List of multi-level marketing companies

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This is a list of companies which use multi-level marketing (also known as network marketing,[1][2][3][4][5] direct selling,[3][6] referral marketing,[7] and pyramid selling[8][9][10][11][12]) for most of their sales.

List

Defunct

References

  1. ^ Pratt, Michael G.; Rosa, José Antonio (2003). "Transforming work-family conflict into commitment in network marketing organizations". The Academy of Management Journal 46 (4): 395–418. doi:10.2307/30040635. 
  2. ^ Vander Nat, Peter J.; Keep, William W. (2002). "Marketing Fraud: An Approach for Differentiating Multilevel Marketing from Pyramid Schemes". Journal of Public Policy & Marketing 21 (1): 139–15. doi:10.1509/jppm.21.1.139.17603. 
  3. ^ a b Merrilees, Bill; Miller, Dale (1999). "Direct Selling in the West and East: The Relative Roles of Product and Relationship (Guanxi) Drivers". Journal of Business Research 45 (3): 267–273. 
  4. ^ Cahn, Peter S. (2006). "Building down and Dreaming up: Finding Faith in a Mexican Multilevel Marketer". American Ethnologist 33 (1): 126–142. doi:10.1525/ae.2006.33.1.126. 
  5. ^ Marcason, Wendy (2006). "What Are the Facts and Myths about Mangosteen?". Journal of the American Dietetic Association 106 (6): 986. doi:10.1016/j.jada.2006.04.008. 
  6. ^ "Pyramid Schemes". Ftc.gov. 2007-06-25. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  7. ^ "multi-level marketing (a.k.a. network marketing & referral marketing) – The Skeptic's Dictionary". Skepdic.com. 1991-12-09. Retrieved 2010-02-04. 
  8. ^ Edwards, Paul (1997). Franchising & licensing: two powerful ways to grow your business in any economy. Tarcher. p. 356. ISBN 0-87477-898-0. 
  9. ^ Clegg, Brian (2000). The invisible customer: strategies for successive customer service down the wire. Kogan Page. p. 112. ISBN 0-7494-3144-X. 
  10. ^ Higgs, Philip; Smith, Jane (2007). Rethinking Our World. Juta Academic. p. 30. ISBN 0-7021-7255-3. 
  11. ^ Kitching, Trevor (2001). Purchasing scams and how to avoid them. Gower Publishing Company. p. 4. ISBN 0-566-08281-0. 
  12. ^ Mendelsohn, Martin (2004). The guide to franchising. Cengage Learning Business Press. p. 36. ISBN 1-84480-162-4. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Roha, Ronaleen R. (November 1991). The Ups and Downs of "Downlines". Kiplinger's Personal Finance. p. 66. 
  14. ^ Rovell, Darren. "Beach Body Grows Exponentially Thanks to Network Marketing". CNBC. Retrieved 4/1/2012.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. ^ Berman, Phyllis (October 11, 2004). "If You Believe". Forbes. 
  16. ^ "DSN Global 100: The Top Direct Selling Companies in the World". Direct Selling News. June 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  17. ^ a b Ressner, Jeffrey (10-1-2006). "Industries: State of Reliefs". Time.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  18. ^ "Vemma Nutrition Company". eReleases. May 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-25.