West Worcestershire (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of West Worcestershire in Worcestershire.
Location of Worcestershire within England.
|Electorate||73,001 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Harriett Baldwin (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Worcestershire, Leominster|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|Replaced by||Bewdley, Droitwich, Evesham, East Worcestershire and North Worcestershire|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
1997-2010: The District of Malvern Hills wards of Baldwin, Broadheath, Chase, Hallow, Kempsey, Langland, Laugherne Hill, Leigh and Bransford, Link, Longdon, Martley, Morton, Powyke, Priory, Ripple, Temeside, The Hanleys, Trinity, Upton upon Severn, Wells, West, and Woodbury; and the District of Wychavon wards of Bredon, Eckington, Elmley Castle, Pershore Holy Cross, Pershore St Andrew's, Somerville, and South Bredon Hill.
2010-present: The District of Malvern Hills; and the District of Wychavon wards of Bredon, Eckington, Elmley Castle and Somerville, Pershore, and South Bredon Hill.
West Worcestershire stretches from the Gloucestershire border in the south almost to Shropshire in the north, taking in Pershore and Bredon Hill in its the eastern side. Its other major towns are Malvern in the west and Upton-upon-Severn in the centre.
Boundary changes for 2010, the fifth modern review nationwide, added an area including Tenbury Wells to the seat (formerly in the Leominster constituency) and lost the small shared part of the Fladbury ward to the Mid Worcestershire seat.
West Worcestershire formally, the Western division of Worcestershire, was created the first time for the 1832 general election, by the Reform Act 1832 which radically changed the boundaries of many British parliamentary constituencies. It was created by the division of the old Worcestershire constituency (which had existed since 1290) into two new two-member constituencies: West Worcestershire and East Worcestershire.
During this first creation, three members of the Lygon family, the Earls Beauchamp (pronounced Beecham) represented the constituency - their large country estate in the county had its seat at Madresfield Court near the heart of Madresfield village.
The constituency then existed, basically unchanged, until its abolition by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, when the constituency's territory was variously incorporated into the seats of Bewdley, Droitwich, Evesham, East Worcestershire and North Worcestershire.
The seat was created on Parliament's approval for the 1997 general election of the Boundary Commission's fourth periodic review (following the first such review in 1945, which in turn followed that of the Representation of the People Act 1918.
- Political history
In the four elections to date the seat has alternated between Conservative majorities that were quite marginal (7.8% and 5.3%) and those that were greater than 10%, at 12% and 12.7%, close to average in terms of security for any of the three largest parties. As never having had a majority that exceeded 15% of the vote (in this modern creation) and having had the two marginal majorities to date, the seat cannot be classified as safe.
- Prominent frontbenchers
The modern seat has had no notable frontbenchers but a notable parliamentarian in the backbenches. The MP for the seat from 1997 to 2010 was Sir Michael Spicer of the Conservative Party. He previously represented the former seat of Worcestershire South from 1974, and was chairman of the backbench 1922 Committee from 2001 until 2010 when he retired.
The seat is known nationally for its hilly landscape, with products such as regional speciality cheeses, drinks and mineral water, a major economic sector is tourism and leisure, however the principal industries are in agriculture/food, chemicals, distribution, waste and mineral processing, printing and publishing, transport and retail.
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.1% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
- Worcestershire West
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Hon. Henry Lygon[n 3]||Tory||Hon. Thomas Foley||Whig|
|1833 by-election||Henry Winnington||Liberal|
|1853 by-election||The Viscount Elmley[n 4]||Conservative|
|1863 by-election||Hon. Frederick Lygon||Conservative|
|1866 by-election||William Edward Dowdeswell||Conservative|
|1876 by-election||Sir Edmund Lechmere, Bt||Conservative|
MPs since 1997
|1997||Sir Michael Spicer||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: West Worcestershire |
|Liberal Democrat||Dennis Wharton|
|General Election 2010: West Worcestershire|
|Liberal Democrat||Richard Burt||20,459||37.7||−1.2|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: West Worcestershire|
|Conservative||Sir Michael Spicer||20,959||44.5||−1.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Wells||18,484||39.3||+5.3|
|General Election 2001: West Worcestershire|
|Conservative||Sir Michael Spicer||20,597||46.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Hadley||15,223||34.0|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: West Worcestershire|
|Conservative||Sir Michael Spicer||22,223||45.0||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Hadley||18,377||37.2||N/A|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Later Earl Beauchamp
- Viscount Elmley is a courtesy title given by the Earl Beauchamp to his eldest son, as his main subsidiary title.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- BBC - Election 2010 - Worcestershire West
Reference: Statutory Instrument 1987 No. 2208 The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) (Miscellaneous Changes) (No. 3) Order 1987 
- West Worcestershire Liberal Democrats
- Official website of Richard Burt, Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidate
- West Worcestershire Conservative Association
- West Worcestershire Conservative Future
- Official website of MP Sir Michael Spicer
- Official website of Harriett Baldwin, Parliamentary Candidate