List of members of Gray's Inn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Part of Gray's Inn, showing some sets of chambers and a section of the Walks
Part of Gray's Inn

The Honourable Society of Gray's Inn, commonly known simply as Gray's Inn, is one of the four Inns of Court in London. To be called to the Bar and practise as a barrister in England and Wales, an individual must belong to one of these Inns. Having existed for over 600 years, members of Gray's Inn include many noted lawyers and judges, such as Francis Bacon,[1] Baron Slynn, Lord Bingham of Cornhill, Lord Hoffmann and others. Outside the Bar and judiciary of England and Wales, members have included the clergy (including five Archbishops of Canterbury),[2] industrialists like John Wynne, astronomers such as John Lee, media figures, like Huw Thomas,[3] and members of the Bar and judiciary of other nations, such as Yang Ti-liang (former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Hong Kong) and Aitzaz Ahsan (former president of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan).[4][5] As well as full members, the Inn also offers honorary membership to particularly distinguished members of society. During the Second World War, for example, both Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill became honorary Benchers, and therefore members.[6] Other than honorary members, this list only contains those individuals who were called to the Bar, not those who simply joined but left before qualifying.

Lawyers and jurists[edit]

Call Name Noted for Notes
1540 Barham, NicholasNicholas Barham Serjeant-at-Law who investigated and prosecuted the Ridolfi plot [7]
1583 Ashe, ThomasThomas Ashe legal writer and qualified barrister, although he never practised the law [8]
1585 Finch, HenryHenry Finch legal writer [9]
1674 Atwood, WilliamWilliam Atwood Lawyer and writer [10]
1792 Bell, JohnJohn Bell Considered the best equity barrister of his age, even though he could "neither read, write, walk, nor talk" [11]
1937 Hamson, JackJack Hamson legal writer and jurist of comparative and common law, President of the International Academy of Comparative Law [12]
1959 Bathurst, ChristopherChristopher Bathurst English barrister with a successful practice who became a Queen's Counsel in 1978 before inheriting a hereditary peerage and joining the House of Lords [13]
1961 Samuel Eson Johnson Ecoma former Chief Judge of Cross River State, Nigeria.
1967 Ahsan, AitzazAitzaz Ahsan Pakistani advocate, President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan [4]
1988 Roger Tan Kor Mee Malaysian advocate & solicitor, former member of the Malaysian Bar Council and now a Water Commissioner of Malaysia.

Judiciary[edit]

Call Name Noted for Notes
1342 Skipwith, WilliamWilliam Skipwith Chief Baron of the Exchequer [14]
1374 Gascoigne, WilliamWilliam Gascoigne Chief Justice of the King's Bench [15]
1420 Yelverton, WilliamWilliam Yelverton Justice of the Court of King's Bench [16]
1430 Billing, ThomasThomas Billing Chief Justice of the King's Bench [17]
1438 Markham, JohnJohn Markham Chief Justice of the King's Bench [18]
1448 Bryan, ThomasThomas Bryan Chief Justice of the Common Pleas [19]
1455 Hussey, WilliamWilliam Hussey Chief Justice of the King's Bench [20]
1461 Fineux, JohnJohn Fineux Chief Justice of the King's Bench [21]
1535 Birch, JohnJohn Birch Baron of the Exchequer [22]
1581 Altham, JamesJames Altham Baron of the Exchequer [22]
1611 Turner, TimothyTimothy Turner Chief Justice of Chester [23]
1614 Bankes, JohnJohn Bankes Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and of the King's Bench [24]
1616 Bedingfield, ThomasThomas Bedingfield Justice of the Court of Common Pleas [25]
1625 Widdrington, ThomasThomas Widdrington Chief Baron of the Exchequer [26]
1627 Archer, JohnJohn Archer Justice of the Court of Common Pleas [27]
1657 Powell, JohnJohn Powell Justice of the Court of Common Pleas and the Court of King's Bench [28]
1651 Baldock, RobertRobert Baldock Justice of the Court of King's Bench [29]
1663 Holt, JohnJohn Holt Lord Chief Justice [30]
1670 Allibone, RichardRichard Allibone Justice of the Court of King's Bench [28]
1676 Bury, ThomasThomas Bury Chief Baron of the Exchequer [28]
1729 Clarke, ThomasThomas Clarke Master of the Rolls [31]
1792 Bayley, JohnJohn Bayley Justice of the Court of King's Bench and Baron of the Exhequer [32]
1827 Bacon, JamesJames Bacon Vice Chancellor in Bankruptcy and later, by custom, Judge of the High Court of Justice [33]
1879 Romilly, JohnJohn Romilly Master of the Rolls [34]
1879 Ross, JohnJohn Ross Lord Chancellor of Ireland [35]
1891 Atkin, JamesJames Atkin Law Lord [36]
1904 Akbar, Maas ThajoonMaas Thajoon Akbar Justice of the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka, Solicitor General of Sri Lanka [37]
1904 Uthwatt, AugustusAugustus Uthwatt Lord Justice of Appeal [38]
1907 Hilbery, MalcolmMalcolm Hilbery Judge of the King's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice [39]
1919 King, Gilbert WalterGilbert Walter King Judge of the British Supreme Court for China [40]
1928 Waldock, HumphreyHumphrey Waldock Justice of the International Court of Justice [41]
1937 Sleeman, ColinColin Sleeman Assistant Judge Advocate General and circuit judge [42]
1946 Jones, ElwynElwyn Jones Lord Chancellor [41]
1946 Vinelott, JohnJohn Vinelott High Court Judge Chancery Division [43]
1954 Ti-liang, YangYang Ti-liang former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Hong Kong
1959 Slynn, GordonGordon Slynn Lord of Appeal in Ordinary [44]
1959 Auld, RobinRobin Auld Lord Justice of Appeal [45]
1960 Campbell, AnthonyAnthony Campbell Lord Justice of Appeal in Northern Ireland [46]
1961 Potter, MarkMark Potter President of the Family Division [47][48]
1966 Banda, RichardRichard Banda Chief Justice of the Malawi High Court, Chief Justice of the Swaziland High Court [49]
1967 Jacob, RobinRobin Jacob Lord Justice of Appeal [50]
1970 Hart, MichaelMichael Hart Judge of the Chancery Division [51]
1972 Sher, FalakFalak Sher Chief Justice of the Lahore High Court, Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan [52]
1973 Dame Sawyer, JoanJoan Sawyer First female Chief Justice of The Bahamas Supreme Court and then first female President of the Court of Appeal of The Bahamas (retired 2010)
1974 Sheil, JohnJohn Sheil Lord Justice of Appeal in Northern Ireland [53]

Politicians[edit]

Call Name Noted for Notes
1355 Ashton, RobertRobert Ashton Lord Chancellor of Ireland, Lord High Treasurer [54]
1515 Aske, RobertRobert Aske Politician and rebel who led the Pilgrimage of Grace [55]
1533 Bacon, NicholasNicholas Bacon Lord Keeper of the Great Seal [56]
1552 Yelverton, ChristopherChristopher Yelverton Speaker of the British House of Commons [57]
1554 Snagge, ThomasThomas Snagge Speaker of the British House of Commons and Attorney-General for Ireland [58]
1560 Brograve, JohnJohn Brograve Member of Parliament for Preston, Attorney General of the Duchy of Lancaster [59]
1565 Bacon, EdwardEdward Bacon Member of Parliament for Great Yarmouth and Tavistock [60]
1582 Bacon, FrancisFrancis Bacon Politician and statesman who served as Lord Chancellor and Attorney General [61]
1617 Bacon, NathanielNathaniel Bacon Member of Parliament for Ipswich [62]
1631 Cooke, JohnJohn Cooke Solicitor General [63]
1644 Bennet, LevinusLevinus Bennet Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire [64]
1648 Brodrick, WilliamWilliam Brodrick Member of the Sealed Knot, Surveyor General of Ireland, Member of Parliament for Dungarvan in the Irish House of Commons [65]
1658 Williams, WilliamWilliam Williams Solicitor General and Speaker of the House of Commons [66]
1673 Allen, ThomasThomas Allen Lord Mayor of the City of London [67]
1682 Pendarves, AlexanderAlexander Pendarves Member of Parliament for Penryn, Saltash, Helston, and Launceston [68]
1718 Williams, HughHugh Williams Member of Parliament for Anglesey [69]
1839 Whalley, George HammondGeorge Hammond Whalley Member of Parliament for Peterborough [70]
1871 Rowlands, William BowenWilliam Bowen Rowlands Member of Parliament for Ceredigion
1894 Smith, F.E.F.E. Smith Lord Chancellor, Secretary of State for India [71]
1922 Fyfe, David MaxwellDavid Maxwell Fyfe Solicitor General, Attorney General, Lord Chancellor and Home Secretary [41]
1922 Shawcross, HartleyHartley Shawcross Attorney General [72]
1923 Adams, Grantley HerbertGrantley Herbert Adams Premier of Barbados [73]
1924 Maw, BaBa Maw Prime Minister of Burma [74]
1935 Jones, ElwynElwyn Jones Attorney General, Lord Chancellor [41]
1944 Roberts, EmrysEmrys Roberts Member of Parliament for Merioneth [75]
1951 Clerides, GlafcosGlafcos Clerides Fourth President of the Republic of Cyprus [76]
1954 Papadopoulos, TassosTassos Papadopoulos Fifth President of the Republic of Cyprus [76]
1959 Adams, John "Tom"John "Tom" Adams Premier of Barbados [77]
1959 Athulathmudali, LalithLalith Athulathmudali Sri Lankan Member of Parliament and Minister of Education [78]
1975 Baird, VeraVera Baird Solicitor General for England and Wales [79]

Clergy[edit]

Call Name Noted for Notes
1520 Atwater, WilliamWilliam Atwater Bishop of Lincoln [2]
1555 Gardiner, StephenStephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester [2]
1588 Bancroft, RichardRichard Bancroft Archbishop of Canterbury [80]
1589 Andrewes, LancelotLancelot Andrewes Bishop of Winchester [2]
1592 Whitgift, JohnJohn Whitgift Archbishop of Canterbury [80]
1615 Laud, WilliamWilliam Laud Archbishop of Canterbury [80]
1615 Hall, JosephJoseph Hall Bishop of Exeter [2]
1622 Morton, ThomasThomas Morton Bishop of Lichfield [2]
1623 Ussher, JamesJames Ussher Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland [2]
1635 Juxon, WilliamWilliam Juxon Archbishop of Canterbury [80]
1663 Sheldon, GilbertGilbert Sheldon Archbishop of Canterbury [80]

Other[edit]

Call Name Noted for Notes
1599 Thelwall, EubuleEubule Thelwall Principal of Jesus College, Oxford [81]
1602 Archer, SimonSimon Archer antiquary [82]
1639 Beale, BartholomewBartholomew Beale Auditor of the imprests [83]
1669 Wynne, JohnJohn Wynne industrialist [84]
1841 Beckett, Gilbert Abbott àGilbert Abbott à Beckett Humorist and police magistrate [85]
1863 Lee, JohnJohn Lee Astronomer [86]
1882 Beckett, Arthur William àArthur William à Beckett Journalist and humorist for Punch [87]
1905 Dutt, GurusadayGurusaday Dutt Civilian
1913 Ball, JosephJoseph Ball Intelligence officer with M15 and first Chairman of the Conservative Research Department [88]
1913 Phillips, Thomas WilliamsThomas Williams Phillips Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Labour [89]
1929 Sanger, SophySophy Sanger labour law reformer and internationalist
1951 Thomas, HuwHuw Thomas presenter for ITN News [3]

Honorary members[edit]

Call Name Noted for Notes
1590 Amy, JohnJohn Amy Civil lawyer [90]
1606 Barrington, FrancisFrancis Barrington Member of Parliament for Essex [2]
? Churchill, WinstonWinston Churchill Prime Minister of the United Kingdom [6]
? Roosevelt, Franklin D.Franklin D. Roosevelt President of the United States [6]
2004 Ma, GeoffreyGeoffrey Ma Chief Justice of the Court of Final Appeal of Hong Kong [6]

See also[edit]

List of members of Lincoln's Inn List of members of Middle Temple

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peltonen, Markku (2004). "Oxford DNB article: Bacon, Francis (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Douthwaite (1886) p.195
  3. ^ a b "Huw Thomas - Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph. 9 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  4. ^ a b "Aitzaz Ahsan elected Honorary Fellow of Downing College". Indopia. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  5. ^ "Gray's Inn - Benchers". Gray's Inn. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  6. ^ a b c d Ruda 2008, p. 116
  7. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Barham, Nicholas (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  8. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Ashe, Thomas (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  9. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Finch, Henry (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  10. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Atwood, William (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  11. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Bell, John (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  12. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Hamson, Charles John Joseph (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  13. ^ "Viscount Bledisloe - Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph. 29 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  14. ^ Watt (1928) p.145
  15. ^ Foss (1870) p.290
  16. ^ Foss (1870) p.777
  17. ^ Foss (1870) p.94
  18. ^ Foss (1870) p.435
  19. ^ Foss (1870) p.136
  20. ^ Foss (1870) p.359
  21. ^ Foss (1870) p.254
  22. ^ a b Foss (1870) p.13
  23. ^ Brooks, Christopher W (September 2004). "Turner, Sir Timothy (1585–1677)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  24. ^ Foss (1870) p.53
  25. ^ Foss (1870) p.80
  26. ^ Foss (1870) p.728
  27. ^ Foss (1870) p.530
  28. ^ a b c Foss (1870) p.12
  29. ^ Foss (1870) p.50
  30. ^ Foss (1870) p.351
  31. ^ "Clark, Thomas (CLRK721T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  32. ^ Foss (1870) p.63
  33. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Bacon, James (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  34. ^ Foss (1870) p.567
  35. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Ross, Sir John (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  36. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Atkin, James (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  37. ^ "Akbar, Mass Thajoon (AKBR900MT)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  38. ^ "Gray's Inn - Augustus Uthwatt". Gray's Inn. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  39. ^ "Hilbery, Sir (George) Malcolm". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  40. ^ North China Herald, August 23, 1919, p496 and London Gazette, 11 October 1927, p1129
  41. ^ a b c d "Gray's Inn". Bar Council. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  42. ^ "His Honour Colin Sleeman". The Daily Telegraph. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  43. ^ "Sir John Vinelott". The Daily Telegraph. 15 June 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  44. ^ Blom-Cooper, Louis (21 May 2009). "Obituary: Lord Slynn of Hadley". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  45. ^ "Criminal Courts Review - Lord Justice Auld". Ministry of Justice (United Kingdom). Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  46. ^ "Senior judge set to retire after 50-year law career". Irish News. 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2009-06-03. 
  47. ^ "Sir Mark Potter - Times Online". London: The Times. 21 April 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  48. ^ "Gray's Inn - Masters of the Bench". Gray's Inn. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  49. ^ http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Internal/185183/185198/185199/185211/justice_richard_banda__malawi/
  50. ^ Jacob's CV on University College of London website
  51. ^ "Sir Michael Hart - Times Online Obituary". London: The Times. 2 March 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  52. ^ "The Hon'ble Chief Justice". Government of Lahore. Retrieved 2009-09-08. [dead link]
  53. ^ "Privy Council Appointment (Sir John Joseph Sheil)". Government of the United Kingdom. 20 December 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  54. ^ Watt (1928) p.146
  55. ^ Watt (1928) p.114
  56. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Bacon, Sir Nicholas (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  57. ^ Foss (1870) p.778
  58. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Snagge, Thomas (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  59. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Brograve, Sir John (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  60. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Bacon, Edward (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  61. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Bacon, Francis (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  62. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Bacon, Nathaniel (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  63. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Cook, John (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  64. ^ Eveline Cruickshanks, Stuart Handley and D. W. Hayton, ed (2002). The House of Commons, 1690-1715. vol. III. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 173-174.
  65. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Brodrick, Sir William (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  66. ^ Welsh Biography Online "WILLIAMS, Sir WILLIAM (1634-1700)". Welsh Biography Online. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  67. ^ Foster (1889) p.318
  68. ^ Hayton, David; Cruickshanks, Eveline; Handley, Stuart (2002). The House of Commons, 1690-1715 1. Cambridge University Press. p. 128. ISBN 0-521-77221-4. 
  69. ^ William Retlaw, Williams (1895). The parliamentary history of the principality of Wales, from the earliesr times to the present day, 1541-1895. E. Davis and Bell. OCLC 6997262. 
  70. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Whalley, George Hammond (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  71. ^ Camp, William (1960). The Glittering Prizes - A Biographical Study of F. E. Smith, First Earl of Birkenhead. London: Macgibbon & Kee. p. 28. OCLC 2323156. 
  72. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Shawcross, Hartley William". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  73. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Adams, Sir Grantley Herbert (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  74. ^ Ooi, Keat Gin (2004). Southeast Asia: a historical encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor. Vol. 3. ABC. p. 197. ISBN 1-57607-770-5. 
  75. ^ "Emrys Roberts Records". National Library of Wales. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  76. ^ a b "The President of the Republic of Cyprus". 
  77. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Adams, John Michael Geoffrey Manningham (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  78. ^ Dissanayake, S.N. (27 November 2002). "Lalith Athulathmudali - a talented leader snuffed out in his prime". Daily News. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  79. ^ "Labour Online - Vera Baird QC". Labour Party. Retrieved 2009-08-28. 
  80. ^ a b c d e Douthwaite (1886) p.194
  81. ^ "Thelwell, Eubule (THLL573E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  82. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Archer, Sir Simon (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  83. ^ "Beale, Bartholomew (BL639B)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  84. ^ Jenkins, Robert Thomas (2007). "Wynne, John (1650–1714), industrial pioneer". Welsh Biography Online. National Library of Wales. Retrieved 7 September 2009. 
  85. ^ "Oxford DNB article: A Beckett, Gilbert Abbott (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  86. ^ "Fiott (post Lee), John (FT801J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  87. ^ "Oxford DNB article: A Beckett, Arthur William (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  88. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Ball, Sir (George) Joseph (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  89. ^ "Phillips, Sir Thomas Williams". Who Was Who (online edition). Oxford University Press. December 2007. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  90. ^ "Oxford DNB article: Amy, Sir John (subscription needed)". Oxford University Press. 2004. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Douthwaite, William Ralph (1886). Gray's Inn, Its History & Associations. Reeves and Turner. OCLC 2578698. 
  • Foster, Joseph (1889). Register of admissions to Gray's Inn, 1521-1889 together with the register of marriages in Gray's Inn Chapel, 1695-1754. Hansard Publishing Union. OCLC 271771277. 
  • Foss, Edward (1870). A Biographical Dictionary of the Justices of England (1066 - 1870). Spottiswoode and Company. 
  • Ruda, Richard (2008), A Visitor's Guide to the four Inns of Court in Central London, Washington D.C.: American Inns of Court