List of Washington Metro stations

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Metrorail system map, based on the official map

The Washington Metro (commonly called Metro, and unofficially Metrorail) is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. It is the second busiest in the United States, behind the New York City Subway.[1]

The Washington Metro system was conceived as an alternative to the construction of a large freeway system throughout the Washington, D.C. area, and was partially financed with funds originally dedicated to highway construction.[2] Construction began in 1969, and in 1976 the first section of the Metro system opened along the Red Line between the Rhode Island Avenue and Farragut North stations in Washington, D.C. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, more stations were opened in the city and the suburban communities of Arlington County, the City of Alexandria, and Fairfax County in Virginia as well as Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Maryland. Eventually, five rail lines were opened: the Red, Blue, Green, Orange, and Yellow Lines. The system as originally planned was completed in 2001 with the extension of the Green Line to Branch Avenue. Since then, three stations have been opened, all in 2004: the extension of the Blue Line to the Largo Town Center and Morgan Boulevard stations and the first in-fill station, New York Ave–Florida Ave–Gallaudet University Metro station (to be renamed NoMa – Gallaudet University with the June 2012 edition of the official Metro map).[3]

As of 2011, there are 86 stations on the five lines in the Metro system. Eleven more are proposed as part of the planned Silver Line, which is projected to open its first section in early 2014, and an infill station, Potomac Yard, is planned to open in 2016 on the Yellow and Blue lines.

Nine Metrorail stations are officially designated transfer stations, although some intermediate stations also allow passengers to transfer between lines. Six stations have separate upper and lower levels to accommodate transfers between perpendicular lines. Ten stations are termini, stations at the end of lines.[4]

As of June 2011, Union Station was the busiest station in the system, with an average of 33,697 passenger boardings per weekday. Eight of the top ten busiest stations are in the District of Columbia. Metro Center, a transfer point for the Blue, Orange, and Red Lines, is the busiest transfer station with 28,983 boardings. Shady Grove in suburban Montgomery County, Maryland was the busiest terminus with 13,856 passenger boardings per weekday.[5]

Lines[edit]

Stylized Metro map, showing the system including the two phases of the Silver Line

There are five Washington Metro lines as of 2013. Each is named for a different color.[4] All lines except the Red Line share tracks, mostly through the downtown tunnels. As part of the Rush+ service introduced in June 2012, some rush hour Orange Line trains run to Largo Town Center and some Yellow Line trains to Franconia-Springfield on tracks normally used for the Blue Line.

A sixth line, the Silver Line, is under construction; it will open to Wiehle – Reston East via the Tysons Corner district in 2014 and to Route 772 via Dulles International Airport in 2018. The Silver Line will share tracks with the Orange and Blue lines from East Falls Church to Largo Town Center.[6]

Line Ridership (May 2010)[7] Stations[4] Termini[4]
Red Line Red Line 277,741 (37%) 27 Shady Grove Glenmont
Orange Line Orange Line 187,663 (25%) 26 Vienna New Carrollton
Largo Town Center (Rush+)
Blue Line Blue Line 120,104 (16%) 27 Franconia-Springfield Largo Town Center
Green Line Green Line 105,091 (14%) 21 Branch Avenue Greenbelt
Yellow Line Yellow Line[a] 59,781 (8%) 17 Huntington
Franconia–Springfield (Rush+)
Mount Vernon Square (rush peak)
Fort Totten (all other times)
Greenbelt (Rush+)
Silver Line Silver Line N/A (34) Wiehle–Reston East (2014)
Route 772 (2018)
Largo Town Center

Stations[edit]

Pylon by the entrance to the Archives-Navy Memorial-Penn Quarter Station
Passengers boarding a train at the Bethesda Metro Station
Greenbelt Station, one of the termini of the Green Line
Crossvault of the L'Enfant Plaza Station
Platform of the Silver Spring Station on a rainy day
Union Station, the busiest station in the Washington Metrorail system
The longest continuous escalator in the western hemisphere, at the Wheaton Station[8]
Vaulted ceiling at Farragut West
Largo Town Center station, one of the newest stations
Time-lapse of a train leaving Foggy Bottom - GWU
Arlington Cemetery station on a snowy day
Elevated platform at National Airport
Upper level at Fort Totten
* Official transfer stations
dagger Terminals
** Transfer station and terminal
Station[4] Lines[4] Jurisdiction[7] Average weekday
boardings[5][c]
Opened[7]
Addison Road Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line (rush only) Orange Line (rush only)
Maryland 3,626 November 22, 1980
Anacostia Green Line Green Line District of Columbia 7,479 December 28, 1991
Archives Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 9,565 April 30, 1983
Arlington Cemetery Blue Line Blue Line Virginia 1,866 July 1, 1977
Ballston–MU Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 12,016 December 11, 1979
Benning Road Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line (rush only) Orange Line (rush only)
District of Columbia 3,241 November 22, 1980
Bethesda Red Line Red Line Maryland 10,765 August 25, 1984
Braddock Road Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 4,559 December 17, 1983
Branch Avenuedagger Green Line Green Line Maryland 6,660 January 13, 2001
Brookland–CUA Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 6,567 February 6, 1978
Capitol Heights Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line (rush only) Orange Line (rush only)
Maryland 2,150 November 22, 1980
Capitol South Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 9,194 July 1, 1977
Cheverly Orange Line Orange Line Maryland 1,543 November 20, 1978
Clarendon Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 4,414 December 11, 1979
Cleveland Park Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 4,676 December 5, 1981
College Park – University of Maryland Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland 4,768 December 11, 1993
Columbia Heights [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 12,386 September 18, 1999
Congress Heights Green Line Green Line District of Columbia 2,819 January 13, 2001
Court House Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 7,483 December 11, 1979
Crystal City Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 15,187 July 1, 1977
Deanwood Orange Line Orange Line District of Columbia 1,844 November 20, 1978
Dunn Loring Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 5,310 June 7, 1986
Dupont Circle Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 22,721 January 17, 1977
East Falls Church Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 4,102 June 7, 1986
Eastern Market Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 6,262 July 1, 1977
Eisenhower Avenue Yellow Line Yellow Line Virginia 2,094 December 17, 1983
Farragut North Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 23,796 March 29, 1976
Farragut West Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 22,575 July 1, 1977
Federal Center SW Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 6,011 July 1, 1977
Federal Triangle Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 10,258 July 1, 1977
Foggy Bottom – GWU Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 21,318 July 1, 1977
Forest Glen Red Line Red Line Maryland 2,365 September 22, 1990
Fort Totten** (lower level)[a][b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 7,364 December 11, 1993
Fort Totten* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 7,364 February 6, 1978
Franconia–Springfielddagger Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Virginia 9,543 June 29, 1997
Friendship Heights Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 9,957 August 25, 1984
Gallery Place* (lower level)[b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 25,777 April 30, 1983
Gallery Place* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 25,777 December 15, 1976
Georgia Avenue – Petworth [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 6,027 September 18, 1999
Glenmontdagger Red Line Red Line Maryland 5,850 July 25, 1998
Greenbeltdagger Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland 6,923 December 11, 1993
Grosvenor–Strathmore Red Line Red Line Maryland 5,876 August 25, 1984
Huntingtondagger Yellow Line Yellow Line Virginia 9,184 December 17, 1983
Judiciary Square Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 9,643 March 29, 1976
King Street – Old Town* Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 9,306 December 17, 1983
L'Enfant Plaza* (lower level)[b] Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 22,067 July 1, 1977
L'Enfant Plaza* (upper level)[b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 22,067 April 30, 1983
Landover Orange Line Orange Line Maryland 2,478 November 20, 1978
Largo Town Centerdagger Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line (rush only) Orange Line (rush only)
Maryland 5,111 December 18, 2004
McPherson Square Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 16,873 July 1, 1977
Medical Center Red Line Red Line Maryland 5,866 August 25, 1984
Metro Center* (lower level)[b] Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 28,983 July 1, 1977
Metro Center* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 28,983 March 29, 1976
Minnesota Avenue Orange Line Orange Line District of Columbia 3,274 November 20, 1978
Morgan Boulevard Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Maryland 1,736 December 18, 2004
Mount Vernon Square** Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 3,813 May 11, 1991
Navy Yard – Ballpark Green Line Green Line District of Columbia 8,249 December 28, 1991
Naylor Road Green Line Green Line Maryland 3,047 January 13, 2001
New Carrolltondagger Orange Line Orange Line Maryland 9,940 November 20, 1978
NoMa – Gallaudet University Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 7,461 November 20, 2004
Pentagon* Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 16,999 July 1, 1977
Pentagon City Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 17,023 July 1, 1977
Potomac Avenue Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 4,050 July 1, 1977
Prince George's Plaza Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland 5,374 December 11, 1993
Rhode Island Avenue – Brentwood Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 5,227 March 29, 1976
Rockville Red Line Red Line Maryland 4,812 December 15, 1984
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 6,739 July 1, 1977
Rosslyn* Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Virginia 17,158 July 1, 1977
Shady Grovedagger Red Line Red Line Maryland 13,856 December 15, 1984
Shaw – Howard University [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 4,439 May 11, 1991
Silver Spring Red Line Red Line Maryland 13,471 February 6, 1978
Smithsonian Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 12,603 July 1, 1977
Southern Avenue Green Line Green Line Maryland 5,776 January 13, 2001
Stadium–Armory* Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
District of Columbia 3,077 July 1, 1977
Suitland Green Line Green Line Maryland 6,417 January 13, 2001
Takoma Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 6,488 February 6, 1978
Tenleytown–AU Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 6,677 August 25, 1984
Twinbrook Red Line Red Line Maryland 4,773 December 15, 1984
U Street [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 7,048 May 11, 1991
Union Station Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 33,697 March 29, 1976
Van Dorn Street Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Virginia 3,653 June 15, 1991
Van Ness – UDC Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 7,559 December 5, 1981
Viennadagger Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 13,682 June 7, 1986
Virginia Square – GMU Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 3,953 December 11, 1979
Waterfront Green Line Green Line District of Columbia 4,236 December 28, 1991
West Falls Church Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 10,740 June 7, 1986
West Hyattsville Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland 3,855 December 11, 1993
Wheaton Red Line Red Line Maryland 4,472 September 22, 1990
White Flint Red Line Red Line Maryland 4,266 December 15, 1984
Woodley Park Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 7,864 December 5, 1981

Planned stations[edit]

Wiehle-Reston East station under construction
Tysons Corner station under construction

A new line, to be called the Silver Line, is planned for the system; it will create 11 new stations and share 23 stations with the Orange and Blue lines. Current estimates are for the first phase of the project, 5 stations, to be complete by 2014.[6] The second phase does not yet have funding nor an official start date, but completion is estimated for as early as 2016.[9] When finished, the line's termini will be Route 772 (western) and Largo Town Center (eastern); Reston - Wiehle Avenue will be the Phase I western terminus.

Potomac Yard is to be an infill station between Braddock Road and National Airport on the Yellow and Blue lines.[10]

Station[11] Lines[11] State[11] Projected Opening
Dulles International Airport Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2016[9]
Herndon Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2016[9]
Potomac Yard Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 2016[10]
Reston Town Center Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2016[9]
Innovation Center Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2016[9]
Route 606 Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2016[9]
Route 772 Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2016[9]
Greensboro Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2014[12]
Tysons Corner Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2014[12]
McLean Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2014[12]
Spring Hill Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2014[12]
Wiehle – Reston East Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2014[12]

Notes[edit]

  • a The Yellow Line terminates at Mt Vernon Square during peak hours (5:00 am – 9:30 am and 3:00 pm – 7:00 pm Monday through Friday). Thus, the Columbia Heights, Fort Totten, Georgia Avenue – Petworth, Shaw – Howard University, and U Street stations are not served by the Yellow Line during these times.[13]
  • b Stations noted in this list twice with upper and lower levels are considered by Metrorail to be a single station. The levels are noted separately here because they opened on different dates.
  • c All ridership data are official WMATA boarding counts from 2011.
  • d This station is served by additional trains during rush hour as part of the Rush Plus routing scheme. The secondary line listed does not serve the station during non-rush periods.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Heavy Rail Transit Ridership Report" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. First Quarter 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  2. ^ Schrag, Zachary (2006). The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8246-X. 
  3. ^ "WMATA History" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan area Transit Authority. 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Stations". Metrorail Website. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b "Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. June 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "Dulles Metrorail Project Overview". Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  7. ^ a b c "Metro Media Guide" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Metro Facts" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Hosh, kafia A. (2011). "Fairfax OKs names for new Metrorail stations". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Goodman, Christy (2010). "Potomac Yard Metro funding approved". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c "Dulles Metrorail Map and Station Information". Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  12. ^ a b c d e Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project. "Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 2011. 
  13. ^ Weiss, Eric M (December 30, 2006). "Yellow Line Is En Route to Fort Totten". The Washington Post. p. B01.