Leidos

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Leidos Holdings, Inc.
Type Public
Traded as NYSELDOS
Industry national security, health and engineering
Predecessor(s)
  • Science Applications Incorporated (SAI)
  • Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC)
Founded La Jolla, California (1969 (1969))
Founder(s) J. Robert "Bob" Beyster
Headquarters Reston, Virginia, U.S.
Key people Roger Krone (CEO)
Revenue US$ 7 billion (projected)
Employees 23,000
Website leidos.com
References: [1][2][3][4]
Headquarters at Reston Town Center.

Leidos, previously known as Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC),[5] is an American defense company headquartered in Reston, Virginia, that provides scientific, engineering, systems integration, and technical services. Leidos works extensively with the United States Department of Defense (4th largest DoD contractor FY2012), the United States Department of Homeland Security, and the United States Intelligence Community, including the National Security Agency, as well as other U.S. government civil agencies and selected commercial markets. On September 27, 2013, SAIC changed its name to Leidos and spun-off a $4 billion government services and information technology company, which retains the name Science Applications International Corporation.[1][2] Before the split, Leidos employed 39,600 employees and reported $11.17 billion in revenue and $525 million net income for its fiscal year ended January 31, 2013,[5] making it number 240[6] on the Fortune 500 list. After the split Leidos was projected to make $7 billion in revenue[2] and have 23,000 employees[3][7]

History[edit]

Company Logo, 2010

The company was founded by J. Robert "Bob" Beyster in 1969 in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego, California, as Science Applications Incorporated (SAI).[8]

SAIC conducted an initial public offering of common stock on October 17, 2006.[9] The offering of 86,250,000 shares of common stock was priced at $15.00 per share. The underwriters, Bear Stearns and Morgan Stanley, exercised overallotment options, resulting in 11.25 million shares. The IPO raised US$1.245B.[9]

In September 2009 SAIC relocated its corporate headquarters to their existing facilities in Tysons Corner in unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia, near McLean.[10]

In 2012 SAIC was ordered to pay $550 million to the City of New York for overbilling the city over a period of seven years on the CityTime contract.[11] In 2014 Gerard Denault, SAIC's CityTime program manager, and his government contact were sentenced to 20 years in prison for fraud and bribery related to that contract.[12]

In August 2012, SAIC announced its plans to split into two publicly traded companies.[13][14] The company spun off about a third of its business, forming an approximately $4 billion-per-year service company focused on government services, including systems engineering, technical assistance, financial analysis, and program office support. The remaining part became a $7 billion-per-year IT company specializing in technology for the national security, health, and engineering sectors. The smaller company was led by Tony Moraco, who beforehand was leading SAIC’s Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance group, and the bigger one was led by John P. Jumper.[15] The split has allowed both companies to pursue more business, which it could not pursue as a single company due to conflicts of interest.[16] In February 2013, it was announced that the smaller spin-off company would get the name "Science Applications International Corporation" and would stay in the current headquarters, while the larger company would change its name to Leidos,[17] (created by clipping the word kaleidoscope) and would move its headquarters to Reston.[18]

Management[edit]

After Beyster's 30+ years of leadership Kenneth C. Dahlberg was named the CEO of SAIC in November 2003. In May 2005, the company changed its external tagline from An Employee-Owned Company to From Science to Solutions.

The third CEO was Walt Havenstein, who pushed for tighter integration of the company's historically autonomous divisions, which led to lower profit and revenue. The strategy was reversed by the current (fourth) CEO, retired Air Force general John P. Jumper, appointed in 2012.[19] On July 1, 2014 Leidos announced that Roger Krone will become its CEO on July 14, 2014.[20]

Operations[edit]

The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) transitioned a Remote Viewing Program to SAIC in 1991 which was renamed Stargate Project.

In March 2001 SAIC defined the concept for the NSA Trailblazer Project. In 2002, NSA contracted SAIC for $280 million to produce a "technology demonstration platform"[clarification needed] for the agency's project, a "Digital Network Intelligence" system to analyze data carried on computer networks. Other project participants included Boeing, Computer Sciences Corporation, and Booz Allen Hamilton.[21] According to science news site PhysOrg.com, Trailblazer was a continuation of the earlier ThinThread program.[22] In 2005, NSA director Michael Hayden told a Senate hearing that the Trailblazer program was several hundred million dollars over budget and years behind schedule.[23]

In fiscal year 2003, SAIC did over $2.6 billion in business with the United States Department of Defense, making it the ninth largest defense contractor in the United States. Other large contracts included a bid for information technology for the 2004 Olympics in Greece[24]

From 2001 to 2005, SAIC was the primary contractor for the FBI's unsuccessful Virtual Case File project.[25]

During fiscal year 2012 (latest figure available), SAIC had more than doubled its business with the DoD to $5,988,489,000, and was the 4th largest defense contractor on the annual list of the top 100. [26]

Subsidiaries[edit]

  • Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc., formerly SAIC - Frederick, a wholly owned subsidiary of Leidos manages Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research.[27]
  • MEDPROTECT, LLC supports US government health-payer organizations[27]
  • Reveal, develops dual-energy X-ray computed tomography systems for explosives-detection at airports and similar facilities[28]
  • CloudShield Technologies a wholly owned subsidiary, specializing in cyber-security
  • Varec, Inc., liquid petroleum asset management company
  • Leidos Health
  • Leidos Canada, wholly owned subsidiary, works with Canadian government.[27]
  • Leidos Australia (Leidos Pty Ltd), wholly owned subsidiary, specializing in document technologies and cyber-security.[27] Produces TeraText software.
  • Leidos Engineering, LLC, formerly SAIC Energy, Environment & Infrastructure LLC, assembles the legacy of engineering capabilities of Benham Investment Holdings, LLC, R. W. Beck Group, Inc.,[29] and Patrick Energy Services.

Former subsidiaries[edit]

AMSEC LLC, a business partnership between SAIC and Northrop Grumman subsidiary Newport News Shipbuilding divested on July 13, 2007.[citation needed] Network Solutions was acquired by SAIC in 1995,[30] and subsequently was acquired by VeriSign, Inc. for $21 billion.[31]

Controversies[edit]

Revolving door[edit]

The company has had as part of its management, and on its Board of Directors, many well known ex-government personnel including Melvin Laird, Secretary of Defense in the Nixon administration; William Perry, Secretary of Defense for Bill Clinton; John M. Deutch, President Clinton's CIA Director; Admiral Bobby Ray Inman who served in various capacities in the NSA and CIA for the Ford, Carter and Reagan administrations; and David Kay who led the search for weapons of mass destruction after the 1991 Gulf War and served under the Bush Administration after the 2003 Iraq invasion.

In 2012, 26 out of 35 SAIC Inc. lobbyists previously held government jobs.[32][33]

Campaign contributions[edit]

SAIC is among the 8 top contributors to federal candidates, parties, and outside groups with $1,209,611 during the 2011–2012 election cycle according to information from the Federal Election Commission. The top candidate recipient was Barack Obama.[34]

FBI allegations[edit]

In June 2001 the FBI paid SAIC $122 million to create a Virtual Case File (VCF) software system to speed up the sharing of information among agents. But the FBI abandoned VCF when it failed to function adequately. Robert Mueller, FBI Director, testified to a congressional committee, "When SAIC delivered the first product in December 2003 we immediately identified a number of deficiencies – 17 at the outset. That soon cascaded to 50 or more and ultimately to 400 problems with that software ... We were indeed disappointed."[this quote needs a citation]

SAIC executive vice president Arnold L. Punaro claimed that the company had "fully conformed to the contract we have and gave the taxpayers real value for their money." He blamed the FBI for the initial problems, saying the agency had a parade of program managers and demanded too many design changes. He stated that during 15 months that SAIC worked on the program, 19 different government managers were involved and 36 contract modifications were ordered.[35] "There were an average of 1.3 changes every day from the FBI, for a total of 399 changes during the period," Punaro said.[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Aitoro, Jill R. (September 27, 2013). "What to expect from Leidos and SAIC when they start trading Sept. 30". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved September 29, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Aitoro, Jill R. (September 27, 2013). "Exclusive: John Jumper explains why the Leidos-SAIC split had to happen". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "www.leidos.com". Retrieved September 29, 2013. 
  4. ^ "SAIC, Inc.'s Board of Directors Approves Spin-Off of its Services Business". September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Science Applications International Corporation. "Fiscal Year 2013 annual report on Form 10-K". Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ SAIC. "Industry Rankings". Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  7. ^ MacMillan, Jeffrey (27 March 2014). "Leidos COO Stuart Shea resigns as company’s revenues continue to slide". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Dr. J. Robert Beyster with Peter Economy, The SAIC Solution: How We Built an $8 Billion Employee-Owned Technology Company, John Wiley & Sons (2007) p.xiii
  9. ^ a b SAIC - News & Media - "SAIC, Inc. Announces Closing of Initial Public Offering". Investors.saic.com. Retrieved on August 17, 2013.
  10. ^ "SAIC Moves Corporate Headquarters to McLean, Virginia"
  11. ^ Paul McDougall (March 15, 2012). "SAIC Pays $500 Million In Record Settlement With NYC". InformationWeek. Retrieved September 25, 2013. 
  12. ^ Calder, Rich (29 April 2014). "CityTime head, accomplices sentenced to 20 years in prison". New York Post. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  13. ^ Censer, Marjorie (August 30, 2012). "SAIC to split into two public companies". Washington Post. Retrieved March 4, 2013. 
  14. ^ "SAIC, Inc. (SAI) to Spin Off Services Business". streetinsider.com. September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 9, 2013. 
  15. ^ Censer, Marjorie (November 5, 2012). "When SAIC splits, Jumper and Moraco will head companies". Washington Post. Retrieved April 15, 2014. 
  16. ^ Censer, Marjorie (March 3, 2013). "SAIC to name technology business Leidos". Washington Post. Retrieved March 4, 2013. 
  17. ^ Censer, Marjorie (February 25, 2013). "SAIC to name solutions business Leidos". Washington Post. Retrieved March 4, 2013. 
  18. ^ SAIC. "Leidos Headquarters To Be In Reston, VA". Retrieved August 15, 2013. 
  19. ^ Censer, Marjorie (August 30, 2012). "SAIC to split into two public companies". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Leidos Announces Roger A. Krone As CEO". wspa.com. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  21. ^ Patience Wait (October 21, 2002). "SAIC team gets demonstration phase of Trailblazer". Washington Technology. 
  22. ^ "NSA datamining pushes tech envelope". PhysOrg.com. May 25, 2006. 
  23. ^ Martin Sieff (August 18, 2005). "NSA's New Boss Puts Faith In Hi Tech Fixes". Space War. 
  24. ^ "After Olympics contractors leave behind IT legacy". Washington Technology. Archived from the original on May 6, 2006. Retrieved August 13, 2006. 
  25. ^ Eggen, Dan; Witte, Griff (August 18, 2006). "The FBI's Upgrade That Wasn't". Washington Post. Retrieved February 8, 2007. 
  26. ^ "top-100-lists 2013". Washington Technology, info business for government contractors. June 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  27. ^ a b c d "Companies". Leidos. Retrieved February 24, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Reveal CT-800 Baggage Inspection System". Retrieved December 19, 2013. 
  29. ^ "R. W. Beck Is Now SAIC Energy, Environment & Infrastructure, LLC". Retrieved March 25, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Science Applications International Corporation vs. Comptroller of the Treasury" (PDF). txcrt.state.md.us. Retrieved April 17, 2008. 
  31. ^ "Company History". networksolutions.com. Retrieved March 29, 2008. 
  32. ^ The Center for Responsive Politics. http://www.opensecrets.org/orgs/summary.php?id=D000000369a. Accessed 6/9/13.
  33. ^ "Lobbyists representing Leidos Inc, 2013:". Open secrets.org. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  34. ^ The Center for Responsive politics. http://www.opensecrets.org/orgs/summary.php?id=D000000369a. Accessed 6/9/13.
  35. ^ "Robert S. Mueller, III, Director of FBI Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, State and the Judicial". FBI. 2-03-05. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  36. ^ "SAIC Says FBI Should Deploy its Software". SignOnSanDiego.com. Retrieved September 18, 2008. 

Further reading[edit]

  • The SAIC Solution: How We Built an $8 Billion Employee-Owned Technology Company (ISBN 978-0470097526)

External links[edit]