List of Washington Metro stations

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Stylized Washington Metro system map, based on the official map

The Washington Metro (commonly called Metro, and unofficially Metrorail) is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. It is the second busiest in the United States, behind the New York City Subway.[1]

The Washington Metro system was conceived as an alternative to the construction of a large freeway system throughout the Washington, D.C. area, and was partially financed with funds originally dedicated to highway construction.[2] Construction began in 1969, and in 1976 the first section of the Metro system opened along the Red Line between the Rhode Island Avenue and Farragut North stations in Washington, D.C. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, more stations were opened in the city and the suburban communities of Arlington County, the City of Alexandria, and Fairfax County in Virginia as well as Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Maryland. By 1991, five rail lines were opened: the Red, Blue, Green, Orange, and Yellow Lines.

The system as originally planned was completed in 2001 with the extension of the Green Line to Branch Avenue. In 2004, three stations have been opened: the extension of the Blue Line to the Largo Town Center and Morgan Boulevard stations and the first in-fill station, NoMa – Gallaudet U. In 2014, the Silver Line opened with five new stations: Greensboro, McLean, Spring Hill, Tysons Corner, and Wiehle – Reston East.[3]

As of 2014, there are 91 stations on the six lines in the Metro system. An infill station, Potomac Yard, is planned to open in 2016 on the Yellow and Blue lines, and six more stations are planned as part of the Phase II of the Silver Line, which is projected to open in 2018. Ten Metrorail stations are officially designated transfer stations, although other intermediate stations also allow passengers to transfer between lines. Four of those stations have separate, perpendicular upper and lower levels which opened at different times. Two other transfer stations, Rosslyn and Pentagon, have parallel stacked platforms. Ten stations are termini, stations at the end of lines; several other non-terminus stations are used to short turn trains in regular service.[4]

As of June 2011, Union Station was the busiest station in the system, with an average of 33,697 passenger boardings per weekday. Eight of the top ten busiest stations are in the District of Columbia. Metro Center, a transfer point for the Blue, Orange, and Red Lines, is the busiest transfer station with 28,983 boardings. Shady Grove in suburban Montgomery County, Maryland was the busiest terminus with 13,856 passenger boardings per weekday.[5]

Lines[edit]

There are six Washington Metro lines as of 2014. Each is named for a different color.[4] All lines except the Red Line share tracks, mostly through the downtown tunnels. As part of the Rush+ service introduced in June 2012, some Yellow Line trains run to Franconia-Springfield on tracks normally used for the Blue Line. Until the Silver Line opened, some rush hour Orange Line trains ran to Largo Town Center.

The Silver Line currently runs to Wiehle – Reston East via the Tysons Corner district as part of Phase I of its construction; Phase II will extend the Silver Line from Wiehle - Reston East to Route 772 via Dulles International Airport in 2018.

Line Ridership (May 2010)[6] Stations[4] Termini[4]
Red Line Red Line 277,741 (37%) 27 Shady Grove Glenmont
Orange Line Orange Line 187,663 (25%) 26 Vienna New Carrollton
Blue Line Blue Line 120,104 (16%) 27 Franconia-Springfield Largo Town Center
Green Line Green Line 105,091 (14%) 21 Branch Avenue Greenbelt
Yellow Line Yellow Line[a] 59,781 (8%) 17 Huntington
Franconia–Springfield (Rush+)
Mount Vernon Square (rush peak)
Fort Totten (all other times)
Greenbelt (Rush+)
Silver Line Silver Line N/A 28 (34 after Phase II) Wiehle–Reston East
Route 772 (2018)
Largo Town Center

Stations[edit]

Pylon by the entrance to the Archives-Navy Memorial-Penn Quarter Station
Passengers boarding a train at the Bethesda Metro Station
Greenbelt Station, one of the termini of the Green Line
Crossvault of the L'Enfant Plaza Station
Platform of the Silver Spring Station on a rainy day
Union Station, the busiest station in the Washington Metrorail system
The longest continuous escalator in the western hemisphere, at the Wheaton Station[7]
Vaulted ceiling at Farragut West
Largo Town Center station, one of the newest stations
Time-lapse of a train leaving Foggy Bottom - GWU
Arlington Cemetery station on a snowy day
Elevated platform at National Airport
Upper level at Fort Totten
* Official transfer stations
dagger Terminals
** Transfer station and terminal
Station[4] Lines[4] Rail Connections[6] Jurisdiction[6] Average weekday
boardings[5][c]
Opened[6]
Addison Road Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Maryland 3,345 November 22, 1980
Anacostia Green Line Green Line District of Columbia 7,256 December 28, 1991
Archives Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 9,099 April 30, 1983
Arlington Cemetery Blue Line Blue Line Virginia 1,744 July 1, 1977
Ballston–MU Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia 11,673 December 11, 1979
Benning Road Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 3,200 November 22, 1980
Bethesda Red Line Red Line Maryland 10,875 August 25, 1984
Braddock Road Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 4,631 December 17, 1983
Branch Avenuedagger Green Line Green Line Maryland 6,457 January 13, 2001
Brookland–CUA Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 6,673 February 6, 1978
Capitol Heights Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Maryland 2,102 November 22, 1980
Capitol South Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 8,287 July 1, 1977
Cheverly Orange Line Orange Line Maryland 1,493 November 20, 1978
Clarendon Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia 4,667 December 11, 1979
Cleveland Park Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 4,514 December 5, 1981
College Park – University of Maryland Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
MARC: Maryland 4,604 December 11, 1993
Columbia Heights [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 12,755 September 18, 1999
Congress Heights Green Line Green Line District of Columbia 2,732 January 13, 2001
Court House Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia 7,653 December 11, 1979
Crystal City Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
VRE: Virginia 11,959 July 1, 1977
Deanwood Orange Line Orange Line District of Columbia 1,664 November 20, 1978
Dunn Loring Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 5,347 June 7, 1986
Dupont Circle Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 20,889 January 17, 1977
East Falls Church* Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia 4,163 June 7, 1986
Eastern Market Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 6,261 July 1, 1977
Eisenhower Avenue Yellow Line Yellow Line Virginia 1,919 December 17, 1983
Farragut North Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 25,398 March 29, 1976
Farragut West Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 23,147 July 1, 1977
Federal Center SW Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 5,399 July 1, 1977
Federal Triangle Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 8,498 July 1, 1977
Foggy Bottom – GWU Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 22,053 July 1, 1977
Forest Glen Red Line Red Line Maryland 2,442 September 22, 1990
Fort Totten** (lower level)[a][b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 7,976 December 11, 1993
Fort Totten* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 7,976 February 6, 1978
Franconia–Springfielddagger Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
VRE: Virginia 8,175 June 29, 1997
Friendship Heights Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 9,620 August 25, 1984
Gallery Place* (lower level)[b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 25,780 April 30, 1983
Gallery Place* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 25,780 December 15, 1976
Georgia Avenue – Petworth [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 6,408 September 18, 1999
Glenmontdagger Red Line Red Line Maryland 6,270 July 25, 1998
Greensboro Silver Line Silver Line Virginia July 26, 2014
Greenbeltdagger Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
MARC: Maryland 6,541 December 11, 1993
Grosvenor–Strathmore Red Line Red Line Maryland 5,795 August 25, 1984
Huntingtondagger Yellow Line Yellow Line Virginia 8,314 December 17, 1983
Judiciary Square Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 8,960 March 29, 1976
King Street – Old Town* Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Amtrak: VRE:

at Union Station

Virginia 9,170 December 17, 1983
L'Enfant Plaza* (lower level)[b] Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
VRE:

at L'Enfant

District of Columbia 20,222 July 1, 1977
L'Enfant Plaza* (upper level)[b] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 20,222 April 30, 1983
Landover Orange Line Orange Line Maryland 2,087 November 20, 1978
Largo Town Centerdagger Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Maryland 4,912 December 18, 2004
McLean Silver Line Silver Line Virginia July 26, 2014
McPherson Square Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 16,212 July 1, 1977
Medical Center Red Line Red Line Maryland 5,988 August 25, 1984
Metro Center* (lower level)[b] Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 27,883 July 1, 1977
Metro Center* (upper level)[b] Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 27,883 March 29, 1976
Minnesota Avenue Orange Line Orange Line District of Columbia 3,005 November 20, 1978
Morgan Boulevard Blue Line Blue Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Maryland 2,036 December 18, 2004
Mount Vernon Square** Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 4,541 May 11, 1991
Navy Yard – Ballpark Green Line Green Line District of Columbia 10,514 December 28, 1991
Naylor Road Green Line Green Line Maryland 3,035 January 13, 2001
New Carrolltondagger Orange Line Orange Line Amtrak:

MARC:

Maryland 9,098 November 20, 1978
NoMa – Gallaudet University Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 8,412 November 20, 2004
Pentagon* Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 15,853 July 1, 1977
Pentagon City Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 15,623 July 1, 1977
Potomac Avenue Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 3,834 July 1, 1977
Prince George's Plaza Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland 5,133 December 11, 1993
Rhode Island Avenue – Brentwood Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 6,070 March 29, 1976
Rockville Red Line Red Line Amtrak:

MARC:

Maryland 4,769 December 15, 1984
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport 20 airtransportation.svg Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 6,732 July 1, 1977
Rosslyn* Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia 15,460 July 1, 1977
Shady Grovedagger Red Line Red Line Maryland 13,308 December 15, 1984
Shaw – Howard University [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 5,044 May 11, 1991
Silver Spring Red Line Red Line MARC:
Maryland 13,195 February 6, 1978
Smithsonian Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 10,911 July 1, 1977
Southern Avenue Green Line Green Line Maryland 5,349 January 13, 2001
Spring Hill Silver Line Silver Line Virginia July 26, 2014
Stadium–Armory* Blue Line Blue Line
Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
District of Columbia 3,022 July 1, 1977
Suitland Green Line Green Line Maryland 5,677 January 13, 2001
Takoma Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 5,813 February 6, 1978
Tenleytown–AU Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 6,736 August 25, 1984
Twinbrook Red Line Red Line Maryland 4,470 December 15, 1984
Tysons Corner Silver Line Silver Line Virginia July 26, 2014
U Street [a] Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
District of Columbia 7,968 May 11, 1991
Union Station Red Line Red Line Amtrak:

MARC:

VRE:

District of Columbia 32,465 March 29, 1976
Van Dorn Street Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Virginia 3,374 June 15, 1991
Van Ness – UDC Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 6,505 December 5, 1981
Viennadagger Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 12,947 June 7, 1986
Virginia Square – GMU Orange Line Orange Line
Silver Line Silver Line
Virginia 3,721 December 11, 1979
Waterfront Green Line Green Line District of Columbia 4,024 December 28, 1991
West Falls Church Orange Line Orange Line Virginia 10,597 June 7, 1986
West Hyattsville Green Line Green Line
Yellow Line (rush only) Yellow Line (rush only)
Maryland 3,995 December 11, 1993
Wheaton Red Line Red Line Maryland 4,227 September 22, 1990
White Flint Red Line Red Line Maryland 3,889 December 15, 1984
Wiehle – Reston Eastdagger Silver Line Silver Line Virginia July 26, 2014
Woodley Park Red Line Red Line District of Columbia 7,240 December 5, 1981

Planned stations[edit]

A sign marking the planned site of the Potomac Yard station

Phase 2 of the Silver Line is tentatively planned to open in 2018.[8] When finished, the line's western terminus will be Route 772.

Potomac Yard is to be an infill station between Braddock Road and National Airport on the Yellow and Blue lines.[9]

Station[10] Lines[10] State[10] Projected Opening
Dulles International Airport 20 airtransportation.svg Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2018[8]
Herndon Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2018[8]
Innovation Center Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2018[8]
Potomac Yard Blue Line Blue Line
Yellow Line Yellow Line
Virginia 2016[9]
Reston Town Center Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2018[8]
Route 606 Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2018[8]
Route 772 Silver Line Silver Line Virginia 2018[8]

Notes[edit]

  • a The Yellow Line terminates at Mt Vernon Square during peak hours (5:00 am – 9:30 am and 3:00 pm – 7:00 pm Monday through Friday). Thus, the Columbia Heights, Fort Totten, Georgia Avenue – Petworth, Shaw – Howard University, and U Street stations are not served by the Yellow Line during these times.[11]
  • b Stations noted in this list twice with upper and lower levels are considered by Metrorail to be a single station. The levels are noted separately here because they opened on different dates.
  • c All ridership data are official WMATA boarding counts from May 2014.
  • d This station is served by additional trains during rush hour as part of the Rush Plus routing scheme. The secondary line listed does not serve the station during non-rush periods.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Heavy Rail Transit Ridership Report" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. First Quarter 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2011.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ Schrag, Zachary (2006). The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8246-X. 
  3. ^ "WMATA History" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan area Transit Authority. 2007. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Stations". Metrorail Website. Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved August 4, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. June 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Metro Media Guide" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2010. Retrieved July 14, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Metro Facts" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. 2006. Retrieved May 21, 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Silver Line". Fairfax County, Virginia. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b Goodman, Christy (2010). "Potomac Yard Metro funding approved". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c "Dulles Metrorail Map and Station Information". Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project. Retrieved May 20, 2009. 
  11. ^ Weiss, Eric M (December 30, 2006). "Yellow Line Is En Route to Fort Totten". The Washington Post. p. B01.