2014, to Stavanger Airport, Sola. This route was terminate din May the same year.[21]

Facilities[edit]

Kristiansand Airport is located on the ridge of Kvernberget, a hill on the island of Nordlandet in Kristiansand, Norway. Owned and operated by the state-owned Avinor, it is the sole airport with scheduled services in Nordmøre. It features an asphalt runway with physical dimensions 2,390 by 45 meters (7,841 by 148 ft) aligned 07/25. It has a takeoff run available (TORA) of 2,080 and 2,070 meters (6,820 and 6,790 ft) on runways 07 and 25, respectively, and a landing distance available (LDA) of 2,000 meters (6,600 ft). It is equipped with a category I instrument landing system in both directions. The airport is equipped with category 7 fire and rescue service. There is no parallel taxiway.[1]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Map showing scheduled services by Widerøe (green), Scandinavian Airlines (blue) and offshore (red) from Kristiansund

The busiest route is provided by Scandinavian Airlines, which operates four daily round trips to Oslo using Boeing 737 aircraft. Flights along the West Coast to Bergen, Florø, Molde, Stavanger and Trondheim are provided by Widerøe using Bombardier Dash 8 aircraft.[11] CHC Helikopter Service operates out of Kristiansand Airport to nine offshore oil platforms in the Norwegian Sea.[22] There are also some seasonal charter services.[11] Operation of the airport ran at a deficit of NOK 23 million in 2012.[23] Kvernberget served 384,822 passengers, 13,722 aircraft movements and handled 111 tonnes of cargo.[2]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal charter: Chania
CHC Helikopter Service Charter: Heidrun, Draugen, Åsgard A, Åsgard B, West Alpha, Scarabeo 5, Deep Sea Bergen, Njord, Stril Poseidon
Croatia Airlines Seasonal charter: Split
Scandinavian Airlines Oslo-Gardermoen
Widerøe Bergen, Florø, Molde, Stavanger, Trondheim

Ground transport[edit]

The airport is situated 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) drive from the town center, just off National Road 70. Fram operates two bus services past the airport, each which run twice and hour. Travel time is about twenty-five minutes. There is paid parking for 350 vehicles. Taxis and car rental is available.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ENKB – Kristiansand/Kvernberget" (PDF). Aeronautical Information Publication Norway. Avinor. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "Månedsrapport" (XLS). Avinor. 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "IATA Airport Code Search (KSU: Kristiansand / Kvernberget)". International Air Transport Association. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Olsen-Hagen: 8
  5. ^ Hjelle: 13
  6. ^ Hjelle: 14
  7. ^ Hjelle: 18
  8. ^ a b c d e f Olsen-Hagen: 9
  9. ^ Tjomsland and Wilsberg: 183
  10. ^ a b c Olsen-Hagen: 10
  11. ^ a b c d e Olsen-Hagen: 11
  12. ^ "Norwegian Air Shuttle på ruinene etter Busy Bee" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 27 January 1993. 
  13. ^ Hjelle: 103
  14. ^ "SAS skal fly langs Vestlands-kysten". Bergens Tidende (in Norwegian). 29 March 2003. p. 40. 
  15. ^ Lillesund, Geir (10 March 2004). "Lindegaard: - Vi plukker det beste fra SAS og Braathens" (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. p. 24. 
  16. ^ Helgesen, Jan-Petter (9 September 2005). "Uventet konkurranse for SAS Braathens". Stavanger Aftenblad. p. 10. 
  17. ^ "Full stopp for City Star". Sunnmørsposten. 1 February 2008. p. 7. 
  18. ^ "Kvernberget flyplass – rullebane" (in Norwegian). Byggeindustrien. 2 October 2012. Archived from the original on 15 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  19. ^ "Widerøe vil overta for SAS på Vestlandskysten". Adresseavisen (in Norwegian). Norwegian News Agency. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2010. 
  20. ^ "Direktefly til Kvernberget–Aberdeen fra 28. august". Tidens Krav (in Norwegian). 29 June 2013. p. 9. 
  21. ^ "Legger ned Stavanger-rute". Tidens Krav (in Norwegian). 8 May 2014. p. 7. 
  22. ^ Olsen-Hagen: 15
  23. ^ Riise, Ivar Lid (2 April 2013). "Kun 7 av 46 flyplasser gikk med overskudd i 2012" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  24. ^ "To and from the airport". Avinor. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Maridal, Jomar (2010). Kvernberget 40 år – 1970–2010 (in Norwegian). Blurb.