The following is a list of fictional atheists and agnostics limited to notable characters who have, either through self-admission within canon works or through admission of the character creator(s), been associated with a disbelief in a supreme deity or follow an agnostic approach toward religious matters.
the 17-year-old protagonist of author J. D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye. He is universally recognized for his resistance to growing older and desire to protect childhood innocence. Since the book's 1951 publication, Holden has become an icon for teenage rebellion and angst, and now stands among the most important characters of 20th-century American literature. The name Holden Caulfield, as shown below, was used in an unpublished short story written in 1942 and first appeared in print in 1945.
an Algerian ("a citizen of France domiciled in North Africa, a man of the Mediterranean, an homme du midi yet one who hardly partakes of the traditional Mediterranean culture") who seemingly irrationally kills an Arab man whom he recognises in French Algiers. The story is divided into two parts: Meursault's first-person narrative view before and after the murder, respectively.
Mothwing lacked belief in StarClan ever since her brother, Hawkfrost, admitted to faking the sign which led to her becoming a medicine cat. She usually hides her lack of faith, believing that the Clans would not stand for a medicine cat who did not believe in StarClan (as communing with StarClan is normally a large part of a medicine cat's duties).
This main character often muses that he does not care whether or not God exists, saying that any faith he had died after the numerous atrocities that he witnessed and took part in during the war. He states that because of his firsthand experience of seeing what human beings are capable of, he does not believe humans have souls.
When rancher Bonnie MacFarlane asks Marston if he is a religious man, he responds, "Not in any real sense", he goes on to say "Believing in some kind of divine purpose ain't gonna get me my wife and child back"
During an idle conversation with Haggard, Sweetwater reveals that he rejects the concept of sin and a god, referring to them as "superstition", as well as just stating that he does not believe in a god.
Elric shows an express disbelief in gods, especially in his trip to Reole, and debunks the cult of Letoism while there, showing that the leader was actually using alchemy. However, he privately makes reference to belief in some sort of higher power, if for no reason other than to rationalize why his life is so difficult.
Holo initially scoffs at the notion that one god created the entire world and everything in it; later on in the series, she states that there cannot possibly be a god given how much pain and sorrow there is in the world. However, she should be considered an agnostic as she herself is a wolf deity; she knows that gods like herself exist but expresses disbelief in a monotheistic God.
Originally he was a closeted atheist in earlier seasons and it is revealed in "Love, Blactually" that he is an open atheist like Seth MacFarlane himself, who claims that this character represents him most. This was revealed where he is seen at the library and he is looking for The God Delusion by atheist Richard Dawkins. His atheism comes under attack in "Not All Dogs Go To Heaven" when he comes out to the Griffins about his atheism, and Meg, in a drastic effort to convert Brian to Christianity, makes his atheism public knowledge, quickly making him a social outcast until near climax of the episode. However, in the episode April in Quahog Brian is seen praying as a response to the news report about a black hole that was discovered near the solar system and was about to suck the Earth inside (the black hole turned out to be an April Fool's joke plotted by Channel News 5). Stewie then teases Brian for it.
In "Two Weeks Notice", Malloy tries to convince the show's main protagonist Steve Williams that God cannot exist because of hunger, suffering and war particularly using Africa as an example. Malloy also dismisses that Heaven and Hell after life connections exist.
In The Simpsons Movie before entering church, he says, "Relax, those pious morons are too busy talking to their phony-baloney God. Though in the television series, he seems to be a average Christian/Protestant.
Michael Garibaldi (played by Jerry Doyle) from Babylon 5 is revealed to be an agnostic in the first episode of Season Two: quote; Susan Ivanova: "I'll say a prayer for him." Stephen Franklin: "He's agnostic." Ivanova: "Then I'll say half a prayer." This was earlier hinted at in the episode Deathwalker in Season One, when he tells Jeffrey Sinclair "You'd better pray to that God of yours you're right, Jeff."
^Secret Invasion Aftermath: Beta Ray Bill - The Green of Eden (2009), by Kieron Gillen; Bill states that he when he looks at the heavens, he considers them to be empty – "and, if not empty, I find the idea of worshipping whatever dwells there, obscene."
^"The Zarnecki Incurence". The Big Bang Theory. Season 4. Episode 19. March 31, 2011. CBS. Why hast thou forsaken me, o deity whose existence I doubt?
^"The Hawking Excitation". The Big Bang Theory. Season 5. Episode 21. April 5, 2012. CBS. Raj, you’re our group historian. Has Sheldon ever begged before?
Raj: Three times. He begged the Fox network not to cancel Firefly. He begged the TNT network to cancel Babylon 5. And when he got food poisoning at the Rose Bowl Parade, he begged a deity he doesn’t believe in to end his life quickly.
^season 2, episode 3 "Local Zero", quote: "You believe in a god, do you?! [...] There is no evidence for god [...]"