Leslie Turnberg, Baron Turnberg
Leslie Arnold Turnberg, Baron Turnberg FMedSci (born 22 March 1934) is a British medical professional and an author of many publications and books related to the medical and health services fields. His experience extends to areas of research in these fields, and maintaining a clinical practice. He has published four books and some 150 articles on medical and scientific research.
Early life and training
Turnberg was born in Manchester to Hyman Turnberg (of Romanian-Jewish origin) and his wife Dolly (born in Manchester to Polish-Jewish parents). He studied medicine at Manchester University from 1952 to 1957, and completed his house posts in North Manchester hospitals, and trained at the Manchester Royal Infirmary and later in London at the Whittington Hospital and University College Hospital. He developed a specialist interest in gastroenterology, lecturing at the Royal Free Hospital at the liver unit developed by Sheila Sherlock. He married in 1967 and spent a year in Dallas, Texas on a research fellowship with John S. Fordtran, before returning to Manchester as a lecturer in gastroenterology starting 1969. He would remain consultant gastroenterologist in Salford until 1997.
Professor and dean
In 1973 Turnberg was appointed professor of medicine at Hope Hospital (now Salford Royal) in Salford, where he developed the site as a teaching hospital by expanding academic interests. Turnberg made contributions to the understanding of the absorption of electrolytes in the small bowel, gastric secretions, and other areas of gastroenterology.
In 1983 the role of Dean of University of Manchester medical school rotated to Hope, and as senior professor there Turnberg assumed the position. He was involved with selection and during the three years as dean developed a new curriculum that pioneered problem-based learning.
President of the RCP
In 1992, on the resignation of Margaret Turner-Warwick as President of the Royal College of Physicians of London, Turnberg was elected as her successor. During his presidency, he improved the involvement of patients in the College's activities, expanded the College's premises in Regent's Park, and opened regional offices. His presidency saw the splitting off of the paediatricians and the formation of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), the formation of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges (initially the Conference of Colleges), the establishment of the Academy of Medical Sciences, and the formation of bodies coordinating medical ethics and postgraduate medical training. He remained in position until 1997, when he was succeeded by George Alberti.
Knighthood and peerage
Turnberg received a knighthood in 1994 Birthday Honours for services to medicine, having the honour conferred by The Queen on 13 December 1994. On 4 May 2000 he was created a Life Peer by Letters Patent, taking the title Baron Turnberg, of Cheadle in the County of Cheshire.
At the House of Lords, Turnberg speaks frequenty on medical practice, medical ethics, and the Middle East. On the unexpected death of his son Daniel in 2007 he established a travelling fellowship that allows medical researchers from the Middle East to visit UK academic institutions.
Turnberg holds honorary fellowships from sixteen different UK and overseas colleges and has held many different positions within the medical field. His other appointments included President of the Medical Protection Society from 1997 to 2007, Chairman of the Board of the Public Health Laboratory Service from 1997 to 2005, President of the Medical Council on Alcoholism from 2000 to 2005, Chair of the UK Forum for Genetics and Insurance from 1998 to 2002. His current appointments include scientific adviser to the Association of Medical Research Charities; trustee of the Wolfson Foundation, trustee of the Joseph Interfaith Foundation, He is fellow and former Vice President of the Academy of Medical Sciences.
Refinement and reduction of animals in research
In May 2004, the UK Government announced that it was establishing a national centre for "best practice" in animal testing called "The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research". The board of the new centre was chaired by Lord Turnberg from 2004 to 2007. The focus of the centre is on the "three R's": the replacement, refinement, and reduction of animal testing. The "three R's" were first published in the 1959 by WMS Russell and Rex Birch in the book The Principles of Humane Experimentation Technique. The UK government currently still regards animal testing as necessary, but science minister Lord Sainsbury of Turville said that a "major opportunity" now existed to make progress in improving the welfare of animals used in testing through the three R's.
- Turnberg LA (2014). Forks in the road - a life in and out of the NHS. London, UK: Royal College of Physicians. ISBN 978-1-86016-527-6.
- "Leslie Turnberg". Retrieved 2011-05-17.
- The London Gazette: . 11 June 1994.
- The London Gazette: . 10 January 1995.
- The London Gazette: . 31 March 2000.
- The London Gazette: . 9 May 2000.
- "Minutes and Order Paper - Minutes of Proceedings". House of Lords. Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- "Royal College of Physicians: College History: Presidents of the College". Retrieved 2009-01-06.
- "Official statement about Gaza and Israel". Retrieved 2011-06-22.
- "The Three R's: The Way Forward". The Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing. Retrieved 2007-05-04.
- National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research
- The Principles of Humane Experimental Technique
Dame Margaret Turner-Warwick
|President of the Royal College of Physicians